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boy had imbibed the “loyal” sentiments of his throw light on the subject. Pliny (vi. 32, 19 ed., father. It is as follows:
Lemaire) says of the Arabians, " Barba abraditur, “A Panegyric on Our Late most Gracious Sovereign, præterquam in superiore labro." What do the King William of Glorious and Immortal Memory, as also Arabians at present call the mustache? Do they on His Present Majesty, Our no less Gracious Sovereign, still continue the custom alluded to by Pliny? King George. Spoken by James Parkinson, one of the This is the only allusion to the custom which I Scholars of BirMINGHAM School, December 10,1715, being the Day of their Breaking-up; and published at the De
can recollect in the Latin writers. As a cognate sire of some Gentlemen that heard it. London: Printed subject, you may allow me to inquire, if it is known for J. Roberts, near the Oxford Arms, in Warwick Lane, when an from what tuf on the chin was 4to, 1715. Price 3d., pp. 22.”
called an “imperial”? The Roman youth seem This rare pamphlet is of the greater interest, to have indulged in this foppery as well as the as, although of such slender dimensions, and only young of our own day. It is curious that the one year earlier in date than the Loyal Oration, tuft-hunters of ancient and modern times should the title-page will be held to imply that it was have their appellation derived, to a certain extent, printed in London, and thus to substantiate the from the same idea. Those of modern times, belief that the later work is actually the “ first hangers-on of noblemen in English universities, book printed in Birmingham."
derive their names, I believe, from the tuft in the An old custom of this school was the delivery of cap of the noblemen; and, in ancient times, it public orations by the boys at the “Old Cross
was the tuft on their own chin that gave them the on the 5th of November, and the recitation of ori- appellation. They were called “Barbatuli.” In ginal compositions on “ breaking-up day." The Cicero (Ep. ad Att. i. 14), he calls them “ Barbafollowing entries, excerpted from the school ac- tuli juvenes, totus ille grex Catilinæ;" and in one counts, illustrate this:
of his speeches (Cel. 14) the imperial is called
s. d. “Barbula.” He says: 1656. Paid to the Schollers for their orations at the Crosse
“I must summon up from the shades below one of those
bearded old men; not men with those little bits of imPaid to the Schollers for orations in the Schoole.
perials, which she takes such a fancy to, but a man, Paid for an houre-glasse
with that long shaggy beard, which we see on the an
cient statues and images." 1664. Paid for setting up a scaffold at the Crosse 1 6 1669. Setting up the Scholar's stage, is an item in
Photius, in his Lexicon, says: nántos ai éti Toù the Carpenter's Bill.
κάτω χείλους τρίχες μύσται δε, αι επί του άνω. This 1671. Nov. 5. Gave the Schollars for saying orations on the stage
is a trace of it in the ninth century, when Photius Dec. 10. Gave the Schollars for saying ora
flourished at Constantinople.
Č. T. RAMAGE. tions in the schoole
12 0 1684. To the Gentlemen who declaymed on the 10th December
DICTIONARIES (2nd S. i. 212.)—I chanced on These public orations at the “Market Cross”
one of these the other day, which the lapse of were discontinued at, or soon after, the year 1700. nearly eight years since J. R. J.'s inquiry, may
Another early local book is the tract by the have put dehors the Cuttlean statute of limitaRev. Mr. Allestree, Rector of Ashow, The Funeral tions. Giving neither definitions nor derivations, Handkerchief
, and Sermons on Loss of Friends, but spelling and accentuating every word ac8vo, Birmingham, 1728. WILLIAM Bates.
cording to the compiler's own notion of Phonetics, Edgbaston.
a more thorough uglification of our written or
spoken language could hardly have been devised : MUSTACHE.
that it goes near to outwalking Walker, a very
few excerpta will suffice to show : Euzīdsh, (3rd S. iv. 398.)
Teetshiz, Vizidsh, Berriil, Okaizyun, Kreetyür, Múotat means the upper lip. Can any of your
Jórdsh. readers give a quotation from a Greek writer The preface refers to a former dictionary* by where it means the hair growing on the upper the author (James Buchạnan) and its “honourlip? I can trace the idea no further back than to able mention" by another lexicographer-a Mr. Hesychius, who is supposed to have lived at least Johnstone. Its title is prolix and pretentious, before A.D. 389. In his Greek Lexicon he says, having for its motto Μύσταξ, αι επί τα άνω χείλη τρίχες. The word seems “ Extera quid quærat sua qui Vernacula nescit?” to have reached us through the French or Italians.
but the date has been carefully cut off by some It may bave come to them through their inter
former possessor of my copy, who has stamped empire. Perhaps some of your readers, acquainted his name on the fly-leaf
— * Peter Stanislaus, with the writings of Anna Comnena, or of some [* Probably his Lingua Britannica Vera Pronunciatio, others of the authors of a still earlier period, may 1757, 8v0.-Ed.]
Capucin, 1780.” Mr. Buchanan's assertion of RAM AND TEAZLE (3rd S. iv. 449.) – May I what he designates “ õreejinilniss " seems to have venture to suggest a different explanation of this been made in the early half of the last century. curious sign to that given by your correspondent His labours, however, have little value beyond A. A.? The teazle, as your readers probably their assisting the completeness of J. R. J.'s lexi- | know, is used in dressing cloth, “ raising the nap, conic list.
E. L. S. which is one of the latest processes in the manuMrs. FITZHERBERT, ETC. (3rd S. iv. 411.) - humble plant (which, I believe, machinery has
facture of that material ; and the value of that There was no issue of the marriage between
not yet been able to supersede) is commemorated George IV. and Mrs. Fitzherbert. In proof of by its being borne in the arms of the Clothiers this, the following extract from a letter from the Company. Is it not probable, therefore, that the late Lord Stourton to the late Earl of Albemarle sign under consideration was set up by a publican, may be given.
The letter may be seen at length who was a tenant of the aforesaid Company, or in the Memoirs of Mrs. Fitzherbert, by the Hon.
who wished to attract the workers in some cloth Charles Langdale, p. 94, published by Bentley in
manufactory near him? It is easy to believe that 1856.
the sign would be very appropriate in either case; “ I had myself, previously to this arrangement, taken the Ram representing the raw material, as it the liberty to counsel Mrs. Fitzherbert to leave some evi
were, and the Teazle the finished fabric. dence in her own handwriting as to the circumstances of
I would further suggest the probability of other no issue arising from this connection, and had advised it
apparently incongruous signs being explained by being noted with her own signature on the back of the certificate. To this she smilingly objected on the score of armorial bearings. “ The Bird and Baby," for delicacy, and I only state it at present in justification of instance, I believe to be simply a corruption of my expectation that the memorandum I have alluded to the crest of the Stanleys. A public house in is to this effect.”
Norwich, bearing that sign, was, I have been inThe certificate alluded to above is the certificate formed, opened by a man who had been butler in of the marriage, dated Dec. 21, 1785. To the re- that family, and instead of setting up “ The maining part of your correspondent's query I am Stanley Arms,” he adopted only the crest. unable to give any answer.
J. F. W.
Mother DouglAS (3rd S. iv. 451.) - Strange George IV. had no children by Mrs. Fitzherbert. as it may seem, this lady's name was mentioned His natural children were as follows:- 1. By from the Bench of the Court of Session, at the Lucy Howard (who, I believe, was a native of decision in that court of the great Douglas Cause. Richmond, but whether a Jewess I am not aware) I quote from the speech of Lord Pardenstown, as a son, George Howard, who died an infant. 2. By given in Anderson's edition of the Judges' speeches, Grace Dalrymple Elliot, a daughter, Georgiana p. 316:Augusta Frederica Seymour, who married Lord
“ The executors of the noted Mother Douglas brought William Bentinck. CHARLES F. S. WARREN.
an action against several gentlemen of distinction for
payment of tavern bills contracted in her house. We are I do not know whether the Prince of Wales had
not to presume that these gentlemen frequented such a any children by Mrs. Fitzherbert, but those scan- house as Mother Douglas's; but even supposing that they dalous chronicles of the times — contemporary
took a fancy to go there, we are not to imagine that they caricatures — show Mrs. Fitzherbert in the way ing."
would have come off without discharging their reckonwhich ladies wish to be who love their lords; and also, in some cases, as actually nursing a baby. In adverting to the Douglas cause, allow me to And this suggests a query I have long wished to take the opportunity of noticing the following have solved: Had Mrs. Fitzherbert a child or entry, which I happened lately to observe in the children by her first marriage ? In a caricature Scots Magazine, vol. xxix. p. 55:entitled “Fashionable Frailties,” in which she is
“ At Horsham, in the 63rd year of her age, Mrs. Elizarepresented as enceinte, and walking with the
beth Curtis, wife of Mr. Curtis of that place, of Twins Prince, she is followed by a young female child, Male, who, together with their mother, were likely to dressed exactly like her, and evidently intended do well.” for a daughter; while in another called “The
This beats Lady Jane Douglas out and out. Royal Nursery, or Nine Months after Marriage," It was argued to be exceedingly improbable that in which she is seated nursing a baby, with the her ladyship should have given birth to twins Prince of Wales seated beside her, on her right when she was in her fifty-first year,—while here hand; there is a lad of six or seven years old
Mrs. Curtis produces them when in her sixtystanding on his right hand, and on whose head is
third. Some very sceptical people may, not una crown, apparently a crown of the Holy, Roman likely, think the one event fully as credible as the Empire. Can any reader of “ N. & Q." throw
G. light upon either of these allusions ? M. F.
"OXIOS AND "ATIOŁ (3rd S. iv. 453.)—The word he never consciously saw his mother till he was cous means pious towards God, whilst dikalos means thirty-three years of age. Born in the West just towards man, according to the scholiast on Indies, he was sent to his friends in Scotland Euripides (Hecuba, 788); TO Mèv apòs beoùs éĘ åv- , while a very young infant. His mother remained θρώπων γενόμενον, όσιον καλούμεν, το δε προς ανθρώπους in the colony, married a second husband, and δίκαιον. . The Hebrew word corresponding with, when a widow a second time, returned to her dixulos is p?y, tsedek, which gives name to the native country. At her request, by letter, Mr. Sadducees, whilst 7'07, chasid, corresponding with Dauney went with his wife to Greenock to receive Solos, supplies the name Dizon, Chasidim, to the his mother on her landing; and a tender recognimore pious and devotional of the modern Jews. tion between these long-divided relatives took
R. C. In heathen writers őrios often occurs, but in the place on the quay. New Testament seldom; on the contrary, árlos Thomas CHAPMAN (1st S. xi. 325; 3rd S. iv. often occurs in the Septuagint, New Testament, 425.) – The person to whom John Hawkins dediand Fathers, but seldom in the classic writers. cated his MS. Life of Henry Prince of Wales The word áyuos does not mean pious, except by may have been Thomas Chapman of Hitchin, who implication, but dedicated, or devoted to good or flourished, 1619, and is with great probability evil, and chietly to good: it includes the notion of conjectured to have been a brother of George awe, from ayos, and äyvos, whence it is derived in Chapman the poet. As to him see Green's Cal
. Greek; its equivalent in Hebrew is wmp, kadosh. Dom. State Papers, James I., i. 495 ; Chapman's I have sought for a derivation of both words in Odysseys of Homer, ed. Hooper; Introd. xii. xiii. Sanscrit, but unsatisfactorily. In Greek Souos may
C. H. & THOMPSON COOPER. be equivalent to 8 sios, divine, as Iids Bouah (Sibyl) Cambridge. is equal to Διός βουλή. In the few passages of the New Testament | asks for information respecting it, will write to
JAMAICA (3rd S. iv. 48.)- If Mr. Dillon, who where öglos occurs, there is no difficulty, except in me, I may be able to render him some aid; as the use of ora in the sense of mercies (Acts xiii
. my family has been connected with that island 34), which arises from the word TOT?, chesed, mean nearly one hundred and seventy years. ing merciful as well as pious ; it is a quotation
R. C. H. HOTCHKIN. from the Septuagint of Isaiah (lv. 3).
Thimbleby Rectory, Horncastle. The word ayos in the New Testament, being
GANYMEDE (3rd S. iv. 411.) – Your corresponused in reference to the service of God, is translated holy (from the Saxon and German), or saint dent's conjecture is right, the lines in his MS. (from the French and Latin), both words having
are Wither's, and occur in the Emblems, London, the same meaning, but holy is applicable to per
1635, folio, p. 156. Some of the MS. words sons and things, saint to persons only,
are incorrect : "husbands ” should be harbours; T. J. BUCKTON. “ blood," flood; “ make seeme," make her seeme.
EIRIONNACH. SCOTTISH (3rd S. iv. 454.) - Francis Horner,
FEMALE Fools (3rd S. iv. 453.) - Jane the Fool who came to England from Scotland to acquire is certainly an historical personage, as will be the language, does not appear to have used the abundantly shown by the ensuing extracts from word Scottish, but Scotch, as he speaks of Scotch the Privy Purse Expenses of Princess (afterwards inflexion (Memoirs, i. 17), a Scotch lawyer (id. i. 86), Scotch parliamentary reform (id. ii. 46), and Queen) Mary, whose “ fool” she was : Scotch girls (ii. 125). Nevertheless, his tutor, the
" Itm, geuen to one Hogman kep of Jane the fole
ijs Rev. John Hewlett, author of Notes to the Bible,
Itin, payed for housen and shoes to Jane the fole xxd speaks of Scottish accent (id, i. 41), Scotch accent Itī, payed for a gowne for Jane the fole (i. 43), and Scottish pronunciation (i. 43); and Itu, for shaving of Jane the fooles hedde - jiija." his friend Dr. Parr writes of Scottish learning, and There are various other items; and in the index Scottish science (ii. 433).
T. J. BUCKTOX.
to the same book_(p. 241), A. J. M. will find furMOTHER AND SON (3rd S. iv. 450.) — The men
ther notices of Jane the Fool. Sir F. Madden tion of the case of the half-brother of West the there says, “ The instances in which a female was painter being seen by his father for the first time
so employed seem to have been very rare."
HERMENTRUDE. when the former was fifty years of age, recals to me a curious circumstance of the like kind connected In Mr. Joseph Robertson's admirable Preface with the history of my friend Mr. William Dau- to the Inventories of Mary Queen of Scols, being ney, advocate, author of a work on Ancient Scottish catalogues of her jewels
, dresses, furniture, books, Níelodies, published in Edinburgh in 1838. (Mr. and paintings, just issued for the Bannatyne Club, Dauney died soon after in Demerara.) This there are notices of “Nichola, or La Jardinière,” amiable and accomplished man informed me that whom the Queen brought with her from France,
in August, 1561, and of other female “fules,” generally receives a small portion from his emmaintained at court, viz., — Janet Musche, 1562; ployer : 'in that sense it might be called “ted" Conny,” 1565; and Jane Colquhoun, 1567. (Wright).
S. REDMOND. N. C. Liverpool. Allow me to draw your correspondent, A. J. M.'s
When I was a boy, an old Berkshire man, with attention to a female fool of considerable antiquity. whom I used to make hay, always used the word Jeremy Taylor, in his Life of Christ, Part i. Section 3, Discourse 1., ." On the Duty of Nursing that of shaking the grass out from the swathe.
tedding" for the first operation in the process, Children,” makes incidental mention of Harpaste, Those who love the associations of hay-time will Seneca's wife's fool.
readily support me in holding that this was the Aubrey's STAFFORDSHIRE Ghost STORY (3rd S. stage of haymaking at which the smell of the iv. 395.) — This identical story is told, more cir- grass (then most delicious of all) dwelt in the cumstantially and with some variations, of Samuel fancy of Milton.
C. G. P. Wallace of Stamford in Lincolnshire. The strange Old Man, with " coat and hose of a purple colour," iv. 437.)—I offer my best thanks to Vebna for
Modern CORRUPTIONS: “RELIABLE" (3rd S. knocked at his door on Whitsunday, 1659, and asked for a cup of small beer ; prescribed for his denouncing the word “reliable” as vile ; and I consumption, and foretold his cure in twelve days, heartily wish that it could be altogether scouted which was verified by the event. The particulars and banished. Its irregular formation, and utter were taken by " Mr. Laurence Wise, minister of superfluousness ought to discredit it with all who the gospel,” from Wallace's own mouth. The study correct language. The word rely is always story is quoted by Mrs. Howitt in the appendix to followed by the preposition upon; therefore if an Ennemoser, vol. ii. p. 385, from a book called Noc- adjective is to be formed from it, we should say turnal Revels, the author and date of which are not relyuponable ; but such a word as reliable ought given. Query, is the above version of the story to mean, disposed to rely upon; and can only be noticed in the last edition of Aubrey's Miscellanies, applied properly to a person who is apt, or inpublished a few years ago by Mr. J. Russell sion of language to use it in the sense of any
clined to rely upon others. It is a gross perverSmith ?
thing to be relied upon. But we have no need of Tedden Grass (3rd S. iv. 430.) — The mean- any such clumsily constructed and monstrous ining of this phrase at the present day is certainly novation. Our language abounds with words exthat laid down by Richardson, "grass spread pressive of the meaning to which this vile comabroad," not hay in cocks. If the noun “ tod” is pound has been so lamentably applied. We can derived from the verb “ted,” it can hardly mean use in the same sense a host of legitimate expresa cock of hay. There is no reason, I think, to sions. We can proclaim a person, or a source of suppose that Milton meant by “tedded grass," information, to be trusty, credible, veracious, auhay in heaps. There seems a special fitness in thentic, respectable, undeniable, indisputable, unthe expression,“ smell of tedded grass,” for we all doubted, incontrovertible; or we can say that know that hay gives off much more perfume either is worthy of credit, to be fully depended when it is lying out than when it is in cocks, so upon, to be received without hesitation, and so much larger a surface being exposed. The phrase forth. What need, then, of resorting to a new “ tedded hay” is used by Coleridge in a short word, and above all
, to one so loosely constructed poem, entitled “The Keepsake:".
and wrongly applied ? One is grieved to see this “ The tedded hay and corn-sheares in our field,
vile word constantly occurring in the columns of Show summer gone ere come.”
a paper like The Times, and in a respectable This use of the word seems to favour A. A.'s literary journal like The Athenæum. In the very suggestion that it is used poetically, but mis- last number of the latter, for Nov. 28, in an takenly, for hay in cocks. ALFRED AINGER.
account of a certain writer, we find the following: Alrewas, Lichtield.
“Of his antecedents few are reliable." What
could have possessed a reviewer for a standard I know that in all parts of Ireland, and in many literary journal to prefer so odious an expression parts of England, the term “to ted” means to shake out or spread the grass after the mower, man's antecedents were to be relied upon, or de
to saying in legitimate English, that few of the and for this operation, in fine weather, boys, girls, pended upon ? But I suppose we shall next have or women followed the mower with iron or wooden just as good a word manufactured from the last forks to toss out the grass to dry. The mower is mentioned, and be told that few of a man's anteconsidered a superior sort of workman, and in cedents are dependable.
F. C. H. Ireland obtains better wages and food than ordinary field labourers; and in case he possesses a Curious CircuMSTANCE (3rd S. iv. 409.) - It cow, but not sufficient hay for winter use, he might well be imagined that a parallel case to that
extracted by Mr. G. F. CHAMBERS from the Eng- in this country, notwithstanding the prominent lish Churchman could scarcely be found, of six mention of the idolatrous worship of that heathen brothers meeting together, four of them being deity in the New Testament. clergymen, and all assisting in the church service
THOMAS E. WINNINGTON. on a Sunday morning. But I can relate a case, not Stanford Court, Worcester. merely parallel
, but much more extraordinary, PHRASES (3rd S. iii. 70.)which occurred forty-one years ago in a Catholic
“ Touched by thy pen, conserve to pickle turns," family. There were six brothers, and five of them is probably suggested by priests. The youngest of the five, Rev.James Jones,
Unguentum fuerat, quod onyx modo parva gerebat; was ordained priest by Bishop Milner on the 31st
Olfecit postquam Papilus, ecce garum est.” of May, being the Saturday before Trinity Sun
Martialis Epig. lib. vii. ep. 94. day, in the year 1822, at Oscott College. On the
H. B. C. 13th of June, the Octave Day of Corpus Christi, U. U. Club. the whole family assembled in the Catholic chapel INCONGRUOUS SIGNS (3rd S. iv. 449.)—A soluat Long Birch, near Wolverhampton, where the tion similar to that proposed by your correspondent third brother, the Rev. Samuel Jones, was the A. A. will be found in No. 28 of Addison's Spectapastor. Besides the six brothers, there were present tor :also their respected mother, and their sister, Miss Sarah Jones. A solemn high mass was then cele- it is usual for a young
tradesman, at his first setting up,
“I must, however, observe to you on this subject, that brated entirely by this pious family. The newly- to add to his own sign that of the master whom he ordained priest, James, sung his first mass on the served; as the husband, after marriage, gives a place to occasion, —bis two brothers William and Charles his mistress's arms in his own Coat. This I take to have officiating respectively as deacon and subdeacon. given rise to many of those absurdities which are comWilliam, the eldest brother, preached an impres- sioned the three Nuns and a Hare, which we see so sive and appropriate sermon, chiefly addressed to frequently joined together.” the new priest. The musical department was also
R. C. HEATH. filled exclusively by members of the family. The only brother who was a layman, Mr. Clement There is an account of this person in Hone's
CHARLES Price, alias Patch (3rd S. iv. 412.) Jones, played the mass and sung ; and the reverends Samuel and John Jones, with Miss Sarah, that his father also bore the Christian name of
Every-day Book, ii. 1469, wherein it is stated completed the choir. The father had died a few Charles, but which does not mention the Christian years before, but the venerable mother was pre
names of bis children. Thomas Price is said to sent with feelings much easier imagined than de
have died young, and may therefore have been scribed. It is an additionally curious fact, that of
W. H. Husk, these six brothers the only survivor is the eldest, William, who is still in excellent health in his
Rev. WILLIAM PETERS (2nd S. xii. 272, 316, eightieth year. The sister is also living, and like- 482.)-Permit me to add a few slender memowise an elder sister, Miss Ann Jones. This ac- randa I have gleaned respecting this clerical count may be fully relied upon, as all the persons painter. He was born in Yorkshire, and married mentioned in it were familiarly known to me, and
a native of that shire, a co-heiress of the Rev. the occurrence I perfectly remember. F. C. H.
John Knowsley of Burton Fleeming. In early
life Mr. Peters settled in Dublin, hoping from Christian NAMES (3rd S. iv. 369, 416.)- I can
his mother's connections, who was a Younge, to bear out CUTHBERT BEDE's assertion ecting succeed as an artist. He was disappointed, bu the prevalence of Old Testament baptismal names obtaining the living of Knipton Woolsthrop, co. in Worcestershire, having recently numbered Leicester, he settled there, and painted many amongst my establishment, at the same time, both pictures for the Duke of Rutland. His father a Job and Shadrach ; Nathan and Enoch are both was Mr. Matthew Peters of Freshwater, Isle of common in the district. Your correspondent Wight, an engineer of some celebrity. F. C. H. asserts that the clergy of the Catholic
Peter Pindar thus commences his 12th Lyric church are forbidden to tolerate names where there Ode: is nothing Christian about them, and quotes the “Dear Peters! who like Luke the Saint, ritual in his support. How then do we account,
A man of Gospel art and paint.” in a Roman Catholic country like France, for the Mr. Peters was a great friend of Alderman great prevalence of names derived from classical Boydell, though, singularly enough, both were history, such as Achille, &c. ?
affected with a constitutional infirmity that rarely Was this class of names first introduced into / permitted them to meet,-Boydell from a chest France at the close of the last century during the complaint dare not risk the cold winds of Leicesgreat Revolution, and has it since continued to tershire; Peters, from asthma, the confined atexist? The name Diana has maintained its ground mosphere of London. Perhaps some of your