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it is to be observed, that the work thus executed was PARLIAMENTARY SPEECHES.
inferior in quality; not marketable at home, and merely hurried over with a view to exportation. It
was called, in the cant of the trade, by the name of DEBATE ON THE FRAME-WORK BILL, IN THE HOUSE “spider-work." The rejected workmen, in the blindness OF LORDS, FEBRUARY 27, 1812.
of their ignorance, instead of rejoicing at these im
provements in arts so beneficial to mankind, conceived Tue order of the day for the second reading of this themselves to be sacrificed to improvements in mechaBill being read,
nism. In the foolishuess of their hearts they imagined, Lord Byron rose, and (for the first time) addressed that the maintenance and well-doing of the industrious their Lordships as follows:
poor were objects of greater consequence than the enMy Lords, the subject now submitted to your Lord- richment of a few individuals by any improvement, in ships for the first time, though new to the House, is the implements of trade, which threw the workmen by no means new to the country. I believe it had out of employment, and rendered the labourer unoccapied the serious thoughts of all descriptions of worthy of his hire. And it must be confessed that persons, long before its introduction to the notice of although the adoption of the enlarged machinery, in that legislature, whose interference alone could be of that state of our commerce which the country once real service. As a person in some degree connected boasted, might have been beneficial to the master withwith the suffering county, though a stranger not only out being detrimental to the servant, yet, in the preto this House in general, but to almost every indivi sent situation of our manufactures, rotting in waredual whose attention I presume to solicit, I must claim houses, without a prospect of exportation, with the some portion of your Lordships' indulgence, whilst I demand for work and workmen equally diminished, offer a few observations on a question in which I con frames of this description tend materially to aggraless myself deeply interested.
vate the distress and discontent of the disappointed To enter into any detail of the riots would be sus sufferers. But the real cause of these distresses, and perfluous: the House is already aware that every out consequent disturbances, lies deeper. When we are rage short of actual bloodshed has been perpetrated, told that these men are leagued together, not only for and that the proprietors of the frames obnoxious to the destruction of their own comfort, but of their very the rioters, and all persons supposed to be connected means of subsistence, can we forget that it is the bitter with them, have been liable to insult and violence. policy, the destructive warfare, of the last eighteen During the short time I recently passed in Notting- years, which has destroyed their comfort, your comhamshire, not twelve bours elapsed without some fresh fort, all men's comfort ? ---that policy which, originact of violence; and on the day I left the county I ating with “great statesmen now no more," has surwas informed that forty frames had been broken the vived the dead to become a curse on the living, unto preceding evening; as usual, without resistance and the third and fourth generation! These men never without detection.
destroyed their looms till they were become useless, Such was then the state of that county, and such I worse than useless; till they were become actual imhave reason to believe it to be at this moment. But pediments to their exertions in obtaining their daily whilst these outrages must be admitted to exist to an bread. Can you, then, wonder that in times like these, alarming extent, it cannot be denied that they have when bankruptcy, convicted fraud, and imputed felony, arisen from circumstances of the most unparalleled are found in a station not far beneath that of your distress: the perseverance of these miserable men in Lordships, the lowest though once most useful portheir proceedings, tends to prove that nothing but ab tion of the people should forget their duty in their solute want could have driven a large, and once honest distresses, and become only less guilty than one of and industrious, body of the people, into the com their representatives? But while the exalted offender mission of excesses so hazardous to themselves, their can find means to baffle the law, new capital punishfamilies, and the community. At the time to which ments must be devised, new snares of death must be I allude, the town and county were burdened with spread, for the wretched mechanic who is famished large detachments of the military; the police was in into guilt. These men were willing to dig, but the motion, the magistrates assembled, yet all the move- spade was in other hands: they were not ashamed to ments, civil and military, had led to—nothing. Not beg, but there was none to relieve them: their own a single instance had occurred of the apprehension of means of subsistence were cut off, all other employments any real delinquent actually taken in the fact, against pre-occupied; and their excesses, however to be dewhom there existed legal evidence, sufficient for con plored and condemned, can hardly be subject of surprise. viction, But the police, however useless, were by no It has been stated that the persons in the tempo means idle: several notorious delinquents had been de | rary possession of frames counive at their destruction; I tected; men, liable to conviction, on the clearest evi- if this be proved upon inquiry, it were necessary that dence, of the capital crime of poverty; men, who had such material accessories to the crime should be prinbeen nefariously guilty of lawfully begetting several cipals in the punishment. But I did hope, that any Children, whom, thanks to the times! they were un measure proposed by bis Majesty's government, for able to maintain. Considerable injury has been done your Lordships' decision, would have had conciliation to the proprietors of the improved frames. These for its basis ; or, if that were hopeless, that some premachines were to them an advantage, inasmuch as vious inquiry, some deliberation, would have been deemthey superseded the necessity of employing a number ed requisite; not that we should have been called at of workmen, who were left in consequence to starve. once, without examination and without cause, to pass By the adoption of one species of frame in particular, sentences by wholesale, and sign death-warrants blindne man performed the work of many, and the super fold. But, admitting that these men had no cause of luous labourers were thrown out of employment. Yet complaint; that the grievances of them and their em
ployers were alike groundless; that they deserved the man's largess to the widow's mite, all was bestowed worst; what inefficiency, what imbecility, has been to enable them to rebuild their villages and replen evinced in the method chosen to reduce them! Why their granaries. And at this moment, when thousand were the military called out to be made a mockery of misguided but most unfortunate fellow-countrywa of, if they were to be called out at all? As far as are struggling with the extremes of hardship and hunga, une difference of seasons would permit, they have mere- | as your charity began abroad it should end at bome ly parodied the summer campaign of Major Sturgeon; | | A much less sum, a tithe of the bounty bestowed a and, indeed, the whole proceedings, civil and military, Portugal, even if those men (which I cannot adni seemed on the model of those of the mayor and cor- without inquiry) could not have been restored to their poration of Garratt. Such marchings and counter employments, would have rendered unnecessary the marchings! from Nottingham to Bullwell, from Bullwell tender mercies of the bayonet and the gibbet. But to Banford, from Banford to Mansfield! and when at doubtless our friends have too many foreign claims, to length the detachments arrived at their destination, in admit a prospect of domestic relief; though never did all “the pride, pomp, and circumstance of glorious such objects demand it. I have traversed the sest war," they came just in time to witness the mischief of war in the Peninsula, I have been in some of the which had been done, and ascertain the escape of the most oppressed provinces of Turkey, but never under perpetrators; to collect the "spolia opima” in the the most despotic of infidel governments did I behold fragments of broken frames, and return to their quar- | sach squalid wretchedness as I have seen since my ters amidst the derison of old women, and the hootings return, in the very heart of a Christian country. Aut of children. Now though, in a free country, it were what are your remedies ? After months of inaction, to be wished that our military should never be too and months of action worse than inactivity, at length formidable, at least to ourselves, I cannot see the po- comes forth the grand specific, the never-failing nas licy of placing them in situations where they can only trum of all state physicians, from the days of Drazo be made ridiculous. As the sword is the worst argue to the present time. After feeling the pulse ad ment that can be used, so should it be the last. In shaking the head over the patient, prescribing the this instance it has been the first; but providentially usual course of warm water and bleeding, the war as yet only in the scabbard. The present measure water of your mawkish police, and the lancets dy will, indeed, pluck it from the sheath; yet had proper military, these convulsions must terminate in death, meetings been held in the earlier stages of these riots, the sure consummation of the prescriptions of all p had the grievances of these men and their masters litical Sangrados. Setting aside the palpable injustice (for they also had their grievances) been fairly weighed and the certain inefficiency of the bill, are there at and justly examined, I do think that means might have capital punishments sufficient in your statutes! b, been devised to restore these workmen to their avo there not blood enough upon your penal code, that cations, and tranquillity to the county. At present, more must be poured forth to ascend to Heaven the county suffers from the double infliction of an idle testify against you? How will you carry the bill be military and a starving population. In what state of effect? Can you commit a whole county to in apathy have we been plunged so long, that now, for prisons ? Will you erect a gibbet in every well, the first time, the House has been officially apprised hang up men like scare-crows ? or will you praed! of these disturbances? All this has been transacting (as you must to bring this measure into effect) hi é! within 130 miles of London, and yet we, “good easy cimation ? place the county under martial law! depot men, have deemed full sure our greatness was a ri- pulate and lay waste all around you ? and restart pening," and have sat down to enjoy our foreign Sherwood Forest, as an acceptable gift to the crow triumphs in the midst of domestic calamity. But all in its former condition of a royal chase and an asta the cities you have taken, all the armies which have for outlaws ? Are these the remedies for a starter retreated before your leaders, are but paltry subjects and desperate populace? Will the famished wred of self-congratulation, if your laud divides against it- who has braved your bayonets be appalled by se self, and your dragoons and your executioners must be gibbets? When death is a relief, and the only rede let loose against your fellow-citizens. You call these it appears that you will afford him, will he be da men a mob, desperate, dangerous, and ignorant; and gooned into tranquillity? Will that which could seem to think that the only way to quiet the "bellua | be effected by your grenadiers be accomplished multorum capitum " is to lop off a few of its super- | your executioners? If you proceed by the forms fluous heads. But even a mob may be better reduced | law, where is your evidence? Those who have retuse to reason by a mixture of conciliation and firmness, to impeach their accomplices, when transportas than by additional irritation and redoubled penalties. only was the punishment, will hardly be tempted to Are we aware of our obligations to a mob? It is the witness against them when death is the penalty. We mob that labour in your fields and serve in your all due deference to the noble Jords opposite, Lars houses,—that man your navy, and recruit your army; a little investigation, some previous inquiry, woult i
-that have enabled you to defy all the world, and duce even them to change their purpose. That was can also defy you when neglect and calamity have favourite state measure, so marvellously efficacions driven them to despair! You may call the people a many and recent instances, temporising, would be mob; but do not forget, that a mob too often speaks without its advantages in this. When a propa?" the sentiments of the people. And here I must re made to emancipate or relieve, you hesitate, you are mark, with what alacrity you are accustomed to fly | berate for years, you temporise and tamper me to the succour of your distressed allies, leaving the minds of men; but a death-bill must be passer distressed of your own country to the care of Provi- hand, without a thought of the consequences.. dence or--the parish. When the Portuguese suffered | I am, from what I have heard, and from what under the retreat of the French, every arm was seen, that to pass the bill under all the erisus stretched out, every hand was opened; from the rich cumstances, without inquiry, without delica
om what Iki would only be to add injustice to irritation, and bar- ders itself liable to the very objection urged against barity to neglect. The framers of such a bill must the Romish communion, and in a greater degree, for be content to inherit the honours of that Athenian | the Catholic merely withholds its spiritual benediction lawgiver whose edicts were said to be written, not in and even that is doubtful), but our church, or rather ink, but in blood. But suppose it passed; suppose one our churchmen, not only refuse to the Catholic their of these men, as I have seen them,-meagre with fa- | spiritual grace, but all temporal blessings whatsoever. mine, sullen with despair, careless of a life which your It was an observation of the great Lord Peterborough, Lordships are perhaps about to value at something made within these walls, or within the walls where less than the price of a stocking-frame;- suppose the Lords then assembled, that he was for a “ parliathis man surrounded by the children for whom he is mentary king and a parliamentary constitution, but unable to procure bread at the hazard of his existence, not a parliamentary God and a parliamentary religion." about to be torn for ever froin a family which he The interval of a century has not weakened the force lately supported in peaceful industry, and which it is of the remark. It is indeed time that we should leave not his fault that he can no longer so support;-sup off these petty cavils on frivolous points, these Lillipose this man, and there are ten thousand such from putian sophistries, whether our “ eggs are best broken whom you may select your victims, dragged into court, at the broad or narrow end." to be tried for this new offence, by this new law; The opponents of the Catholics may be divided into still, there are two things wanting to convict and con two classes; those who assert that the Catholics have demu him; and these are, in my opinion, twelve too much already, and those who allege that the butchers for a jury, and a Jefferies for a judge! lower orders, at least, have nothing more to require.
We are told by the former, that the Catholics never
will be contented: by the latter, that they are already DEBATE ON THE EARL OF DONOUGHMORE'S MOTION too happy. The last paradox is sufficiently refuted FOR A COMMITTEE ON THE ROMAN CATHOLIC by the present as by all past petitions; it might as CLAIMS, APRIL 21, 1812.
well be said, that the negroes did not desire to be
emancipated: but this is an unfortunate comparison, LORD BYRON rose and said:
for you have already delivered them out of the house My Lords,—The question before the House bas of bondage without any petition on their part, but many been so frequently, fully, and ably discussed, and from their task-masters to a contrary effect; and for never perhaps more ably than on this night, that it myself, when I consider this, I pity the Catholic peawould be difficult to adduce new arguments for or santry for not having the good fortune to be born against it. But, with each discussion, difficulties black. But the Catholics are contented, or at least have been removed, objections have been canvassed ought to be, as we are told: I shall, therefore, proceed and refuted, and some of the former opponents of Ca to touch on a few of those circumstances which so tholic emancipation have at length conceded to the marvellously contribute to their exceeding contentment. expediency of relieving the petitioners. In conceding They are not allowed the free exercise of their religion thus much, however, a new objection is started; it is in the regular army; the Catholic soldier cannot absent not the time, say they, or it is an improper time, or himself from the service of the Pretestant clergyman, there is time enough yet. In some degree I concur and unless he is quartered in Ireland, or in Spain, with those who say, it is not the time exactly; that where can he find eligible opportunities of attending time is past: better had it been for the country, his own? The permission of Catholic chaplains to the that the Catholics possessed at this moment their pro Irish militia regiments was conceded as a special faportion of our privileges, that their nobles held their vour, and not till after years of remonstrance, although due weight in our councils, than that we should be an act, passed in 1793, established it as a right. But assembled to discuss their claims. It had indeed been are the Catholics properly protected in Ireland ? Can better
the church purchase a rood of land whereon to erect “Non tempore tali
a chapel ? No! all the places of worship are built on Cogere concilium cum muros obsidet hostis."
leases of trust or sufferance from the laity, easily The enemy is without, and distress within. It is too broken, and often betrayed. The moment any irregulate to cavil on doctrinal points, when we must unite lar wish, any casual caprice, of the benevolent landin defence of things more important than the mere lord meets with opposition, the doors are barred ceremonies of religion. It is indeed singular, that we against the congregation. This has happened contiare called together to deliberate, not on the God we | nually, but in no instance more glaringly than at the adore, for in that we are agreed; not about the king town of Newton-Barry, in the county of Wexford. wc obey, for to him we are loyal; but how far a dif- | The Catholics, enjoying no regular chapel, as a temference in the ceremonials of worship, how far believ porary expedient hired two barns, which, being ing not too little, but too much (the worst that can be thrown into one, served for public worship. At this imputed to the Catholics), how far too much devotion time, there was quartered opposite to the spot an to their God may incapacitate our fellow-subjects from officer whose mind appears to have been deeply imbued effectually serving their king.
with those prejudices which the Protestant petitions now Much has been said, within and without doors, of on the table prove to have been fortunately eradicated church and state; and although those venerable words from the more rational portion of the people; and have been too often prostituted to the most despicable when the Catholics were assembled on the Sabbath as of party purposes, we cannot hear them too often; all, usual, in peace and good-will towards men, for the I presume, are the advocates of church and state,- | worship of their God and yours, they found the the church of Christ, and the state of Great Britain; chapel door closed, and were told that if they did but not a state of exclusion and despotism, not an not immediately retire (and they were told this by intolerant church, not a church militant, which ren a yeoman officer and a magistrate), the riot act should be read, and the assembly dispersed at the Union was pending, that Union which could not be point of the bayonet! This was complained of tocarried without them, while their assistance was re the middle-man of government, the secretary at the quisite in procuring addresses from the Catholic coat Castle, in 1806, and the answer was in lieu of ties; then they were cajoled and caressed, feared a redress), that he would cause a letter to be written flattered, and given to understand that the Unia to the colonel, to prevent, if possible, the recurrence would do every thing;” but the moment it was passed, of similar disturbances. Upon this fact, no very great they were driven back with contempt into their former stress need be laid; but it tends to prove that while obscurity. the Catholic church has not power to purchase In the conduct pursued towards Maynooth college, land for its chapels to stand upon, the laws for every thing is done to irritate and perplex-every thing its protection are of no avail. In the mean time, the is done to efface the slightest impression of gratitude Catholics are at the mercy of every pelting petty from the Catholic mind; the very hay made upon the officer," who may choose to play his " fantastic tricks lawn, the fat and tallow of the beef and mutton allowed, before high heaven,” to insult his God, and injure his must be paid for and accounted upon oath. It is true, fellow-creatures.
this economy in miniature cannot sufficiently be com Every school-boy, any foot-boy (such have held mended, particularly at a time when only the insect commissions in our service), any foot-boy who can ex defaulters of the Treasury, your Hunts and your Chi change his shoulder-knot for an epaulette, may perform nerys, when only those gilded bugs" can escape the all this and more against the Catholic, by virtue of that microscopic eye of ministers. But when you come very authority delegated to him by his sovereign, for forward, session after session, as your paltry pittance the express purpose of defending his fellow-subjects is wrung from you with wrangling and reluctance, i to the last drop of his blood, without discrimination boast of your liberality, well might the Catholic exclaia, or distinction between Catholic and Protestant in the words of Prior :Have the Irish Catholics the full benefit of trial by
“ To John I owe some obligation, jury? They have not; they never can have, until
Bat John unluckily thinks fit they are permitted to share the privilege of serving as
To publish it to all the nation, sheriffs and under-sheriffs. Of this a striking example
So John and I are more than quit." occurred at the last Enniskillen assizes. A yeoman Some persons have compared the Catholics to the was arraigned for the murder of a Catholic named | beggar in Gil Blas: who made them beggars? Who Macvournagh: three respectable uncontradicted wit are enriched with the spoils of their ancestors. And nesses deposed that they saw the prisoner load, take cannot you relieve the beggar, when your fathers have aim, fire at, and kill the said Macvournagh. This made him such? If you are disposed to relieve him was properly commented on by the judge: but to the at all, cannot you do it without flinging your farthing astonishment of the bar, and indiguation of the in his face? As a contrast, however, to this beggarly court, the Protestant jury acquitted the accused. So benevolence, let us look at the Protestant Charter glaring was the partiality, that Mr. Justice Osborne Schools; to them you have lately granted 41,000.: felt it his duty to bind over the acquitted, but not thus are they supported, and how are they recruited absolved, assassin in large recognizances; thus for a Montesquieu observes on the English constitutis, time taking away his license to kill Catholics. that the model may be found in Tacitus, where the
Are the very laws passed in their favour observed? historian describes the policy of the Germans, az They are rendered nugatory in trivial as in serious adds, “This beautiful system was taken from the cases. By a late act, Catholic chaplains are permitted woods;" so, in speaking of the charter schools, it may in gaols, but in Fermanagh county the grand jury be observed, that this beautiful system was taka lately persisted in presenting a suspended clergyman from the gipsies. These schools are recruited in the for the office, thereby evading the statute, notwith same manner as the Janissaries at the time of their standing the most pressing remonstrances of a most enrolment under Amurath, and as the gipsies of the respectable magistrate, named Fletcher, to the con present day, with stolen children, with children decayed trary. Such is law, such is justice, for the happy, and kidnapped from their Catholic connections by free, contented Catholic!
their rich and powerful Protestant neighbours: this It has been asked, in another place, Why do not notorious, and one instance may suffice to show 1 the rich Catholics endow foundations for the educa
olcs endow foundations for the educa- what manner:-The sister of a Mr. Carthy (a Cathew tion of the priesthood? Why do you not permit them gentleman of very considerable property) died, leaving to do so? Why are all such bequests subject to the two girls, who were immediately marked out as preinterference, the vexatious, arbitrary, peculating inter selytes, and conveyed to the charter school of Coca ference of the Orange commissioners for charitable greny; their uncle, on being apprised of the fact donations ?
which took place during his absence, applied for ike As to Maynooth college, in no instance, except at restitution of his nieces, offering to settle an indepe? the time of its foundation, when a noble Lord (Cam dence on these his relations; his request was refusel, den), at the head of the Irish administration, did and not till after five years' struggle, and the inter appear to interest himself in its advancement; and ference of very high authority, could this Cathek during the government of a noble Duke (Bedford), I gentleman obtain back his nearest of kindred from a who, like his ancestors, has ever been the friend of charity charter school. In this manner are proserie Creedom and mankind, and who has not so far adopted | obtained, and mingled with the offspring of such tim the selfish policy of the day as to exclude the Catho- | testants as may avail themselves of the instituti lics from the number of his fellow-creatures; with | And how are they taught? A catechism is put these exceptions, in no instance has that institution their hands, consisting of, I believe, forty-five paços, been properly encouraged. There was indeed a time in which are three questions relative to the Protestar. whea the Catholic clergy were conciliated, while the religion; one of these queries is, “Where was
Protestant religion before Luther?” Answer, “In never to be satisfied !-Generous and just declaimers ! the Gospel.” The remaining forty-four pages and a To this, and to this only, amount the whole of your half regard the damnable idolatry of Papists! arguments, when stripped of their sophistry. Those
Allow ine to ask our spiritual pastors and masters, personages remind me of a story of a certain drummer, is this training up a child in the way which he should who, being called upon in the course of duty to adgo? Is this the religion of the Gospel before the time minister punishment to a friend tied to the halberts, of Luther? that religion which preaches “ Peace on was requested to flog high, he did—to flog low, he earth, and glory to God?” Is it bringing up infants did—to flog in the middle, he did,-high, low, down to be men or devils? Better would it be to send them the middle, and up again, but all in vain; the patient any where, than teach them such doctrines; better continued his complaints with the most provoking send them to those islands in the South Seas, where pertinacity, until the drummer, exhausted and angry, they might more humanely learn to become cannibals; flang down his scourge, exclaiming, “The devil burn it would be less disgusting that they were brought you, there's no pleasing you, flog where one will!" up to devour the dead, than persecute the living. Thus it is, you have flogged the Catholic high, low, Schools do you call them? call them rather dunghills, here, there, and every where, and then you wonder where the viper of intolerance deposits her young,
he is not pleased. It is true that time, experience, that when their teeth are cut and their poison is ma
and that weariness which attends even the exercise ture, they may issue forth, filthy and venomous, to of barbarity, have taught you to flog a little more
of barbarity, have taught you to sting the Catholic. But are these the doctrines of gently; but still you continue to lay on the lash, and the Church of England, or of churchmen? No! the will so continue, till perhaps the rod may be wrested most enlightened church men are of a different opinion. from your hands, and applied to the backs of yourWhat says Paley? “I perceive no reason why men selves and your posterity. of different religious persuasions should not sit upon | It was said by somebody in a former debate (I forthe same bench, deliberate in the same council, or get by whom, and am not very anxious to rememb night in the same ranks, as well as men of various if the Catholics are emancipated, why not
ot the religious opinions, upon any controverted topic of If this sentiment was dictated by compassion for the natural history, philosophy, or ethics.” It may be Jews, it might deserve attention; but as a sneer against answered, that Paley was not strictly orthodox: I know the Catholic, what is it but the language of Shylock nothing of his orthodoxy, but who will deny that he transferred from his daughter's marriage to Catholic was an ornament to the church, to human nature, to emancipation — Christianity?
“Would any of the tribe of Barabbas I shall not dwell upon the grievance of tithes, so
Should have it rather than a Christian." severely felt by the peasantry; but it may be proper 1 presume a Catholic is a Christian, even in the to observe, that there is an addition to the burden, a opinion of him whose taste only can be called in quesper centage to the gatherer, whose interest it thus tion for his preference of the Jews. becomes to rate them as highly as possible; and we It is a remark often quoted of Dr. Johnson (whom know that in many large livings in Ireland the only I take to be almost as good authority as the gentle resident Protestants are the tithe proctor and his apostle of intolerance, Dr. Duigenan), that he who family.
could entertain serious apprehensions of danger to the Amongst many causes of irritation, too numerous church in these times, would have "cried fire in the for recapitulation, there is one in the militia not to Deluge.” This is more than a metaphor; for a rembe passed over, -I mean the existence of Orange nant of these antediluvians appear actually to have lodges amongst the privates. Can the officers deny come down to us, with fire in their mouths and water this? And if such lodges do exist, do they, can they, in their brains, to disturb and perplex mankind with tend to promote harmony amongst the men, who are their whimsical outcries. And as it is an infallible thus individually separated in society, although mingled symptom of that distressing malady with which I in the ranks? And is this general system of persecu- conceive them to be afflicted (so any doctor will inform tion to be permitted; or is it to be believed that, with your Lordships), for the unhappy invalids to perceive such a system, the Catholics can or ought to be con- a flame perpetually flashing before their eyes, partitented? If they are, they belie human nature; tbey | cularly when their eyes are shut (as those of the are then, indeed, unworthy to be any thing but the persons to whom I allude have long been), it is imposslaves you have made them. The facts stated are sible to convince these poor creatures, that the fire from most respectable authority, or I should not have against which they are perpetually warning us and dared in this place, or any place, to hazard this themselves is nothing but an ignis fatuus of their ayowal. If exaggerated, there are plenty as willing, | own drivelling imaginations. What rhubarb
enna, as I believe them to be unable, to disprove them. or “what purgative drug can scour that fancy thence ?" Should it be objected that I never was in Ireland, I -It is impossible! they are given over: theirs is beg leave to observe, that it is as easy to know some the true thing of Ireland without having been there, as it
"Caput insanabile tribus Anticyris.” appears with some to have been born, bred, and These are your true Protestants. Like Bayle, who cherished there, and yet remain ignorant of its best protested against all sects whatsoever, so do they interests.
protest against Catholic petitions, Protestant petitions, But there are who assert that the Catholics have all redress, all that reason, humanity, policy, justice, already been too much indulged. See (cry they) wbat and common sense, can urge against the delusions of has been done: we have given them one entire college, their absurd delirium. These are the persons who we allow them food and raiment, the fall enjoyment reverse the fable of the mountain that brought forth a of the elements, and leave to fight for us as long as mouse; they are the mice who conceive themselves in they have limbs and lives to offer, and yet they are labour with mountains.