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MINISTRATIONS AMONG THE SICK.
THE GOSPEL PROCLAIMED IN THE CITY OF
opinions of the natives on the subject of reli- roughly Chinese, and we saw nothing pargion, we often feel to be highly encouraging, ticular in the way of military fortification, while it excites the hope that the continued though we understand it contains a considerpreaching of the gospel will yet, even amongst able Manchin garrison. On inquiring the them, produce its appropriate effect.”
number of residents, we were informed there
were upwards of one hundred thousand; and " The attendance in the Hospital is as this we could easily believe, from the multilarge as formerly, and affords an excellent tudes that crowded round us. opportunity for imparting to numbers a ance of the men, and particularly of the knowledge of Divine things. During the youth, was very pleasing. Their cast of year, a dispensary has been opened twice a countenance was altogether different from, week in the Old Chapel, whither many resort and much more noble and intelligent than, for medical relief, who would not go to the that of the Chinese. Whether they had preHospital. On these occasions, also, religious viously emigrated from their native country, services are previously held, which, we trust, or had always resided there—what were the in connexion with the highly-appreciated means and extent of communication with medical assistance rendered them, will yet be Manchius--what proportion of them could found savingly beneficial to many."
read and speak their original language-were
points we had not time fully to investigate, CHAPÍR.
though we have since heard, that the distri“Our visits to, and reception at, various bution of religious books among them might places have been much in accordance with be useful, and through them might be conprevious details, so that it were unnecessary veyed to their native land, We intimate to enlarge on this head. We shall therefore this, by the way, on the ground that Manconfine ourselves to the narrative of a visit chin, and even Mongolian books would somelately paid by Messrs. Muirhead and Wylie times be serviceable to us. In various parts to the city of Chapír, about eighty miles of the country, that could be reached, there distant. As you are probably aware, that are Manchin garrisons, where books in their place was the scene of a severe battle during native tongue would be well received. Bethe Chinese war, the remembrance of which, sides, we are occasionally visited by persons it was supposed, might have engendered an from the northern provinces, who, as they inimical feeling towards foreigners among the eagerly desire Chinese books for conveyance inhabitants. On the contrary, however, (the to their distant homes, would find available visitors say,) we experienced no difficulty, channels for the others in the neighbouring and were at liberty to go about and distribute districts. An instance of this occurred in our books just as at other places. In one the case of the two Jews who were lately corner of the city there is a Manchin fort,
On asking them if Manchin or into which admission has hitherto been found
Mongolian books could be usefully distrivery difficult. After a little time, we suc- buted in their part of the country, they ceeded in getting in, and walked through it assured us that many resort thither from n the most open manner. About the middle these places, amongst whom the circulation of it, a large congregation of Manchins of such books might be highly advantageous." gathered around us, and as they knew Man. MOHAMEDAN MOSQUE AT SMAG-KIANG. darin, they were addressed in that dialect for “On our way back to Shanghae we visited a short time. Although seemingly very de- Smag-kiang, another large and populous city, sirous of our speedy departure, they listened, about thirty miles distant. In the suburbs for the most part, attentively, and readily we observed the inscription of a Mohamedan accepted our books. As we had a few sheets mosque, and accordingly went to see it. As printed in Chinese and Manchin side by side, the moolalı, or chief teacher, was absent at it evidently excited their surprise that foreign- the time, we walked about the adjoining ers should know anything of their language, cemetery, which is a place of considerable and should come to distribute books in it. size and antiquity, and much more resembles The general aspect of the place was tho- a foreign than a natire burial-ground. The
moolah having at length arrived, he received as very politely, and ordered the doors of the front area to be opened. We immediately entered, followed by a crowd of Chinese, and were struck with the neat and clean appearance of the whole place. The mosqne was altogether after the Chinese style, having over it and the outer portico & great many Arabic and Chinese inscriptions, all bearing upon the Mohamedan religion. On desiring to see the interior, we were told to look through the blind in front, and on doing so, it seemed to be quite new, and richly decorated with numerous gilt inscriptions hanging on the walls. Conversing with the moolah, we found him to be a very intelligent man, and ready to communicate on any point connected with his religion. He said he understood Arabic, and otherwise could not hold his present position. They had no religious books, except their classic, the Koran. He knew the name of Mohamed, but did not worship him, or any visible image. The only object of their veneration was Heaven. On their Sabbath (which is our Friday, and which happened to be the day of our visit) they observe particular ceremonies, and had just finished them, it seemed, in another part of the city, though we gathered from others of the community, they knew very little either of the day or its observances. The mosque, we were told, was really very ancient; but not long ago, a wealthy Mohamedan, from western province, had repaired it at great expense. The moolah himself came originally from Honan, where his sect is very numerous. Even in the immediate neighbourhood it was said the numbers amounted to fifty or sixty
families, but as it is not a proselyting sect, they must either have emigrated from other parts of the country, or descended from those who had formerly done so." TWO JEWS OF KHAE-FUNG-FOO VISIT
SHANGILAE. " With regard to the two Jews mentioned above, we are happy to say, that since their arrival they were constantly under Christian instruction, and acquired a considerable knowledge of its leading truths. They read various portions of the New Testament, particularly the Gospel of Matthew and the Epistle to the Hebrews. The genealogy of Christ seemed to interest them much, as containing the names of those ancestors they still hold in veneration. Far from showing any opposition to, or prejudice against Christianity, they were quite willing to accept it, as having some similarity to their own system. One of them had been well educated in the Chinese manner, and could read fluently our Christian books. Under the instructions of Mr. Edkins he wrote out literal translations of the early chapters of Genesis and Exodus, with the Hebrew interlined, and at the time he left could go over the first chapter of Genesis in that language without much assistance. We hope his acquirement of so much of his original tongue will prove an inducement to some of his countrymen to send their children here for religious instruction. He left us on the 8th instant, full of this idea, resolving to return with a few boys in about four months. Both of them have taken a supply of our various books for distribution among their Jewish friends."
THIRD JOURNEY OF THE REV. DAVID LIVINGSTON TO THE HITHERTO UNKNOWN
REGIONS OF SOUTH AFRICA.
It will be in the recollection of our readers that Mr. Livingston, with a view to the introduction of the gospel among tribes hitherto un visited by the European, undertook, in the summer of 1819, the exploration of the regions extending north-west from his Station at Kolobeng, and which issued in the discovery of the large interior lake, Ngami, and of several considerable rivers in its vicinity.
Stimulated by the signal success which had crowned his first journey, Mr. Livingston, in the spring of 1850, again left Kolobeng, accompanied on this occasion by his family, in order to follow up his discoveries; but, on reaching the lake, his further progress was obstructed by the alarming prevalence of marsh fever, peculiar to the season of the year, and of a venomous inseet, scarcely less formidable. The party were accordingly compelled, though most reluctantly, to retrace their steps.
Nothing daunted by these obstacles, and strong in the conviction that they were not insurmountable, our enterprising brother, in the early part of last year, set out on his third visit to the Lake region; and though it would be premature to assert that the results of the journey, so far as they have transpired, are such as to warrant the immediate commencement of missionary operations among the new tribes to which Mr. Livingston has obtained access, the facts disclosed in the subjoined extracts from his last letter serve to show that this important field of enterprise, unless pre-occupied by the Christian Missionary, will inevitably fall a prey to the rapacity of the slave-dealer.
Writing from the banks of the River Zouga, under date 1st October, ult., Mr. Livingston observes :
" This letter will be forwarded by a party of boat-races at home. Sebitoane received of Griquas, who leave this river to-morrow, us kindly, and offered to replace our cattle, and proceed direct to Philippolis. We left which were all believed to have been bitten our old route at Nahokotsa and proceeded by tsetse. He returned to the wagons with nearly due north, crossed the bed of the us, and subsequently fell sick, and, to our Zouga and certain salt pans, remarkable for great sorrow, died. He formed one of the their extent. One, called 'Ntwétive,' was party of Mantatees, repulsed by the Griquas about fifteen miles broad, and, probably, one at old Lattakoo, and since then he has almost hundred long. Beyond these we passed constantly been fighting. He sereral times through a hard flat country covered with lost all his cattle; but being a man of great mopane trecs, and containing a great number ability, managed to keep his people together, of springs in limestone rock. A considerable and ended his days richer in cattle, and with number of bushmen live in the vicinity, and many more people under his sway, than any they seein to have abundance of food. Leay- other chief we know in Africa. A doctor ing this district of springs, and guided by a who attended him, interrnpted with rudeness, bushman, we crossed an excessively dry and when I attempted to speak about death, and difficult tract of country, and struck a small his people took him away from the island river, called Mabali. Visiting a party of when not far from his end. Mr. Oswell and bushmen, and another of Banajoa, we after I went over to condole with his people soon some days reached the Chobe, in 18° 20' S., after the news of his death came, and they the river on which Sebitoane lived. The seemed to take our remarks thankfully. We Tsetse (a venomous insect) abounded on the remained two months with them; they are by southern bank, and as the depth is from far the most savage race of people we have twelve to fifteen feet, we could not cross with seen, but they treated us with uniform kind. the wagons; the cattle were accordingly ness, and would have been delighted had we taken over to an island, and Mr. Oswell and I been able to remain with them permanently, proceeded about thirty miles down the river Such was my intention when I left Kolobeng; in a canoe. It was propelled by five superior and having understood tliat there were high rowers; and to us, who are accustomed to lands in that region, to avoid the loss of time bullock wagons, the speed seemed like that which would occur in returning for my
family, I resolved that they should accom the people of Sebitoane to go on a marauding pany me. The deep rivers among which expedition against the Bashukolompo, by they now live, are a defence to them against saying, You may take all the cattle, we will the Matibele. To have removed them to the only take the prisoners. On that expedition high lands would have been rendering them they met with some Portuguese, and these defenceless; and the country itself was so gave them three English guns, receiving in totally different from anything I could have return at least thirty slaves. These Portuanticipated, I felt convinced that two years guese promised to return during this winter. alone in it are required for the successful The people confessed that they felt a repugcommencement of a mission. It is for hun nance to the traffic, but they (the Mambari dreds of miles intersected with numerous and Portuguese) refused cattle for their rivers and branches of rivers coming out of clothing and guns. It seems to me that these, and returning into them again: these English manufactures might come up the are flanked with large reedy, boggy tracts of Zamberi during the months of June, July, country. Where trees abound, if not on an and August, or September, by the hands of island, the tsetse exists; indeed, we seem to Englishmen, and for legitimate purposes, as have reached the limits of wagon travelling. well as by these slave dealers for their unlawWe proceeded on horseback about one hun ful ends. There is no danger from fever if dred miles farther than the place where the people come after May, and leave before wagons stood, to see the Sesheke, or river September. The Government might supply of the Borotse. It is from three hundred information to traders on the coast. I shall to five hundred yards broad, and at the end write you fully on this subject, as also on of a remarkably dry season had a very large another of equal importance, but at which I volume of water in it. The waves lifted the can only now hint. canoes and made them roll beautifully, and “You will see by the accompanying sketch brought back old scenes to my remembrance. what an immense region God has in his proThe town of Sesheke is on the opposite vidence opened up. If we can enter in and shore; the river itself, as near as we could form a settlement, we shall be able in the ascertain by both instruments, 17° 28' South. course of a very few years to put a stop to the It overflows the country periodically for fif slave trade in that quarter. It is probable teen miles out, contains a waterfall, called that the mere supply of English manufactures Moriatunya (smoke sounds), the spray of in Sebitoane's part will effect this, for they which can be seen ten or fifteen miles off. did not like it, and promised to abstain. I The river of the Bashukolompo is about think it will be impossible to make a fair eighty yards wide, and when it falls into the commencement unless I can secure Sesheke it is called Zambesi. There are years devoid of family cares. I shall be numerous rivers reported to connect the two, obliged to go southward, perhaps to the and all along the rivers there exists a dense Cape, in order to have my uvula excised, population of a strong black race. That and my arm mended. It has occurred to me, country abounds in corn and honey, and they that as we must send our children to England show much more ingenuity in iron work, soon, it would be no great additional expense basket work, and pottery, than any of the to send them now along with their mother. people south of them.
This arrangement would enable me to pro"That which claims particular attention,
ceed alone, and devote about two, or, perhaps, is the fact, that the slave trade only began in three years to this new region; but I must this region during 1850. A party of people, beg your sanction, and, if you please, let it called Mambari, from the west, came to Sebi. be given, or withheld, as soon as you convetoane, bearing a large quantity of English niently can, so that it might meet me at the printed and striped cotton clothing, red, Cape. To orphanize my children will be green, and blue baize, of English manufacture, like tearing out my bowels; but when I can and with these brought from the different find time to write you fully, you will pertowns about two hundred boys; they had ceive it is the only way, except giving up the chains ånd rivets in abundance, and invited region altogether.”
Anniversary Services in May, 1852. The Directors are gratified in announcing to the Friends and Members of the
Society, that they have made the following arrangements for the ensuing Anniversary :
MONDAY EVENING, MAY 10,
WEIGH HOUSE CHAPEL.
To commence at Seven o'clock.
WEDNESDAY, MAY 12.
THURSDAY, MAY 13.
RIGHT HON. THE LORD MAYOR.
GEORGE HITCHCOCK, Esq.
FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 14,-instead of the MONDAY, as formerly. The SACRAMENT of the Lord's SUPPER will be administered at the usual
Places of Worship in and around London.
LORD'S DAY, MAY 16. SERMONS will be preached on behalf of the Society, at various Places of Worship
in London and its Vicinity.
TO THE AUXILIARY SOCIETIES IN LONDON AND THE COUNTRY.
The Officers and Committees of Auxiliary Missionary Societies, in London and its vicinity, are respectfully requested to pay in their amounts at the Mission-House, on or before Wednesday, the 31st instant, the day appointed for closing the Accounts. The Lists of Contributions should be forwarded to the Mission-House, on or before that day, in order that they may be inserted in the Society's Annual Report for 1852.
The Officers of the Auxiliary Societies throughout the country are respectfully requested to transmit their Contributions, so that they may be received at the Mission-House on or before Wednesday, the 31st instant; together with correct Lists of Subscribers of Ten Shillings and upwards, alphabetically arranged, for insertion in the Annual Report; also distinct statements of the sums collected from Congregations, from Branch Associations, and by Deputations sent from London.
WIDOWS' AND ORPHANS' FUND.
The Directors, in presenting the annexed list of Contributions, beg to announce that for the accommodation of those friends who have been prevented from making their contributions during the preceding two months, the list will be kept open until the first week in April