Inside Rebellion: The Politics of Insurgent Violence
Cambridge University Press, 9 okt. 2006
Some rebel groups abuse noncombatant populations, while others exhibit restraint. Insurgent leaders in some countries transform local structures of government, while others simply extract resources for their own benefit. In some contexts, groups kill their victims selectively, while in other environments violence appears indiscriminate, even random. This book presents a theory that accounts for the different strategies pursued by rebel groups in civil war, explaining why patterns of insurgent violence vary so much across conflicts. It does so by examining the membership, structure, and behavior of four insurgent movements in Uganda, Mozambique, and Peru. Drawing on interviews with nearly two hundred combatants and civilians who experienced violence firsthand, it shows that rebels' strategies depend in important ways on how difficult it is to launch a rebellion. The book thus demonstrates how characteristics of the environment in which rebellions emerge constrain rebel organization and shape the patterns of violence that civilians experience.
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activist African Angola areas armed attacks Ayacucho Baganda base cadres campaign captured central challenge civilian populations coca Colombia combatants commanders committed communities conflict contexts cooperation develop economic endowments ethnic external Frelimo government forces guerrilla Guerrilla Warfare Guzm´an Huallaga Valley Ibid ideological incentives individuals insurgent insurgent groups internal Interview investments Kampala killed leadership levels of violence Lima looting Luwero Luwero Triangle Marıngu`e membership ment militants military mobilization movement Mozambican Mozambique Museveni Nampula Province National Resistance Army November NRA’s Obote operations opportunistic organizational participation party patterns peasants People’s percent Peru Peru’s policies political potential punish r´egulos rebel behavior rebel groups rebel leaders rebel organizations rebellion recruits regime regional committee Renamo response rural Semuto Sendero Luminoso Sendero–Huallaga set in place shared Shining Path social endowments Sofala Province soldiers strategies structure targeted Tingo Marıa tion Uganda UNITA University Press UNLA villages Yoweri Museveni zones
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