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Paraphrase from the opening lines of the
Medea of Euripides ......
Stanzas, “And thou art dead," etc. . .
Parenthetical Address by Dr. Plagiary. 863
Owen . . . . . . . . . . .
Stanzas, “Thou art not false,"....
Love." . . . . . . . . . ...
Fragment of an Epistle to Thomas Moore ib.
of Jersey · · · · · · ·
Beauty's daughters,” .....
world can give," ....
Stanzas to Augusta, “When all around,"
etc. . ... ... . .. . ib.
Prometheus . . . . . . . . .
To Mr. Hobhouse · · · · · · ·
Newgate ...... ....
etc. . . . . . . . . . . . ib.
The Charity Ball ... . ...
Epigram, from the French of Rulhières ib.
On this day I complete my thirty-sixth
Epitaph for William Pitt ... .
Lines found in the Travellers' Book at
Sonnet-to Samuel Rogers, Esq. .. .898 | INDEX . . . . . . . · · · · · 309
The Life of Lord Byron,
BY HENRY LYTTON BULWER.
noble the blood in his veins, to be destined for the Ir is now nearly fifteen years ago since, on a summer humbler walks of life. (1) holiday's evening, I used to climb up to Harrow's old His mother, Miss Gordon, was a small heiress, the and renerable church-yard; amidst the humble monu- only daughter of a Mr. Gordon of Gight; and Captain ments of which I would seek one humbler than the Byron, his father, was a spendthrift gentleman, who rest, and amidst the mournful yews of which I would married, as some eloquent Scotch rhymer of the day seek the most mournful—its trunk was withered, and was obliging enough to prognosticate, for the pursome of its boughs were broken down) - for on that pose of monument the pencil of Byron had traced lines reli
"Squandering the lands of Cight awa." giously preserved—for under that yew-tree, if there be any truth in school-boy legend, Byron, albeit a stir- | This indeed, to do him justice, he did so effectually ring-minded stripling, would oftentimes meditatingly as, in a very short time, to leave his lady with her coort a yet-unwilling Muse,
| liberty (a boon which he cheerfully restored), and Oh! how well do I, even now, remember the kind but 1501. a-year to enjoy it upon. On such an inof awful melancholy with which, in those twilight come Mrs. Byron, not able to indulge in many of reveries, I would mantle our Poet's youth! how de- the extravagances, was likely even to want some of votedly I looked upon, how fondly I lingered over, the necessaries, of what is called genteel existence: each little knoll and nook sacred to the romantic me and to this poverty of his earlier years the passion mory of the bard, who, himself a mystery, was then which Lord Byron subsequently testified for fashion pursuing on far-distant shores that mysterious career, | and fine people is to be traced. which excited almost as much of the marvel as of the Poor Byron's first misfortune, and the one which admiration of his countrymen.
haunted him most bitterly during after-life, was that Little did I deem, at that time, that it would be twist of the foot at his birth, which occasioned a demy fate to share the intimacy of his nearest relatives formily, singularly enough the characteristic of four of and dearest friends-to hear of him from some whom the most remarkable persons of our time—Sir Walhe left, from others whom he never ceased to love; ter Scott, Marshal Soult, Monsieur de Talleyrand, to stand, amidst strange faces and warlike garbs, | and the author of Childe Harold! on the very spot where a few weeks before he had Our deepest feelings are generally developed by breathed bis last, as I once did or to write his misfortunes; nor is any misfortune so likely to have life for a foreign people, in a foreign land, as I am a lasting influence upon the character as one the sense now doing.
of which must always be recurring. To the slight Lord Byron was born in Holles Street, London, deformity he was born with, Lord Byron, even at the Jan. 22, 1788, and appeared at that time, however earliest age, seems to have been moodily sensible.
(1) He received the name of George Byron Gordon, in in the time of Edward I., were added the lands of Rochdale consequence of a condition imposed by the will of his in Lancashire. maternal ancestor. The late Duke of Gordon was bis god. | Lord Byron has boasted in his verses of his ancestors father.
having led their vassals from Europe to Palestine in the Oar poet's pedigree was doubly Norman; for the Gordons, Holy Wars. The circumstance which his Lordship imagined trongh an old Scottish family, are of French extraction; a warrant for this glory was the existence of some figures and his father was sprung from those Byrons who came over in the old panel-work of the chambers at Newstead. But with the Conqueror In Doomsday Book the name of Rall these figures seem to establish no distinct proof of the By. de Baran ranks high among the tenants of land in Notting. rons ever having fought in the Holy Land. It is certain, hamshire; and in the succeeding reigns, under the title of however, that they distinguished themselves at the siege of Lords of Horestan Castle, we find bis descendants bolding Calais under Edward III., and in their respective wars on considerable possessions in Derbyshire, to which afterwards, the fields of Cressy, Bosworth, and Marston Moor.
"I have been told by a gentleman of Glasgow," wildness and grandeur of mountain scenery, which he says Mr. Moore, that a person who used osten to afterwards transported to the Alps, the Apennines, join the nurse of Byron, when they were out with | and the revered Parnassus :their respective charges, said one day to her, “What |
*" He who first met the Highlands' swelling blue a pretty boy is Byron—what a pity he has such a leg !" Win love each peak that shows a kindred hue; On hearing this allusion to his infirmity, the child's Hail in each crag a friend's familiar face, eyes flashed with anger, and, striking at the woman
And clasp the mountain in his mind's embrace." (3) with a little whip which he held in his hand, he ex At this period too, and an early one it was, we claimed impatiently, “ Dinna speak of it!"(1) have to date the commencement of that passion, to
The taunts of a public school, and the unjust and which, as he said a short time before his death, the ungenerous sarcasms of a mother, who in her fits greater part of his life and writings were devoted. of passion would call the boy " the lame brat,”(2) More precocious than Dante, who was nine years old all fostered those sensations which were likely to when he fell in love with Beatrice, Byron says, that create a froward and reckless disposition, and inspire he was utterly fond of a little girl, Mary Duff, when into any one, thus aflicted, the daring desire to ques he was but eight, with whom he used to sit gravely tion the mercy and wisdom of a Providence which making love, while her sister Helen played with a doll. had, even at his entry into the world, branded him The death of the grandson of the old Lord Byron, in apparent indignation.
in 1794, had now made little Byron the next claimWhen not quite five years old, young Byron was ant to the title; and the old Lord's death happening sent to a day-school at Aberdeen, The terms of this at Newstead Abbey in 1798, Mrs. Byron and her son school were (as is usual in Scotland) five shillings a- set out from Aberdeen to the old family place, Mrs. quarter, and the scholar seems to have had the money's Byron's furniture being sold for 751. worth of education; for, having staid about a year, Placed under the hands of a Nottingham quack, of he was just able to decipher his letters. He then the name of Lavender, the young Lord derived no went through the tutorage of a Mr. Ross and a benefit from his attentions. Subsequently, removed Mr. Pattison; the latter, as he says, being the son to London, he was put under the care of Dr. Baillie, of à shoemaker, but a good scholar, and a rigid | and also placed at the same time in the school of Dr. Presbyterian : from these gentlemen's hands he was Glennie at Dulwich, where he appears to have been at last transmitted to the Grammar School at Aber- more addicted to reading history and poetry, as well deen, where, to use his own words, he threaded all the as the Scriptures, than is usual with boys of his age, classes to the fourth, when he was recalled to England At this time he was more amiable, in the common by the demise of his uncle.
acceptation of the word, than at any other period of At the Grammar-School at Aberdeen, as allerwards his life-a circumstance which may, perhaps, be at Harrow, Byron was more known for his daring ener owing to the benefit which he was at last deriving gies, and his restless desire to excel in all manly sports from medical assistance; his foot being now so re
-a desire which accompanied him through life--than stored as to enable him to put on a common boot; an hy those more sober and studious qualities, which, event which he announced with great pride and gratiin making the good boy, often mark the future inca fication to his first nurse, whom he had left in Seotpacity of the active man, and led Dr. Johnson to the land, but to whom he seems to have recurred with all question of “ What becomes of all the clever children ?» the warmth which ever characterised his earlier innIndeed, so little promise did Byron at this time give pressions. of future literary eminence, that when, in conformity | In 1801, he accompanied his mother to Cheltenwith the custom of his school, the order of the class ham, and revived the Highland recollections of his was so inverted as to make the highest and lowest childhood by the sight of the Malvern Hills, which, boys change places, the master used to banter the fu- he says, he used to watch every afternoon at sunset, ture poet, who in this way alone attained the head of with a sensation he could not describe. bis class, by saying, “Now, George, man, let me Here, the affection which he bore through life to the see how soon you will be at the foot again!"
marvellous, and which he seems to have inherited very It was about this period that he first imbibed, in a naturally from his Scotch mother, was encouraged by visit to the Highlands in 1796, that passion for the a fortune-teller's prediction; this sybil telling Mrs.
(1) Mr. Monre gives frequent instances of his sensitiveness on this subject at different periods, and attributes the pique which his Lordship is now known, even during the best days of their friendship, to have entertained privately against Mr. Rogers, to a supposition that that gentleman had al. Juded to his lameness, when a link-boy, on their coming out of the theatre together, exclaimed, “ Lord Byron, shall I get
your fordship's carriage?"_" You see they know you! » "Ay," said Byron; “I am easily distinguished in
(2) Mr. Moore, alluding to this circumstance, connects it with a passage in the Deformed Transformed,
* Bertha. Out! Hunchback!
Arnold. I was born so, mother." (3) "From this time," he says of himself, " I date my love of mountainous countries."
Byron, who had come to consult her as a maiden lady, more rhetorical and martial than poetical. My first that she was not only a married woman, but that she verses, that is, English, as exercises, were received was the mother of a son who was lame, who should be but coolly; no one had the least notion that I should in danger of poison before he was of age, and be twice subside into poesy. At Harrow, I fought my way married, the second time to a foreign lady-a pro- very fairly. I lost but one battle out of seven, and phecy wbich, in spite of the falsity of the poisoning the rascal did not win it, but by the unfair treatment part of it, seems to have had some influence in the of his own boarding-house where we boxed. I never darability of his attachment to Madame Guiccioli. forgave him, and I should be sorry to meet him now,
From Dr. Glennie's, Byron was removed to that as I am sure we should quarrel. My school friendschool where, though many years after him, I found ships were with 'me passions, for I was always all the recorded recollections of his boyliood. Byron violent. P. Hunter, Curzon, Long, and Tattersall, at Harrow was a bustling bullying boy, at the head of were my principal friends. Clare, Dorset, Charles all rous against the master or the towns-people, and Gordon, de Bath, Claridge, and John Wingfield, rather a leader in the sports than distinguished in the were my juniors and favourites, whom I spoiled by stodies of the place.
indulgence. Of all human beings I was perhaps the He read a great deal, but his reading was of a de most attached to poor Wingfield, who died at Coimsultory kind, and far from the course of school pursuits. bra, in 1811, before I returned to England.” “Peel Bat, though idle, there seems to have been that in bis (the orator and statesman--that was, or is, or is to conduct and his exercises which attracted the attention | be) was my form-fellow, and we were both at the of the head master, Dr. Drury, who informed the late top of our remove-a public school phrase. We Lord Carlisle that the young peer had ability which were on good terms, but his brother was my intiwould add lastre to his rank. The talent for which mate friend: there were always great hopes of Peel he principally attracted notice was one, which he amongst us all-masters and scholars—and he has seems at this time to have possessed, for declamation : not disappointed them. As a scholar he was greatly indeed, the common idea then was, that though Byron my superior; as a declaimer and actor I was reckoned would never have done any thing else, he would most at least his equal; as a schoolboy, out of school, I certainly distinguish himself as a capital orator in was always in scrapes--and he never; and in school the House of Lords. And of his powers in this way he always knew his lesson, and I rarely—but when he gare a remarkable instance.
I knew it, I knew it nearly as well. In general in* The apper part of the school composed decla- | formation, history, etc., I think I was his superior, mations," says Dr. Drury, “which, after a revisal by as well as of most boys of my standing." the tators, were submitted to the master: to him the An interesting anecdote is told of these two lads, authors repeated them, that they might be improved | redounding to Byron's credit for heroism and sensiin manner and action before their public delivery. I bility. A boyish tyrant, some few years older, was certainly was much pleased with Lord Byron's atti beating Peel- in a manner which I still remember, tade and gesture, as well as with his composition. under the technical phrase of " holding up." While All who spoke adhered as usual to the letter of their the stripes were succeeding each other, and poor composition, as, in the earlier part of the speech, did Peel not very well contented under them, Byron came Lord Byron ; but to my surprise he suddenly diverged up to the scene of action, and with a blush of rage, from the written composition, with a boldness and tears in his eyes, and a voice trembling between terror rapidity sufficient to alarm me, lest he should fail in and indignation, asked very humbly if * ***** would memory as to the conclusion. There was no failure. | be pleased to tell him how many stripes he meant to He came round to the close of his composition with inflict? “Why," returned the executioner, “ you cat discovering any impediment and irregularity on | little rascal, what is that to you?” “Because, if you the whole. I questioned him why he had altered bis please,” said Byron, holding out his arm, “I will declamation. He declared he had made no alteration, take half." and did not know, in speaking, that he had deviated Byron, in addition to his passion for Mary Duff, from it one letter. I believed him; and, from a had, at the age of twelve, been also, according to his knowledge of his temperament, am convinced that, own account, enamoured with his young cousin, Miss fully impressed with the sense and the substance of | Parker, who, as he says, inspired his first dash into the subject, he was hurried on to expressions and poetry." "I have long," be continues, "forgotten colourings more striking than those which his pen the verses ; but it would be difficult for me to forget had expressed."
her dark eyes, ber long eye-lashes, her completely Different extracts bave been given from the Poet's Greek cast of face and figure. She died about a note-books, that are interesting in respect to this pe- 1 year or two afterwards, in consequence of a fall, riod of his boyhood.
which injured her spine, and induced consump« My qualities,” Lord Byron says, “ were muclition." In 1803, he was dooined to another affec