Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam: The Case of Iran and Turkey
Liverpool University Press, 2006 - 293 sidor
Turkey and Iran consider themselves modern Islamic states—though with radically different status in today’s social and political world. In Multiple Modernities, Civil Society and Islam, Kamali explores the historical factors that have shaped such dissimilar Muslim states, including the continued influence of Europe and the United States. Kamali’s assertion that the “Muslim world” is far more multifaceted and pluralistic than generally portrayed is a message particularly relevant today. The attacks on the World Trade Centre in New Yorkand the Pentagon in Washington DC are covertly and, in manycases, even overtly considered as ‘the clash of civilizations’. Itis presented as a sign of a conflict between the modern,democratic, and secularised civilization of the “Western world”and the traditional, non-democratic, and religious “Islamicworld”. The post-September 11th changes have created anenvironment where human societies have been over-simplified, dividing the world into two “sides” along an axis of “us” and“them”. This challenging study reveals that there is no “Islamic world”, no single tradition of modernity, but multiple patternsof socio-political developments in different Muslim countrieswith both common features and differences.
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Multiple Modernities and Social Theory
Islam Civil Society and Modernization
The West Russia and the Modernization of Iran and Turkey
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Ahmad alliance Allies Arab authoritarian modernization Ayatollah bazaars bazaris became Britain British centres century changes cities civil society Constitutional Revolution coup created cultural democracy democratic economic election Empire's established Europe European forced foreign ideas Imam important indigenous civil society influence institutions intellectuals Iran Iran and Turkey Islamist Istanbul janissaries Kasravi Kemal Kemalist Khomeini leaders legitimized liberal Majlis major Mardin Mehdi Bazargan merchants military Mirza modern civil society modernization programmes Mosaddeq mosques movement Muhammad mujtahids Muslim Muslim countries nationalist opposition organization Orient Ottoman Empire Party Persian Empire Persian society political power political system Prime Minister protests Qajar radical clergy reforms regime reign reinforced religion religious groups revolutionary Reza Shah role Russian Safavids secular seyhulislam Shah's sharia Shia ulema social socioeconomic sociopolitical Soviet Sultan Tabriz tanzimat Tehran theory tion Tobacco Movement Toprak Treaty Turkey Turkish ulema urban victory West Young Ottomans