Women, Children, and Senators on the Ara Pacis Augustae: A Study of Augustus' Vision of a New World Order in 13 BC.

ProQuest, 2006 - 549 sidor
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The real nature of political power in Augustan Rome was not a monarchy in the sense of one-man rule as late as 13 BC. Augustus led a junta of extremely powerful, mostly militaristic magnates whose combined auctoritas intimidated all potential rivals. He shied away from the idea that he was the undeclared king and even went to heroic steps to avoid the label of autocrat. After years of weighing in his mind the best possible partner and the political solution to the reality that he had eliminated all rivals in his rise to power during an era of bloody civil war and uneasy interims, he decided to make his right hand man, Marcus Agrippa, his equal in power. To do so would require a steady build-up of Agrippa's stature, for although he was a first rate general, Agrippa was a novus homo, and thus lacked the dignitas to lead others in the absence of Augustus.

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