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full of grace as the Apostle Paul, bled the College of Cardinals, to how can our divines maintain that prepare a sentence against the Rethere is no sin in good works? former with due deliberation, and They call it simply infirmity, which consulted the ablest canonists as to is unscriptural. To speak truly, its form and expression. At length, every believer feels a continual on the 15th of June 1520, a bull conflict between the flesh and the was issued, in which His Holiness spirit as long as he lives; and, having called on Christ, St. Peter therefore, in the best actions there and St. Paul, and other saints, to is a mixture of the effects of the avert the dangers which menacéd flesh. Wherefore, what know- the church, complained that there ledge other persons may have de- was now risen a doctrine, which rived from the theology of the not only revived all those opinions schools, is their own concern; for which had been formerly condemnmyself, I must declare, 'that I ed as heretical, but also contained
learnt from it nothing of the real new and most pernicious errors; 'nature of sin, of righteousness, of said, that he was grieved at the baptism, or of the whole Christian appearance of such doctrine in so profession; nor any thing of the loyal and religious a country as excellency of God, his works, Germany, distinguished as it was his grace, or his justice. Faith, by its zeal for the Catholic cause hope, and charity, were to me against Bohemians and Hussites; words without meaning. In short, granted, that some universities had I not only learnt nothing right, but exhibited a truly primitive spirit; I had to unlearn every thing which but observed, that as the care of I had acquired in that way. I the church at large had been comshall be much surprised, if others mitted to him, he could no longer have succeeded better ; but should neglect his duty. He then repeatthere be any such, I sincerely con- ed Luther's tenets, informing the gratulate them. In the schools I world that he had submitted them lost Jesus Christ; in St. Paul I to the College of Cardinals, who have found him.”
all agreed that they ought to be Understanding that the court of rejected, as derogating from the Saxony began to be troubled as to authority of councils, fathers, and the consequence of that rupture even the church itself. Therefore, with the Holy See, which now with their advice and consent, he seemed to be inevitable, he enter- condemned the whole sum of doctained some thoughts of retiring trines; and, by virtue of his suinto Bohemia, not for the sake of premacy, commanded all persons, screening himself from any perse- under the severest penalties, to cution which might be intended by yield obedience to his decree by his enemies, but from that delicate renouncing those opinions which and honourable desire which he al- are censured in it; exhorting all ways felt, of avoiding occasion of magistrates to oppose the growth of injury to his friends. Sir Francis this heresy, and ordering a general Seckingen, Sir Ulric Hutten, and conflagration of Luther's works. Sylvester of Scaunberg, a noble He then related the clemency with Franconian, offered him any asy- which he had behaved towards lum he might require, entreating him, admonishing him by his lehim not to flee into the Bohemian gates, and inviting him to come territory, but to come into Franco- and answer for himself at Rome; nia, and promising a guard of a but censured his obstinacy in aphundred horse.
pealing to a general council. He Urged by his pernicious counsel- forbad bim to preach, and allowed lors, the Pontiff' frequently assem- sixty days, within which he should recant. If he nevertheless conti- accordingly obtained leave of the nued incorrigible, he condemned Emperor to burn the writings of him as a heretic, ordered him to the Professor, and followed that be punished, excommunicated him, monarch after his coronation from and commanded all men to avoid city to city, filling the Netherlands his company under a similar pe- with the smoke and flames of innalty.
numerable books and papers, and Eccius bore this bull in triumph threatening all ranks and orders to Germany, with injunctions to the with the vengeance of the Pope. Elector of Saxony and the Univer- The decree, however, met with a sity of Wittenberg to provide for very different reception in those its publication. Frederick had re- places where the sentiments of the cently assisted at the coronation of Reformer had gained ground. the Emperor at Aix-la-Chapelle, Even at Leipsic, Eccius experiand had retreated to Cologne, enced a violent opposition to the where he was confined with sick- promulgation of the bull; and at ness. There he was waited on by Erfurt it was forcibly taken from Caraccioli and Aleander, two Pa- him by the young students, who pal messengers, requiring, that he armed themselves for the purpose, would cause all Luther's books to besieged his lodging, and having be burnt; and that he would either obtained the obnoxious document, put the author of them to death, or tore it in pieces, and threw the fragimprison him till he should be sent ments into the river. Soon after, to Rome. The Elector's answer Sir Ulric Hutten published a copy was firm and dignified. He ex with severe marginal observations. pressed his surprise, that the Pon- As to Luther himself, he thus tiff should require him to act so wrote to Spalatinus ; “ Eccius has violent a part; that neither his bro- brought the Roman bull: and many ther John nor himself would coun- are the letters sent to the Pope tenance Luther in doing, saying, or about it : for my own part, I despise writing aught unworthy a Christian it as impious and false, and Ecdivine; that he had caused him to cius all over! Christ himself is meet Cajetan at Augsburg; that condemned in it: and without althe Archbishop of Treves had been leging any reason, I am called, appointed to try this cause; and not to a hearing but a recantation; that Luther would not have refused plainly showing their rage, blindto appear before him under safe ness, and folly, who see not, neiconduct; that his works had not ther understand. I shall affect to been examined by enlightened and treat it as a forgery, though it is unprejudiced judges; but that plain enough from what quarter it should he be condemned on scrip comes. I send you a copy, that tural grounds, and after a fair hear- you may see what monsters these ing, he would not as his sovereign Romanists are, who would destroy protect him; though even in that both our faith and the church. Yet case he hoped His Holiness would I cordially rejoice to suffer these not require him to proceed in a dis- injuries for the best of causes, unhonourable manner. The agents worthy as I am to undergo this replied, that the Pope had used holy trial. I feel myself now more every means to reclaim Luther, who at liberty, since I am convinced had kept none of his promises ; that that the Pontiff is Antichrist, and the commission of the Archbishop his seat the seat of Satan. My had been superseded; and that as only prayer is, that God would the Pope had taken the affair into preserve his own people from behis own hands, they could not but ing seduced by his most impious follow his commands. Aleander dissimulation. Erasmus writes me word, that the Emperor's court is to the eastern gate of Wittenberg, filled with needy creatures and ob attended by the professors and sequious tyrants, so that there is students, and a great concourse of no hope in Charles. No wonder! citizens, caused a pile of wood to Trust not in princes, or in any child be kindled, and committed to the of man, for there is no help in them." fames the bull of excommunica
This letter was written on the tion, the decrees of the Popes, 13th of October, at which time he and the writings of his antagonists, was undetermined, whether to take crying with a loud voice,“ Beactive measures in opposition, or cause thou hast troubled the sancsuffer the affair to pass off in si- tuary of the Lord, let eternal fire lence. He soon perceived the ne- trouble thee!” The next day he cessity of deciding in favour of the ascended the pulpit, and termiformer alternative. After renew- nated an exposition from the Psaling his appeal to a general council, ter by observing, “ The conflagrain which he boldly stigmatized the tion of yesterday is a matter of Pope as a tyrannical judge, a hard- small importance. It would be to ened heretic, an Antichristian op- more purpose, were the Pope himposer of Scripture, and a blas- self, or rather the see of Rome, phemous despiser of God's holy cast into the fire! As you value church, he issued animadversions the salvation of your souls, take on “ the execrable bull of Anti- beed of the Pontifical decrees !” christ;" defended those religious He then published an apology, dearticles which had been condemn- claring that he was bound to preed; and moreover exhorted all vent the diffusion of false doctrine. Christian princes to shake off the “On this account, under guidance ignominious yoke of the Church of of the Spirit, as I trust, I burnt the Rome. He repeated some argu- bull; and, convinced that the Pope ments used in his “ Captivity of is the Man of Sin, I have reBabylon," a work which had made nounced his authority, and I am its appearance in August, in which ready to be offered up for the doche affirmed Papacy to be the king- trines I glory in proclaiming!” He dom of Babylon, and denied, that extracted thirty propositions mainconfirmation, ordination, marriage, taining the supremacy and infalliand extreme unction, were sacra- bility of the Pontiff from the canon mental.
law, and concluded by citing Rev. But whatever effect his exhortaxii. 6: “Reward her even as she tions might have on others, he re- rewarded you, and double unto her solved by a decisive act to pro- according to her works: in the cup claim his personal separation from which she hath filled, fill to her an impure communion. Early on double.” the 10th of December, he repaired
[To be continued.]
TO THE MEMORY OF MISS COVELL,
WHO DIED AT TENBY IN JANUARY LAST; A voung Lady of rare and solid Piety, of genuine Benevolence and Usefulnes.
and whose Death, after an Illness of four Days, is deeply regretted by her Family, her Friends, and the Poor of her Neighbourhood.
On themes of pleasant, or eventful kind,
Oft have I aimed to weave the mystic song;
But never yet before
Did I attempt to pour
Ah! few have been the number of my days,
And happiness has marked their tranquil flight;
The clouds of woe arise,
They darken o'er the skies ;
Thus had I deemed that age could moralize,
Thus had I deemed that I could inourn for age,
That, in life's happy bloom,
Death should such hopes consume,
Ah, Mary! bright wert thou in youthfal prime,
Nor bright alone to outward seeming thou;
And set their steadfast eye
On realms beyond the sky,
Short seems the time, when last on Cambria's shore
With me thou stoodst beside the briny wave:
Should that dear form become,
That friendly voice be dumb,
But is the silent tomb tby drear sojourn ?
For this did fell disease so rapidly
No: thou art now a bright
Inhabitant of light,
Of nature, with its last, its conquering foe,
Now mayest thou look down,
With angel pity, on
Yes, thou must pity us; the selfish thought,
That fain would keep thee from thy Father's face ;
The mournful feeling still,
With never-ceasing thrill,
These must thou pity; but the certainty,
Without a veil that thou dost view the brightness
Shall bid our grief be gone,
And lead us gently on
E. LL. MAY 1823.
ON THE APPROACHING ANNIVERSARIES. SIR,
ries ! Nor are those in different parts The season is now approach- of the empire much behind them. ing in which the anniversaries of They are like the conduits which our religious societies are to be receive the full stream, and convey held in London, and be followed the water to each part of the garby auxiliary meetings in different den. Those who cannot conveparts of the country. While these niently reach the metropolis, there institutions are publicly acknow- receive the same excitements. If ledging their need of special assist these assemblies are but reflected ance from on high, it will not, we upon for a moment, it will be found · trust, be deemed intrusive to re-, that they command an interest in mind your readers of the import- our fervent prayers. ance of earnest prayer for the spe- The servants of God also, who cial influences of the Holy Spirit take an active part in these meeton their assemblies. This subject ings, are placed in circumstances was adverted to previous to the last which call forth our affectionate anniversaries. But it has been well sympathy. They are called upon to observed, that it is not by the pre- benefit others at the very moment senting new theories, but by a de- that necessarily, placed upon the vout attention to well-known truths, pinnacle, they are themselves the that the cause of God advances. subject of peculiar temptation. Let, then, Christians remember the What need have they of a single nature of these meetings. Though eye and a simple heart! what need branched out into different socie- of prayer and watchfulness, of heaties, they have all one object--to venly wisdom and holy love, that assist in promoting the glory of they may edify others without inGod, the advancement of the king- jury to themselves ! Surely, then, dom of his Son, and the salvation their circumstances call for fervent of immortal souls.
supplication, that for the gift beThe metropolis at these seasons stowed upon them in answer to the resembles Jerusalem of old at their prayers of many, thanks may be holy festivals. Ministers from all given by many on their account. parts come to our meetings seeking It is encouraging to know, that spiritual refreshment, and desiring since the last annual meetings a to return filled with love to God, considerable addition has been and zeal in his service. Many of made to those Christians who in our nobility and gentry take these their families, and in secret, pray for opportunities of observing the plans the general outpouring of the Holy and the spirit of our societies. Spirit. To their prayers we particuThe brotherly kindness, the gene- larly recommend theanniversaries of ral good-will and universal benevo- our religious societies. With what lence, these meetings present, may hope will the servants of God go convince them, by the divine bless- forth when they consider, that they ing, of the reality of the Christian's are borne up by the intercessions of hope. They may not only approve, the faithful; and with what animation but cordially unite in these objects. will Christians in general assemble Our youth, also, here may receive when they reflect, that previous some of their most interesting im- supplications are likely to bring pressions, and learn from what down showers of blessings! they see and hear, that “ Wisdom's “ Pray for the peace of Jerusaways are ways of pleasantness, lem; they shall prosper that love and all her paths are peace.” How thee.” important then are these anniversa