Elin Wägner's Alarm Clock: Ecofeminist Theory in the Interwar Era

Framsida
Lexington Books, 2008 - 243 sidor
6 Recensioner
This book analyses the ideas of the Swedish journalist, feminist, and literary author Elin Wagner (1882-1949), as conveyed in her book Vackarklocka (1941), in a European feminist context. This context is presented in terms of three elements. Firstly, the German sociologist/educationalist Mathilde Vaerting and her sociology of power played an important role in Wagner's development of a theory of matriarchy. Secondly, the influence of the Austrian feminist Rosa Mayreder and her theory of masculine civilization and feminine culture are analyzed in relation to Wagner's development of what might be called an early ecological feminism. Thirdly, the mainly unknown Women's Organization for World Order (WOWO) is presented. 0s and 1930s, which wanted to strengthen women's position and confidence as political citizens by providing them with a historical past where women ruled (matriarchy). Thereby they not only reinvented a past, but also revitalized the emergence or eternity of patriarchy. These women discussed the possibility of women offering an alternative to the prevailing order. A special analysis is made of Mayreder's and Wagner's way of discussing what woman is and in what ways she can challenge the system. Both argued that women ought to have the same rights and duties as men, but that this should not require them to adapt to the distorted male system. This study argues that this position, easily characterized as "essentialist" in modern feminist terms, is in fact functional and strongly emancipatory in its time and context. In this reevaluation of Vackarklocka Katarina Leppanen has established this important Swedish novel as a text central to the development of the feminist movement. Elin Wagner's Alarm Clock is a book suitable for students of Swedish Literature and European Feminism.
 

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Innehåll

Introduction
1
MOVEMENTS
15
Alarm Clock for the Age and the Movement
17
HISTORY
51
Matriarchy and J J Bachofen
53
Toward a Feminist Politics
67
CIVILIZATION AND NATURE
91
Is Civilization Unnatural?
93
Earth and the Environment
115
WOMEN
145
Woman as Alternative
147
ReFwd feminisms
183
Appendix
215
Bibliography
227
Index
239
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Om författaren (2008)

Katarina Leppänen is a researcher at the Center for Public Sector Research and a teacher in the Department of History of Ideas and Theory of Science, Göteborg University.

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