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This petition was presented to the House of age had been induced by her relations to of Commons, June 18, by F. Buxton, Esq., ascend the funeral pile, and after remain-.
Mr. Baxton stated, that he had a petition ing upon it for a short time, her agonies, to present from a most respectable meeting became so great, that she effected ber escape of the county of Bedford, signed by 2400;- from it., She was brought back by her re-, persons, praying the House to interferes to lations, and again placed upon the pile. She prevent the practice of burning widows, in: escaped a second time, and ran to a waterIndia. When it was known, not from course, but her relatious pursued ber, and vague reports, but official documents, that . bipding her ip in & sheet, placed her a third 840 persons were burned annually in our time upon the pile.,, She escaped a third Indian possessions, surely some i attention time, and then one of the surrounding specwas due to the subject on the part of tators seized her and cut her throate, Ano the House. These exhibitions were ac- ther opportunity would occur, of bringing companied with circumstances of the most this subject more fully under the considerarevolting cruelty. The son set fire to the tion of the House; and he would only add pile which consumed his mother, and the -at present, that no danger could possibly agonies of the expiring victim were the arise from prohibitiog this practice altogesubject of' indecent jocularity and brutal ther. It had already been prohibited by, métriment. Often, from the poverty of the every European Government possessing any parties, the fuel was insufficient, and the territory in India by, the French, the half-consumed victim' was obliged to wait Danes, the Dutch; and the Portuguese, and till 'fuel wis procured to complete ber exe- many of the native princes bad abolished it, cution.--In one instance the widow of x' in their dominiops. He hoped the Right, village barher, whose relations were too Hon. Gentleman opposite (Mr. Wynn) põor to procure a sufficient quantity of fuel,' would take this subject into his serious con: was subjected to excruciating tortures. He sideration ; . if he did not, he, (Mr. Buxton) wonid mention another case, which proved should certainly bring it forward carly in that these horrible 'sacrifices were not al- the next session. ways voluntary. A female of fourteen years
The following account of the establish- made me imagine that, some of them were ment of Jesuits at Castlebrown (now Glen- dumb. At this moment there are between gowe's Wood) in Irelandj by an inhabitant three and four; hundred pupils, besides of Kildare, -has recently appeared in vuious paupers, whom they, teach gratuitously. papers. We fear it is too authentic. How. Their refectory in the new building is ever Protestants may sleep, the Romanists eighty feet long. The dormitories are adare always on the alert, and are nevor bet- mirably constructed; one room contained ter pleased than when they can persuade 144 beds, placed in squares of sixteen in a Englishmen there is no danger.
square, and built up like pews in a “In the year 1814, Castlebrown, the seat church, so that no boy can see another unof the late Wogan Brown, Esq. was pur- dressing ; six of the masters walk up and chased by the Jesuits for a college, at the down in turns all nigbt, that not a word may sum of 16,0001.; only four Jesuits then be spoken. The boys have a separate room came over from Palermo: they were Irish- to wash in, and another to dress in, with men educated abroad. Mr. Kenny was their boxes all round the room for, combs, ,
&c. head, and each had his own department. In all the rooms where the pupils are there Mr. Kenny afterwards went to America, to are private places, where every thing can found an establishment there, but bas be seen and heard without the boys knowsince returned, and was succeeded by Mr. ing they are watched,: They all answer to Aylmer, who is now the Principal. In their number, not their names, and the 1817" they had only 200 pupils, but were college is increasing every day. The stubuilding additions to accommodate 500, he- dents are boarded, clothed, and taugh! sides noviciates (or pbilosophers) to increase for 501. a year each. They know nothing the order. In the short space of time since of their own clothes, but when new ones their purchase," they had built nearly a are wanted they find them laid ready, and little town at the back of the college, hav- Do inquiry to be made about them. In ing their own butchers, bakers, tailore, wet weather they walk up and down the smiths; * &c. all belonging to the order as cloisters, which go round three parts of Tay brothers, and several more Jesuits tbe building. I feel persuaded the Jesuits came over from Italy and Russia, after the have, spies in most houses, as incidentally I Emperor Alexander had banished them from found they were aware of many family ochis dominions. The strictest silence was currences that otherwise they could not be observed by the pupils, who appeared pot depoainted withaTheir correspondence is to dare to speak till they got leave, which extensive, and they succeeded in having a Post-office established at Clarė," the nearest failies who used to attend formerly, and village. They do' not deny deing Jesuits, very few are suffered to perase the Holy and wear the habit of that order, which is · Scriptures. The establishment attended peculiar. Their last general was a Pole, · with the greatest danger to the Protestant named Browniski. There was an election interests of Ireland is Clondalkin, where for a new one about'two years ago, which their itinerant emissaries are instructed. a deputation from Castlebrown went to" Dr. Bird, Principal Jesuit at Stonylrurst, Rome to attend." They have also an esta- knows this. The Order bas offered 13,0001. blishment ať Hardwick' Place, Dublin," for Fårvace, near Naas, and 90001. for anwhere Mr. Esmonde (son of Dr. Esmonde, ' other fine wansion near Cork. The juniors who was hanged), and several other Jesuits, college at Rahan, near Tullamore, is in a reside; and they frequently preach charity' prosperous state.” sermons in sereral Popish chapels of the “If this is the state of the Jesuitical metropolis. There is a branch connected induence in Ireland, the Members of the with them in another part of the county of House of Commons have shown great ignoKildare, but that I know nothing of für- ránce in a late debate. Protestant Enga. ther than report. They are very cautious land too should watch the operations of if any questions are asked respecting their Stonyhurst; the evil which could not be funds, and pretend not to hear them tolerated in the Popish states of Europe, or evade. On my inquiring if they were' is less fit for a Protestant soil, and it is la aided by private stebscriptions or donations, mentable that the seed is sowing, and the reply was, “ That door, Sir, leads to abundant crops are growing of so rancorous such ari apartment." Their influence is 8 weed, when it could be so easily placked very great. Since they settled in the coun' up by the roots by following the example, try, all Roman Catholic servants are forbid of the Emperor of Russia.". den to attend family prayers in Protestant
IRISH SOCIETY OF LONDON.
The first Anniversary Sermon was preach- in Dublin, places the subject in so clear a ed before this Society, at St. Paul's, Covent light, that it is not necessary for us to enGarden, by the Hon. and Right Rev. the large. Lord Bishop of Gloucester, from Hos. iv. 6; The Rev. R. Daly said, that be always My people are destroyed for lack of know- felt pleasure in advocating the cause of the ledge. The Anniversary Meeting took place Society for educating the native Irish through the following day in the King's Concert the medium of their own language. When Room in the Haymarket, which was nume- the population was estimated at five milrously attended. The Bishop of Gloucester, lions, the number speaking Irish was estias President of the Society, took the chair, mated at two millions, or one million and a and was ably supported by the Earl of Gos
half; when, by the last census, the popuford; Viscount Powerscourt, Lord Cal- İation was returned seven millions, it was thorpe, Lord Lilford, Sir Stephen Clau- not too much to estimate the Irish at two. dius Hunter, Bart. W. Wilberforce, Esq. These divide themselves into two classes M. P. W. H. Trant, Esq. the Rev. Dr. -those who understand no other language Thorpe, Robert Daly, Basil Wood, D. but Irish, and those who know enough Wilson, and the Secretary of the Society of English to carry on the business of the Rev. G. Mutter.
market and road, but yet speak Irish at The nature, object, and importance of home. With respect to the last, it is well this Society are by no means sufficiently known, that in some parts of the country known, otherwise it would meet with far a magistrate cannot do his duty without an more decided support, though we are happy interpreter; also, at the assizes there is to observe its income amounts this year to need of an interpreter, which proves how ipwards of 4pol. The Irish labourers who are many are totally unacquainted with Engemployed in our buildings, or who in time lish, for the purposes of business, although of harvest cut down our fields, chiefly use the they may understand enough of it for English language; and numbers are there- those of common intercourse. There are fore not aware, that probably not less than a much greater number of these last than two millions of Irishmen cannot understand superficial observers are at all aware of. an English sermon, or even a chapter of the
Travellers driving post through a country, English Testament when read to them ; sometimes fancy they know every thing beand that multitudes consider every thing longing to it; and, because they have heard English as so heretical, that they are in duty no Irish in their rapid transit, they will pobound to shut their ears to it. The follow- sitively assert, that none is spoken. Mr. ing extracts, however, from speeches deli- D. státed, that he had during the last year pered at the meeting of the Parent Society visited a part of the country in which the
traveller would never hear a word of Irish; the use of the Irish language, as a medium where he himself bad often been, and of instruction for the adults, object to it as thought that English was the general lan- worse than useless, when used towards the guage; but, upon close examination, he children, who, they say, bad better be found Irish was the language of every fire- taught English. There are two answers side, the language of the peasant's heart in to this. The readiest way to teach an unevery cottage. In this state of acquaintance known language, is to begin with that with English, there is a necessity for the use which is known; experience has fully of the more familiar medium, Irish, if we proved this. Teach the children only Engwould convey religious instruction, or expect lish, and they will have no opportunity of to be understood in any continued discourse. practising out of school, what they have Mr. Daly said, he could more feelingly as- heard there'; and, therefore, they will soon sert this from what had happened to bim- forget it. It is astonishing how soon chilself during the last year. He heard that dren can totally forget wbat they have Mr. Mejanel, a reformod French Protestant learned in school, when not called on to minister, was to preach a
in practise it at home. Mr. Daly said, that French; and, being anxious to know how he had known children come good readers far the French Protestants preached the out of one of the best schools, and, when same truth that is in this country called they have been apprenticed six or seven the Gospel, he went to hear him, with years, to a master or mistress who never great anxiety to collect his sentiments. He made them read, entirely forget it. The could understand a French book almost as children of Irish parents, taught English, well as an English one; but, when he was have no opportunity of practising at home, to catch the rapid delivery of the preacher, and will forget it: if taught Irish, the Rehe, with all his attention and anxiety, miss- port furnishes a pleasing proof how they ed so much, that many of his friends would will improve, by being made to read it at have thought he might almost as well bome; they will not be barbarians, in St. have stayed at home. But, how totally use- Paul's
's sense, to their parents ; and they less would that French sermon have been may be the means of bringing divine truth to have awakened him to seriousness, had into the houses in which they live. The it found him as careless and indifferent, as parents can say Amen to what they say, as he really was anxious, to understand it! they will understand them when they read
But some persons, if they would allow the Scriptures in their own tongue.
LONDON FEMALE PENITENTIARY.
THE Annual Meeting of this Institution tentiary, of equally remarkable success atwas held on the 12th of May, at the tending that Institution, it can no longer Crown and Anchor, in the Strand; W. be a matter of doubtful speculation, even Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. in the chair. in the minds of the most prejudiced, as to There were present also, the Hon. Thos. the beneficial effects resulting from these Windsor, the Rigbt Hon. Sir George Rose, truly Christian efforts. Aiming to follow Bart. M. P. Jos. Butterworth, Esq. M. P. the example of the compassionate Saviour, W. A. Hankey, Esq. the Rev. Messrs. the conductors appear to be steadily and Watkins, Bartlett, Ruel, Dr. Winter, and successfully pursuing the object before Dr. Murphy, M. D. &c. &c. From the them, and we very cordially wish them Report of the last year's proceedings it success.' From age and infirmity, Lord appears, that during that period thirty Carrington, the late President of the Instiyoung women had been placed out to ser- tution, has requested to relinquish that ofvice, and thirty-five had been reconciled to fice; but in order to show his Lordship's their friends. Out of one hundred and unabated good opinion of the Society, and forty applicants, ninety-five had been re- the manner in which it is conducted, he ceived. From the details in the Report, and has condescended to become a Vice-Presiother facts mentioned, and also from the dent. William Wilberforce, Esq. M. P. statement made by Mr. Rawlins, one of the has kindly consented to become the PresiSecretaries to the Liverpool Female Peni- dent of the Institution.
Ar the last Anniversary of this Institu- bury, that Government had come to the tion, it was communicated to the members determination of affording assistance to the by His Grace the Archbishop of Canter- Society by an annual grant of 15001.
The past two months have been little distinguished by any remarkable occurrence. His Majesty was again seriously indisposed in the latter part of May, but appears now to be restored to health. His gift to the nation, of the nagnificent and valuable Library of the late King, occupies some attention by the discussions which have arisen as to its disposal.
The troubles of Ireland seem to increase. A quarrel lately arose at Maghera, in Derry, between the Papists and the Yeomanry, in which several lives were lost.
The state of affairs in Spain is most gloomy. Obstinacy in evil purposes marks tbe conduct of both parties. The prospect is uncheered by the least glimpse of common sense or right feeling.
The French army, at least that portion of it under the immediate command of the Duke of Angoulême, have marched without meeting the slightest resistance, to Madrid, the capital. After niasking Pampeluna and St. Sebastian, the force which reached the metropolitan city cannot have exceeded 35,000 men; of these, a large body was detached to the left for the purpose of occupying Valencia ; and two columns, of the united strength of 16,000 men, were sent forward to Seville and Cadiz. Their approach to Seville is already known; and also that the Cortes have removed, forcibly, the King to Cadiz. Up to this instant, then, it appears that the present Government of Spain has neither plan nor means of resistance, and yet that it resolutely refuses every offer of accommodation. From Cadiz, however, they cannot retreat. To some termination the matter must bere come. Meanwbile Portugal has been counter-revolutionized by domestic revolt, and the King replaced in the possession of absolute authority.
RECEIPTS OF RELIGIOUS CHARITIES IN 1829.
£. 8. d. British and Foreign Bible Society
97,062 11 Hibernian Bible Society
4,343 011 Naval and Military Bible Society
1,929 2 9 Merchant Seamen's Bible Society .
648 10 2 Society for promoting Christian Knowledge
57,714 19 11 Society for propagating the Gospel in foreign Parts
0 0 Church Missionary Society
9 London ditto
31,266 11 11 Wesleyan ditto
50,252 6 7 Baptist Missionary Society
14,400 0 0 Moravian Missionary Society
2,691 8 3 General Baptist ditto
1,200 0 Home Missionary Society
4,311 0 0 Baptist Home Missionary Society,
1,059 18 8 Hibernian Society
8,984 13 6 Sunday School Society for Ireland
1,883 17 2 Irish Evangelical Society
2,275 2 3 Irish Religious Book and Tract Society
3,750 7 7 Irish Society of London
403 6 7 National Society
about 2,500 0 0 British and Foreign School Society
2,053 16 11 Sunday School Society ....
540 4 6 Sunday School Union Society
1,746 19 2 Society for promoting religious Knowledge among the Poor
825 15 Society for Conversion of Jews
11,400 9 10 Prayer Book and Homily Society
2,082 9 6 Religious Tract Society
8,809 13 7 Church of England Tract Society
636 8 8 Continental Society
1,586 7 2 African Institution
1,134 1 Society for Relief of poor pious Clergymen
Notices and Acknowledgments.
IF William had favoured us with his address, he should have been answered pop post. The oath is not obsolete ; but the duties of the office are difficult, and embarassing to a conscientious-man ; at the same time those duties must be regulated by the legal standard, and not by preconceived ideas or common prejudices. An officer cannot report what does not come under bis own knowledge, or of which he has not sufficient evidence. He cannot act upon rumour, and he is not authorized to institute a court of inquiry; especially as the very questions he would be disposed to ask might really be construed as a libel. WILLIAM appears not in immediate danger, and therefore this may suffice; should the danger recur, we shall be happy to transmit him privately, somewhat more explicit. We are rather arerse publicly to discuss the question. On the second point, we apprehend the parties have probably exceeded their power ; the final decision belongs to the neighbouring magistrates, who of course will give the subject an impartial hearing.
W.M. and 0. W. object to N. Go's, explanation of Matt, xy, 23, inserted in our Number for May, page 184'; contending, that it imputes to the disciples a spirit of pride, selfishness, and uncharitableness, which the Saviour must necessarily bave reproved; and argue, on the contrary, that when the disciples said, “ Send her away.” they in fact iuterceded in her behalf. W. M, indeed states, that aródvoor airing means,“ send her away with her request granted:" but this interpretation, though countenanced by Schleusner, is not correct; the literal meaning is," send her away
“ dismiss ber," and it does not necessarily imply either approbation or disapprobation. The same verb is used nineteen times by St. Matthew, in eight of which it unquestionably means DIVORCE.
The majority of commentators agree with 0. W. and W. M.; but the motive of the disciples is by no means clear. If the 24th verse was addressed to the disciples, the views of 0. W. and W.M. are probably correct; but if it was spoken to the woman, as seems probable from her answer, no argument can be deduced from it.
If, however, N. G.'s interpretation is correct, it does not follow that the disciples' spirit would have drawn down their Master's rebuke. They were practically censured, as on another occasion, by the Saviour's conduct. (John, iv. 27.) But the wall of separation between Jews and Gentiles was not then broken down; it was still a mystery that the Gentiles should be " fellow heirs, and of the same body, and partakers of the promise in Christ by the Gospel.". . This was one of those truths which they were not yet able to bear; and some time at least after the day of Pentecost, an extraordinary vision was necessary to prepare Peter to comply with the message of Cornelius, which compliance was afterwards made a ground of accusation against him. It is, therefore, very probable, that a mistaken zeal for the bonour of their Master might dictate the request; that the disciples might be in some degree indignant at the presumption of the woman in thus disturbing his tranquillity; and that He might in this, as in innumerable other instances, bear with their infirmity, and pass by the transgression of his people.
Communications have been received from J.W.M-A---Cambro Briton-N.G. -W.Also a Sermon from Wiltshire, on 2 Cor, y, ll—and a Sermon on (en. iii. 1-6. When ® forwards the sequel of his communication, we will return an early answer.
It is not our intention to resume the subject to which S. F. B. alludes; our sentiments on the main points have been confirmed by the publication referred to.
The former part of A Scriptural Divine's letter will appear. We are not prepared to give an opinion on the latter. The subject is of immense importance, and we doubt whether men's minds are, at present sufficiently.calm to come to a correct conclusion.
The Individual in a far distant Land has been grossly misrepresented by the party of i ewbom Pertinax complains. But what better can be expected! He and his friends will
doubtless receive consolation from Matt. v. 11; and an opportunity may probably ere & long occur of placing the matter in its true light, without any direct interference, which we conceive, under all circumstances, inexpedient.
Minus is scarcely admissible.