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" they had fought enough." They were called sticklers, from carrying sticks or staves in their hands, with which they interposed between the combatants. We now call them sidesmen.

STEEVENS.

ACT V. SCENE XI.

Line 718.

-pight-] i. e. pitched, fixed.

-728. Hence, broker lackey!] Broker, in our author's time, signified a bawd of either sex. MALONE.

ignomy-] Ignomy was formerly used for

Line 728. ignominy.

MALONE.

Line 750. Some galled goose of Winchester-] The public stews were anciently under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Winchester. POPE. A particular symptom in the lues venerea was called a Winchester goose. STEEVENS. Cole, in his Latin Dict. 1669, renders a Winchester goose by pudendagra. MALONE.

END OF THE ANNOTATIONS ON TROILUS AND CRESSIDA.

ANNOTATIONS

ON

TIMON OF ATHENS.

ACT I. SCENE I,

LINE 14. breath'd, as it were,

To an untirable and continuate goodness:] Breathed is inured by constant practice: so trained as not to be wearied. To breathe a horse, is to exercise him for the course. JOHNSON. touch the estimate:] Come up to the price. JOHNSON.

Line 21.

23. When we for recompense &c.] We must here suppose the poet busy in reading in his own work; and that these three lines are the introduction of the poem addressed to Timon, which he afterwards gives the Painter an account of. WARB. Line 35. and, like a current, flies

Each bound it chafes.] Thus the folio reads, and
WARBURTON.

rightly..

This speech of the Poet is very obscure. He seems to boast the copiousness and facility of his vein, by declaring that verses drop from a poet as gums from odoriferous trees, and that his flame kindles itself without the violence necessary to elicit sparkles from the flint. What follows next? that it, like a current, flies each bound it chafes. This may mean, that it expands itself notwithstanding all obstructions; but the images in the com

parison are so ill sorted, and the effect so obscurely expressed, that I cannot but think something omitted that connected the last sentence with the former. It is well known that the players often shorten speeches to quicken the representation: and it may be suspected, that they sometimes performed their amputations with more haste than judgment. JOHNSON. Line 39. Upon the heels &c.] As soon as my book has been presented to lord Timon. JOHNSON. Line 42. this comes off well and excellent.] The meaning is, the figure rises well from the canvas. C'est bien relevé.

JOHNSON.

Line 47. to the dumbness of the gesture

One might interpret.] The figure, though dumb, seems to have a capacity of speech. The allusion is to the puppetshows, or motions, as they were termed in our author's time. The person who spoke for the puppets was called an interpreter. MALONE. Line 52. artificial strife-] Strife for action or motion. WARBURTON.

Strife is either the contest of art with nature:

"Hic ille est Raphael, timuit, quo sospite vinci
"Rerum magna parens, & moriente mori."

Line 57.

or it is the contrast of forms or opposition of colours. JOHNSON. this confluence, this great flood of visitors.] Mane salutantum totis vomit ædibus undam. JOHNS. Line 62. Halts not particularly,] My design does not stop at any single character. JOHNSON. Line 63. In a wide sea of wax:] Anciently they wrote upon waxen tables with an iron style. HANMER.

Line 63. -no levell'd malice &c.] To level is to aim, to point the shot at a mark. Shakspeare's meaning is, my poem is not a satire written with any particular view, or levelled at any single person; I fly like an eagle into the general expanse of life, and leave not, by any private mischief, the trace of my passage. JOHNSON.

Line 68. I'll unbolt-] I'll open, I'll explain. JOHNSON. -75. glass-fac'd flatterer-] That shows in his look, as by reflection, the looks of his patron. JOHNSON.

Line 78. even he drops down &c.] Either Shakspeare meant to put a falsehood into the mouth of his Poet, or had not yet thoroughly planned the character of Apemantus; for in the ensuing scenes, his behaviour is as cynical to Timon as to his followers. STEEVENS.

Line 85. —rank'd with all deserts,] Cover'd with ranks of all kinds of men. JOHNSON.

Line 87. To propagate their states:] To advance or improve their various conditions of life. JOHNSON.

Line 93. conceiv'd to scope.] Properly imagined, appositely, to the purpose. JOHNSON. Line 98. In our condition.] Condition for art. WARBURTON. 103. Rain sacrificial whisperings in his ear,] Whisperings attended with such respect and veneration as accompany sacrifices to the gods. Such, I suppose, is the meaning.

MALONE.

Line 104. through him

Drink the free air.] That is, catch his breath in affected fondness. JOHNSON. Line 114. A thousand moral paintings I can show,] Shakspeare seems to intend in this dialogue to express some competition between the two great arts of imitation. Whatever the poet declares himself to have shown, the painter thinks he could have shown better. JOHNSON.

Line 164. Therefore he will be, Timon:] Therefore he will continue to be so, and is sure of being sufficiently rewarded by the consciousness of virtue; and he does not need the additional blessing of a beautiful and accomplished wife. MALONE.

Line 192.

Never may

That state or fortune fall into my keeping,

Which is not ow'd to you!] The meaning is, let me never henceforth consider any thing that I possess, but as owed or duc to you; held for your service, and at your proposal.

JOHNSON.

Line 204. pencil'd figures are

Even such as they give out.] Pictures have no hypocrisy; they are what they profess to be. JOHNSON. -unclew me quite.] To unclew is to unwind a

Line 216.

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