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subject which they happened to be treating, gene- flames completely enveloped the pot. Shakspeare
The excep- (Othello, Act II. Sc. 1) uses “ enwheel" rally resorted to the ancient classics. tions to this rule in our own literature are very few, close. and are worth recording. In the dedication to I would just mention further, that some ScotchCharles II. of his Speculum Juventutis, 1671, Cap- men do thrash their wives occasionally, but if one tain Edward Panton Putrophilus says, in reference of them confessed his guilt he would not say, "I to his own work :
waled," but “I welted her.” The periodical “ A Booke where Precept and Example, like light and writer whom I have quoted could then justify shades, are so happily mixed, like an old piece of Titian's the ruffian for his language at least, without any (though it have not the Romantick varnish of stile), straining or paradox.
J. D. CAMPBELL. worthy your Majestie's view and regard.”
W. CAREW HAZLITT. OLIVER CROMWELL's Face.—This note may be
Queries. useful some day: “Bust of Oliver Cromwell from
MILTON PORTRAIT. the noted cast of his face, preserved in the Great Duke's gallery at Florence.” This bust was sent What has become of the portrait of Milton, by Wilton, the sculptor, to the Exhibition of the which belonged to his widow, and was purchased Society of Artists of Great Britain in 1766. Re- after her death by Speaker Onslow ? collecting the circumstances of his death and
Aubrey, who wrote in 1681, seven years after burial, and the hanging afterwards, could this Milton's death, mentions it as belonging to his cast have been taken during life? or, if after widow, very well and like, when a Cambridge death, at what period ? I see (“N. & Q.," 2nd S. schollar.” Deborah Clarke, his daughter, iniii. 73) that H. W. F., a lineal descendant from formed Vertue the engraver, in 1721, that her Cromwell, states that he has a modern bust mother-in-law “had two pictures of him, one (unique) “ modelled from a cast from the Pro- when he was a school boy, and the other when he tector's face, which has been in the family of the was twenty.” The latter picture, and the one now descendants since Richard Cromwell.” W. P. in question, was purchased by Onslow (Speaker
Wale. - The following extract from all the of the House of Commons throughout the reign of Year Round, which I have just cut from a pro- and engraved, four years after her death, by
George II.) from the executor of Milton's widow, vincial paper of date Sept. 20th, 1862, seems to me to exhibit a fine full-grown specimen of what Birch's Heads, published by the Knaptons, by
Vertue, in 1731. In 1741 it was engraved for is engendered by that insatiable love of paradox Houbraken as in the collection of the Right cherished by many comparative philologists :
Hon. Arthur Onslow, Esq., Speaker of the House “The word 'wale' means in the English language a of Commons." In Boydell’s Milton, published rising part upon cloth or skin -- as when it is said that 1794, is a plate from the same picture, with the the Scotchman is full of gentleness when he says he in following inscription :tends to wale a wife.' Such a waling being the highest “ John Milton, ætat. 21. From an original picture in compliment he can pay her sex. The derivation of the the possession of Lord Onslow, ‘at Clandon, in Surrey, word makes it curious and strange enough that ever a purchased from the executors of Milton's widow, by term so stern should have come to be employed to de- Arthur Onslow, Esq., Speaker of the House of Commons, scribe an errand so gentle. The Saxon word willun sigoi- as certified in his own handwriting on the back of the fies to spring out, to well. An old poet says:
picture." . Therebye a chrystall stream did gently play, 'Which from a sacred fountain welled away.'
The present Earl of Onslow has informed me,
that he has no portrait of Milton in bis possession; From expressing what springs out,' the word came to express what is chosen, or picked out."-All the Year but that he once had a daub purporting to be a Round.
copy, which he sold for its full worth,-a sum under the Scotch verb “to wale,"=to select.." Wailed in 1828, to a person named More, and nothing Now there should be no difficulty in retracing two pounds sterling!
The picture was sold at Christie and Manson's wine," in Chaucer's time, meant " choice wine;" and he uses " wailed" as an equivalent for“ old."
further is known of it. How nothing but a daub But it is evidently directly derived from pall = a
and copy from this authentic portrait of Milton wall or enclosure; not from pelle or peallan
came to be left in the possession of the Onslow spring or fountain. I do not doubt (though from family, and even whether that unworthy substi
tute still exists, are matters of more than ordinary my want of any exact knowledge of philology, I
G. SCHARF. merely surmise) that “cull" = to pick out, and “ valley," = a place walled in or surrounded, and
National Portrait Gallery. wheel (Sax. hpeol) are also derived from the same root. A “wheel-fire" was a fire in which the
Richard CHAMPION.—Any particulars relating “ The Round Preacher; or, Reminiscences of Methodist
to Richard Champion, “ merchant" of Bristol, Circuit Life. London : Simpkin, Marshall, and Co.; Brad- who was appointed Paymaster of the Forces by ford, E. W. Taylor, 1849 (1845].".
Burke, will be gladly received. It is wished to " The Pilgrim's Progress from Methodism to Christi- know to what family he belonged ? He was maker anity. London: W. M. Clark, Warwick Lane; Cooke, for some time of the celebrated " Bristol china." Leeds, 1849.
Perbaps your correspondent, BRISTOLIENSIS, or Who are the authors of the above? If this
some other, can supply information concerning query should meet the eye of the author of the him and his family and works ?
W. last named, I shall feel happy to correspond with bim.
GEORGE LLOYD. THE Epistle TO THE HEBREWS. Was the Thurstoniand, Huddersfield.
Geneva Bible of 1560 the first to expunge the
name of St. Paul from the title of this epistle, BAKER-LEGGED : WALSALL-LEGGED. Among and what other early printed editions have folthe “ridiculous ominations of physiognomie" given lowed its example ? in Gaule's Mag-Astro-mancer (1652) is the fol
A Latin Bible, following Jerome's Version of lowing:
1514, calls it “ Epistola Pauli ad Hebreos." A “ 26. Obs. That loose kneed signifies lascivious, and later Latin Bible, published “Lugduni apud baker kneed, effeminate.”—P. 186.
hæredes Jacobi Giunctæ," 1551, adds“ Apostoli" I turn to Bailey's Dictionary for an explanation, after “Pauli.” A New Testament (Greek and and I find “ Baker-leg'd, straddling with the legs Latin) “ interprete T. Beza," printed by H. Stebowing outward." I am tempted to ask, why phanus, 1567, calls it simply a ad Hebræos epis“Baker”? In Staffordshire I have heard simi- tola; ” and a similar title is adopted in an English larly-fashioned people called “Walsall-legged,” version,“
version, “Englished by L. Tomson, London, their formation being accompanied with a peculiar 1590."*
CHESSBOROUGH. outward motion of the knees when the person is Harbertonford. walking, like to that made in descending stairs ;
MR. FitzgERALD. and I have been told that this arises from the give a list of poems written by a Mr. Fitzgerald,
Can any of your readers natives having to walk up and down so many and contributed to various Annuals between 1830 steps when going to and from their homes. I only know Walsall from passing through it by to those of Praed, and may sometimes have been
and 1840 ? His poems bear a certain resemblance railway, and I am therefore unable to say from accredited to the latter. In my preface to Praed's my own knowledge whether or no the general Poems, I have given the reasons why I do not aspect of the Walsall houses, or the Walsall natives , will justify the cause and effect implied in the signature of $. As Praed had some connection
think Fitzgerald wrote some poems published over the term-“Walsall-legged.” CUTHBERT BENE.
with one of the London Journals, I think the BRADMOOR CHURCH. — Can anyone oblige me
Morning Post, did he contribute any poetry to it? with an account of Bradmoor church, five miles Has any one a copy of the Brazen Head, a perio
W. H. WHITMORE. from Nottingham? Only the tower now remains. dical edited by him? There is a tradition in the neighbourhood that
HENRY DE LACY, Earl of LINCOLN (1282), had Oliver Cromwell destroyed the same by fire. The tower is at present used as a cart-shed, and is Earl of Lancaster
, but having an illicit connection
an only daughter, Aleysia, espoused to Thomas surrounded by farm-house buildings. Beyond with a certain Thomas Edgar, and no issue by her these traditions, I could learn nothing on the spot, husband, the latter, on the death of her paramour, and I am anxious to know how a building conse
adopted his son, also named Thomas Edgar. I crated to religious purposes should have passed so
should be glad to know
the authority for the above, completely away from its original dedication.
and also who Thomas Edgar was ?
S. S. E. B.
" THE HINDU PRIESTESS."- In 1843 there was BRIDPORT: ITS LOCAL HISTORY. — Is there any work extant on this subject? I am aware of printed at London, in 8vo, the first part of the
Hindu Priestess, or the Affghan King - a poem in olá Hutchins's Dorset, now almost out of date, six cantos, by Elizabeth Stewart. The publisher though in course of republication, not I fear by qualified persons, but by mere topographers.
[* We have omitted that portion of our correspondent's There is a local antiquary who might conduct this communication respecting the much contested question work with advantage, or render essential service of the authorship of the Epistle to the Hebrews. The to the editors if his professional duties allow—the discussion of this mooted point would require more Rev. C. W. BINGHAM, an occasional contributor space than we can devote to it. Mr. Horne, in his Critiwas “ T. C. Newby, 65, Mortimer Street.” It is NUMISMATIC QUERIES. Can some of your nudedicated to James Baillie Fraser, the author of mismatic correspondents kindly answer the fol. those very
cal Introduction, has carefully methodised and abridged the to your pages.
productions of the most eminent biblical scholars on this Weymouth.
admirable oriental romances The Kuz- lowing questions: zilbash and The Persian Adventurer; and the 1. What is the best text-book for a beginner ? “attempt” is to "give in English verse a melan- 2. How (if it all) can verdigris be removed choly passage in Oriental History.” It contains from old copper coins, without injury to the coin? the first two cantos complete, and four leaves of 3. Between what dates were the archiepiscopal notes. Was this poem, in which there are pas. coins issued ? Were they struck by bishops, or sages of considerable beauty, ever finished, and by archbishops only? Are they to be identified as who was the fair authoress ?
J. M. the coinage of any particular prelate? If so, to
whom do the following two coins belong ? WILLIAM LITTLE, THE BRISTOL GRAMMARIAN. - (a) Shield bearing lion exceedingly rampant. In the Appendix to vol. ii. of The History of Legend, “Ave Maria Gratia Pii.” Reverse, a Bristol, by Corry and Evans, I find the following cross. passage:
(6) Shield bearing three fleur-de-lis. Legend, “ The situation is precisely under the remains of a
“ Ave Maria Gratia Ovdi." Reverse, a cross. I monument; which, from its style, must have belonged to have copied the legends letter by letter, without the times of Henry VII., and has been always called the trying to make sense of them. tomb of William Little, the Bristol Grammarian."
4. To whom does the following coin belong ? As I never heard the tomb referred to, nor any Copper, diameter about half an inch ; workmanother in this city so called, and believe the name ship ruder than that of Roman coins. Obverse, William Little, the Bristol grammarian, nowhere a crowned head, so large as almost entirely to else exists, can any of the readers of “N. & Q.” occupy the coin. Legend,
rrandus oblige me with information on the subject ?
Rex. (The first letter, or first two letters, are To save trouble, the writer has, I believe, mis- so obliterated as to be only conjectural; they taken William Little for William Lilye; who, look most like “Ve” or “Vi,” or “W”). Reverse, however, was not connected with this city, either a horse passant. Legend, regni . by birth or residence, being a native of Odyham, iquit." in Hampshire, and settled in London, where he I only ask these questions after having vainly died of the plague in 1523.
His two sons were consulted several works on the subject. ecclesiastics ; and, although good scholars, were
HERMENTRUDE. not equal to their father. Besides which, neither
PROVERB RESPECTING TRUTH.— There is a proof their names were William, but George and verb to the effect, that “ He who follows too Peter.
closely at the heels of truth, is apt to get his Bristol City Library.
brains knocked out." Who is the author, and
what is the correct form of it? LONDON AN ECCLESIASTICAL METROPOLIS. Who are the authorities showing that the ancient Sir John STRADLING'S “GLAMORGAN."--HavLondinium was ecclesiastically a metropolis ?. In ing received no reply to my former query respectthe Acts of the Synod of Arles (A. D. 314) it is ing the whereabouts of this laudatory ballad, styled Civitas only?
perhaps some reader of “N. & Q.,” recognising MOSSING A BARN. — In an account of works of it, will kindly inform me where the entire poem
the two following stanzas, alleged to be a portion done in Lancashire, in the year 1602, the slater is to be found, and if it was really composed by charges in November "for mossing of the great Sir John Stradling? Possibly it may have been barn, and the pker, uppon his owen chardges, wee the work of some other hand. getting the mosse, vija." This occurs twice more,
“ And in Glamorgan's hillie parts, and evidently refers to the roof. I suppose the
Cole greatly doth abound; practice was to lay the tiles or slates on moss, now
For goouness and for plenty, too, often substituted by reeds, hay, straw, or heather;
Its equal never was founde. but perhaps a local reader may be able to state
“With wood and iren, ledde and salt, whether or no I am correct in my supposition of
And lyme abundaintlie, the use of moss as mentioned, or what is meant
And every thing that mankinde want,
This land doth well supplie.” by the words. W. P.
G. O. DEATH OF THE CZAR NICHOLAS. — This em- FAMILY OF BRAY.-Can any of your corresponperor died, it will be remembered, rather suddenly dents inform me where Edmund Bray, Esq., lived, in the month of March, 1856. Has any authentic who in 1705-11 was probably resident on some account of his last hours been published, and by estate near Blenheim, either in Oxfordshire or whom, and where ? X. Gloucestershire?
HANDASYDE.- Where is a pedigree of Handa- One of the abovenamed shields exhibits the syde of Gains Park, Huntingdon, to be found ? arms of the see of Canterbury, impaled with a
S. cross that seems engrailed charged with five cinHandasyde.
quefoils, as d on a chief another cinquefoil beQUARTERMASTER, CARRIAGEMASTER, SERGEANT
tween two 'birds. The second shield is this coat MAJOR. - Can any correspondent of “N. & Q.” alone. To whom do these coats belong? The afford some information as to the rank and nearest resembling it is that ascribed to Wolsey, duties of these officers under the Tudor, and successively Bishop of Bath and Wells, and of early Stuart sovereigns ? The term “Quarter- Durham, and Archbishop of York in commendam ; master” is still used in both army and navy; but also to that of the see of St. David's, to which with a very different meaning in each service. may be added that of Bishop Langton, of St. Of a “Carriagemaster” we never hear now; and David's, but neither of these persons had any the " Sergeant-Major" has ceased to be a com
connection with the see of Canterbury. Bedford's missioned officer, though, if I rightly understand Blazon of Episcopacy has no coat of arms of any the references to him in the histories of Queen Archbishop of Canterbury resembling the above. Elizabeth's Irish wars, he must then have filled a Does his drawing of the Langton coat agree with position on the general staff of the army, some
the description given by him?
W.P. what analogous to those of the Adjutant-General and Brigade-Major of modern times. S. P. V.
REGIMENTS IN AMERICA. — Can any of your readers inform me what regiments of the British
Queries with answers. army were stationed in America from 1755 to 1760 ? and particularly, what regiments contri- Braunton, a village giving its name to one of the
St. BRANNOCK. - In the ancient church of buted to the forces under General Braddock ?
hundreds of the county of Devon, are many quaint
D. M. STEVENS. Guildford.
carvings. One representing St. Brannock (to whom the church is dedicated) with a cow.
When was SUNDRY QUERIES.
the saint supposed to exist ? Can any records of 1. There was published about 1821, McJulian's Daugh- his miracles or life be traced ? In Camden's Briter, a poem in five cantos, by Henry O'Neil Montgomerie tannia the saint is mentioned as having con. Ritchie. Can you give me any information as to any verted the ancient Britons near this spot; and I other poetical or dramatic works of this poet?
2. E. G. L. Bulmer, author of Juvenile Poems, 1820. Is faintly recollect having heard a legend, that a he author of any other poetic or dramatic writings?
forest once stood where the large sand-drift, known 3. At the Oxford Encænia of 1763 a Trialogue (writ
as Braunton Burrows, now is found, which supten in honour of the birth of the Prince of Wales) was plied timber for the building of the church. The perfurmed. Who was the author ? 4. Miss G. Kennedy. This lady wrote several tales or draught, and
wild deer were used by the saint as beasts of novels, Father Clement, &c. There is a French translation of her works, about 1844. Who is the translator?
with their legs so limber, 5. Hannah More's Sacred Dramas, 1782. There is a
draw the timber.” German translation. By whom, and what is the date? 6. Who is the author of Railroad Eclogues, Pickering,
If any of your readers can give me the history 1846?
of St. Brannock I shall be grateful. ZETA.
E. C. I. WEBBER. WHITEHALL.
8, Down Street, W. Piccadilly. In the Royal Collection of Drawings in the British Museum, there is an [Risdon, in his Survey of Devon, p. 337, ed. 1811, bas etching quarto size, headed, “Plan of ruins of left us the following traditionary notices of this early Whitehall, June 14, 1718.” It apparently repre- St. Branock, the King's son of Calabria, that lived in this
saint: “Braunton, anciently Branockstowne, so named of sents the foundations of the old hall, and of the vale; and, as appeareth in the book of his commemorachapel of the palace, with some adjoining build- tion of the place, arrived here in the days of Malgoings. On the plate is also given two coats of Coname, King of the Britons, and three hundred years arms “ found in the ruins," and a crest. I wish to after Christ, began to preach his holy name in this desoask if such a plan is known to be in any published of which desert, now named the Boroughs (to tell you some
late place, then overspread with brakes and woods. Out work? A fire occurred April 10, 1691 ; a great of the marvels of this man) he took barts, which meekly fire, which finally destroyed Whitehall broke out obeyed the yoke, and made of them a plow to draw timJan. 4, 1697-8, and lasted for seventeen hours, the ber thence to build a church, which may gain credit, if it ruins remaining undisturbed for several years. The
be true. Historians write, that in foreign countries they
cause red deer to draw, and milk their hinds. Of which plan may be supposed to be taken after this latter event, and the dates may give a clue to the pub- Giraldus maketh no wonder, but avoucheth, that
he had lication, which I have not been successful in dis- cheese made of hinds' milk. I forbear to speak of his covering
his staff, his oak, his well, and his servant Abel: all
which are lively represented in a glass window of that startling paragraphs put forth indirectly as manichurch, than which, you shall see few fairer of one
festoes, apprising the world that the Order of St. roof.”]
John was about to shake off the dust from its Turkis. GUX IN ST. JAMES's PARK.-I have re- glorious banner, and array itself once more in the ferred in vain to Cunningham's Handbook, Bray- garb of sovereign pre-eminence. At one time the ley's Londiniana, and similar works of reference, scene of this recovered splendour was to be laid to ascertain the date of that fine specimen of early in Greece; at another, we were told to look out oriental cannon founding, the great gun in St. for the reconquest of Rhodes. Then the Holy
James's Park, and to find translations of the Land, or a large portion of it (the actual limits Arabic inscriptions with which it is decorated. were mentioned), was to be placed under the Perhaps some of your readers will kindly furnish flag of the Knights; while, subsequently, as the this information, or state where it is to be found.
hopes of the small, struggling community de
J. H. L. scended from point to point in the scale of expec[A description of this piece of ordnance, which was tancy, some smaller speculation was confidently placed in St. James's Park on March 21, 1803, will be announced : an obscure island or islet scarcely found in The Universal Magazine, cxii. 233; The Gentle observable on the map of the stated locality was man's Magazine, vol. Ixxiii. pt. i. p. 279; and The European Magazine, xliii. 314. At that time the two inscrip- independence, where—risum teneatis?—the knights
to be the long-sighed for seat of their restored tions had not been decyphered.]
could keep up a quarantine much wanted. AN AMERICAN Poet. — Can you name the au
From a consideration of what I have written, thor and give the title of a volume of poetry my readers will apprehend that the members of published by an American clergyman a few years the English Langue care not to derive any counago, in which are the following lines in a beautiful tenance, authority, or support from the soi-disant poem on the Church ?
chapitre (to use the words of Admiral Count de “ I love the Church, the holy Church, which o'er our life Litta already cited) now seated at Rome, and the
presides The birth the bridal, and the grave, and many an hour silly insinuation that the writer of the Memoir of besides;
the Order of St. John of Jerusalem and the EngBe mine through life to live in her, and when the Lord lish Langue “let the cat out of the bag.” when doth call,
he remarked that it would be desirable, or might To die in her, the spouse of Christ, the mother of us
be interesting, to form an union of the Roman all."
and Anglian portions of the Order, only betrays
the dulness or perverseness of its author. AccordWhitehaven. [This is the concluding verse of a poem, entitled “I ing to his false notion, the English Chapter "comlove the Church," in the Christian Ballads, by Arthur
mitted suicide" by adopting the Memoir in question, Cleveland Cose, M.A. Fifth edition. Philadelphia, 1855.
which contained a direct acknowledgment that It occurs at p. 96.]
their body had no confirmed connection with the Twill.- Apropos of “pioned and twilleil brims” | Roman Council. But the Memoir met with the (3rd S. iii. 464), it strikes me that it would be de- entire approval of the English authorities, on the sirable to ascertain what is the etymology of ground that it clearly and succinctly showed the twill as applied to kerseymere and other stuffs. exact nature of the title under which the Langue The word is not to be found either in Johnson or was revived, and proclaimed that the association in Bailey.
could stand alone without any confirmation of its [To twill, according to Webster, is “to weave in ribs or powers and privileges from the venerable débris" ridges; to quill.” It should at the same time be borne of the Order at Rome. They might, at the same in mind that twill is a provincial term for
a reed or quill. time consistently with this view, consider it an (Halliwell.) In this, which appears to be the primary event of common interest to the Order, that its meaning of the word, it has been proposed to derive twill from the Latin tubellus, diminutive for tubus. Should segregated and enfeebled branches should be once our correspondent fail, as we fear he may, to discover any
more bound together, in accordance with the old Latin authority for the word tubellus thus ingeniously maxim that “union is strength." And let it be suggested, he may perhaps agree with us in thinking it here understood, though Sir George Bowyer is possible that twill" is from the Latin tubulus, a little willing to conceal the fact, that the Roman Countube.]
cil were quite as willing as the English Chapter
that an amalgamation of the respective bodies Replies.
should take place. Extravagant, indeed, were the
emotions of joy exhibited by the Italian party at KNIGHTS HOSPITALLERS, ETC.
the idea of the reconsolidation of the long dis(3rd S. iv. 11.)
severed fragments of the Order. The limits of my
paper here remind me that I have no space for more We remember to have seen, from year to year, particular detail, in reference to the past contemplain the various public papers at home and abroad, tion of a restored union between the Italian and