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finor Notes.

was a great favourite at court (the Queen, accord.

ing to the author of Historical Anecdutes, upon a “SHADES," A PUBLIC-HOUSE BAR: ORIGIN OF parity of deserts, always preferring properness of THE WORD. — The word “Shades" emblazoned person in conferring her favours),over the door of a gin-palace, brilliant with plate “Entered into articles to swim against three noble glass, mirrors, and lamps, must have frequently courtiers, for three thousand pounds, from the bridge at struck us from its inappropriateness; and, from Westminster to the bridge at Greenwich, but the Queen, the non-umbrageous character of the apartment by her special command, prevented the putting it in exdesignated by the mysterious word, we may have concluded that the title was selected on the lucus Had the river at this time been muddy, it is una non principle. Its origin is thus explained by likely that such a bet would have been proposed; the late Mr. J. Ackerson Erredge, in his History beside, from the circumstance of its being made, of Brighthelmstone, 1862, pp. 338-9:

it would

appear that swimming in the Thames was.

not an unusual pastime with the court gallants, “ The Brighton Old Bank was at first in Steine Lane, for probably what Elizabeth objected to was the with a second public entrance by the side way to the Pavilion Shades; from whence, in 1819, it was transferred

amount of the stake, which was an enormous sum to the apartments now the coffee-room of the Pavilion in those days. The account of the bet is taken Hotel, Mr. Edmund Savage, who had obtained the license from an old Baronetage, printed in 1720, and in 1816, having arranged with the bankers that they that professes to derive it from MS. Memoirs of

in that they might have the bank on the ground floor of the

Sir John, written by “Mr. Tomkins, Prebendary new building, and give up the rooms in Steine Lane in of Worcester, who personally knew this knight." exchange. The room where the banking business had It would be an interesting matter to ascertain been transacted Mr. Savage then appropriated to a smok- when the mists and fogs of London are first mening room, and converted the clerks' room into a gin-shop. tioned.

Thos. DE MESCHIN. But as Mrs. Fitzherbert was then living immediately opposite, in Steine Lane, he was fearful of offending her by THE NAMES ARTHUR AND GUINEVERE. — In a placing any writing on the house; the thought, however, notice in The Times, October 22, of Miss Yonge's struck him, that inasmuch as the height of Mrs. Fitzher- History of Christian Names, it is stated that, bert's house, to the south of him, prevented the sun from shining upon his house, he would adopt the word “Shades,"

“One of the few British names found in Cornwall is and place it over the door, where had before been written

Girfer or Jennefer, which seems to be a corruption of “ Bank,” that being the only word used to publish the

Guinevere. The name of Arthur's guilty queen has been place. An immense trade was soon carried on in that carried all over the continent. In the Italian it is Genelittle room, where three young men found full employ

vra, used by Rogers in his version of the story told in ment in serving at the counter, and two as porters were

the old song of the . Mistletoe Bough;' and it seems to engaged besides. The extensive trade there obtained

be the Généviève made familiar to us by Coleridge's soon induced other publicans to adopt the word “Shades "

poem. Arthur was as widely known, but seems never to their bars; and at the present time there is scarcely a

to have been so much used; while Uter or Uthyr, the public house in the kingdom but uses the term. The

father of the blameless king, is not found elsewhere." only place previously where the word “ Shades” was Is there not good reason for supposing that the adopted was at a vault near Old London Bridge, where name of Arthur was but another form of his father's nothing was sold but wine measured from the wood.”

name, Uther? This last is as often spelt with th

CUTHBERT BEDE. as with t. The u which takes the place of the e, The River THAMES DESCRIBED BY SIR WALTER With regard to the change in the initial, one could

has in the position occupied a similar sound. Scott.—In Kenilworth, chap. xv., speaking of the almost fancy that some ingenious scribe had sim, Thames at Deptford, Scott says,—

ply reversed the ancient V, which represented "They were soon launched on the princely bosom of the U, making the word "Ather." Read as thus spelt, broad Thames, upon which the sun now shone forth in all its splendour. • There are two things scarce matched in

the sound would easily glide into Arthur. On the universe,' said (Sir) Walter (Raleigh) to Blount, the referring to a grammar of the Welsh language, I sun in heaven, and the Thames on the earth.'

see that u has the power of the English e in me, Then Scott subsequently makes Raleigh call it

as well as that of i in thin; thus we obtain a “the king of rivers.' Londoners certainly can

nearer approach to the sound of the initial A. not complain that this does not do ample justice letter to The Times, Phenius, King of the Scy-.

In Wright's History of Ireland, quoted in a to their river. But in chap. xiii. we have

thians, is said to have commanded a digest of “* At length Wayland paused in the midst of a very the Irish language, cultivated in the college he narrow lane, the termination of which showed a peep of founded on the plain of Shenaar, to be made by the Thames, looking misty and muddy.

Gadel, its president, the son of Eathur. Gadel Now it may be questioned whether the Thames divided the language into five several dialects; the was muddy three hundred years ago ; for we find fifth, or common idiom, used in general by the that a Sir John Packington, who " was remarkable people, was named after the President Gavid for his stature and comely personage,” and who healg. Is it not probable that we have here also

the David of Wales, since an opinion prevails that

“Heranio also expresses an idea, that from the penul. the Phænicians found their way into that country ? timate, or last verse but one, some poet has taken an

E. L. H.

expression. I perfectly agree with him in that idea,

and think it would be found in Blair's Grave,' but unGreat Guns. - In The Thesaurus of Martene fortunately cannot at this moment point it out. and Durand, ed 1717, vol. i. p. 1819, appears a

“ I am, Sir,

“ With great respect, narrative by Francisco de Franc and others, of the

“ Your very obedient siege of Constantinople in 1453, in which occurs

“ Feb. 18th, 1805."

“ J. M. L." the following passage :-

The first edition of The Grave is of very rare “Oudit siege s'y avoit plusieurs bombardes et autres instruments pour abatre le mur, et entre les autres une

occurrence. I had never, after a careful search grande bombarde de metail, tirant pierre de neuf eşpaulx of many years, been able to procure a copy. Reet quatre dois d'entour, et pesant mille quatre cens cin

cently I have found one in the Library of the quante une livres, les autres tirans dix ou douze centeners;

Faculty of Advocates, unfortunately very much lesquelles bombardes tiroient chascun jour de cent à sixvingt coups, et dura cecy cinquante-cinq jours : par quoy cropped. It is dated Edinburgh, 1747, 12mo.

J. M. on compte qu'ils employerent chascun jour mille livres de poudre de bombarde," &c.

Who WRITE OUR NEGRO Songs? - Is this Have we any authentic records of cannon balls

cutting worth a place in “N. & Q." ? — at all approaching this magnitude at so early a

“ The principal writer of our national music is said to period? What was the measure of length known

be Stephen C. Foster, the author of Uncle Ned,' Oh, as the épaule? I do not find it in any early Susannah,' &c. Mr. Foster resides near Pittsburgh, French dictionary. The circumference of a stone where he occupies a moderate clerkship, upon which, and ball weighing 1451 lbs. English, would be about the percentage on the sale of his songs, he depends for a 92 inches, and this would give some 9.8 inches as

living. He writes the poetry, as well as the music, of the length of the épaule. J. Eliot HODGKIN.

his songs. They are sung wherever the English lan

guage is spoken, while the music is heard wherever men WESTALL'S WOODMAN. - It is always interest

sing. In the cotton fields of the South, among the mines

of California and Australia, in the sea-coast cities of ing to know the originals of popular pictures, China, in Paris, in the London prisons, everywhere in when they have been taken from real life. I fact, his melodies are heard. Uncle Ned' was the first. therefore transcribe the following paragraph from This was published in 1846, and reached a sale till then the obituary of the Gent. Mag. in 1813 ::

unknown in the music publishing business. Of. The Old “ Aged 107, Michael Baily, a native of Sherbourn, co.

Folks at Home' 100,000 copies have been sold in this York, and the person who sat for the painting called The

country, and as many more in England. • My Old KenWoodman. He was a very regular man, and from the

tucky Home' and Old Dog Tray,' each had a sale of age of fifty, when he first came to London, till he attained

about 70,000. All his other songs have had a great run.” his hundredth year, he was a day-labourer."

- Western Fireside, Madison, Wisconsin, April 25, 1857.

A. I conclude that the picture in question is that by Richard Westall, R.A., and shall be glad to be THE '45. — Whether or not the following list informed who now possesses it. J. G. N. of such of Charles Edward's adherents, as had BLAIR'S "Grave."-In that neglected repository

“ handles to their names," has ever before apof literary information, The European Magazine,

peared in print, I am not prepared to state. It

was furnished to me as a roll of the officers who there occurs the following letter relative to an obvious plagiarism by the author of The Grave, accompanied the Highland host on their march which is worth transferring to the pages of

through Leek: “ N. & Q."

* Officers in the Young Pretender's Army. “ To the Editor of the European Magazine.

« Dukes of Perth and Athole. Sir,- Reading a few evenings since the ingenious

Marquises of Dundee and Montrose. Heranio's Leisure Amusements for the Month of January,

Earls of Cromartie and Kilmarnock. I was forcibly struck with the very close resemblance of

Lords Balmerino, Strahallan, Lovatt, Lewis Gordon, two lines in the stanzas he quotes from the poem written

John Drummond, Macleod, Nairn, Pitsligo, Elcho, Ogilby Norris in 1696, under the title of “ The Meditation,”

vie, John Gordon of Glenbucket, George Murray. and two lines in Blair's “ Grave."

“ Sirs John Wedderburn, John Mackenzie, James MacThe lines I allude to are the first two of the second

kenzie, Hector M.Lean, Lauchlan M.Lauchlan, William verse quoted from Norris

Macpherson, Wm. Gordon, Hugh Montgomery, George « • Some courteous ghost tell this great secrecy,

Witherington, Archibald Primrose, David Murray, Wil

liam Dunbar. (30)." What 'tis you are, and we must be.'

JOAN SLEIGH “ Blair's are, to the best of my recollection (for I have Thornbridge, Bakewell. not been able just at this time to lay my hand on the poem itself)

A FURNESS Distich. O that some courteous ghost would blab it out,

“ London is a big place, What 'tis ye are, and we must shortly be!'

But in Walney-isle's a Biggar.“ almost word for word.

ESLIGH.

Queries.

name of Polyplasiasmos. No pencil was employed

in their production. Can any of the corresALLEGORICAL PAINTING. Can any reader of pondents of “N. & Q." refer to contemporary “N. & Q." give me an explanation of the curious notices of these pictures, which were produced in old painting, which I will attempt to describe ? large quantities, and sold at moderate prices ? In the centre is a female figure, dressed in a or state where any specimens are now preserved? scarlet gown, and wearing a hat decorated with

Hugh W. DIAMOND. many feathers. Her hair is yellow, falling in

CONGREVE OF CONGREVE.curls on her shoulders. The dress is low on the

was the Chrisbosom. In it are set three brooches, the centre

tian name of a Congreve of Congreve and Stretton,

co. Stafford, who was a member of parliament in one being larger than the other two. From these are looped strings of pearls. Falling over the

the reign of Queen Elizabeth, and introduced, it is right shoulder is a green scarf. She is seated in believed, the bill exempting members of parlia

H.

ment from arrest for debt? a gilt chair with a bold scrolled back. Beside it is an elegantly formed gilt chauldron, from which DE QUINCEY'S WORKS.-In his admirable series smoke is arising. On the edge of this vessel the of papers on “ The Cæsars," De Quincey omits left foot is placed; the right, upon which is worn all mention of Tiberius, except in a foot-note to a high-heeled boot of some white material, and Chapter III., which is devoted to (as he strangely decorated in front with a large rosette of the same states)" the next three emperors, Caligula, Claucolour, is placed upon some instrument, to which dius, and Nero; i. e. next after Augustus! And is attached a chain. On her right hand is a kind yet in the foot-note De Quincey speaks of "Tibeof stand, upon which is displayed apparently a rius, who succeeded his adopted father, Augustus." quantity of silver coin. Beyond this is a table, Was there any unexplained reason for this omis

which stands a vase of flowers, containing, upon

sion ?

D. BLAIR. among others, a rose and a tulip, and falling from Melbourne. the table and scattered about are various rich

DIENLACRES, STAFFORDSHIRE. - I am particuvessels of gold and silver. At her foot is an im- larly anxious to obtain as correct a list as possible perial crown. On the floor is a pack of playing- of the abbots of this monastery. The following, cards, the ace of spades, which is plain, being compiled from Dugdale and other sources, is, 1 exposed on the top; and scattered about are the

am well aware, very incomplete ; and any one ace of clubs and diamonds, the tray of hearts, the able to amend or add to it, will much oblige by five of diamonds, and one or two others. Behind

corresponding direct with me:the principal figure, or rather perhaps on her left

1. Richard was the 1st Abbot, 1214. hand, is a table upon which is a skull surmounted

2. Adam, Abbot of Denlacres and Pulthun, in a deed by a winged hour-glass, and near it a lighted penes Mr. Warburton of Arley. candle in a golden candlestick. Leaning against 3. Stephen occurs 28th Henry III. the table is a large viol with a carved head, and 4. William temp. Thomas, who was Abbot of Chester, beside it a boy seated, apparently blowing a

1249-65.

5. Hamon in 1266, and bubble. The picture measures 6 feet by 3 feet. It is not devoid of merit in the execution, but is

6. Robert, in 1299, are in deeds penes Marquis of

Westminster. in very bad condition. Some of the details I 7. Walter de Morton, temp. Matt. de Cranarch. have not described. I shall be glad to know

8. Nicholas occurs A.D. 1318. whether this curious old composition has ever been

9. John, 16th Henry VI. engraved, and by whom it was painted.

10. Thomas, A.D. 1499. JOHN MACLEAN.

11. Adam de Whytmore, and

12. John Newton, 14th Henry VII. (See Ormerod's Hammersmith.

Cheshire.) BEALBY FAMILY. Can

13. William (Albon?), 11th Henry VIII. your corre

14. Thomas Whitney, the last Abbot, in his will, dated spondents inform me whether there is any record | 1557, desires that he may be buried in Westminster of the connection of a family called Bealby with Abbey. that of the poet Milton ? I believe the Bealbys

JOHN SLEIGH. to have had their origin in Yorkshire.

Thornbridge, Bakewell.

J. A. SYMONDS. GUNPOWDER IN THE REIGN OF RICHARD II. Magdalen College, Oxford.

In Stowe's London (p. 448, ed. 1603), he gives an JOSEPH Booth's POLYGRAPHIC EXHIBITION.- account of the bus ing of the Savoy Palace by the Mr. Joseph Booth, a portrait painter of Lewisham rebels of Kent and Essex in 1381.' He says: in Kent, exhibited in 1791 a series of reproduce

« They found there certaine barrels of gunpowder, tions of celebrated pictures, copied " by a chymi- ing them into the fire, more suddenly than they thought,

which they thought had been gold or silver, and throwcal and mechanical process," and which had been the halle was blowne uppe, the houses destroyed, and themoffered to the public two years before under the selves very hardly escaped away.”

any of

name

The authority he gives for this in the margin ORATORIOS.- Who are authors or selecters of are these words, “ Liber manuscript French.” Is the words of the following oratorios ? 1. “ Israel this MS. in existence; and if so, where can it be Restored,” by W.R. Bexfield, Lond. 1852. 2. “The seen? It might add an important item to the his- Resurrection and Ascension," by G.J. Elvey, Mus. tory of the invention of gunpowder. A. A. Doc. 3. “Jerusalem," by Wm. Glover." 4. Poets' Corner.

“ The Crucifixion and Resurrection," by J. C.

Whitfield, Mus. Doc. Heraldic Query: ELKANAH SETTLE. I have J. Rippon, London (?). 6. “Job," by W. Rus

5. “The Crucifixion," by before me a very fine copy of one of the numerous sell, Mus. Bac. (about 1806.) R. INGLIS. occasional pieces of the once celebrated city poet, Elkanah Settle. It is entitled

ORIENTAL QUERIES.—The answers I so readily “Eusebia Triumphans. Carmen Gratulatorium Au- obtained on those subjects which puzzled me spicatissimæ Inaugurationi Hanoveranæ Successionis, in when beginning my Catalogue, induce me to ask a Augustimo Principe Georgio, Dei Gratiâ, Magnæ Bri- few more. tanniæ, Franciæ et Hiberniæ Rege," &c. Londini, anno

1. Is the zerf (metal coffee-cup holder) used in MDCCXV., folio.

Turkey as well as in Egypt ? This volume is in rich old purple morocco, with 2. What is the name of the sect (Christian ?) the armorial bearing impressed in gold on each that uses a cock as an emblem in its religious side. Quarterly, 1st and 4th, ermine; 2nd and services ? A sect in Syria. 3rd, argent (or blank). It has the appearance of 3. What is “ The celebrated sword of the elehaving been bound for presentation, and I should phant of Haroon Er-Rasheed ?" be glad to know to whom the arms, which I sus- 4. What is the correct way of spelling “ Yatipect to be imperfectly blazoned, may be in- ghan" ? scribed.

5. Is the “ Pali language" a dialect of HinI am here reminded of another query. I do doostanee ? not see that the Dean of Canterbury, in his re- 6. What is the Arabic name for the fly-swish, cent interesting papers in Good Words on the made of strips of palm-leaves, used in Egypt? “Queen's English,” bas included the

proper

Lane does not give it. “Elkanah " among the instances of pulpit mispro- 7. Where can I find an account of Ebn Naseer nunciation which he reprobates. But how is it of Famegrut, or Famgreet, the celebrated Marabit, that on the 3rd Sunday after Trinity, we are told

or saint ? through the length and breadth of the land, that

I shall be much obliged for references to any “Elkänah went to Ramah to bis house.” What information on the above subjects. authority is there for so pronouncing this name?

John DAVIDSOX. The penultimate is unquestionably unaccented in Hebrew, and in the time of Young, he and his

PAGANISM IN FRANCE.clerical brethren properly accented the first sylla- End of France, the Abbey of St. Matthew, deafened by

“How many Englishmen have stood on that Land's ble. Thus this poet asks

the roar and churning of the Atlantic in the wild caves of “What if the figure should in fact prove true!

the Baie des Trespasses, that abbey within sight of which It did in ELKANAH, why not in you?

pagan gods had their last European altar, their last Poor ELKANAH, all other changes past,

priests, and their last sacrifices, and that down to 1690." For bread in Smithfield dragons hist at last,

--Christian Remembrancer, Oct. 1863, p. 425.
Spit streams of fire to make the butchers gape,
And found his manners suited to his shape :

I should be glad to be informed what is known Such is the fate of talents misapplied ;

of those pagan rites to which the writer of a very So lived your prototype - and so he died."

interesting article on French Ecclesiology alludes

Epistle to Pope. in the above passage, or of the conversion to the Poor Settle died in the Charter House, Feb. Christian faith of those who still adhered to them 1723-4. WILLIAM BATES. at so late a period.

E. H. A. Edgbaston.

Pear Bogs. — I was recently struck with the Sir Thomas Jones, Knt. — Will any corre- vast quantity of peat in the valley of the Somme spondent well acquainted with the annals of and its tributaries, extending to a distance of London, supply the following dates relative to forty miles and upwards from the sea. According the official appointments held by this knight ? - to Sir Charles Lyell, it averages about thirty feet

1. In what year was be placed on the commis- in depth, and has accumulated above the fluviatile sion of the peace ?

deposit, in which such remarkable discoveries 2. In what year was he elected Registrar of have been made within the last few years. Memorials relating to estates for the county of Is such an extensive system peculiar to the Middlesex ?

Somme ? and are there any river valleys covered He received the honour of knighthood in 1715, to a like extent with that vegetable deposit ? and died in 1731.

LLALLAWG.

The peat-bogs in the British islands appear more

usually to be connected with a system of lakes James Beton to his brother, the Archbishop of than rivers. Thos. E. WINNINGTON. Glasgow, in June, 1567, it is mentioned that the

Queen selected, as her messenger to the Captain The Rev. FREDERICK SHERLOCK Pope was for of Edinburgh Castle, “ the young Laird of Rires." many years minister of the episcopal chapel in

SCRUTATOR. Baxtergate, Whitby, and afterwards curate or incumbent of Trinity, Micklegate, York.

The

Hugu Rose, BOTANIST.-Hugh Rose, author of last year in which I can trace him in the Clergy the Elements of Botany, was an apothecary at List is 1853, when no abode is given. I shall be Norwich. He was, in 1780, deprived of sight glad to know the place and time of his death. through a gutta serena, and died soon afterwards. He published a sermon on the death of Mrs. Cole, The precise date of his death will oblige

S. Y. R. Whitby, 8vo, 1842. I am told that he also published a sermon on the death of Thomas Bateman, SINGAPORE.—This is one of the most prosM.D., wbich occurred in 1821. Information on perous of our Eastern settlements; for which we this latter point is also requested. S. Y. R. are mainly indebted to the untiring labours of the PORTRAITS OF Notorious LADIES OF THE REIGN freedom from commercial restrictions, and advan

Chinese, who have been attracted to it by its OF GEORGE IV. - There are well-engraved por. traits in quarto, published in colours, of which tages of position. In 1859 there was a population one is entitled Mrs. Q. with a view of Downing single European who understood their language.

of 70,000 Chinamen in that colony, and not a Street in the background : drawn by. Huet Vil See Oliphant's Narrative of Lord Elgin's Mission liers, engraved by W. Blake, and published by J.

to China and Japan, p. 20. Barrow, Watson Place, St. Pancras, June 1, 1820. Another, entitled Windsor CASTLE, drawn by Ji Singapore, be kind enough to inform me if this

Will any of your readers, acquainted with B., engraved by G. Maile, published (as before) ignorance of the Chinese language still continues June 1, 1821. Who were these ladies ? and are there more of the same set of prints ? N.

amongst the European residents in that colony?

The ignorance of the European residents of the PROGNOSTICATIONS. In Bohn's Guinea Cata- Chinese language is so extraordinary, I am in logue I find the following entry :-“A curious clined to think Mr. Oliphant has been imposed volume of early Italian Prognostications, some upon. If the European residents were all EngBlack Letter, for the years 1478, 1507, 1524, &c., lishmen, it is probable not one of them would to 1552. 4to, Bologna.” Thirteen old almanacs submit to the excessive toil of learning the Chifor fifteen shillings, a very good bargain. My query nese language. Englishmen are proverbial for is, What Prognostication was printed in Italy in their indisposition to learn any other language 1478 ? In Holland, yes; but I can't find any in than their own. May I ask if they had interpre. Italy so early. Can any of your readers assist ? ters? And may I further ask, were the aboveIn the new edition of Brunet, he mentions M. .70,000 Chinamen in Singapore at the time it Warzée, Auteur de Recherches Bibliograph. sur les came into British possession ? FRA. MEWBORN. Almanacs Belges, see Bibliophile Belge; but neither Larchfield, Darlington. of these is in the Museum.

WM. Davis.

TENURES OF LAND IN IRELAND.-Blount's AnLADY RERES.—Is there anything further known tient Tenures of Land (London, 1679,) is an inrespecting Lady Reres, who is several times men- teresting book of its kind. Where is similar tioned, not much to her credit, in the story of information to be had, in separate form or otherMary Queen of Scots ?". She is said to have been wise, respecting "ancient tenures of land" in at the outset the main channel of communication Ireland ? I am, of course, acquainted with between the Queen and Bothwell. In the first of Lynch's Feudal Dignities, &c. (London, 1830.) Mary's alleged letters to Bothwell, Darnley says

АвнВА. to her at Glasgow : “Quant à Reres, il dit : Je prie Dieu que les services qu'elle vous fait vous

ROBERT WALLACE was author of Antitrinitarian soient à honneur." See also a curious passage Biography, Lond. 3 vols. 8vo, 1850, dedicated to relative to her in Laing (Dissertation to the Murder

the Rev. Charles Wellbeloved, of York, with of Darnley, vol. ii. p. 8, ed. 1804), and also Bu

whom the author had just completed his studies chanan's Detection" 'in Anderson (Collections, work is referred to as that of ihe late Rev. R.

for the ministry. In a recent publication, this vol. ii. p. 8). In the well-known letter from

Wallace. May I ask when and where Mr. Wallace (* Lady Reres was niece to Cardinal Beton, and sister died, and whether he was the author of any other to Lady Buccleuch, whom Sir Walter Scott made the work?

S. Y. R. heroine of the Lay of the Last Minstrel. “ Both sisters," says Miss Strickland, “ were the objects of political

WANDERING JEW, IN STAFFORDSHIRE MOORslander, the charges against them being grossly impro

LANDS (1S. xii. 504.) — Aubrey, in his Miscelbable."--Queens of Scotland, v. 197.-Ed.]

lanies (1696, p. 69), tells us that

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