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Armida is excellent, but it is clearly a copy, both for the wit and bumour and triumphant though a good and varied one, of that between movement of his poem and for his courage in Dido and Æneas. I think that in the fourth closing the octave with an alexandrine, to make book of the Æneid' Virgil beats even Homer and the melody, as he says in his preface, "more full Shakspeare in pathos; and there is a naturalness and sounding.'
THOMAS BAYNE. in this noble poetry relating to Dido which is in Helensburgb, N.B. strong contrast to Virgil's usual artificiality. The good and generous character of Dido, ber magnifi.
THE BEGINNINGS OF PAOTOGRAPHY.-It may cent hospitality to Æneas and his companions, be desirable to reprint in the permanent columns increase our_sympathy with her in her cruel of 'N. & Q.' the following contemporary account sufferings. The commands of the gods may of the very commencement of an art which is now excuse the pious bero somewhat, but they hardly go universal, but of which few persons, I fancy, make his obaracter tolerable. The death scene of know the early history. It is taken from the Margaret in Goethe's “Faust' is one of the greatest first volume of a periodical now very scarce, the examples of pathos. Shakspeare is often very Aldine Magazine (Simpkin & Marshall, 1839) pathetic, but Milton is never so, except when he "NEW ART OF SUN-PAINTING.–The literary and scien: is bewailing his own woes. The quality of imagi- tific journals for some time past bave teemed with accounts nation is shown in its highest form by Shakspeare, of two very extraordinary discoveries which have been and in high form by Milton. In power of con: London; in the former by M. Daguerre, the celebrated
brought forward, almost simultaneously, in Paris and in structing a story Shakspeare is as great as he is inventor and painter of dioramic views ; in the latter by in other respects. A much less poet, Walter H. Fox Talbot, Esq., a Member of the Royal Society. Scott, is excellent in this constructive power. In These discoveries, though essentially similar in some utilizing learning and scholarship for the adorn- respects, are essentially different in others. We must ment of verse, Milton is pre-eminent. In wit, ondeavour briefly to indicate the nature of each. M. homoar, and occasionally in taste, he fails greatly. camera obscura an engraving power--that is, by an
Daguerre's invention enables him to combine with the In wit and humour, generally too in taste, Shake apparatus, at once to receive a reflection of the scene speare is as great as in most other things.
without, and to fix its forms and tints indelibly on metal There are men who have devoted their lives to in chiaroscuro-the rays of the sun standing in the stead the making of verses, yet have not that natural of burin, or, rather, of acid-for the copies thus pro
duced nearly resemble aquatinta engravings exquisitely disposition without which no man can be a poet. toned. As to the precise details, M. Daguerre objects to No man can show the poetry which is in bim impart them to any one, till' he has received some without an intense labour, which in itself is some definite answer from the Government, with whom he is times thought to be genius. But it is only the in treaty for the sale of bis secret ; the value fixed upon intense cultivation of a certain nature which pro necessary, observes M. Arago, to see the works produced
it is said to be three hundred thousand france. It is Something similar to this has been by the machine, which is to be called the Dauguerotype, said by Horace; and, when men strive to define fully to appreciate the curiosity of the invention. M. genius, they may remember what he has said :- Daguerre's last works have the force of Rembrandt's Naturâ feret laudabile carmen, an arte
etobings. He has taken them in all weathers—at all
hours--a sketch of Notre Dame was made in a pouring Quæsitum est : ego nec studium sine divite vend,
rain (the time occupied by the process being lengthened Nec rude quid possit video ingenium; alterius sic
under such unfavourable circumstances), and a sketch Altera poscit opem res et conjurat amice.
was procured by the moon's light, which required
twenty minutes for its completion. As might be 36
suspected, the invention fails where moving objects are BYRON'S BEPPO.'— It is a common thing to say more or less agitated by the air, is often but imperfectly that 'Beppo' marks an entirely new departure in represented. In one of the views a horse is faithfully Eoglish verse; and this view is emphasized by the given, save the bead, which he never ceased moving in existence of the name “Beppo stanza," which has another a décrolleur, all but the arms, which were never now a recognized technical value. Mr. Stopford life-that is, to architectural subjects, &c. M. Da
still. The invention will be chiefly applicable to still Brooke refers to this fresh beginning in uncon. guerre describes the process as very simple, and com. ditional terms in the new edition of his 'English pletely attainable by any person of common judgment, Literature Primer' (Macmillan), and his thousands and with reasonable caro. The machine, too, is so little of disciples (all of whom he fally deserves because cumbrous, that he says he has stood upon the bridges to of the high excellence of his work) will probably Fox Talbot makes no secret of the nature of his discovery;
use it, and been bardly noticed by the passers by. Mr. not trouble themselves to go further into the and when we consider the means employed, and the
But it would be well that the state- limited time the moment of time, which is often ment regarding Byron should be made with a sufficient-the effects produced are perfeotiy magical. qualification. Frero's Whistlecraft,' Tendant's The most fleeting of all things—a shadow, is fixed, and
made permanent; and the minute truth of many of the Anster Fair,' and Fairfax's "Tasso,' could be objects the exquisite delicacy ---can
only be discovered owsily referred to as precursors in style and stanza. by a magnifying glass. Mr. Talbot proposes for this new Tendant in particular deserves special mention, art the name of Photogenic Drawing. It enables a
person, howsoever ignorant of tho art of drawing, to ob- was born in the rectory-house at Barsbam, 9 May, tain faithful representations of objects, and does not even 1725. He was also descended from the celebrated require his presence; 80 that these picturos may,
be executed while the operator is himself engaged about architect Inigo Jones, whose granddaughter, other things. Amongst the specimens exhibited at the Susannah Webb, was married to Robert Suckling, Royal Institution, observes Mr. Fox Talbot, were cornet in the 1st Dragoon Guards, who served at pictures of flowers and leaves; a pattern of lovce; figures the battle of Minden, and afterwards for four taken from painted glass ; a view of Venice copied from years, under the Marquess of Granby, in the an engraving ; some images formed by the solar French wars, and was captain in the West Norfolk microscope, viz., a slice of wood very highly magnified, oxhibiting the pores of two kinds, one set much smaller Militia., Sir John Suckling (1609-41), the poet, than the other and more numerous. Another microscopic was of this family, and also Nelson's uncle, Capt. sketch, exhibiting the reticulations on the wing of an | Maurice Suckling, R.N. insect. Finally: various pictures, representing the Mr. Suckling, who was Lord of the Manors of architecture of my house in the country; all these made with the camera obscura in the summer of 1835.-*No Woodton, Norfolk, and Barsham and Shipmeadow, matter whether the subjoct be large or small
, simple or Suffolk, inherited the family estates on the death, complicated; whether the flower-branch which you wish 1 Dec., 1820, of his uncle, Maurice William to copy contains one blossom, or one thousand; you set Suckling, Esq., Lieut. R.N. He married, 31 Jan., the instrument in action, the allotted time elapses, and 1816, Lucy Clementina, eldest daughter of you find the picture finished, in every part, and in every Samuel Clarke, Ess, and by her had issue four minute particular. One of the most obvious differences between the process of M. Daguerre and that of Mr. Fox
sons and six daughters. He was the author of Talbot is that the former employs metal plates whereas
• Memorials of the Antiquities ad Architecture, the latter uses prepared paper. There can be no question Family History and Heraldry of the County of as to the superior advantages of the latter; for it would Essex,'_4to., Lond., 1845 (originally printed in be most inconvenient, if not wholly impracticable, for the John Weale's “Quarterly Papers on Architecture,” traveller to carry about with him soveral hundred metal vol. iii. 1846); "The History and Antiquities of plates."
the County of Suffolk,' vols. i. ii., fol., Lond., Ventnor,
1846-8, &c. He also published a volume of
'Selections from the Works of Sir John Suckling ; SUGGESTED EMENDATION FOR SINAI PALIMP. [with] a Life of the Author, (and) Critical ReBEST.-There is a passage on leaf 165a of this marks on his Writings and Genius' royal 8vo. manuscript which seems to have given the trans. Lond. 1836. His Antique and Armorial Colleclator some trouble. It is printed on p. xii, ll. 1, 2, tions,' 1821-1839, 16 volg. 4to., consisting of notices of Mrs. Lewis's introdaction to the Four Gospels of various architectural and monumental antiin Syriao? (1894). The difficulty may be overcome quities in various counties of England and in by rostoring in l. 1 two words, probably lost Picardy, form Add. MSS. 18,476–18,491 (Brit. through a similarity of endings, and inserting one Mas.). He died
at 40, Belmont
Road, St. Heliers, letter in 1. 2. The whole sentence will then read : Jersey, 3 May, 1856 (Burke's Commoners, 1836, 8370071, 95 xnny sonian cobay 7) in syy vol. iii. p. 467; Burko's Landed Gentry, 1894
.DN Nini vol. ii. p. 1953; G. R. French's 'Royal Descent This may fairly be represented in English thus : 1 of Nelson and Wellington,' 1853, pp. 3-5, 12 ; "To one and the same belong the glorious things Norfolk Chronicle, 10 May, 1856 ; Norwich Mera and the base things, not (the glorious) to one and cury, 10 May, 1866; Illustrated London Neus, (the base to) another ; God forbid 1" The words in 17 May, 1856, p. 523).
DANIEL, HIPWELL, parentheses are repeated to make the sense clearer . the Danish acom
accompany. what the context seems to require. EBRO,
ing extracts from the Solihull parish register may Tsunnywrick Wate TAR REV. ALFREĎ INIGO SOCKLINGOT be of interest to some of your readers. I do not
Hamlette Sadler could be identified with Inigo Fox, only son of Alexander Fox and Anna Shakespeare's friend of the same name, but the Maria (Suckling) his wife, born 31 Jan., 1796, coincidence of name is at least interesting :assumed in 1820 the surname and arms of Suckling, in compliance with the testamentary injunction of Hamlette fetherston. The Three and Twentithe of
“ 1560. Baptizati.--The Thirteenethe daye of October, his maternal grandfather. He proceeded LL.B. in Marche. Hamlette Sadler." 1824 28 a member of Pembroke College, Cam. “: 1574. Sepulti.—The xxiij of September. Hamnette bridge, and on 10 July, 1839, was instituted to Fetherston. the rootory of Barsham, Suffolk, which benefice he
. held to the time of his death. The subject of this THE SOBIESKI STUARTS. In pote was descended from Robert Suckling, elder logical Magazine, No. 1, May (Elliot Stock), is brother of the Rov. Maurice Suckling, D.D., an article on the Sobieski Stuarts by Henry Jenner, (ob. 1730), Prebendary of Westminster, Rector of F.S.A. Reference is made to the last of the Barsbam 1714, &c., the maternal grandfather of Stuarts, John Sobieski and Obarles Edward Stuart, Lord Nelson, whose mother (Catherine Suokling) the authors of the curious book, published in 1847,
Solihull, Warwice the tow Genea.
entitled 'Tales of the Century ; or, Sketches of the is never absent, and into it each guest sticks his Romance of History between 1746 and 1845.' offering to the wedded pair, by thrusting into it The brothers Stuart are referred to as frequenting cleft sticks holding coins of various face values, so the British Museum Reading-Room in the early that by the end of the evening it looks like a seventies. I can very well remember them, but fancy porcupine. Those who have seen Henry tbink Mr. Jenner must be mistaken as to the date, Mosler's famous picture of 'A Wedding Feast in which must have been something like twenty years Brittany' will remember the cake (?) in the foreearlier. The brothers, who were dressed in military ground on a stool, in which a number of sticks style, wore spars, and I fanoy I can remember the are standing. Why is butter so used in Brittany; jingle of their spurs on the iron gratings in the floor and what was the origin of the custom ? Has of the old Museum Reading-Room between 1850 and batter been used for a similar purpose
JNO, HEBB. Do the strange, varied, and fanciful butter-strucWillesden Green, N.W.
tures to be seen at the dairy show in London originate from some old and forgotten custom!
R, HEDGER WALLACE uertes, We must request correspondents desiring information rity is it said that the ancient Gyrvii used to build on family matters of only private interest to afix their names and addresses to their queries, in order that the up people who allowed the sea-bank to burst in the Answers may be addressed to them direct.
breach made by the inpouring tide ? I have seen
the assertion in more than one book relating to “ CAREERIN.”—This word is glossed “cheer. the Lincolnshire fenland, and I wish to learn fully in the Glossary to the poems of the bence it is deriyed. mecs Peacock W. county of Renfrew. In Halliwell “Carecrin (sic), Dreamthorp,' & 'Life Drama,' &c., born in 1829
ALEXANDIR SMITH. Scottish poet. Picken (1788), who lived in the lowered the other part de la seguretat
as this poet, of cheerfully," appears as a Northumberland word. or 1830 ? According to the two authoritative
. In Heslop's 'Northumberland's Words' (1892) we biographies of him—P. P. Alexander's prefixed to find," Carechin [sic], cheerfully." I should be Smith's posthumous 'Last Leaves' (1868) and glad to hear of any evidence that the word bas
Brisbane's Early Years of Alexander Smith over been beard in any form, whether north or (1869) — he was born on 31 December, 1829. south of the Tweed. THE EDITOR OF
The catalogue in the Advocates' Library, Edin‘TAE ENGLISH DIALECT DICTIONARY.' Irving in his Biographical Dictionary of Eminent
burgh - a very careful record - also has 1829. Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Scotsmen,' while referring his readers to Alexander's JOHN EDWARDS : PENLEIGH House. -I shall memoir, gives the year of birth as 1830. The be much obliged if any one can give me in writer of the article on Smith in the latest edition formation about John Edwards, of Westbury, in of Chambers's Encyclopædia' does the same, the county of Wilts. He derived his pedigree and yet appends as bis only authorities Alexander from Sir James Edwards, Bart., of Walton-on
and Brisbane. General Grant Wilson Thames. Also, is there any place in Wiltshire always absolutely trustworthy-has also 1830 in called Penleigh House, or Court ?
his 'Poets and Poetry of Scotland.' Smith was maz. Rodolfhoge Lampe
born at Kilmarnock, but his birth does not appear
to bave been registered, as a close scrutiny of the MYSS M. A. STODAK, War of 18, the entries from 1827 to 1832 has failed to discover it. lady of this name who wrote the words of the song Bat surely the writers who rest on Alexander and "When sorrow sleepetb, wake it not," wbich Brisbane and yet differ from them on an essential Edward Land set to music about 1851 ?
point must have had an adequate reason for their DAMS divergence.
TAOMAS BAYNE. 10 ba albany, Plan 5.4pams. "MEDE" OR "MEX." -Ought not the old
Helensburgh, N.B, spelling of meadow to be mede? Mead, I believe, TAE PALACE OF ST. OLOUD.-About the year is quite wrong. And in naming a place Mill Medes, 1787 Marie Antoinette purchased the palace of or the meadows by the mill, ought the words to be St. Cloud from the Duke of Orleans. Is it known separated ? Col. Lindsay, 2.C.M.I.J. what was the amount paid for it?
#3 Cuppen Tharismo BUTTER AT WEDDING FEASTS IN BRITTANY.- SWORD.—The other day, in a country Among the many singular customs to be found in was shown a sword which the owner supposed to Brittany is that of having at Breton weddings have belonged to a Cavalier officer who was à mould or sbape of butter fancifal in form, and present at the battle of Marston Moor. Bat I as elaborately decorated a8 confectioner's frosted think the owner was wrong in bis supposition wedding cake. This ornamental butter structure becaụse of the sword's wake. The blade is long,
R. S. James
straight, and tapers from hilt to point, triangular who was eventually sole heiress both of her father in section and deeply fluted. The hilt is of steel William Waldby, and of her grandfather Walter ornamented with pieces cut in shapes to resemble Strickland. Can any reader direct me to any jewels, Was the bayonet-shaped blade in use in information concerning the Waldby family? Charles I.'s time? And is it likely that a soldier
A. L. SWAINSON. would use a weapon of the sort on service
? Rock House, near Torquay.
THORNFIELD. Thorn Kishop oah any ons give meten
CLARKSON STANFIELD.-I possess an original , ' drawing called
"The Phantom Ship. On the ticulars of the Millingchamp family, who flourished back it is stated it was purchased at the sale of in Derbyshire and Staffordshire in the seventeenth the artist." Can any one say when and where this century? There was an Edward Millingchamp, sale took place ? T. CANN HUGHES, M.A. of Fishguard, Pembrokeshire, died about 1740 (0) Lancaster. who married a Miss Holt, and left issue. I am anxious to trace bis ancestry. Jan. She Hallam’s Europe in the Middle Ages, the followa
“ANGEL OF Asia.”—In chap. i, pt. i., of Norite
that on ing passage oocurs as part of a description of the 18 June, 1705, a warrant was issued to Col. first Crusade :William Peartree, mayor of New York, to take “But their [i. e., the Europeans] losses were least in under his command the squadron composed of the the field of battle; the intrinsic superiority of European Elizabeth, Capt. Jones; the Return, Capt. Potter ; prowess was constantly displayed; the Angel of Asia, to the Sea Flower, Capt. Cawley; and the Peartree, able where her rival was not, became a fear, and the
apply the bold language of our poot, high and unmatch. Capt. Dunscomb. Particulars are wanted con- Christian lances bore all before them in their shock from cerning Capt. Danscomb of the Peartree. What Nice to Antioch, Edessa, and Jerusalem." was his Christian name; when and where did he can any correspondent kindly tell me who is enter the service ; what were his age, place of birth, meant by " the Angel of Asia," and what poet is and death? Any information about him would be referred to as having used this expression ? gratefolly acknowledged. WILLIAM LITTLE.
hiss E H, CALDECOTT. tagonite Mentreal EARLS OF :- In the Monasticon,' v. 563
CAKES. Can any of your readers kindly tell - also mentioned in Dugdale's Warwickshire' of cakes which are peculiar to certain counties of (1656), p. 785—a charter to Dore Abbey is shown Great Britain and Ireland, and also where I can find of Robert, Earl de Ferrers, having wife Sibilla de the recipes for making themiera Braoge. The authority cited for this charter is 100 entrar parents town of this “ Vincent contra Broke, p. 677." Is an original
J. HUSBANDS, A.M.- 18 anythibg record of this charter extant? If so, will somebody Oxford, and in 1731 edited 'A Miscellady of
gentleman, who was a Fellow of Pembroke College, kindly examine it, and say whether the earl's name Poems' by Several Hands'? The book is notetherein is Robert ? On what points, or in what ways, does Vincent differ from Broke as to this worthy from the fact that in its pages Johnson
first appeared in print. At p. 111 is a translation
of Pope's Messiah'into Latin heroio verse, which, MIDDLESEX M.P.STAny Fote helping to according to the preface, identify the following will be thankfully received.
was deliver'd to his Tutory as a College Exercise, by Sir William le Broke, M.P. in 1295 and 1302.
Mr. Johnson, & Commoner of Pembroke College in Stephen de Gravesend, M.P. in 1295 (? if related Oxford, and 'tis hoped will be
no Discredit to the excel.
." to Stephen Gravesend, Bishop of London, 1319). Sir Richard le Rous, M.P. in 1297, 1302, 1306, (1887), was the first to notice the fact that among
Col. F. Grant, in his 'Life of Johnson,' p. 23 1311, and 1313. Sir William de Harpedene, M.P. 1305.
the list of subscribers appears the name of Richard Sir John de la Pogle, M.B. in 1307, 1313, and between Johnson and Savage is not supposed to
Savage, for twenty copies ; but as the friendship 1324. William le Rous, M.P. in 1322 and 1324.
bave commenced till several
years later, this piece Edmund Flambard, M.P. in 1334 and 1336.
of extravagance on the part of the latter is not easy
to explain. It may also be pointed out that &
W. D. PINK, Weighi francoski
subscriber for two copies was Andrew Corbet, Esq., THE WALDBY FAMILY.-In Barke's 'Peerago, who is generally supposed to have been the young William Waldby, Esq., is stated to have married Shropshire gentleman who, according to Boswell, Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Strickland, brother spontaneously undertook to support Johnson, at of Sir William Strickland, third baronet. William the University, in the character of his companion, Waldby lived at Beverley, in Yorksbire, and bad and who failed to carry out his promise. The a daughter Elizabeth (bora 1731, died 1782), who compiler of the 'Miscellany,' whose name is not married my ancestor Jobo Timothy Swainson, and of sufficient importance to figure in the 'Diction,
The rendering given to the
ary of National Biography,' supplied it with an excellent preface, in which indications of some of
Beplies. the other contributors are given ; but as a rule the
NELSON'S LAST SIGNAL. pieces are anonymous, and I should be glad to know if it is possible to compile a complete list of
(866 S. xi. 405.) the writers. There are two imitations of Chaucer, It is scarcely likely that this celebrated signal which, according to Mr. Husbands, are “Pieces of could have remained distorted for nearly a century, some considerable Date" and "appear'd in Print and the extract given by A. B. G. must certainly in the Year 1648 (or perhaps sooner) under the be held to be incorrect. Presumably the officer pame of William Nelson." 'I can learn nothing bad no special means of noting the signal, which about this William Nelson, or his imitations of would, in the ordinary course, be read by one of Chaucer, which are exceedingly poor, from any the ship's signalmen with the aid of the code. ordinary books of reference. The Miscellany 'is Maban gives a clear and succinct account of its said by Col. Grant to be rare, and I can find no evolution. The original form suggested by the copy of it in the extensive collection of books great admiral ran :
* Nelson confides that every printed at Oxford which was in the library of Dr. man will do his duty." On the suggestion of the Bliss W. F. PRIDEAUX. officer taking the order, "Nelson" was changed to
England," and it would appear that the signal.
ON CLOOKS.—In man suggested "expects” for “confidos," as the Italy the clock dials are figured from one to former was in the code and the latter not, and time twenty-four, a system which has several advantages, was important. Undoubtedly the signal was as especially for railway and shipping time-tables, in compressed as possible, and with almost as little which travellers are not puzzled with those tire- doubt one may affirm that on such an occasion some letters P.M. and A.M., which Punch's working Nelson would have drawn no distinction between man translated into "penny a mile," and "
an "officer" and
man." 's-1 B-penny a mile.". I was under the impression that
HOLCOMBE INGLEBY. this was quite a modern innovation, but I have
Extract*from the just stumbled across the following foot-pote in my Times of 26 December, 1805, is one of the most copy of The Tremendous Adventures of Major incorrect of the many versions of this famous Gahagan,' dated 1857:
signal; and your correspondent's comment, "that "So admirable are the performances of these watcher, an officer would hardly be mistakon," is soarcely which will stand in any climate, that I repeatedly heard borne out when we find Blackwood himself, writing poor Magillicuddy relate the following fact. The hours, as it is known, count in Italy from one to twenty-four. to his wife on the day after the battle, giving it as The day Mao landed at Naples bis repeater rung the "England expects every officer and man will do Italian hours, from one to twenty-four. As soon as he their utmost duty" (though it is correctly given crossed the Alps it sounded as usual."
in the log of the Euryalus, the ship Blackwood This jocular anecdote shows that the system was commanded). See Prof. Laughton's Nelson in vogue forty years ago. I want to know when | Memorial,' p. 294. and where it originated. Is the system of marking A private letter from an officer of the Euryalus, twenty-four hours on the dial used, and officially 26 October, which appeared in the Morning Post, recognized, in any other European nation ? 7 November, 1805, says: “I did not leave thé 16 Peus Ord lat na mimi PL
Victory till the shot were iying thick over ber; and COL. JOHN BOWLES. Who was this officer,
the last signal Lord Nelson made...... That England colonel of the Surrey Militia, 1759 ?
expected every man would do his duty......' wits That's INQUIRER.
Another letter, from an officer of the same ship,
dated 21 October (printed in Naval Chronicle, CHE LASTEX desFrigid writes to July-December, 1805, page 462), gives the
HARE AND EGGS.me, knowing that I was in Germany fifty years ago, rendering " England expects every man will do his wanting to know the legend and story attached to duty." The Naval Chronicle's own version appears the bare, nest, and eggs which appear at Easter on p. 412. The Times of 7 November (which time in all the confectioners' shops in Germany, reports the victory of Trafalgar) gives England and are beginning to do so in England. I do not expects every man will do his duty." Prof. remember the practice in 1847, but in 1880 a Laughton tells us that Collingwood actually had German told me the legend and story when I a ring engraved with the posy • England expects noticed the appearance of what my friend wishes to everything: men, do your daty." As a matter of know about; but I have forgotten it. Can you fact, the signal Lord Nelson first gave to Pasco, kindly give me the information ? It is a legend his flag lieutenant, was, “England confides that which goes back 2,000 years. overy man will do his duty," " expects" was,
how. 4. Coll. Wåde DEUTSCHE HABE. 20
ever, substituted for "confides," as this latter word 61. S. is 388; v. 17; vi. U16.] was gat jo the code, and would baye bad to be Deron and Exeler Club.