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to answer for another's debt, in elders, he answered nothing. Then case of his failure must take it en- saith Pilate unto him, Hearest thou tirely upon himself. And as the not how many things they witness creditor looks to the bondsman for against thee? And he answered payment of the debt, so God the him to never a word, insomuch that Father looked to the Lord Jesus, the governor marvelled greatly.” and exacted the payment of that Matt. xxvii. 12–14. Our Lord debt which, as the Surety of his observed the same silence before people, he was bound to discharge. Herod : 6. When Herod saw Jesus,

For this cause, then, our divine he was exceeding glad: for he Surety was oppressed and afflicted. was desirous to see him of a long The punishment which God the season, because he had heard

many Father exacted, was to satisfy his things of him; and he hoped to have divine justice, and to honour his seen some miracle done by him. holy law which had been disho- Then questioned he with him-in noured by the sins of men; and many words; but he answered notherefore Jesus was afflicted, hum- thing.” Luke, xxiii. 8, 9. And Pibled, and brought very low, to an- late expressed his astonishment at swer it. But, blessed be his name, the silence of Jesus, by saying, he did answer it even to the very Speakest thou not unto me? last farthing! He paid the whole Knowest thou not that I have debt; he perfectly obeyed the divine power to crucify thee, and have law; he fully satisfied the divine power to release thee?” 'John, justice; and in the fullest sense of xix. 10. That one who was tried the words of the Psalmist, he “ for his life should make no defence, stored that which he took not away." that he should not attempt to plead

But great as our debt was, and in his own behalf, nor make any oppressed and afflicted as Jesus request for his life, when a few was to answer it, yet he made no words perhaps spoken to Pilate or complaint; he patiently and si- Herod might have saved him from lently submitted,'" he opened not death; when they seemed even dehis mouth.” He did, indeed, com- sirous that he should speak, and plain of being forsaken by his hea- gave him opportunities for it: this venly Father, and said, My seemed to them most strange and God, my God, why hast thou for- unaccountable. Moreover, it was saken me?” Matt. xxvii. 46. For different from the conduct of his he felt what it was to answer for Apostles afterwards, for they desin; but he did not repent of his fended themselves when accused, engagement to pay the debt. He and St. Paul in particular pleaded never said, Why is this debt ex- his rights as a Roman citizen; but acted of me? Why did I under- Jesus made no attempt to plead his take to discharge it? No; "he own cause, “ he opened not his opened not his mouth.” Therefore, mouth;" for he stood there to anto all the charges which were swer for his people's debt; and if brought against him by his accu- he had pleaded his own cause, sers, he answered not å word; and theirs would have been lost for his silence seemed most unaccountable to his unjust judges, both ec- Our Lord's meekness and paclesiastical and civil. “ The high tience upon this trying occasion priest arose and said unto him, An- are described by the Prophet under swerest thou nothing? what is it a well-known and beautiful figure; which these witness against thee? “ He is brought as a lamb to the But Jesus held his peace.” Matt. slaughter; and as a sheep before xxvi. 62, 63. Again,

" when he her shearers is dumb, so he openwas accused of the chief priests and eth not his mouth.” Both these

ever.

so eateth

comparisons hold good with respect which we owe as sinners to God to the blessed Jesus.“ He is could be easily blotted out, why brought as a lamb to the slaughter." was it exacted of Jesus with such He was led as a lamb through the rigour, and why was he afflicted streets of Jerusalem to be slaugh- and oppressed when he stood tered on Mount Calvary, and this to answer it? Indeed, the subnot for any crime which he had done, ject we have been now considering but that he might be the spiritual proves, that sin is a heavy debt; food and sustenance of his believing that it is not so easily paid as the people. John, vi. 54, 55: “ Who- careless sinner supposes; nay, that

my

Hesh and drinketh my it could never have been paid, had blood (saith our Lord) hath eternal not Jesus himself discharged it. It life, and I will raise him up at the is calculated, under the teaching of last day. For my flesh is meat in- the Holy Spirit, to produce in the deed, and my blood is drink in- heart deep convictious of sin, faith deed.” Again, a sheep is shorn in Christ as the sinner's surety, for the sake of its wool, that it and an earnest desire to flee from may be made into clothing for the the wrath to come. It says, in use of man. Thus the Saviour was the solemn language of our Lord, deprived for a time of his glory, “ Agree with thine adversary that naked souls might be clothed quickly, whiles thou art in the way with the robe of his righteousness. with him ; lest at any time the adAnd“ as a sheep before her shearers versary deliver thee to the judge, is dumb," while its fleece is taken and the judge deliver thee to the from it; so Jesus meekly and qui- officers, and thou be cast into prison. etly submitted to be stripped of his Verily I say unto thee, thou shalt honour, and to be put to shame and by no means come out thence, till contempt, without uttering a word thou hast paid the uttermost farof complaint. Neither the insults thing.” Matt. v. 26, 27. For, if any which were cast upon him, nor the man goes into the eternal world with cruelty with which he was treated, his debt of sin unpaid, it will stand could provoke him to speak un- against him for ever and ever. advisedly with his lips. In all But believers may derive much this, he hath left us an example of consolation from this subject. Is perfect meekness and patience their debt heavy? Jesus has anunder the greatest insults and pro- swered it, for he was oppressed vocations; “ For this is thank- and afflicted to make satisfaction worthy, if a man for conscience to- to God for their sins. When, therewards God endure grief, suffering fore, they feel the weight of their wrongfully. For what glory is it, sins pressing on their minds and if, when ye be buffeted for your weighing down their spirits, let faults, ye shall take it patiently? them look to the Saviour, and conBut if when ye do well, and suffer sider how fully he has satisfied the for it, ye take it patiently; this is divine justice; and as it would not acceptable with God. For even be just in man to demand payment hereunto were ye

called; because of a debt which has been already Christ also suffered for us, leaving discharged, we may be sure that us an example that ye should fol- God will never require the debt of low his steps.” 1 Pet. ii. 19-21. the penitent sinner who believes in

Here also we may learn how Jesus; but, “ if we confess our great is the sinner's debt to God, sins, he is faithful and just to forand how awful the evil of sin. give us our sins, and to cleanse us If sin is a trifle, or if the debt from all unrighteousness.”

LITOREUS.

DEATH OF DR. JENNER. This distinguished individual, to tain latitudes, or rage only during whom our country and the world particular seasons; but time nor at large are, under divine Provi- place restrained the all-devouring dence, so deeply indebted for the enemy which it was his aim to discovery of vaccination, departed subdue. There is reason to bethis life, at Berkeley, in Glouces- lieve, that small-pox has existed tershire, on the 26th of January in the East, especially in China last, after a very short illness, in and Hindostan, for several thouthe seventy-fourth year of his age. sand years. It did not visit the The event was so judiciously no- more western nations till towards ticed in the Gloucester Journal, that the middle of the sixth century: it we cheerfully comply with the wish then broke out near Mecca, immeof a valued correspondent by in- diately before the birth of Maserting the following extract. Re- homet. It was afterwards graduferring to a brief notice in a former ally diffused over the whole of the paper, that Journal proceeds: old world, and was finally trans

- The suddenness of this cala- ported to the new, shortly after the mitous event rendered it impos- death of Columbus. sible for us to dwell upon it, in our “ In the British islands alone, it last publication, as the occasion has been computed that forty thourequired. We now recur to it, not sand individuals perished annually with the hope of adding honour to by this disease! It killed one in the name of Dr. Jenner-a name fourteen of all that were born, and far beyond our praise—but briefly one in six of all that were attacked to recount some few results of his by it in the natural way. The inmost beneficent exertions in the troduction of inoculation for smallcause of humanity, and to dwell pox was productive of great befor a short space on the peculiar nefit to all who submitted to the and endearing qualities of his do- operation ; but though it augmented mestic life; which, when viewed the individual security, it is a wellin conjunction with the vastness of ascertained fact, that it added to his renown and the magnitude of the general mortality, by multihis influence, form altogether a pic- plying the sources of contagion, ture of individual character, unex- and thereby increasing the number ampled perhaps in the history of of those who became affected with any age or nation.

the natural distemper. « There is something in the pro

“ All who have not yet duly apgress of the discovery of vaccina- preciated the benefits which vaction, so indicative of the surpassing cination has conferred on mankind, genius and sagacity of the author, may do well to meditate for a and, in its final developement and while on this picture. Let them promulgation, so much that be- look on the soathsomeness and tokens the humility, the benevo- dangers of small-pox in its most lence, and the disinterestedness of mitigated form; let them consider, his nature, that we cannot but re- that this disease has been banished gard him as one of those highly fa- from some countries, and, with voured individuals whom it pleases due care, might be eradicated from Providence now and then to select, all: let them remember, that, notas the medium through which relief withstanding prejudices, carelessis vouchsafed to the miseries of ness, and ignorance, millions now mankind.

live who, but for vaccination, “ The plague which he essayed would have been in their graves; to stay was universal in its ravages. let them think on these things, and Other scourges are confined to cer- say, what ought to be our feelings

sons.

towards him who has been the ho- ness, his willingness to listen to noured instrument of so much good. every tale of distress, and the open

“ To have anticipated such re- handed munificence with which he sults from human agency, would administered to the wants and neat no remote period have been con- cessities of those around him, can sidered the most chimerical of all never be forgotten by any who have imaginations. We have, never- been guided and consoled by his theless, seen them realized. The affectionate counsel, or cherished time in which they occurred, will and relieved by his unbounded for ever be marked as an epoch in charity. His sympathy for sufferthe physical history of man; and ing worth, or genius lost in obEngland, with all her glories, may scurity, was ever alive; and no inwell rejoice that she has to number dication of talent or ingenuity, no JENNER among her

effort of intellect, ever met his eye “ The meekness, gentleness, and without gaining his notice, and callsimplicity of his demeanor, formed ing forth, on numberless occasions, a most striking contrast to the self- his substantial aid and assistance. esteem which might have arisen “ He was not less generous in from the great and splendid conse- pouring forth the treasures of his quences of his discovery. He was mind. A long life spent in the thankful and grateful for them in constant study of all the subjects of his heart; but to pride and vain- natural history, had stored it with glory he seemed to be an utter great variety of knowledge.--Here stranger. On a recent interesting the originality of his views, and occasion, a short time before his the felicity and playfulness of his death, the following were among illustrations, and the acuteness of the last words that he ever spoke his remarks, imparted a character to the writer of these lines. The of genius to his commonest actions nature of his services to his fellow- and conversations, which could not creatures had been the subject of escape the mostinattentive observer. conversation: I do not marvel,' “ It were a just and gratifying he observed, that men are not duty to dwell at greater length on grateful to me; but I am surprised, these and other kindred qualities; that they do not feel gratitude to but the present occasion suits not God for making me a medium of for such a purpose; and we have good.' No one could see him only now to mention the last public without perceiving that this was act of his life, which, in a manner the habitual frame of his mind. particularly interesting, harmonizes Without it, it never could have with his previous efforts in behalf of been, that in his most retired mo- his fellow-creatures. He attended ments, and in his intercourse with a meeting convened on the 19th of the great and exalted of the earth, December last, at Berkeley, for he invariably exhibited the same forming a Bible Society, and uprightness of conduct, singleness moved the first resolution. It of purpose, and unceasing earnest- was a sight singularly gratifying ness to promote the welfare of his to behold a venerable individual, species, to the total exclusion of all whose life had been spent in sucselfish and personal considerations. cessfully devising means to extinThese qualities particularly arrest- guish a fatal and pestilential bodily ed the attention of the many dis- disease, thus putting his hand to tinguished foreigners who came to the work which has been gravisit him; and they were not less ciously designed for arresting the the cause of satisfaction and de- moral pestilence that desolates so light to his most intimate friends. great a portion of the earth, and

“ His condescension, his kind- for the healing of the nations."

REVIEW OF BOOKS. Travels in South Africa, under- mille Colonnes, than in a London :

taken at the Request of the Lon- hotel; by the Lake of Lausanne, don Missionary Society; being a than by Ulsmere water; in the Narrative of a second Journey in aisles of St. Peter's, than in those the Interior of that Country. By

of St. Paul's; while some of the the Rev. John Campbell.

With more adventurous of our countrya Map and coloured Prints. men took a sail down the Nile, 2 Vols. 8vo. pp. 706. Westley. formed a party in the valley of 1822.

Tempé, looked down on Athens To assert, that a love of foreign from the height of the Acropolis, travel is an element of the English or bargained for a temporary socharacter in its higher walk, would journ in an uncomfortable cabin at perhaps be to generalize without Jerusalem. sufficient warrant. It may, how- Meanwhile, in this mass of ever, be declared, that the multi- moving intelligence, small indeed tude of voyagers and itinerants, was the portion which took a diwho leave the shores of their own rection conducive to the best intehappy island at every favourable rests of man as an immortal being. juncture for emigration, argues a Of the sums expended, and letters propensity most deeply seated in of credit exhausted, few indeed the national mind, and one that has were the pounds devoted to the acbeen increasing from the age of quisition of new light on the subject Elizabeth down to that of George of our common faith, or to the the Fourth.

spread of that Gospel on which But never was the rein given so depends all our hope of salvation. freely to this propensity, as during On the contrary, licentious modes the space which has intervened of thinking, and infidel notions in since the termination of the last religion, not unattended with moral conflict with our grand political ad- laxity, have been imported, to the versary. Scientific research, com- grief, it is to be feared, many mercial speculation, scholastic in- sober families. As Christian Guarvestigation, economical endeavour, dians, we mourn over the waste of professional rivalry, but, above all, so much talent and power. We pleasure-taking curiosity, burst have been cheered indeed by the forth at the settlement of the treaty exertions of the accredited agents of Paris; and, like so many cur- of our religious societies, and of rents which had been long confined, those independent and benevolent joined in a mighty rush, as soon as philanthropists who have not merethe touch of the magic wand of jy travelled for the purpose of selfpeace opened a sluice for their libe- gratification, but have had in view ration, and inundated with British the benefit of their fellow-creavisitors the choicest spots of France tures; of pious characters distriand Italy. The movement was so buting tracts, or sowing the seed great and extensive as to exceed all of life, wherever an opportunity precomparison with former instances. sented itself; of the design to erect It excited little more surprise to a Protestant chapel at Nice, and encounter an acquaintance in the other religious undertakings. We gardens of the Thuilleries than in

were glad also to see that some the park of St. James's; in the cata- thoughtful persons at home were combs of Paris, than in the Peak alive to the dangers that existed, of Derbyshire; in the apartments and the evils that might result from of the Louvre, than in the Shake- the abuse of foreign travel; and speare gallery; in the Caffé des that such respectable writers as MARCH 1823.

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