The Purpose of Intervention: Changing Beliefs about the Use of Force

Framsida
Cornell University Press, 2004 - 173 sidor

Violence or the potential for violence is a fact of human existence. Many societies, including our own, reward martial success or skill at arms. The ways in which members of a particular society use force reveal a great deal about the nature of authority within the group and about its members' priorities.

In The Purpose of Intervention, Martha Finnemore uses one type of force, military intervention, as a window onto the shifting character of international society. She examines the changes, over the past 400 years, about why countries intervene militarily, as well as in the ways they have intervened. It is not the fact of intervention that has altered, she says, but rather the reasons for and meaning behind intervention-the conventional understanding of the purposes for which states can and should use force.

Finnemore looks at three types of intervention: collecting debts, addressing humanitarian crises, and acting against states perceived as threats to international peace. In all three, she finds that what is now considered "obvious" was vigorously contested or even rejected by people in earlier periods for well-articulated and logical reasons. A broad historical perspective allows her to explicate long-term trends: the steady erosion of force's normative value in international politics, the growing influence of equality norms in many aspects of global political life, and the increasing importance of law in intervention practices.

 

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Brief history of the processes and justifications used as a background to military intervention, and how they have evolved over the past few centuries, not solely through factors such as the balance ... Läs hela recensionen

Innehåll

Sovereign Default and Military Intervention
24
Changing Norms of Humanitarian Intervention
52
Intervention and International Order
85
How Purpose Changes
141
Measuring Material Distribution of Power
163
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Om författaren (2004)

Martha Finnemore is University Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at The George Washington University. She is the author of National Interests in International Society and coauthor, with Michael Barnett, of Rules for the World: International Organizations in Global Politics (both from Cornell).

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