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The great God says, Thou shalt have no other spirits (gods) beside me. Therefore all besides the great God are corrupt spirits (gods), deceiving and destroying mankind; they must on no account be worshipped : whoever worships the whole class of corrupt spirits (gods) offends against the commands of Heaven
The hymn saysCorrupt devils very easily delude the souls of men: If you perversely believe in them, you will at last
go down to hell. We exhort you all, brave people, to awake from
your lethargy, And early make your peace with your exalted
The third command. Thou shall not take the name of the great God in vain.
The name of the great God is Jehovah, which men must not take in vain. Whoever takes God's name in vain, and rails against Heaven, offends gainst this command.
The hymn saysOur exalted heavenly Father is infinitely honour.
able; Those who disobey and profane his name, seldom
come to a good end. If anacquainted with the true doctrine, you should
be on your guard, For those who wantonly blaspheme involve them
selves in endless crime.
The fourth command. On the seventh day, the day of worship, you should praise the great God for his goodness.
In the beginning, the great God made heaven and earth, land and sea, men and things, in six days, and having finished his works on the seventh day, he called it the day of rest (or Sabbath); therefore all the men of the world, who enjoy the blessing of the great God, should on every seventh day especially reverence and worship the great God, and praise him for his goodness.
The hymn saysAll the happiness enjoyed in the world comes from
Heaven, It is therefore reasonable that men should give
thanks and sing; At the daily morning and evening moal there
should be thanksgiving, But on the seventh day, the worship should be
The fifth command. Thou shalt honour thy father and thy mother, that thy days may be prolonged. Whoever disobeys his parents breaks this command.
The hymn saysHistory records that Shun honoured his parents
to the end of his daye, Causing them to experience the intensest pleasure
and delight : August Ileaven will abundantly reward all who
act thus, And do not disappoint the expectation of the
authors of their being.
The sixth command. Thou shalt not kill or injure men.
He who kills another kills himself, and he who injures another injures himself. Whoever does either of these breaks the above command.
The hymn saysThe whoie world is one family, and all men are
brethren, How can they be permitted to kill and destroy
one another? The outward form and the inward principle are
both conferred by Heaven, Allow every one, then, to enjoy the ease and com
fort which he desires. The seventh command. Thou shalt not commit adultery, or any thing unclean.
All the men in the world are brethren, and all the women in the world are sisters. Among the sons and daughters of the celestial hall, the males are on one side and the females on the other, and are not allowed to interinix. Should either men or women practise lewdness, they are considered outcasts, as having offended against one of the chief commands of Heaven. The casting of amorous glances, the harbouring of lustful imaginations, the smoking of foreign tobacco (opium), or the singing of libidinous songs, must all be considered as breaches of this command.
The hymn saysLust and lewdness constitute the chief transgres.
sion; Those who practise it become outcasts, and aro
the objects of pity. If you wish to enjoy the substantial happiness of
heaven, It is necessary to deny yourself and earnestly
The eighth command. Thou shalt not rob or steal.
"Riches and poverty are determined by the great God, but whosoever robs or plunders the property of others, transgresses this com. mand,
The hymn says
Much talk will in the end bring evil on the
speakers ; Rest contented with your station, however poor, It is then much better to be cautions, and regulate and do not steal.
one's own mind. Robbery and violence are low and abandoned The tenth command. Thou shalt not
practices; Those who injure others really injure themselves.
conceive a covetous desire. Let the noble-minded among you immediately
When a man looks upon the beauty of reform,
another's wife and daughters with covetous The ninth command. Thou shalt not utter
desires, or when he regards the elegance of falsehood.
another man's possessions with covetons de. All those who tell lies, and indulge in de.
sires, or when he engages in gambling, he vilish deceits, with every kind of coarse and
offends against this command. abandoned talk, offend against this com
The hymn saysiband.
In your daily conduct, do not harbour covetous
desires. The hymn says
When involved in the sea of lust, the consequences
are very serious ; Lying discourse and unfounded stories must all The above injunctions were handed down on Mount be abandoned ;
Sinai, Deceitful and wicked words are offences against And to this day the celestial commands retain all begren.
STRIKING TESTIMONY TO THE RELIGIOUS CHARACTER OF
THE CHINESE REVOLUTION. By way of supplement to the foregoing article, we have now the pleasure to present some remarkable facts elicited by Dr. Medhurst from two Chinamen-the one a deserter from the camp of the revolutionists, and the other an avowed follower of Tae-ping-Wang, and a firm believer in the Divinely-appointed character of his mission.
When it is borne in mind that these two men, though perfectly independent witnesses, testify with the most entire accordance, both of fact and sentiment, as to all they had seen and known regarding the object and proceedings of the revolutionists, and that their statements are no less in harmony with the opinions previously entertained as to the anti-idolatrous, and religious character of the movement, we are persuaded that the communications now presented will be read with no ordinary interest.
Our first extract is from the evidence of the deserter, contained in a letter from Dr. Medhurst inserted in a recent Number of the North China Herald.
"I have just fallen in with a Canton man, ceive that the man had any motive for who was for some time a follower of Tae- deceiving me, and his statements were deliping. Wang, and who left Nanking in August vered with an air of candour which carried last. His account may be considered trust. with them a conviction of his sincerity. worthy, because it corresponds in its main True or not, you have them, as nearly as points with what we know of the state of possible as he delivered them, and you may things there; and it is important, inasmuch take them for what they are worth. as it reveals certain facts with which we : “When questioned as to the religion of were not before acquainted. I do not con- the insurgents, he answered with an air of
rezeresse that they worshipped God Stang. Teraziy observed; that no work was done *e,. W e asked wzen iber dd it, te ca:12: IT except that was necessary. They teed, Every day, and prevines to eTerytbea assabled for public worship in large maal. He was then requested to repeat bas, Thea tbe knelt down to
own to prayer, and sertaz of what they said, whes be that the cess er borted them. On beine chanted the dorology, as it is found in the asked to be erborters were, be mentioned Book of Religions Precepts of Tae-pizz aboaz olers, Lai, at Nanking. He kner Wang, in such a tone ard mazner that bagaboc: baptism or the Lord's Super, aboned he was familiar with it. As he bad He was asked if he had beard much of Jesos. referred to their daily neals, he was asked He repied that be had heard his name
beber they had sudacient to eat. Abad frequently, bat he was not competent to ! arz, be replied. And whether they had deta:] what he had beard. He was then enough to wear. To which he answered, asked what was not his settled opinion; het they had pienty of clothing. He was thea Lad been for several months with Tae-pingaked bow long he had been with them; he Wang, aad for several months with the la. sad, that he had foowed them from Capton, peria ists; which now, honestly speaking, did and that his hair had goto three or four he preier? He looked round, and asked if isches long. How came it, then, he was any one was near, and whether we would asked as he had enough to eat and to wear, accuse hin. We replied there was no danger. With good instruction, and a prospect of going upon which he exclaimed, with emphasis, I to Heaven when he died, that be carpe toam for Tae-ping-Wang. Wby, then, it was leave them? Oh, be replied, a man could again asked, did he leave him? Because, by no means smoke conmon tobacco, and by said he, I had a brother among the Impe. no means opian; a man could not gamble rialists, and I wanted to see him ; in order nor drias, nos indulge his lost, por çuartel to accomplish this, I went out secretly; my nor steal; and if one did bat rail at another brusber then had my head shaved, and be got a bambooing. It was suggested that reported that I was a distressed sabject of by urgsg these as the reasons for leaving, the E:dperor, who had been deceived into he eposed himself to the suspicion that be following the insurgents. I was then taken was road of all these bad practices, and into the par of the Imperialists, and was thereby iaid himself open to jest ridicule and afraid to go back, lest I should lose my head. reproach. Os bearing this, he appeared * What an extraordinary view does the ra:ber asbared, and seered willing, if he abore present of the insurgent army! What o d, to retract his expressions. He ras a moral revolution! To induce 100,000 then asked, "bether he got any par; to Chinese, for months and years together, to which he replied, not a cosk; Do pay being give up opium, lust, and coretousness ; to dealt out to the troops from one month's end deny themselves in lawful gratifications, and, to the other. He was also asked whether what is dearer to a Chinaman's heart than he was 2. owed to enjoy the society of his life itses, to conseat to live without dollars, wife; to which he replied in the negatire; and all share and share alike, braving death ateng that the women in Sanking were all in its worst form, and persevering therein kez in a particular quarter of the city, where without flinching. There may be defective there were wbole streets of them, but that teaching among them, there may be errors Do men were allowed to approach, under pain of greater or less magnitude; but if what of death. .....
is abore detaileu be true, or the half of it, it “He was then asked whether they kept is confesedly a moral revolution, it is the the Sabbath, to which be repied that it was wonder of the age."
But we more particularly invite the attention of our readers to the nest highly interesting communication from Dr. Vedhist, also addressed to the North China Hereld of the 17th December, haring reference to the testimony of a deroted and enthusiastic disciple of the Tae-ping-Wang dynasty.
** As everything regarding the insurgents possesses a degree of interest at the present moment, I beg leave to send you the follow. ing account:
* Having obtained admission into the city of Shanghae, this afternoon, I proceeded to one of the chapels belonging to the London Missionary Society, where I commenced preaching to a large congregation, which had almost immediately gathered within the walls. I was descanting on the folly of idolatry, and urging the necessity of wore shipping the one true God, on the ground that he alone could protect his servants, while idols were things of nought; destined soon to perish out of the land—when suddenly a man stood up in the midst of the congregation and exclaimed, That is true that is true-the idols must perish, and shall perish. I am a Kwang-se man, a follower of Tae-ping-wang; we all of us worship one God (Shangte) and believe in Jesus, while we do our utmost to put down idolatry; Everywhere demolishing the temples, and destroying the idols, and exhorting the people to forsake these superstitions. When we commenced, two years ago, we were only 3000 in number, and we have marched from one end of the empire to the other, putting to flight whole armies of the mandarin troops that were sent against us. If it had not been that God was on our side we could not have thus prevailed against such overwhelming numbers; but now our troops have arrived at Teën-tsin, and we expect soon to be vic. torious over the whole empire. He then proceeded to exhort the people, in a most lively and earnest strain, to abandon idol atry, which was only worship of devils, and the perseverance in which would involve them in the misery of hell; while by giving it up, and believing in Jesus, they would obtain the salvation of their souls. As for lis, he said, we feel quite happy in the prosession of our religion, and look on the day of our death as the happiest period of our existence. When any of our number die, we never weep, but congratulate each other on the joyful occasion, because a brother is gone to glory, to enjoy all the magnificence and splendour of the heavenly world. While continuing here, we make it our business to keep the commandments, to wor.
ship God, and to exhort each other to do good; for which end we have frequent meetings for preaching and prayer. What is the use, then, he asked, of you Chinese going on to burn incense and candles and gilt paper ; which, if your idols really required it, would only show their covetous dispositions ; just like the mandarins, who seize men by the throat, and if they will not give money, squeeze them severely, but if they will, they only squeeze them gently. He went on to inveigh against the prevailing vices of his country. men, particularly opium-smoking. But you must be quick, he adds, for Tae-ping-wang is coming, and he will not allow the least infringement of his rules; no opium, no tobacco, no snuff, no wine, and no vicious indulgence of any kind. All offences against the commandments of God are punished by him with the severest rigour, while the incorrigible are beheaded-therefore repent in time.
"I could perceive, from the style of his expressions, and from his frequently quoting the books of the Tae-ping dynasty, that he was familiar with those records, and had been thorougbly trained in that school. No Chinaman, who had not been following the camp of the insurgents for a considerable time, could have spoken as he did.
“He touched also on the expense of opium-smoking, which drained their pockets and kept them poor in the midst of wealth; whilst we, he said, who never touch the drug, are not put to such expense; our master provides us with food and clothing, which is all we want, so that we are rich without money.
“I could not help being struck, also, with the appearance of the man, as he went on in this earnest strain, bold and fearless as he stood, openly denouncing the vices of the people, his countenance beaming with intelligence, his upright and manly form the very picture of health, while his voice thrilled through the crowd. They seemed petrified with amazement, their natural conscience assured them that his testimony was true, while the conviction seemed to be strong amongst them, that the two great objects of his denunciation, opium and idolatry, were both bad things, and must be given up. He spoke in intelligible Manda:
rin, with an occasional touch of the Canton or Kwang-se brogue. His modes of illus. tration were peculiar; and some of the things which he advanced were not such as Christian Missionaries are accustomed to bring forward. The impression left on my mind, however, was that a considerable amount of useful instruction was delivered, and such as would serve to promote the objects we have in view, in putting down idolatry and furthering the worship of the true God. Another thought also struck my mind, viz. : this is a class of men that can
with difficulty be controlled. They must for a time be allowed to go their own way. It may not be in every respect the way which we could approve, but it does not appear to run directly counter to our objects. In the mean time we can go on in ours, and incul. cate such truths as they may forget, or state correctly what they fail to represent aright. Tae-ping-wang may thus prove a breaker-up of our way, and prepare the people for a more just appreciation of Divine truth, as soon as we can get the sacred Scriptures freely circulated among them."
ANNIVERSARY SERVICES IN MAY, 1854.
The Directors are gratified in announcing to the Friends and Members of the
Society, that they have made the following arrangements for the ensuing Anniversary :
MONDAY EVENING, May 8th.
Weigh House CHAPEL. SERMON TO TUE Young, by the Rev. H. R. REYNOLDS, B.A., of Leeds.
To commence at Seven o'clock.
WEDNESDAY, May 10th.
THURSDAY, May 11th.
CHAIRMAN-HON. A. F. KINNAIRD, M.P.
EVENING.-ADJOURNED MEETING-FINSBURY CHAPEL.
FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 12th-instead of MONDAY, as formerly. The SACRAMENT of the Lord's SUPPER will be administered at the usual
Places of Worship in and around London.
LORD'S DAY, MAY 14th. SERMONS will be preached on behalf of the Society, at various places of
Worship in London and its Vicinity.