On Freud's "Beyond the Pleasure Principle"
Freud's Beyond the Pleasure Principle constitutes a major landmark and a real turning point in the evolution of psychoanalytic theory. Pushing aside the primacy of the tension-discharge-gratification model of mental dynamics, this work introduced the notion of a "daemonic force" within all human beings that slowly but insistently seeks psychic inactivity, inertia, and death. Politely dismissed by some as a pseudo-biological speculation and rapturously espoused by others as a bold conceptual advance, "death instinct" became a stepping stone to the latter conceptualizations of mind's attacks on itself, negative narcissism, addiction to near-death, and the utter destruction of meaning in some clinical situations. The concept also served as a bridge between the quintessentially Western psychoanalysis and the Eastern perspectives on life and death.These diverse and rich connotations of the proposal are elucidated in On Freud's "Beyond the Pleasure Principle". Other consequences of Freud's 1920 paper - namely, the marginalization of ego instincts and the "upgrading" of aggression in the scheme of things - are also addressed. The editors have gathered a body of distinguished psychoanalysts from around the world to argue, discuss, elaborate upon, and advance Freud's path-breaking contribution. The result is a book of rare intelligence, charm, and clinical significance.Contributors: Salman Akhtar, Ira Brenner, Fatima Caropreso, Michael Feldman, Betty Joseph, Otto Kernberg, Joshua Levy, Ashok Nagpal, Mary Kay O'Neil, Henri Parens, Richard Theisen Simanke, W. Craig Tomlinson, Elisabeth Young-Bruehl
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a reappraisal of the second instinctual dualism
An unusual manifestation of repetition compulsion
The dream in Beyond the Pleasure Principle
Does the deathinstinctbased theory of aggression
a clinical perspective
Addiction to neardeath
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activity affects Akhtar analyst Anna Freud anxiety become behaviour Brenner cathexis clinical compulsion to repeat concept conflicts consciousness countertransference day residues death drive death instinct death-instinct-based described dream theories dream-work energy Eros evidence excitation experience external fact feel felt Freud Freud’s theory Freud’s two dream Freudian function Hartmann hostile destructiveness human hypothesis idea impulses inanimate instinct theory instinctual drive internal interpretation John’s Kernberg latent content libidinal libido living substance manifest dream masochism masochistic ment mind mother narcissism narcissistic neuroses Nirvana Nirvana principle object relations organisms original pain Parens patient patient’s perspective phenomena Pleasure Principle primary problem processes protista psychic psychoanalytic psychology recognized relationship repetition compulsion sadism and masochism sadistic Salman Akhtar seems Segal self-destructive self-preservative instincts sense session sexual instincts stimulation stinct structure superego T. S. Eliot tendency theoretical theory of aggression tion transference traumatic dreams traumatic situation unconscious understanding unpleasure Yudhishthira