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the immediate occasions of his conver that eminent and devoted saint, espesion we cannot say; but we find that, cially in her patronage of the college when only 19 years of age, in October, and the connection, Mr. Mather met a 1792, he was received into the fellow- very kind reception. After completing ship of the church meeting in the Old the regular term of study, he was orPostern Chapel, Newcastle, and then dained in Spa Fields Chapel, May 17, under the care of the Rev. Mr. Curston. 1803, the Rev. T. Young, of Margate, He seems to have commenced his Chris- giving the charge. For several years, tian course with all the ardour of youth, as was the general custom in the consanctified and enuobled by zeal for the nection of Lady Huntingdon, he underglory of the Saviour, and love to the took no settled charge; but supplied, souls of men. In those days, oppor. for short periods, at Hull, Sleaford, tunities for active personal exertion Canterbury, Gloucester, Ebley, Bristol, were not so abundant as they are now; Folkestone, and Feversham. From this but the subject of this brief sketch took latter place he removed to Beverley in a prominent part in conducting meet the beginning of the year 1807, and ings for prayer and exhortation, in the there he laboured for the long period of villages around Newcastle, and in many thirty-six years. ways showed a lively interest in all that His life, though filled up by those concerned the kingdom of the Re- various engagements which occupy deemer. By such labours, he was pre- every faithful minister in any sphere, paring for a higher and wider sphere, was, as might be expected, unmarked and proving to others his fitness for it. by any peculiar and stirring events .

No work can be so exalted and re But though peaceful and comparatively sponsible as that of the minister of retired, his life was not inactive. For Christ; and never should it be entered more than thirty years did he preach on but with the deepest seriousness, three times every Lord's Day, as well as and with an honest conviction that God at the usual weekly services. During his himself has called to it. Profoundly pastorate, and chiefly by his exertions, interesting is the moment, when he, a Sabbath-school was opened, and a who has first given himself to Christ, school-room built. In the Bible and seeks to serve Him in the gospel. The Tract Societies he took a very lively incircumstance of his oldest brother be terest. For many years the depôt was ing already at college, might awaken kept at

kept at his house; the office of Secreand strengthen, in Mr. Mather's mind, tary being filled by his amiable and a desire for the ministry, while every esteemed wife. But it was in the Lonopportunity of speaking, though un- don Missionary Society that he most pretendingly, to his fellow men, would delighted, and very zealously did he lead him to regard the realization of exert himself in its behalf. The annihis desire as far from impossible. Acversaries were seasons of peculiar gladcordingly, in the month of August, ness and benefit; for many years, when 1798, while his brother was yet a stu Missionary Meetings were seldom, if dent, he entered Cheshunt College, an ever, held in villages, numbers from the institution from which have proceeded neighbourhood crowded to the Beverley many faithful and successful ministers services. With that generous hospiof the gospel. At that time there were tality which so much distinguished him, still living some of those who had taken Mr. Mather threw his house open to part in that revival of religion which numerous visitors; while the sums that distinguished the eighteenth century; were raised, considering the circumand from Lady Ann Erskine, who suc- stances of the people, were unusually ceeded the Countess of Huntingdon, I large.

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It may be proper here to state, that, | tified by long-continued and severe in the year 1808, Mr. Mather had been affliction, was of great service to him. united in marriage to the widow of Her gentleness, and her happy art of Thomas Richardson, Esq., of Little diverting his mind, greatly enfeebled Humber. This union was productive by disease, to heavenly subjects, gare of much mutual happiness. Mrs. Ma- her great influence, and her society ther was a lady of quiet manners, sin- added much to the peace and happiness cerely but unostentatiously pious, and of his last days. She, however, was distinguished by Christian prudence. called home, some months before her To her Mr. Mather was devotedly at- brother-in-law, exemplifying very striktached; and often, amidst the growing ingly the sustaining and elevating power infirmities of years, have we heard him of the gospel. say, how much happiness he owed to After her decease, it became apparent, her, and how irreparable the loss he that the day could not be far distant sustained at her death. This event took when he would follow. Still, at times, place rather unexpectedly, in the month “ the spirit of the old man came again," of December, 1836.

and his mind gave forth signs of its For many years, Mr. Mather enjoyed former vigour. This was particularly unusually vigorous and uninterrupted the case during the week immediately good health.

His constitution, how- preceding bis death. On the day on ever, was seriously, though impercept- which he died, he read with evident ibly, affected by the death of his wife. interest the tract entitled “ The ResurFor several years he still continued his rection of Sailors," and expressed to his usual labours. In the month of Oc- niece, who was with him, his great detober, 1842, after a meeting in the light at several passages contained in school-room, he was suddenly seized it. He sat up as late as usual, not rewith paralysis, and, for many weeks, his tiring to rest till half-past ten o'clock. recovery appeared exceedingly doubtful. About an hour afterwards, his niece After an interval of some months, he heard him call out, as if in pain: she resumed his former labours, receiving was at once by his side, with her brooccasional help. But it was soon evi- ther and sister; but, after some deepdent to all and to himself, that his drawn sighs, he peacefully “fell on strength was unequal to his duties; and, sleep." about nine years before his death, he He died on Lord's Day, the 21st March; retired from the stated ministry, resign- and, on the Thursday following, bis ing that charge which he had faithfully reinains were conveyed to Beverley; and held for the long period of thirty-six in the presence of a numerous and years.

deeply -affected assembly, were buried He continued to preach occasionally, in the chapel in which he bad so long but eventually that became impossible; preached. The funeral service was and, for several years, there was a gra- conducted by the Rev. E. Morley, of dual yet evident impairing of mental Hull, and the present minister, the and bodily strength. About eighteen Rev. W. Young, B.A. And on the months before his death, he removed to Sunday following, some improvement Newcastle, where he could more easily of the solemn event was made in the receive that kind and constant atten- same place of worship, by the Rer. tion which his helpless state required, T. Morley, whose friendship with the and which his relatives, in that town, deceased was of fifty years' standing. were so willing to bestow. His sister- The congregation was large, and seemed in-law, a Christian of matured experi- much impressed by the discourse. The ence, and of spirit subdued and sanc-words chosen for the occasion were, "Where I am, there shall also my ser- and devoted husband, an affectionate vant be."

relative, and a lively and zealous It may truly be said of the departed, preacher of the gospel of the grace of that he was an upright man, a respected God. “ He rests from his labours, and neighbour, a faithful friend, a tender his works do follow him.”

OBSERVATIONS AT THE CLOSE OF THE YEAR 1852.

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-"Another year has run its round:

At the close of the year 1852, we Swiftly the months bave flown: what mes

have, then, peculiar reason to bless Of monitory wisdom have they brought?

God, that our churches, and more espeLet us look and see."

cially our Congregational churches, have The Flight of Time. been preserved sound in the faith, and By the kindness of Divine Provi- | firm in their adherence to Christ Jesus dence, we are permitted to arrive at the their Divine Head. We want, unques. termination of another year—a solemn tionably, more life-more spiritualityand eventful period, which has been greater closeness of union- more depregnant with indescribable solicitude cided progress—more energetic and and sorrow to multitudes and inde- combined efforts for the glory of our scribably rich in mercy to all; during common Lord; we want to perceive which, moreover, immense numbers that the work of conversion is going have been committed to the grave, and more rapidly forward, and that our their spirits introduced into that change churches are being largely augmented less world, where their destinies are ir- by holy and devout members; still, we reversibly sealed. It behoves us, then, have occasion for unmingled thankfulin our several characters and relations, ness, as the year 1852 is expiring, that to express sincere and unmingled grati. the churches among us, generally speaktude to the God of unbounded love, ing, are sound and incorrupt in doctrine, for all the goodness with which he has and that the ministers of our churches “crowned the year,"—for all the guid- are contending vigorously and earnestly ance, all the support, all the consola- for “the faith once delivered to the tion, he has afforded throughout the saints.” Whatever may be the defections year; for all the deliverances he has of ministers and members, in some vouchsafed, as the year has been passing other quarters—however the adherents away; and, above all, for the rich, the of Romanism have been gladdened by numerous, the varied, spiritual blessings the apostasy from Protestantism of not which he has been communicating to a few, who ought to have felt and acted us, from its commencement until its very differently, we cannot too much close.

rejoice that we have had no defections. And how important is it, at the ter- Our ministers have kept their groundmination of every year, that we should have nobly fought the battle of sound make a solemn pause ; that we should and enlightened Protestantism - and look back, that we should carefully sur- the members of our churches are more vey our past history, and mark, in the firmly convinced than ever of the errors, most attentive and enlightened manner, the pernicious doctrines, the absurd and for great practical and Christian superstitions, and perilous idolatries purposes, the various and, especially, the Roman Catholic Church. the most prominent occurrences wbich We have, also, occasion to thank God, have taken place !

that, during the year of graco 1852,

we have not had another Papal Aggres. | to do each other good; and, we believe, sion, and, though the efforts of Roman- that, as the principles of Protestantism ism are more numerous, more insidious, and Christianity are more extensively more combined, than ever, and we can. diffused among the French people, the not, as Protestants, be too active, too warmer will be the desire, and the wary, too much on the alert-yet, we stronger will be the determination have not had a repetition of that bold manifested not only to maintain peace and daring audacity, with which the with us, but to esteem and value us, empire was startled, and, in conse and to co-operate with us in every imquence of which, it was rendered so portant work. We cannot recur to this indignant, at a very recent period. And, subject without longing for the Kaffir indeed, we think, that the Romanist war to terminate-one so fatal to our leaders in this country have, during missions, so long-continued, so destructhe last two years particularly, acquired tive of commerce and progress where it lessons which they will never forget. rages, and so murderous and awful in They have seen that British Protest its results. ants in the second half of the nine When we recur to the events and teenth century, are not to be bearded as mercies of the current year, we cannot they would have bearded them — are be too grateful to Almighty God, that not to have sentiments forced upon the cholera has not been suffered again them, which are directly antagonistic to visit our shores. Though its ravages to their dearest principles, and to every hate been fearful during the autumn thing which they have been ačcustomed in Poland, and other parts of Europe, to value, to love, and to revere.

we have yet been mercifully spared a We ought, moreover, to offer our tri- renewal of the visitation, and who can bute of praise to the God of mercy, ånd, dwell on the awful desolations óccaespecially, as British Christians, and sioned by this scourge in the summer the friends of civilization, humán pro- of 1849, in nearly all the districts of gress and happiness, in every part of the empire, without presenting earnest the world, for the peace which has pre- prayer, that Divine Providence may vailed on the continent of Europe dur- throw the shield of protection over us, ing the year which is now closing; and, and ward off from our land à visitation should we not give utterance to our as awful and desolating as any which most fervent desires, that this tranquil- we could experience? lity inay long and permanently continue ? We have sustained, ås à nation, a We want no wars or rumours of wars." loss of a peculiarly important kind, by We want the natious of Europe, and of the decease of the venerable and illusthe world, to dwell together as brethren, trious Wellington, to whose character cultivating the arts of peace, cherishing and memory men of all ages, and of all the spirit of anity and mutual kind- parties, have delighted to đo honour, ness, endeavouring to extend commerce, and who, for his coolness in the most to diffuso knowledge, to promote 'im- fearful conflicts—his sageness, firmprovement, to increase happiness, and ness, and genius, as one of the greatest to advance truth, in every quarter. of military leaders—his Brilliant vic

We want, especially, France and tories, in connection with his wisdom, England to live in peace ;-as imme- acuteness, and practical good sense as diately neighbouring nations, so intel a senator, 'and a most influential peer ligent, so large, so important-having of the realm, will never be forgotten. such influence, and such resources - His naine will be handed down to the they must not quarrel tvith each other; remotest posterity, as one of the most but endeavour to help each other, and renowned heroes who ever existed

ranking with the greatest of any coun- l'emigration, but a perfect torrent, protry, or of any epoch. Still, when con- ceeding onwards with tremendous imtemplating his eventful history, it has petuosity, and carrying everything beafforded us the utmost thankfulness, fore it with resistless fury. that, during nearly forty years prior to In this country, it has affected the his decease, his sword bad been sheathed, bulk of the people multitudes from and that the councils which he attended every part of the empire have gone during that long period were those of already, and multitudes are preparing peace, and not of war; and, now that to follow; and, we believe, that hunhe has entered eternity, and his ashes dreds and hundreds of thousands of the rest near others of "the mighty dead," population, would go over to "the rewe love to recur to his early walk to gions of gold,” if they only knew how the Chapel Royal, and the regularity to be conveyed thither without exand apparently deep seriousness with pense. By this universal and extraor-: which he observed, for many years, the dinary movement, not only hys every worship of God, according to the sim- town and city among us been disturbed, ple and beautiful views of the Pro. but even our little villages, our most testant faith; and, we trust, that many, sequestéred hamlets. very many years, will elapse before Families, in all directions, have been another Wellington will be required to broken up. Our shops have been summon our armies, or to lead our deserted; our counting-houses have embattled hosts to the deadly struggle, been abandoned ; valuable businesses, and, what is termed the glorious vio- in very many quarters, have been given tory. We think of the emotions of the up; houses and lands bave been sold, great Captain himself, on the morning often, at great sacrifioe; bankers have; after the battle of Waterloo, when, as lost their clerks; tradesmen their as. the list of the killed and wounded was sistants; manufacturers their operaread to him, and the appalling loss was tives; farmers their labourers; masters unfolded to him, he was compelled to their servants; parents their children ; cover his face with his hands, under sisters their brothers; all, all have beeu. the influence of the most powerful and off to the “Diggings;" nothing could intense feelings---feelings which he check them; nothing could keep them found it impossible to repress, and back. It has been, and still is, and which could only be alleviated by tears. still will be, for years, a perfect mania ;

One of the most important and ex- | and, in our deliberate judgment, it will traordinary events of the year has been prove to be a grievous disappointment the discovery of the numerous gold sore calamity, in every respect, fields" of Austrulia, and the continuous physically, socially, mentally, morally, and amazing supply from them, which is and religiously, to very larye numbers. increasing perpetually, and which pro- The people, by millions almost, are mises to be surprisingly productive for " hasting to be rich ;” and “he that years still to come. And, in connection hasteth to be rich shall not be innowith this wondrous discovery, there has cent." They are mad

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their idol," been emigration to our Australian co- golilthat is the passion which absorbs lony from every quarter, and, to an and devours them--and they will be unusual extent, from the parent country punished -- indeed, numbers will woitself. The tide of emigration to the fully punish themselves. “ Diggings" set in with amazing power And we are extremely sorry to find at the outset, and it bas been increas- how this desire after gold has entered ing in fulness and energy until the the Christian church, and what an efpresent hour. It is not a stream of fect it is producing in certain quarters.

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