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John Alnethecote, 22nd June, 1415.
THE MAYPOLE IN THE STRAND.-In CunningGeoffry Veale, 16th September, 1422.
ham's Handbook of London, it is noted that the John Yuyll, 24th March, 1432-3.
Maypole," being grown old and decayed, was, John Bele, 22nd July, 1463.
anno 1717, obtained by Sir Isaac Newton, Knt., William Dobyn, 4th March, 1465-6. John Frygam, 23rd February, 1473-4.
of the parish,” and, next year, carried to WanWilliam Denys.
stead park for the raising of a telescope. This is Robert Tedbury, 18th June, 1518.
on the authority of Strype, b. iv. pp. 104, 106, Nicholas Maynewayryng, 13th February, 1532-3.
112. Of course one would imagine that the MayJohn More, 23rd December, 1538.
pole had been put up some fifty years previously John Broke, 24th August, 1554. Peter Lyte, 30th September, 1580.
at the least. I have, however, lately found that Nicholas Marston.
it was only put up four years previously, namely, Robert Ball, 20th September, 1624. (Said to have on July 1st, 1713, a few days before the Thanksworked for his maintenance at the limestone quarties, in giving Day for the Peace with France, which I the parish, during the great rebellion.)
think was held on July 7. My authority is the William Raynolds, 17th June, 1674. John Campion, 19th May, 1682.
British Mercury. After four years the pole must James Salier, 4th September, 1688.
still have been as good as new, which is perhaps James Salter, 2nd March, 1718.
confirmed by the use to which it was put by John Feaver, 9th July, 1767.
Newton, a new one being for that purpose better Edward A. Kitson, 1st March, 1799.
“THE BOOK OF Days :" BUNYAN'S MEETING Alexander Watson, 18th September, 1851.
House. - In the Book of Days, vol. ii. p. 288, Henry J. Newland, 12th October, 1855.
there is a paper on John Bunyan, in which are Reginald Henry Barnes, 11th September, 1860.” introduced some statements and an engraving
ALFRED T. LEE.
which appear to call for a little explanation. The SUMMER OF 1724. The following extract oc
statements are, 1st, that "in Zoar Street, Gravel curs among the admissions to Gray's Inn, to which, Lane, there is an old dissenting meeting-house, by the kind courtesy of Mr. Boswood, the steward, now used as a carpenter's shop, which tradition I have been allowed access. The date of 1723
affirms to have been used by John Bunyan for has been altered in pencil to 1724. I should be worship;" and, 2nd, that “from respect for the glad to know if the summer of either of those had a view taken of the interior of the chapel in its
name of the illustrious Nonconformist, we hare years was remarkable for fine weather :“26 October, 1723,
present state." The engraving (placed above the Memdum. This day was brought up to the Bench table second statement) is a woodcut entitled “Bunin Gray's Inn Hall both Strawberrys and Rasberrys, a yan's Meeting House, Zoar Street, Southwark.” handsome plate of each, fresh and good as they were any This cut, published in 1863, as a view of the time in either May or * July before, and at a very rear building taken for the work in which it appears, sonable price; and the same day they were cryed about bears so close a resemblance to an engraving in the streets."
GEORGE E. ADAMS.
Wilkinson's Londina Illustrata, entitled “ An InHeralds' College, E.C.
terior View of John Bunyan's Meeting House,
Zoar Street, Gravel Lane, Southwark, in its preTO TERRIFY.—It has been suggested that pecu- sent state," and "published December 1, 1822,” liarities of dialect, now so rapidly disappearing, as to lead to something beyond a strong suspicion should be noted. I therefore give the readers of that it has been copied from it; for not only are “ N. & Q." the following:
the features of the building the same, but all the One morning last week I descended to the
accessories the materials, tools, &c., and their drawing room early, hoping to find on the table disposition about the shop, the solitary workman sometbing I had carelessly left on it the evening at a bench, everything indeed, save the figure of before. My search was in vain. The article
a dog, which is omitted in the Book of Days — are sought for was neither on the table nor under it. I called the housemaid, and explained my object.
identical. For the sake of topographers, and “Then if you please it's lost," was her conclusion, consider it essential that engravings should accu
indeed of all, whether antiquaries or not, who " for I terrified the cloth out of the window." I rately pourtray the places they purport to reprecommended her, and gave up my point. The use of the verb to terrify, in the sense of to shake, is fact that this building, used as a workshop, bas
sent, I would ask whether it can possibly be the surely uncommon. It is well known as the origin of Terrier, i.e. a dog that destroys by vigorous forty-one years ?
remained completely unchanged for a period of shaking!
W. H. HUSK. The girl is a native of Warwickshire. C. F.
* Sic, the month of June being omitted.
part of a conversation that passed between BunSIR INGRAM HOPTON.
yan's wife and the judges of assize :I found the original letter, of which the fol.
“My Lord,” said she, “ I was a while since at London
to see if I could get my husband's liberty, and there I lowing is a copy, amongst some old papers which spoke with my Lord Barkwood, one of the House of belonged to a Mrs. Smithies, who kept a public Lords, to whom I delivered a petition, who took it of me, house in one of the Water Lanes in York. It is and presented to some of the rest of the House of Lords not dated, but from a note of charges indorsed, I for my husband's releasement." conjecture it was written in 1643 :
Who was Lord Barkwood ? I have consulted “ Martin,
Dr. Stebbing's edition of Bunyan's Works pub“I must confes my boyes sicknes doth much truble lished in 1861. In the Memoir prefixed to the me, soe as I cannot doe the beusines I am ingaged in first volume, I find a passage that runs as fol. without much truble being I cannot be satisfied tell the lows: news of his recovery. I desire dayly to heare of him, and without he be in daneger, keepe it from my wife, for I
“Provided with a form of a petition to the House of know she hath sorrow sufficient: besides I desire to know Lords, and a recommendation to Lord Barkwood, she set wheather my Coosen Faux goe to his house in the for forth on her journey to London. The benevolent noblerest Parck or noe, and if he doe I desire my wife will
man, upon whose influence she had so much confided, remove thither whith hir children, hoping the are may be listened patiently to her sad tale,
and promised his best verry healthfull for them besides the safetie of the place.
exertions in her behalf. Taking the petition, he conI could wish you with me, but by noe meanes stir not tell
sulted with several peers as to the surest mode of giving such times as my boy be perfectly recovered ; and for any
it effect. “The judges alone have power in such a sesment the Trators can lay upon me, let them plunder or
matter,' was the only answer he could obtain." use theyr owne wayes to get it, for I rather they left me In this passage the writer of the Memoir speaks not worth sixpens that way then they should have a of the “benevolent nobleman," as if he knew somepenny given them. For what I have formerly writ for I thing about him. I therefore repeat my quesdesire may be sent with as much speede as you can to Pontifract, if they cannot come with James Browne to
tion-Who was Lord Barkwood ? MELETES. Shefeld. Theare is a note captin Portington hath con- THE VENERABLE BEDE. — In the public library cerning armes; if he leave it you have a specyall care of at Norwich is a small volume, in which are bound following that beusiness, and as you get them send them according to the directyon of the note or the advise of together three works, viz. :those that are named in it. When you come to me I
1. “Commentaria D. Venerabilis Bedæ in quinque would have you leave what mony you have, and the libros Moysis, jam primo in lucem edita. Veneunt Antpurse of mine that is in Mr. Smithies hand with some verpiæ in intersigni Rubri Castelli." [On the last page you dare trust, if my wife before that be not come to the is],"Explicit Expositio in librum Deuteronomii æditum forrest house, for I heare my coosen is removing and will a Venerabili Beda. Antverpiæ apud Guilielmum Montacontribuit any thing to have them theare. I have sealed num, Anno Domini MDXLII, mense Aprili." the bond, and desire the counter bond may be sealed to 2. “ Joannis Trittenhemii Abbatis Spanhemensis liber you for my use.
octo quæstionum quas illi dissoluendas proposuit Maxi“ Thus in hast I rest
milianus Cæsar. Coloniæ, impensis Melchioris Nouesiani. “IN. HOPTON.
Anno MDXXXIIII." “ My blessing to Raphe and Roger,
3. “Commentatio quædam Theologica quæ eadem pre · and spare noe cost to doe him good.”
catio est de industria tanquam in Aphorismos dissecta: In Weir's Sketches of Horncastle there is an
Lectori præsertim erudito et pio multum sane placitura.
Apud Seb. Gryphium. Lugduni, 1539.” account of the battle of Winceby in Lincolnshire, on the 11th October, 1643, in which Sir
I am not aware of the existence of any other Ingram was slain in attempting to take prisoner copy of this work of Bede. It is not incorporated Cromwell , then but a Colonel in the Parliamen- | in any edition of his collected works, nor can I
find tarian Army. It is stated that by Cromwell's his editors or biographers.*
any mention of it in any of the lists given by
Q. order his remains were interred in Horncastle Church, and that there is a monument with an
Congius ROMANUS. — I have in my collection inscription to bis memory painted on a lozenge
a bronze Roman vase, of very peculiar form, shaped canvas on the south side of the chancel, twelve inches high, holding six pounds (120 and on it his arms are also painted.
ounces) of water, bearing the following inscripMore than this I have not been able to collect
tion : respecting Sir Ingram Hopton, but I should like to know where he lived, and if his family is still represented. I should like also to be informed whether the lozenge-shaped canvas still remains
EXACTAE . IN to keep alive the memory of this devoted loyalist.
[* This edition of Bede's Commentary is noticed by LORD BARKWOOD. In the “Relation of the Maittaire (Annales Typog. tom. iii. pars. i. & ii
. p. 534):
“ Commentaria Bæda in Pentateuchum : apud Gulielmum Imprisonment of John Bunyan,” published in Montanum, in intersigni rubri castelli, 8. Antverp, 1542." Bunyan's Works, is the following passage, forming -Ed.]
It is the standard measure of ten pounds in the It is said in Rogers's Table Talk, that when sitting time of Vespasian, and is, I believe, the only “Con- one day at the piano singing an extempore song, gius Romanus " 'known. An engraving of it is Moore happened to look into the room, when given in Pyramidographia, by John Greaves, Lon- Hook instantly introduced a long parenthesis. don, 1646, where the notice of it is in these words, Two lines only of this are given in Rogers : “ ICON CONGII VESPATIANI IN PALATIO FARNESIANO
“ And here's Mr. Moore ROMÆ.” My query is, when was the Farnese col
Peeping in at the door.” lection dispersed, and if there be any known Can
reader furnish me with the remainder ? copies of this congius? If so, how
T. Booth. many,
and in what material ?
Huisu. - There are in the West of England Greaves, in his second part, p. 92, says:
many places of the name of Huish. I should be “At my being in Italy there was found amongst the thankful to be told by any reader who might know ruins at Rome a semicongius of brasse, of the same figure either of them, whether it is by, above, or on high with this of Vespasian's, the sides much consumed by rust.
W. BARNES. This I also measured, and found it to be the half of Ves | ground above, a stream of water? pasian's congius.”
Came Rectory, Dorset. What follows beats the greatest beer-drinker at JONES. — Thomas Lloyd, the first Governor of any German kneipe :
Pennsylvania, married Mary, daughter of Gilbert “From this measure of congius we may rightly appre- Jones of Welshpool, Montgomeryshire. To which hend how vast that draught was of Novellus Torquatus, of the Welsh families of Jones did this Gilbert who drank three of these congii, at once : from whence he belong? In Burke's Commoners, under “ Lloyd was called Novellus Tricongius.” I want to know where this semicongius is. If ried Mary, daughter of Colonel Roger Jones of
of Dolobran," Thomas Lloyd is said to have marin any public or private museum in Italy or else- Welshpool
, Governor of Dublin, temp. James II., where. Also I should like to know the etymology who defeated the Marquis of Ormond, &c.
This of congius.
is an error. Mrs. Lloyd's father was certainly ARMS, WANTED FAMILY FOR. - To what family Gilbert; and I believe the name of the Colonel do the following arms belong, “ Azure, a chevron Jones who defeated Ormond, to have been neither ingrayled between three eagles displayed”? I Gilbert nor Roger, but Michael.
St. T. believe the Gilberts of London, temp. Henry VII.
LEGACY Duty. — A lady died in 1797, and left
a legacy on which two per cent. duty was paid. EPIGRAM BY D'ISRAELI.—Could any reader of Query, the relationship between the testatrix and “N. & Q.” furnish the epigram by D'Israeli con- legatee? I believe there is now no such rate of taining a criticism on Alison, who wrote seven duty as two per cent., nothing between one and huge volumes to prove that God was a Tory? three.
R. W. Dixon. T. B.
Doctor Mac HALE ON PARLIAMENTARY ELECFox, the TINKER.— In Hamper's Life of Dug- TIONS. — About seven years ago Dr. Mac Hale, dale, it is stated
the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Tuam, gave “Sir Thomas Lyttelton of Frankley was taken prisoner | evidence before a committee of the House of by a party of horse sent from Egbaston by Fox the Commons as to the duty of priests or bishops of Tinker, to Ticknell Manor, near Bewdley."
that church interfering by way of advice with the Who was Fox the Tinker, and what is known
votes of the members of their flocks at parliamentabout him ? Thomas E. WINNINGTON.
ary elections. In the wilderness of Blue Books I Stanford Court, Worcester.
bave not succeeded in discovering a report of this HARTSHORNE.— William Hartshorne, whose son evidence. Where is it to be found ?
GRIME. Richard, born in 1641, emigrated to America, had another son Hugh, who had a proprietary interest
POMEROY FAMILY. - I much desire to interest with William Penn in West Jersey. A grandson your genealogical correspondents in the subjoined of Hugh instituted chancery proceedings in New inquiry. Who was the father of Thomas PomeJersey to recover his grandfather's proprietary roy, gentleman, of Trethynyk, St. Earney, Cornrights? Can anything be learned of the parentage wall, who, in 1598, there married Mary Geffrey, of William ?
widow ? Arms, a lion ramp.gu., within a bordure
engr. sa. Crest, a lion sejant gu., holding in the HERALDIC. —What family besides that of “St. dexter paw an apple or. A long and unsuccessful George" uses the following crest: Upon a wreath, search for this object has been professionally made, arg. and az., a demi-lion rampant gu. ducally which may somewhat excuse its introduction to crowned, or ?
J. ST. GEORGE.
“N. & Q.” “ Philosophia stemma non inspicit," Brighton.
may serve for a maxim, but in the business of THEODORE Hook's LINES ON MOORE. — Theo- life we cannot disregard it. Not to intrude undore Hook's talent for improvisation is well known. necessarily on your columns a question of mere
family interest, important to the furtherance of a Somerville, but the editor says in a note, that this will, your correspondents will oblige by address- must be a mistake; and, indeed, intimates throughing,
INQUIRER. out, that the work is by no means trustworthy. Post Office, Guildford.
Where may an authentic lineage of the Somervilles be found ?
St. T. PREBEND RECTORY OF LAMBISTER. - In the reign of William III. or Queen Anne, Thomas PRINCE SCHWARTZENBURG'S EPIGRAM Watson, Bishop of St. David's, was deprived of BAYONETS. - It would be a kindness if any of his bishopric. "As Dean of the College of Christ your readers would furnish me with it in Engat Brecon, he possessed himself of and carried lish:away all the muniments and ancient deeds per- "You can do anything with bayonets, except sit on them.” taining to the college at Brecon. I am searching
Т. Воотн. for the original deed of appropriation of the Prebend Rectory of Lambister, in Radnorshire, but RICHARD SMITH, titular bishop of Chalcedon, hitherto in vain. The Record Office, Rolls Build- was born in Lincolnshire, A.D. 1566, and died in ings, and the British Museum have been carefully Paris A.D. 1655 (Wood's Athene Oxon., sub. nom.). searched. It is not in either place. Can any
I am anxious to know what was his native place, suggest the locus in
J. C. H. and where I shall find any notice of his ancestors
and family connections ? What arms did he bear? QUOTATIONS. — Where do the following lines
GRIME. “Love thou thy sorrow: grief shall bring
TYDIDES. — I have an etching which represents Its own excuse in after years;
a Greek warrior. His dress is classical, except The rainbow-see how fair a thing
that he wears a bishop's mitre instead of a helmet, God hath built up from tears."
and his shield is blazoned with the sun and moon I quote from memory, but believe my version at the top, and seven stars below. On a table is to be substantially correct.
A. H. H. a head in a clerical wig and hat, with a pair of Amblesides.
bands. By the side of it are a plate, knife, and “What is the blooming tincture of the skin
fork. Below is inscribed “ Tydides.” There is To peace of mind and harmony within,” &c. no name of artist or publisher, and nothing in the
SIGMA. print enables me to guess its date; but with it is EPIGRAM ON LORD JOHN RUSSELL.— In what with one figure, the overthrown Colossus, naked,
one, like in style and paper, lettered “Rhodes," year did Lord John Russell (Earl Russell) lose except a jack-boot on the right leg, and bearing in his seat for Devonshire, or was defeated in a contested election for that county, which defeat, as
the face an unmistakeable likeness to Lord Bute. he said, was caused by the influence of the clergy, drawing of both is very good. I shall be glad to
This suggests the date of about a century ago; the and gave rise to an epigram, commencing –
be told the meaning of “ Tydides.” F. H. “ Thou ridden! that shall never be By prophet or by priest ? ” &c. &c.
QUEEN VICTORIA, — Can any of your Sussex Who was the author, and what is the conclu- readers inform me whether the late Duchess of sion of this epigram?
T. B. Kent and her daughter, then Princess Victoria, resided for a season at Bognor ?
F. B. Roman Uses. — Would F. C. H, or any of your correspondents answer the following queries : WARDEN OF THE CINQUE PORTS.—Amongst the
1. Does a bare-footed religious put on shoes paintings at Knole, Sevenoaks, Kent, is when the celebrant at the mass ?
A Prospect of Dover Castle, with the Town, Harbour, 2. Is the cope ever used by the officiating priest and Country adjacent, and the Procession of the Lord at mass in small churches ?
Warden on his Return to the Castle after having taken 3. When, and by whom, was the Litany of Inter- the Seriment or Oath of Office at a Court of Shipway, cession for England written? On what authority held upon Bradenstone Hill for that purpose. By do similar compositions rest, and are they ever publicly recited?
My Query is, Who is the Lord Warden whose 4. What religious order is distinguished by procession is thus depicted ? Lord Palmerston having blue instead of white linen collars ? is the present Lord Warden ; and to commemo
L. J. rate his holding the office, an admirer of the preSOMERVILLE. Sir Robert Logan, Laird of
mier has given a portrait of the noble Lord to the
ALFRED John DUNKIN. Restalrig, is said to have married Geilles, second corporation of Dover.
Dartford. daughter of Thomas Lord Somerville, who, in my copy of the Memorie of the Somervilles, vol. i. p. 169, is said to have been the son of Sir John
This Sir Edward Venner is called in that pedigree a Queries with Answers.
Judge of tHe King's Bench, evidently meaning Sir Ed. ORIGEN AND BRITAIN. - De Courson,
ward Fenner, who was a judge of that court from 1590 his
till 1612; and who is described by Mr. Foss in his Judges Histoire des Peuples Bretons, vol. i. p. 59, says:- of England, vi. 152, as the son of Jolin Fenner, of Crawley
“Origène attribuait à la foi des prêtres Bretons en in Surrey, evidently a different family, See Dallaway's l'unité d'un Dieu tout puissant, les rapides progrès du Topog. of the Rape of Chichester, i. 16. christianisme dans l'île de Bretagne.”
We will not venture to account for this variation in The reference is “Orig. Comment. in Ezech.” the name, which is made still more puzzling by the error
on the judge's monument at Hayes, in Middlesex, where What are the words of Origen to which De Cour
Jenner is substituted for Fenner. son alludes ?
H. C. C.
We know not whether the “one Venner” of Burnet [The words of Origen are, “Quando enim terra Bri- belongs to either of the families. ] tanniæ ante adventum Christi in unius dei consensit reli
THE PALE.—Where can I find the best account gionem ? " (Orig. in Ezek. hom. iv. fol. 139, Par. 1519.) This is the passage alluded to by Bishop Stillingfleet of the history of the English Pale in Ireland, the (Origines Britan. cap. ii.)“. Besides the testimony of Ter- counties it from time to time contained, the period tullian concerning the British churches,” he says, " we
when it was first established, and the circumhave another of Origen not long after, who saith, When
stances under which it was finally abolished ? did Britain before the coming of Christ consent in the
A. T. L. worship of one God?' Which implies that the Britons were then known to be Christians; and, by being so, were [A valuable notice of the English Pale will be found in brought off from the former idolatry
But I Gerard Boate's Ireland's Natural History, ed. 1657, p. 7, wonder what should make two such learned antiquaries and reprinted in A Collection of Tracts and Treatises on as Mr. Camden and Bishop Godwin so far to mistake the Ireland, 1860, vol. i. p. 17; see also pp. 446 and 691 of sense of Origen, to understand him as if he had said, that the latter work. The territory called “the Pale" comBritain, by the help of the Druids, always consented in prehended the county of Louth, in the province of Ulster, the belief of one God, whereas it is very plain, that Ori- and the counties of Dublin, Meath, and Kildare, in the gen speaks of it as a great alteration that was made in province of Leinster. Prior to the rebellion of 1641, the the religion of the Britons after the coming of Christ. people of the Pale had always prided themselves on their And Origen doth not only speak of the belief, but of the loyalty to the crown of England; but being abandoned at worship of one God, which it is certain from Cæsar that this time by the executive of Dublin, and without the the Druids did never instruct the people in." Thus necessary means of defence, they were forced to confede. far Stillingfleet with respect to his version of the pas- rate with the rebels, not only to save their property, but sage in Origen. Nevertheless, it has been maintained also their lives. Memoirs of Bishop Bedell
, ed. 1862, by some eminent historical antiquaries, that the account p. 162. In Cox's Hibernia Anglicana, and in the Tracts given by Cæsar of the Druidism of Gaul is not a fair pic. of Sir John Davis, who was attorney-general to James I. ture of the primitive Druidic religion of Britain, which in Ireland, accounts are given of various great Councils, they contend is not without some oriental features; that
or Parliaments, convened in Ireland at an early period by while the Druidic priests worshipped in groves and under
the different Lords Lieutenants and Deputies, and held in the oak like Abraham, they did really believe in the ex- the various towns of the English Pale, or such places as istence of one Supreme Being. See Dr. Parsons's Remains were in possession of the English, as Dublin,Drogheda, Trim, of Japheth, ch. iv.; The Patriarchal and Druidical Reli- Kildare, Naas, Castledermot, Carlow, Kilkenny, Cashel, gions Compared, by the Rev. Wm. Cooke, M.A. Lond. 4to, Limerick, Waterford, and Wexford. These parliaments, 1755; and The Patriarchal Religion of Britain, by the it appears, were confined to Meath, Leinster, and Munster, Rev. D. James, 8vo, 1836.]
as the English authority was not sufficiently established VENNER OF BOSENDEN. - Perhaps some of your
in Ulster and Connaught. The best account of the Pale
we have met with is in The Annals of Ireland by the Four correspondents could give me some information Masters, 4to, 1846, pp. 318, 550 ; see also The Ulster regarding the family of Venner, who were latterly Journal of Archæology, passim.] seated at an estate near Canterbury called Bosenden, and state whether their descent can be traced fine old song, called “ Robin Adair ?"
“ ROBIN ADAIR." - Who is the author of the from that “one Venner, who, according to Burnet, attempted to excite a rising in London
Glasgow. on religious grounds, in the reign of Charles I. [Towards the close of last century the beautiful Irish The crest of the family is, I believe, an eagle dis- air
, Eileen a Roon” (Ellen, the secret treasure of my played or, winged arg.
heart), was introduced to the British public as a Scotch
melody under the name of Robin Adair. The grounds [Hasted, in his History of Kent (fol. ed. iii. 574), says for this assumption appear in the correspondence beof the manor of Bosendenne, that it “ became the estate tween Robert Burns and his publisher Thomson. Thomof the Kingsfords, from whom it passed in marriage to son, writing to Burns in August, 1793, says: “I shall be Venner, in which it continued till Kingsford Venner of glad to see you give Robin Adair a Scottish dress. Peter Chelsea, in the year 1786, alienated it to George Gipps, [Pindar] is furnishing him with an English suit for a Esq. of Canterbury.”
change, and you are well matched together. Robin's air În Berry's Genealogies of Kent, p. 370, the pedigree is excellent, though he certainly has an out-of-the-way given of the family of Venour or Venner commences about measure as ever poor Parnassian wight was plagued the reign of Elizabeth, John Venour being then described with.” Burns asserted that it was Scotch, and was not as of Fields, in the county of Sussex; and is not carried aware that Robin Adair was an Irishman. He was anfurther down than 1619, when John the son of George, cestor of Viscount Molesworth ; lived at Hollypark, in and Edward the son of Sir Edward, are stated to have the county of Wicklow; and early in the last century died.
was a member of the Irish parliament.]