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John W. Parker.
men would, by God's blessing, “turn the ation-of His Resurrection of His Ascension, world upside down."
- in the Mission of the Holy Ghost-in the Pascal's “ Provincial Letters,” as translated Character of His followers—that His glory by Dr. M'Crie, and accompanied by an im- must be spiritually discerned- that it is the partial Memoir of his Life and Times, will wonder of angels-that it will be specially find many fresh readers. We have no hesi. seen in His millennial reign-in His charactation in pronouncing Dr. M'Crie's renderings ter and work as final Judge-in the destrucof the work to be the best in the English tion of His enemies—and that He will be language. He has well guarded, too, against himself the glory of heaven. the indiscriminate admiration of the Jan- There is a larger supply of fine theology senist party, while he has awarded them their in this work than is common in the best writjust meed of praise.
ings of the age. Those who wish to see the preMr. Begg's Hand-book of Popery is a millennial-reign scheme sifted and confuted, volume peculiarly seasonable, and is the should possess themselves of this masterly production of a champion of the Protestant treatise; but we especially commend the work
In a cheap form, ordinary readers as a striking exhibition of the attractive exmay here learn all that it is essential for them cellence of Him who “is fairer than the chil. to know in defence of Protestant truth; and dren of men.” they will rise up from the perusal of the work, as we have done, with the conviction that HARMONY OF SCRIPTURE AND GEOLOGY ; much may be done successfully to carry storm or, The Earth's Antiquity in Harmony with into the enemy's camp, and to rescue multi
the Mosaic Record of Creation. By JAMES tudes of deluded souls from the vassalage of GRAY, M.A., Rector of Deben, Hants. Post the Man of Sin.
8vo., pp. 304. Second Edition. Dr. M.Ilvaine's treatise on the External Evidences of Christianity cannot have too
We are truly happy, though not surprised, wide a circulation in this age of German Spi- to see a new edition of this most interesting ritualism, when an attempt is being made to
volume, the best compendium of its kind in make man's own intuitive feelings in religion
our language. In its adaptation to meet the the only standard of truth. We must coun
necessities of those who have not leisure or teract the labours of such preposterous rea
opportunity to consult larger works, and in soners by a fresh appeal to the External Evi: its peculiar fitness to relieve the scruples of dences of Revelation. Dr. M'Ilvaine's work those who have feared the anti-Biblical tendis of standard value.
ency of geological theories, it stands unriTHE GLORY OF CHRIST ILLUSTRATED IN plan, too, is comprehensive; so that more in
valled among the publications of the day. Its HIS CHARACTER AND HISTORY, AND IN
formation may be gleaned from its pages of THE LAST THINGS OF HIS MEDIATORIAL GOVERNMENT. By GARDINER Spring, from works of far higher pretensions. It has
an elementary and satisfying character than D.D., Author of " The Bible not of Man," “ The Attributes of the Cross,” “ The Mercy- candid tone; being removed alike from ab
the merit of being written in a lucid and Seat,” gc.gc. Post 8vo., pp. 524.
struseness and dogmatism. David Bogue. DR. SPRING's writings, as theological com
On a second perusal, we have been more positions, are all highly Scriptural, and have the improvements and additions introduced
than ever pleased with the work; and, with the charm of great perspicuity, and of no little eloquence of appeal. He has long sus- conscientious cordiality to those of our readers
to the present edition, recommend it with tained the rank of a distinguished preacher who are beginning to take interest in the study in New York, who rarely fails to interest of geology. They will find nothing in this the numerous and respectable classes which volume io diminish, but everything to increase, resort to his place of worship. The three their reverence for the word of God; while works referred to in the title-page have all attracted considerable attention, not only in they will be delightfully impressed with the America, but in Great Britain; and, with the God's revelations to his intelligent creatures,
beautiful harmony which obtains among all volume which we now introduce to our read- both in his works and in his word. ers, deserve a place in every Christian library.
The volume before us is a noble testimony to the character and work of the Divine HEROES OF THE BIBLE; or, Sketches of Redeemer. It shows His pre-existence to be
Scripture Characters. By W. S. EDWARDS, the principal subject of supernatural revela- Congregational Chapel, City-road. 12mo., tion;-exhibits the glory of His Divine Nature-of His Incarnation -of His Human character-of His Preaching-of His Miracles THE Author of these impressive Sketches -of His Transfiguration-of His Humili has established for himself the reputation of
a popular preacher, and valued pastor, in the ture was addressed by Dr. Bennett to his British metropolis. He has diligently culti- church and congregation during their temvated his excellent natural gifts, and sur- porary occupancy of the City of London passed, in position and prospects, many who Literary and Scientific Institution. Those enjoyed early advantages far superior to his who listened to it when delivered, justly own. At Brighton, Craven Chapel, and now deemed its important doctrines worthy of the in his new sphere in City-road, he has won more permanent form and the wider circufor himself golden opinions both as to cha- lation which the press can command. In racter and ministerial ability. Long may he this Lecture, therefore, we have presented to be spared to make full proof of his ministry! the public, in a clear, condensed, and vigor
So far as we know, the volume before us, ous form, the great lesson of Scripture rewhich is dedicated to Dr. Leifchild, is the specting “ The Constitution and Design of Author's first effort from the press, of any Christian Churches." Nor, we are satisfied, note ; and, as such, it is highly creditable to can any one bestow upon it a patient and him, and full of promise for the future. He candid perusal without admitting that the has ventured on a field, if we mistake not, church-views of Dr. Bennett are founded on well adapted to his mental peculiarities. He numerous and explicit statements of the has a considerable gift in the delineation of New Testament, and sustained by the evi. character; knows how to seize on what is dence of fact and experience. prominent; and how to adjust all the minute In these times, when there is not only a fillings up, so as to produce an effect at once manifest disposition to return to mediæval realizing and harmonious.
notions in ecclesiastical architecture and There is much in this volume to interest church forms, but to yield to the reimposition all classes, but especially the young. The of the worst doctrines and practices of Author evidently aims at seizing on their Romish superstition, the circulation of this warm hearts and lively imaginations; and admirable Lecture among all classes of the we cannot doubt his success. Though the people could not fail to be attended with the volume is full of sprightly illustrations, and most signal benefit. It is so clear and simple glows with fancy in every page, its evangeli: that the dullest and the most unlettered may cal character is prominent throughout, and understand it; and is at the same time so its close appeal to the heart and conscience chaste and forcible in its style and arrangesuch as not to be mistaken or eraded. ment, that those who are given to habits of
The characters sketched are Abel-Enoch thought and reading must admire and be -Noah-- Abraham-Job-Jacob--- Joseph instructed. -Moses-Joshua-Gideon-Samuel-David
All the early vigour, skill, and acuteness -Elijah— Isaiah - Daniel - Shadrach, Me- of Dr. Bennett will be found in this Lecture. shach, and Abednego—John the Baptist-Time's "effacing fingers" have in no way Stephen-Paul-and“ The First and the touched or enfeebled his mental power. Last."
One feature of these Sketches, which adds greatly to their fascination, is the excellent New TRANSLATION, EXPOSITION, AND CHRO
NOLOGICAL ARRANGEMENT OF THE BOOK selection of oriental illustrations with which they abound, and by which the biography of
OF PSALMS; with Critical Notes on the He. Scripture is greatly enhanced. If we have
brew Text. By BENJAMIN Weiss, Misdoubts on any point, and we admit it to be a
sionary to the Jews. 8vo. pp. 439. minor one,-it is the title of the book. It is
Oliphant and Sons. only by a highly figurative use of language,
The Book of Psalms has ever held a high perhaps scarcely allowable, that many of the place in the estimation of every enlightened characters delineated can be denominated student of the Holy Scriptures. Viewed heroes ;--and it rather offends our sense of simply as among the earliest specimens of propriety to make a hero of Jesus Christ. lyric poetry, they have never been surpassed Indeed we have a growing feeling that too for sublimity of sentiment, beauty of style, much has been yielded, in the use of such and purity of language; but their value is terms, to the Carlyleism of the day. Not greatly enhanced when we take into consithat Mr. Edwards has introduced a particle deration the peculiar qualifications possessed of matter savouring of German extravagance. by the sweet singer of Israel. David, the
son of Jesse, the principal penman of these THE CONSTITUTION AND DESIGN OF CHRIS- sacred odes, was eminently fitted, both by
TIAN CHURCHES. A Lecture delivered at nature and grace, for the position which he the City of London Literary and Scientific was destined to occupy, as the great “Master Institution, Aldersgate-street, May 2, 1852. of Song in the house of the Lord.” Trained By JAMES BENNETT, D.D.
in his youth to the pastoral life, amidst the
rich and varied scenery of the Holy LandThis valuable and very seasonable Lec- an occupation which has ever been consi
London: Houlston and Stoneman.
dered favourable to the cultivation of poetry gins his first attempts at praise, with " The and music ; possessed of an exquisite taste Lord's my Shepherd :" the man of grey hairs, for the beauties of nature; of a soul attuned while he gratefully acknowledges the lovingto harmony, and of that originality of mind kindness of Him who has taught him from which we call genius, and which enables the his youth, gives utterance to the hopes and poet to seize on the principal objects on the aspirations of his heart in appropriating the picture before him, and to describe, with language of the 71st Psalm as his own— fidelity and felicity of expression, the various “Now, also, when I am old and grey-headed, passions and emotions of the human heart; O God, forsake me not !” The man of the Royal Prophet enjoyed, in addition to science feels that no words can better exthese gifts of nature, that unction from above press the admiration with which the beauty which neither art nor nature can supply--his and the amplitude of creation inspired him harp was attuned to the loftiest themes, and than those of David in the 104th and 8th its sublime and thrilling strains were uttered Psalms, “ O Lord, how manifold are thy under the immediate inspiration of the Holy works! in wisdom hast thou made them all." One. “ The Spirit of God spake by him, Again, “ When I consider thy heavens, the and His word was in his tongue; the Rock work of thy fingers, the moon and the stars, of Israel spake to him:" the varied incidents which thou hast ordained; what is man, that of his eventful life, many of which are inter- thou art mindful of him?” The magistrate and woven in the Psalms, served to heighten the the judge can find no better model for their interest of those Divine compositions, and to guidance in the discharge of their important impart that pathos and tenderness to his style, functions, than the resolutions expressed in which can be successfully learned only in the 75th and 101st Psalms. The quiet citithe school of adversity. His peculiar voca- zen studies to form his character on the pattion, as at once the ancestor and type of the tern presented in the 15th and 127th: the Messiah, his greater son and Lord, both in persecuted Church gives utterance to her his humiliation, as the subject of persecution griefs in the language of the 44th and 80th: and trial, and in his subsequent exaltation, the Christian Missionary arms himself for as the leader and commander of the people, the conflict with the powers of darkness, and qualified him, in an eminent degree, to "tes strengthens his faith and hope, by singing tify beforehand the sufferings of Christ and the 67th and 72nd: the afflicted believer the glory that should follow:” while the turns with instinctive fondness to the plaintemptations into which he was permitted to tive strains of the 102nd; while the dying fall, gave him a deep insight into the depra- saint finds his highest aspiration after future vity of the human heart, and enabled him happiness fully within the prayer of Asaph, the better to express the devout breathings of as recorded in the 73rd, verses 23—26. In the penitent soul, and the ardent desires of fact, there is no phase in the Christian life the returning backslider to be restored to the which does not find its counterpart in some joys of God's salvation. The greater part of one or other of the Book of Psalms. It is the Psalms were originally designed to be an admirable manual of devotion-a rich sung in the Courts of the Lord's house; and mine of religious experience, and a compendiwhen set to music, and delivered into the ous summary of evangelical truth. In this hands of the assembled Levites, arrayed in last point of view, it presents a valuable body their white linen vestments, and furnished of evidence to the truth of the Christian with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, with the system. Without going the whole length of priests sounding the trumpets, lifting up their the Bercan theory, that every Psalm refers to voices with one accord, and “ making one Christ, there can be no doubt that many of sound to be heard,” the effect must have been them are prophetical of the person, character, truly sublime, and the minds of the assembled work, and offices of the Messiah; they premultitude, who filled the spacious courts of sent a complete commentary on the gospel the temple, must have been elevated to the history, and almost every incident in the highest pitch of devotion;--and still, with all Saviour's life may be illustrated by a referthe superior illumination which the Christianence to these prophetic intimations. There enjoys, under the more perfect dispensation is no part of the Old Testament Scriptures of the gospel, the “ Songs of Zion" are felt more frequently quoted in the New. Our to be the most appropriate vehicles of praise, Lord repeatedly refers to the words of David and possess an unction of spirit, a richness respecting himself, in his controversies with of imagery, and an elevation of style, which the Jews; and he taught his disciples, that no human compositions, however carefully the things that had happened to him, had all composed or generally admired, can boast of. fallen out in fulfilment of what was written In this venerable and wonderful collection of " in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, spiritual songs, are found sentiments and ex- and in the Psalms concerning him;" the apopressions suited to every capacity and to stles also, both in their preaching and in their every age. The child with lisping tongue be- writings, frequently refer to the Book of Psalms in confirmation of their testimony. | portant question to an issue, whether the The principal Messianic Psalms are the 2nd, Messiah were not already come, and where 22nd, 41st, 45th, 69th, 72nd, 89th, 110th, he was to be found; but, as might have been and 118th. It is sometimes difficult to dis- expected, this effort of the youthful inquirer, tinguish between those which are descriptive to awaken the attention of his brethren, led of the Psalmist's own feelings under persécu- to no serious result. His mind continued in tion, and those which are prophetical of the this anxious and doubtful state for some Messiah's sufferings. Many of the Psalms years, when he accompanied his father to admit of a threefold application ;-to the per- Leipsic fair; and, wbile walking in the ensonal history of Dávid-to the experience of virons of that city, he met with an English the awakened sinner, or penitent backslider, Missionary, whom Providence directed to the and, to the humiliation and sufferings of spot, and who conciliated his respect and Christ.
confidence by his knowledge of the Hebrew Such being the prominent place occupied tongue, and the friendly interest he maniby this book in the volume of inspiration, it fested in the spiritual welfare of the young is no wonder that it has engaged the special Israelite. By the advice of this gentleman, attention of the Biblical interpreter, and oc- he went to Jassy in Hungary, and placed cupied the pens of many learned and pions himself under the instruction of the Rev. Mr. writers in attempting to elucidate its beauties, Edwards, Missionary, who had been sent and to enforce the lessons it is fitted to im- forth by the Free Church of Scotland, to part. A list of the principal Commentators seek after the lost sheep of the house of on the Book of Psalms is to be found in the Israel in that city. This ultimately led to 2nd volume of Norris's Introduction, pp. 764 his making an open and public confession of --768. Among these may be mentioned, his faith, and to his reception by baptism into Dr. Hammond, Bishop Horne, the late Bishop the Christian Church. After continuing Horsley, and the Rev. Dr. Morison, of Lon. some years as an assistant to Mr. Edwards, don, the able and judicious Editor of the he visited this country, and in the course of EVANGELICAL MAGAZINE, Calvin's Com- | his journeyings was led to Dundee, where he mentary, which may be found in an English attracted general attention by his public dress in the late edition of his works, is also lectures on the Old Testament Scriptures; worthy of the reputation of that eminent and has resided there for the last three years. theologian ; and, more recently, we have had His humble, pious, and consistent deportment two German works on the Psalms, translated soon procured for him the respect of all deinto English, Rosenmüller and Hengsten- nominations of Christians in that city; and berg.
at the suggestion and solicitation of many of The author of the present work is already his friends, he was induced to undertake the favourably known in the religious world, by new translation of the Book of Psalms, which his Critical Investigations into the Rites and forms the subject of the present notice. BeCeremonies of the Mosaic law, as embodied fore the work was well through the press, in the Pentateuch. He is descended from an he was appointed by “ The Scottish Society ancient Jewish family, of high standing for the Conversion of Israel" (supported by among their countrymen, for their superior ac- | thr United Presbyterian, Independent, and quirements in the language and literature of Baptist Churches) as & Missionary to his the Hebrews. He was then at Lemberg in countrymen in Algiers; and having been orAustria, and trained in the strictest sect of dained in Dr. Wardlaw's Chapel, Glasgow, the Jewish religion. When only about eleven | he sailed from Dundee on the 14th of April, years of age, he began to entertain doubts as for London, with a view to embark, with his to whether the Messiah was not already come. wife, for the scene of his future labours. These impressions were produced by the The work commences with an Introsimple study of the Hebrew Scriptures, which ductory Essay in four parts:--the first, on the he was early taught to read, and commit to Prophecy of Jacob respecting the Shiloh, memory, by his father, who attached little the second, on the Inspiration of the Prophets, importance to the Talmudical writings. The with a Special Reference to the Qualificaprediction concerning the promised Shiloh tions of David for that Office,--the third, on first awakened suspicions that the Messiah the Value of the Psalms as an Adjunct to the must have appeared, for he plainly saw that Worship of God under both Dispensations, the sceptre of royalty and of government and the fourth, of a Miscellaneous Character, was departed from Judah. Receiving no embracing the division of the Psalms among satisfaction from the answers given by his the Jews into five parts, their arrangement parents to such inquiries, when only in his in chronological order, the different authors fifteenth year, he published a tract, addressed to whom they are ascribed, a dissertation on to his countrymen, calling upon them to set the import of the word " Selah," and on the on foot a candid and impartial investigation meaning of the Hebrew title, “Lamnatzeach," into the subject, so as to bring the all-im- | prefixed to many of the Psalms, rendered in
our version “ To the Chief Musician.” These it may be doubted whether he would be a different topics are discussed with consider- gainer or a loser by the change. This leads able ability, and with a knowledge of the us to notice one great defect, in the hurry of English language highly creditable to the getting up this volume, viz., that while there talents of the author. Some of his defini- is a table prefixed, showing in parallel tions have the merit of originality, if they do columns the relative position of each Psalm, not always approve themselves to the judg- according to the common arrangement, and ment of the critic. The name, Shiloh, which the chronological order, no index is given to has been understood to mean the peace point out the page in which any particular maker, and which others derive from the Psalm is to be found; so that the reader is at Hebrew verb, Shalach, to send, Mr. Weiss a loss where to look for it, and must turn regards as a compound of two words, “ Shai," over a great part of the volume ere he can a gift, and “lah," to her, in reference to the find out the Psalm he wants. Much better promise made to Adam respecting the seed would it have been to allow the Psalms to of the woman. Lamnatzeach (the second stand in the order in which they are placed term above alluded to), he considers a title in our Bibles, merely stating their supposed of God, derived from the word Netzach, date and chronological order in the title, or superiority, excellence, victory, &c.,—and referring the reader to the table at the comrenders it" To the chief cause of events,"—the mencement of the work. The object which author and finisher of all things. Parkhurst Mr. Weiss has in view is, to interweave the translates it, from Aquila, " to the victor, or Psalms with the events in David's history to giver of victory." It is difficult, at this dis- which they are thought to refer, thus forming tance of time, to fix its exact neaning. It a continuous narrative, as it were, of the might not inaptly be rendered, “ To the over- whole. On this plan he places the 23rd
Psalm first in the series, as bearing internal With respect to the present arrangement of evidence of its having been composed at an the Psalms, it is obvious, at first sight, that early period of David's life, while feeding his they are not placed in chronological order; father's flocks in Bethlehem,-a pleasing confor the 3rd Psalm was composed (as the title jecture, indeed, but a precarious foundation bears) when David fled from Absalom, and on which to build a hypothesis.* the 142nd, when he was in the cave of Adul- In regard to the merits of the translation, lam, nearly forty years before; but the diffi- we are disposed to award to the author the culty is, how to find out and restore the chro- praise of a sincere intention to adhere as nological order;—this is easily done where, closely as possible to the original ; but we as in Psalms 52nd, 54th, 56th, 57th, 59th, are not sure that he has always expressed and 60th, express reference is made in the himself intelligibly, or improved on the title to the occasions on which they were authorised version. The lines are arranged, composed; but where no such clue is afforded, as in Lowth's translation of Isaiah, according the date of the Psalm must, in a great degree, to the supposed measure of the origiual be a matter of conjecture, especially where verse ; but the version abounds in Hebraisms, there is nothing in the Psalm itself to indi- which give it a harsh and rugged character, cate that it was meant to apply to any par- and it wants the majestic step and mellifluous ticular event in the history of the writer. cadence of the received translation. The This is the case, for example, with the 145th, Hebrew student will of course judge for himas Mr. Weiss himself admits. The present self how far the new rendering is an improvearrangement is very ancient, as it seems to
ment, and faithfully expresses the meaning have existed at the time when the Septuagint of the inspired writer ; and to the mere translation was made, and to have been English reader we would say, be cautious hom recognised in the days of the apostles; for you deviate from the received version, which what was then the 2nd Psalm (Acts xiii. 33) in general may be regarded as preserving the still occupies the same place in the collection. strength and beauty of the original, in a It is not certain by whom the present arrange- degree not excelled by any modern translament was made; but the individual employed tion in any language with which we are acseems either to have considered it a matter quainted. Yet we are far from wishing to of no consequence, or to have despaired of detract from the merit of Mr. Weiss' work, being able to ascertain the date, in all cases; which is worthy the attention of the Biblical and if it were felt to be a difficulty then, it critic, as exhibiting the sentiments of a must be much more so now.
converted Jew this important part of the We have also been accustomed, from our Old Testament Scriptures. We think he is childhood, to the present order, and any sometimes disposed to deviate unnecessarily attempt to transpose the Psalms, according to from the English version, and to express himtheir supposed dates, only introduces confusion into our ideas, and is attended with so little advantage to the Biblical student, that ihranological arrangement of the Book of Psalms
in Horne's Introduction, vol. iv. pp. 100--103.
* The reader will find an account of Calinet's