Ojibwa Warrior: Dennis Banks and the Rise of the American Indian Movement

University of Oklahoma Press, 2004 - 362 sidor
"Born in 1937 and raised by his grandparents on the Leach Lake reservation in Minnesota, Dennis Banks grew up learning traditional Ojibwa lifeways. As a young child he was torn from his home and forced to attend a government boarding school designed to assimilate Indian children into white culture. After years of being "white man-ized" in these repressive schools, Banks enlisted in the U.S. Air Force, shipping out to Japan when he was only seventeen years old." "After returning to the states, Banks lived in poverty in the Indian slums of Minnesota until he was arrested for stealing groceries to feed his growing family. Although his white accomplice was freed on probation, Banks was sent to prison. There he became determined to educate himself. Hearing about the African American struggle for civil rights, he recognized that American Indians must take up a similar fight. Upon his release, Banks became a founder of AIM, the American Indian Movement, which soon inspired Indians from many tribes to join the fight for American Indian rights. Through AIM, Banks sought to confront racism with activism rooted deeply in Native religion and culture." "Ojibwa Warrior relates Dennis Banks's inspiring life story and the story of the rise of AIM - from the 1972 "Trail of Broken Treaties" march to Washington, D.C., which ended in the occupation of the Bureau of Indian Affairs building, to the 1973 standoff at Wounded Knee, when Lakota Indians and AIM activists from all over the country occupied the site of the infamous 1890 massacre of three hundred Sioux men, women, and children to protest the bloodshed and corruption at the Pine Ridge Lakota reservation." "Banks tells the inside story of the seventy-one-day siege, his unlikely nighttime escape and interstate flight, and his eventual shootout with authorities at an FBI roadblock in Oregon. Pursued and hunted, he managed to reach California. There, authorities refused to extradite him to South Dakota, where the attorney general had declared that the best thing to do with Dennis Banks was to "put a bullet through his head."" "Years later, after a change in state govenment, Banks gave himself up to South Dakota authorities. Sentenced to two years in prison, he was paroled after serving one year to teach students Indian history at the Lone Man school Pine Ridge. Since then, Dennis Banks has organized "Scared Runs" for young people, teaching American Indian ways, religion, and philosophy worldwide. Now operating a successful business on the reservation, he continues the fight for Indian rights."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

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"Born in 1937 and raised by his grandparents on the Leach Lake reservation in Minnesota, Dennis Banks grew up learning traditional Ojibwa lifeways. As a young child he was torn from his home and ... Läs hela recensionen

Ojibwa warrior: Dennis Banks and the rise of the American Indian Movement

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The American Indian Movement's (AIM) initial purpose upon its founding in 1968 was to protect the civil rights of Native Americans living in urban areas. Its scope quickly expanded as AIM turned to ... Läs hela recensionen

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Om författaren (2004)

Dennis James Banks was born on the Leech Lake Reservation in northern Minnesota on April 12, 1937. When he was 5 years old, he was taken from his family and sent to a series of government schools for Indians. He ran away often and at the age of 17, he returned to Leech Lake. Unable to find work, he joined the Air Force and was stationed in Japan. While there, he married a Japanese woman, had a child with her, and went absent without leave. He was arrested and returned to the United States. After being discharged, he moved to Minneapolis where he was arrested in a burglary and went to jail for two and a half years. After being released in 1968, he co-founded the American Indian Movement to fight the oppression and endemic poverty of Native Americans. He led often-violent insurrections to protest the treatment of Native Americans and the nation's history of injustices against its indigenous peoples. These included a six-day takeover of the Bureau of Indian Affairs in Washington, an armed 71-day occupation of the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, and a protest in Custer, South Dakota over a white man being charged with involuntary manslaughter instead of murder after killing an Indian man. The protest became a face-off with Custer police that resulted in the murdered man's mother being beaten by officers. In 1975, Banks was found guilty of riot and assault with a deadly weapon for his role in the riot in Custer. Facing up to 15 years in prison, he jumped bail. He was a fugitive for nine years before finally turning himself in and serving 14 months in prison. Once released, he moved to the Pine Ridge Reservation to work as a drug addiction and alcoholism counselor. He appeared in several movies and documentaries including War Party, Thunderheart, The Last of the Mohicans, Older Than America, We Shall Remain, Part V: Wounded Knee, A Good Day to Die, and Nowa Cumig: The Drum Will Never Stop. His autobiography, Ojibwa Warrior: Dennis Banks and the Rise of the American Indian Movement written with Richard Erdoes, was published in 2005. He died from complications of pneumonia following open-heart surgery on October 29, 2017 at the age of 80.

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