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endure it. The name of holiness he liketh ; and that preservation
from hell which is the consequent of it; but when he understandeth
what it is, he hath no mind of it. That holiness which should cure
his ambition and pride, and make him contented with a low condi-
tion, he doth not like: he loveth not that holiness, which would de-
prive him of his covetousness, his intemperance in pleasant meats
and drinks, his fleshly lusts, and inordinate pleasures. Nor doth he
desire that holiness should employ his soul in the love of God, and
in daily prayer, and meditating on his word, and raise him to a heav-
enly life on earth.

XIII. 1. A Christian indeed, is one that maketh God and heaven
the end, reward and motive of his life; and liveth not in the world
for any thing in the world, but for that endless happiness which the
next world only can afford. The reasons which actuate his thoughts,
and choice, and all his life, are fetched from heaven. The interest
of God and his soul as to eternity, is the ruling interest in him. As
a traveler goeth all the way, and beareth all the difficulties of it, for
the sake of the end or place that he is going to, (however he may
talk of many other matters by the way ;) so is it with a Christian ; he
knoweth nothing worthy of his life and labors, but that which he
hopeth for hereafter. This world is too sinful, and too vile and short
to be his felicity. His very trade and work in the world is to lay up
a treasure in heaven, (Matt. vi. 20.) "and to lay up a good founda-
tion against the time to come, and to lay hold on eternal life;” (1 Tim.
vi. 19.) and therefore his very heart is there, (Matt. vi. 21.) and he
is employed in seeking and setting his affections on the things above :
(Col. ii. 1-3.) and his conversation and traffic are in heaven; (Phil.
iii. 20, 21.) “ he looketh not at the things which are seen, which are
temporal, but at the things which are not seen, which are eternal :"
(2 Cor. iv. 18.) he is a stranger upon earth, and heaven is to him as
his home.

2. The weak Christian also hath the same end, and hope, and
motive; and preferreth his hopes of the life to come, before all the
wealth and pleasures of this life: but yet his thoughts of heaven are
much more strange and dull; he hath so much doubuing and fear
yet mixed with his faith and hope, that he looketh before him to his

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everlasting state, with backwardness and trouble, and with small desire and delight. He hath so much hope of heaven, as to abate his fears of hell, and make him think of eternity with more quietness than he could do, if he found himself unregenerate; but not so much as to make his thoughts of heaven so free, and sweet, and frequent, nor his desires after it so strong, as the confirmed Christian's are: and therefore his duties, and his speech of heaven, and his endeavors to obtain it, are all more languid and unconstant; and he is much more prone to fall in love with earth, and to entertain the motions of reconciliation to the world, and to have his heart too much set upon some place, or person, or thing below, and to be either delighted too much in the possession of it, or afflicted and troubled too much with the loss of it: earthly things are too much the motives of his life, and the reasons of his joys and griess: though he hath the true belief of a life to come, and it prevaileth in the main against the world, yet it is but little that he useth to the commanding, and raising, and comforting his soul, in comparison of what a strong believer doth ; Matt. xvi. 22, 23.

3. But the seeming Christian would serve God and mammon, and placeth his chief and most certain happiness practically on earth. Though speculatively he know and say that heaven is better, yet doth he not practically judge it to be so to him; and therefore he loveth the world above it, and he doth most carefully lay up a treasure on earth; (Matt. vi. 19.) and is resolved first to seek and secure his portion here below; and yet he taketh heaven for a reserve, as knowing that the world will cast him off at last, and die he must, there is no remedy; and therefore he taketh heaven as next unto the best, as his second hope, as better than hell, and will go in religion as far as he can, without the loss of his prosperity here; so that earth and flesh do govern and command the design and tenor of his life ; but heaven and his soul shall have all that they can spare ; which may be enough to make him pass with men for one eminently religious; 1 John i. 15. Matt. xii. 22. Luke xviii. 22, 23.-xiv. 24, 33. Psal. xvii. 14. Phil. iii. 18–20.

XIV. 1. A Christian indeed, is one that having taken heaven for his felicity, doth account no labor or cost too great for the obtaining

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of it. He hath nothing so dear to him in this world, which he can-
not spare and part with for God and the world to come. He doth not
only notionally know that nothing should seem too dear or hard for the
securing of our salvation; but he knoweth this practically, and is resol-
ved accordingly. Though difficulties may hinder him in particular
acts, and his executions come not up to the height of his desires
(Rom. vii. 16, 17, &c.), yet he is resolved that he will never break
terms with Christ. There is no duty so hard which he is not
willing and resolved to perform; and no sin so sweet or gainful which
he is not willing to forsake: he knoweth how unprofitable a bargain
he makes, who winneth the world, and looseth his own soul; and that
no gain can ransom his soul, or recompense him for the loss of his
salvation ; Mark viii. 36. He knoweth that it is impossible to be a
loser by God, or to purchase heaven at too dear a rate; he knoweth
that whatsoever it cost him, heaven will fully pay for all; and that it
is the worldling's labor, and not the saint's, that is repented of at last.
He marveleth more at distracted sinners, for making such a stir for
wealth, and honors, and command, than they marvel at him for ma-
king so much ado for heaven. He knoweth that this world may be
too dearly bought, but so cannot his salvation ; yea, he knoweth that
even our duty itself, is not our smallest privilege and mercy; and that
the more we do for God, the more we receive, and the greater is
our gain and honor; and that the sufferings of believers for right-
eousness sake, do not only prognosticate their joys in heaven, but
occasion here the greatest joys that any short of heaven partake of;
Matt. v. 11, 12. Rom. v. 1-3, &c. He is not one that desireth
the end without the means, and would be saved, so it may be on cheap
and easy terms; but he absolutely yieldeth to the terms of Christ,
and saith with Austin, "Da quod jubes, et jube quod vis;' *Cause
me to do what thou commandest, and command what thou wilt.'
Though Pelagius contradicted the first sentence, and the flesh the
second, yet Augustine owned both, and so doth every true believer :
he greatly complaineth of his backwardness to obey, but never com-
plaineth of the strictness of the command. He loveth the holi-
ness, justness and goodness of the laws, when he bewaileth the
unholiness and badness of his heart: he desireth not God to com-
Vol. II.


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mand him less, but desireth grace and ability to do more.

He is so far from the mind of the ungodly world, who cry out against too much holiness, and making so much ado for heaven, that he desireth even to reach to the degree of angels, and would fain have “God's will to be done on earth, as it is done in heaven;" and therefore the more desireth to be in heaven, that he may do it better; Psal. cxix. 5. Rom. vii. 24.

2. The weak Christian hath the same estimation and resolution : but when it comes to practice, as his will is less confirmed, and more corrupted and divided, so little impediments and difficulties are great temptations to him, and stop him more in the way of his obedience. All his duty is much more tedious to him, and all his sufferings are much more burdensome to him, than to confirmed Christians; and therefore he is more easily tempted into omissions and impatience, and walketh not so evenly or comfortably with God. When the spirit is willing, it yieldeth oft to the weakness of the flesh, because it is willing in too remiss a degree ; Matt. xxvi. 41. Gal. ii. 14.

3. But the seeming Christian (though notionally and generally he may approve of striciness) yet secretly at the heart hath always this reserve, that he will not serve God at too dear a rate. His worldly felicity he cannot part with, for all the hopes of the life to come ;


yet he will not, he dare not renounce and give up those hopes; and therefore he maketh himself a religion of the easiest and cheapest parts of Christianity, (among which, sometimes, the strictest opinions may fall out to be one part, so be it they be separated from the strictest practice :) and this easy, cheap religion he will needs believe to be true Christianity and godliness, and so will hope to be saved upon these terms : and though he cannot but know that it is the certain character of a hypocrite, to have any thing nearer and dearer to his heart than God, yet he hopeth that it is not so with him, because his convinced judgment can say, that God is best, and the world is vanity, while yet his heart and affections so much contradict his opinion, as almost to say, “ There is no God;" for his heart knoweth and loveth no God as God, that is, above his worldly happiness. He is resolved to do so much in religion as he findeth necessary to delude his conscience, and make himself believe that he is godly,

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and shall be saved; but when he cometh to forsake all, and take up
the cross, and practice the costliest parts of duty, then you shall see
that mammon was better loved than God, and he will go away sor-
rowful, and hope to be saved upon easier terms (Luke xviii. 23.),
for he was never resigned absolutely to God.

XV. 1. A confirmed Christian is one that taketh self-denial for
the one half of his religion; and therefore hath bestowed one half of
his endeavors to attain and exercise it. He knoweth that the fall of
man was a turning to himself from God; and that selfishness and
want of love to God, are the sum of all corruption and ungodliness;
and that the love of God and self-denial are the sum of all religion ;
and that conversion is nothing but the turning of the heart from car-
nal self to God by Christ: and therefore on this hath his care and
labor been so successfully laid out, that he hath truly and practically
found out something which is much better than himself, and to be
loved and preferred before himself, and which is to be his chief and
ultimate end. He maketh not a God of himself any more, but useth
himself for God, to fulfil his will, as a creature of his own, that hath
no other end and use : he no more preferreth himself above all the
world, but esteemeth himself a poor and despicable part of the
world, and more highly valueth the honor of God, and the welfare
of the church, and the good of many, than any interest of his own.
Though God in nature hath taught him to regard his own felicity and
to love himself, and not to seek the glory of God, and the good of
many souls in opposition to his own, yet he hath taught him to prefer
them (though in conjunction) much before his own : for reason tel-
leth him that man is nothing in comparison of God, and that we are
made by him and for him, and that the welfare of the church or public
societies, is better in order to the highest ends) than the welfare of

Selfishness in the unregenerate, is like an inflammation or imposthume, which draweth the humors from other parts of the body to itself: the interest of God and man are all swallowed up in the regard that men have to self-interest : and the love of God and our neighbor is turned into self-love. But sell is as annihilated in the confirmed Christian, so that it ruleth not his judgment, his affections, or his choice: and he that lived in and to himself, as is God and all the world were but for him, doth now live to God, as one

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