Massacres, Resistance, Protectors: Muslim-Christian Relations in Eastern Anatolia During World War I
This is a pioneering historical investigation of the Assyrian, Chaldean, and Syrian Christian minorities during World War I, who suffered the same fate as the Armenians. Ethnic cleansing and large-scale massacres occurred throughout northern Mesopotamia and parts of Ottoman-occupied Iran. Based on primary sources from official Russian, Turkish, and West European archives, as well as hitherto unused manuscript sources and oral histories published here for the first time, this book attempts to give a full picture of the events of 1915. The book concentrates on the Assyrians of Urmia and Hakkari and on the Syrians of Diyarbekir province, particularly in Tur Abdin.
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Introduction and Background
Setting the Stage Kurds and Turks Armenians and Syriacs
The Road to the Fatal Solution
Playing with Fire Occupied Urmia
The Ethnic Cleansing of the Hakkari Mountains
Anatolias Heart of Darkness
The Destruction of Midyat
50 Assyrien Agha Petros Agha Petros list Al-Qusara Anatolia Anhel Armalto Armenian Catholic Arménien arrived Assyrien Assyro-Chaldean ATAúE attack Ayn-Wardo Azakh Bashkale began bishop Bitlis Chaldean Chrétiens aux bêtes Christian population church district Diyarbekir documents east Enver ethnic father fled forces genocide German Hakkari Halil Hanne Safar Hermez inhabitants Iran Iranian Jevdet Jezire July June kaymakam Kaza Kfar-Boran killed kilometers Kurdish Kurdish agha Kurdish tribes Kurds leaders lived maisons Nationalités Malke Mar Shimun Mardin Mas’ud massacres Midyat militia mission monastery Mosul mountains Muhallemi murdered Muslims Naji Nestorian Nisibin November officers Ottoman Empire Pasha Persian Place Population priest prisoners Protestant province refugees reported Reshid Rhétoré Russian Sa’irt sanjak Sayfo sent Shaykh Fathallah soldiers Sultan Syriac Catholic Syriac Christians Syriac families Syriac Orthodox Syriac Orthodox Church Talaat telegram Third Army told took town troops Tur Abdin Turkish Turks Urfa Urmia vali vilayet village Yezidis