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If moral duties are to turn upon cal- issue from another, and the execuculations of advantage, every pirate tion of the laws which are intrusted and plunderer will justify his rob- to a third party, will each particibery; and Buonapartes “conti- pate the evil of which I complain? nental system” will be sanctioned I cannot pursue this subject, by a British Legislature.
though its character, and the imThe same observations will, in portance of its bearings, demand great measure, apply to much that the tongue or the pen of an Apostle; has been recently said and written but, is it not this unscriptural source on the subject of Irish tithes. With of judging respecting the morality the different political, civil, or eccle- of actions, which has induced many siastical bearings of this important men of high respectability and moquestion, I do not meddle, but ral character to embark in speculasimply with the principle or ground tions of a more than questionable of moral obligation; and I am com- character? And does it not arise pelled to maintain, that many of the from the same false notion of moral statements and reasonings which obligation, that many persons and have been advanced, violate the companies, who nevertheless apscriptural rule of duty, and place pear to wish to do right, carry on the interest (viz. the emoluments) of trades or transactions which involve the Church as the foundation, and the breach of the sabbath, if not in thus changes the law of action into themselves, yet in their bookthe benefits to be derived from it. keepers, warehousemen, horse
My great jealousy, Mr. Editor, keepers, porters, coachmen, &c. ? is for the safety of right moral Should this paper, Mr. Editor, grounds of action. I am much seem unsuitable to the character of afraid, that the commercial and spe- your valuable Magazine, pray take culative habits of the present day an early opportunity of bringing are in danger of poisoning the foun- this very important subject, in some tain of law and Gospel. If our other form, before your readers. country gentlemen, if our clergy, if And believe me, that you have my our legislators, if our bishops im- earnest wishes and prayers for the bibe the partial, the unscriptural, success of your labours to propathe selfish, I may say the antino gate the doctrines and practices of mian rule of judgment above al God's holy word. Juded to, may we not expect, that I remain, most affectionately, the Gospel which is explained by
Yours, &c. the one, the legislative acts which
A SCRIPTURAL DIVINE.
EARLY PIETY, OR THE HISTORY OF DOROTHEA.
In the pretty village of Linton acquire bad habits amongst her there lived a virtuous widow; she young companions, placed her unwas singularly affectionate towards der the care of an excellent schoolher children, and most zealous in mistress, with whom she remained her endeavours to train them up in two years, making rapid progress the paths of virtue and religion. in piety, and storing her young
She had a daughter named Do- mind with many invaluable lessons, rothea, about ten years old, of a which were there impressed upon lively disposition but much inclined her, but more especially that of to petulance. The mother not hav- making our blessed Saviour the ing it in her power to give up her model of her life. time entirely to the education of her W hen Dorothea returned home, child, and fearing that she might she became the comfort of her fas
mily. Patient, gentle, and obedient, of the holy Child of Bethlehem, she never complained, talked little, who offered himself a sacrifice to but always to the purpose; con- God the Father : in humble imitatented and cheerful, not only in the tion of him, I offer myself a sacrifulfilment of her several duties, but fice to God, by consecrating the likewise under those little trials day and all my labours to his serwhich all are occasionally called vice. When I pray, I think of upon to bear. Modest, humble, Jesus Christ praying to, and adorand simple, both in her dress and ing his Father, and endeavour, as manners, she was respectful towards far as possible, to bring my heart every one; careful not to speak into the same holy frame. When. evil of any, desirous to oblige, calm, at work, I think how Jesus labourand at peace with God. Such a ed for my salvation; and then, so course of conduct soon rendered far from complaining, join my laDorothea an object of esteem bours unto his, in humble love and throughout the parish, till jealousy resignation. When receiving the raised up persecutions against her. commands of my parents or supeSome of her companions endea- riors, I recollect how submissive voured to injure her reputation ; and obedient Jesus was to the holy some ridiculed, and others treated Virgin and to Joseph, and immeher as a hypocrite, a vain pretender diately try to conform my spirit to superior piety. Dorothea bore unto his bright example. If desired all this in silence, patiently submit- to perform any thing painful or unting for the love of Jesus; and, pleasant, I immediately think how moreover, behaved with such uni- Christ submitted to the death of form kindness, even towards those the cross for my sake; which enby whom she was thus ill-treated, ables me cheerfully to fulfil my that all were at length convinced of duty, however painful or difficult it her innocence, and the uprightness be. If any one speaks ill of me, and integrity of her heart; whilst or abuses me, I make no reply, but the calumnies of her enemies turned suffer all in silence; remembering only to their own confusion.. with what patience Christ endured
The minister of the parish, being the most cruel torments, calumnies, struck with the superiority of Do- and accusations. I reflect, morerothea's conduct to that of the other over, on the innocence of Jesus : he young persons whom he instructed, did not deserve the evil he endured; and beholding with admiration the whereas I, a poor sinner, deserve wonderful effects which diyine far greater evils than those which I grace had wrought upon her soul, am called upon to bear. When begged her to give him some ac- taking my daily meals, I think of count of her habitual conduct, and the temperance and frugality of manner of living with her young Jesus, seeking and commanding companions. “ Sir," replied Do- that all things should be done to rothea, “ what I do is, I fear, very the glory of God. If I am obliged little compared with what I ought to eat any thing disagreeable, I reto do; but I have never forgotten member the gall which was given the advice which my schoolmistress to our blessed Saviour on the cross, gave me when I was not more than and for his sake make a cheerful eleven years old. She often ex- sacrifice of my inclination.'. If I horted me to make Jesus Christ have not sufficient food to satisfy the pattern of all my actions—my my hunger, still I am content, when guide and example in every kind of I recollect that Jesus fasted forty trial; and this I humbly strive to days and forty nights, that he sufdo. When I awake in the morn- fered hunger and thirst for our sakes, ing, and whilst I am rising, I think to expiate the sins and intempe- ;, rance of men. When I take any “ It is true,” replied she, “ inrecreation, I represent to myself deed, that I have great comfort in Jesus Christ; meek, affable, and serving God; but I must confess, holy in all conversation with his that I have also my share of trouble, Apostles. When I hear any evil and many conflicts to undergo. It speaking, or am witness to the is often very difficult to bear the commission of any sin, I pray that ridicule of those who mock at me, God will pardon the offender; re- and still more so to subdue my own collecting how the heart of Christ passions, which naturally are very was pierced with grief, when he strong. Although God gives me saw his heavenly Father thus pro- strength, he still suffers me to meet faned. When I think on the num- with frequent and grievous temptaberless sins that are committed in tions.” . the world, and the grievous manner “How, then, do you manage," in which God's commandments are said the clergyman, « to overcome but too often broken, I sigh, and these temptations ?” long to obtain that holy temper · Dorothea ingenuously replied, which we may conceive our Sa- “ O Sir! when my soul is sorrowviour to have felt, when he said, ful, and my spirit is disquieted
O holy Father, the world knows within me, then I think of my Sathee not!' When I attend on viour, weary, comfortless, and dypublic worship, I join with all my ing on the cross, and with him I heart and soul in the holy senti- say in my heart those words which ments of Jesus, who sacrificed him- he himself so often uttered in the self for the glory of the Lord, and garden of Olives : Father! thy in order to expiate the sins of men, will be done. As to my temptaand purchase their salvation. When tions, when I find within a tendI sing, or hear others sing the praises ency to any sin, or an inclination of my God, then it is that I re- to follow the bad example of my joice in the Lord, and glory in the young companions, and to partake God of my salvation ;' then it is, of their giddy amusements, I fancy that I fancy myself listening to that to myself, that I hear Jesus saying glorious canticle, that sacred hymn to me, What, my child, wilt thou which Jesus sung with his disciples also forsake me, and give thyself a after the institution of the holy sa- prey to this vain world and all its crament. When I lie down to sleep, sinful pleasures? Wilt thou too, then also I meditate on Jesus, who Dorothea, withdraw thine heart only took repose that he might con- from me? Are there not already, secrate himself with new vigour to too many who transgress my laws ? the glory of his father; or I medi- Wilt thou also become one of them? tate on the difference between my Wilt thou neglect to serve me?' bed and the cross of Christ, on Then I reply, in my heart, No, my which, nevertheless, he lay down God; I will never forsake thee! like a lamb, offering his life and Until death will I be faithful. Lord, soul to God; after which, I go to unto whom shall I go, if I abandon sleep, repeating in my heart the thee? for thou alone hast the words words of the dying Jesus: Fa- of eternal life. This thought soon ther, into thy hands I commend my fills me with new strength and cou
rage. What, indeed, can be more The clergyman, astonished at noble, than the endeavour to follow finding so much wisdom in a poor the example of the Lord ? what young villager, exclaimed, “O more delightful, than the attempt to Dorothea! how happy are you; imitate the Lord our Saviour? what what comfort, what happiness you greater happiness, than the service must enjoy!”
of so good a master ?"
“Go, Dorothea,” said the minis- can be compared with its riches ? ter, "continue to profit by the grace “Godliness, with contentment, is and favour with which you are great gain ;” and it “ has the problessed of the Lord. O, how happy mise of the life that now is, and of is the soul which thus seeks to imi- that which is to come.” tate the Lord our Saviour !”
3. The history of Dorothea re
markably evinces the beneficial efTo this short and simple history fects of pious and careful instrucof Dorothea, which is translated tion. It was “an excellent schoolfrom the French of a Roman Ca- mistress," who instrumentally made tholic writer, a Protestant hand the first serious impressions on her appends a few remarks:
mind. And this she did, by not 1. The change that took place in merely teaching her young scholar the character of this young woman to read the Scriptures, but by aidwas in itself delightful, and in its ing her to understand them; and consequences most blessed. She especially, by urging on her attenis described, as having been “ of a tion the example of Him who is the lively disposition, but much inclined great object and end of them. And to petulance." But now, her live- truly we cannot be consistent Chrisliness, which might have led her tians, unless we habitually strive to into many errors and follies, is tem- imitate our Lord and Saviour Jesus pered with a pleasing and salutary Christ, “who hath left us an example seriousness ; and her petulance is that we should follow his steps." so mitigated, as scarcely to be ob- We are exhorted to let that mind servable. Her habits and feelings which was in him be in us; and are become very lovely and of good in every situation and circumstance report; she is a pattern to her for- of our lives, “ to consider him.” mer companions, a pleasure to her If, in this respect, we constantly widowed mother, and has peace adopted the practice of Dorothea, within herself. Such is the power how greatly would it promote our of the grace of God in renewing personal happiness, and how benethe heart, and in regulating the life, ficial an influence would it be likely of a sinful and polluted creature. to have upon the society with which “ For we are his workmanship, we mingle! created in Christ Jesus unto good 4. The treatment which Doroworks, which God hath before or- thea experienced, when the change dained that we should walk in in her character became visible, is a them.” Eph. ii. 10.
proof of what St. Paul has said, that 2. It is worthy of being noticed, ** All who will live godly in Christ that Dorothea, even when she be- Jesus, shall suffer persecution.” If, came a Christian indeed, was both however, we, like this amiable young and poor. And what is so young Christian, persevere in welldesirable as youthful piety? and doing, the ridicule, or contempt, or what better sweetener of poverty unkindness, of the persons who opis there than true religion ? To pose us, will either fall to the ground, love and fear God in our youth is or recoil upon themselves. At all the only certain means of being events, it is infinitely better to suffer happy and prosperous through life, with Christ, and to confess him, and of insuring the divine blessing than to escape the frowns of the upon our latest days. Cheerfulness worldly and the wicked by any sinand contentment, too, accompany ful compliances with their maxims the individual who is “ rich in faith and practices : for, “ If we suffer and an heir of the kingdom of God.” with him, we shall also reign with And when poverty is thus blessed, him;” and, as he himself said, what earthly honours or possessions “ Whosoever confesseth me before SEPT. 1823.
, men, him will I also confess before Be it, then, the constant and sumy Father who is in heaven." preme concern of both the writer
5. In “ the short and simple an- and the reader of these plain renals” of Dorothea, the circumstance marks, to know the Lord Jesus as that principally claims our admira- “ of God made unto us wisdom, tion and attention is, her making righteousness, sanctification, and the life of our blessed Redeemer redemption ;” as well as to glorify the model of her own. In this him by letting our conversation be matter we indeed are under the as becometh his holy Gospel, highest obligations to do likewise. For these blessed purposes we Yet must we bear in mind, that our hourly need the enabling grace of first and great duty, as sinners, is the Spirit of God, for which we are to look unto Jesus, not merely as thus admirably assisted to pray in our example, but as our atonement the Collect for the second Sunday
-as the sacrifice for our sins; for after Easter : “ Almighty God, he is especially “ set forth to be a who hast given thine only Son, to propitiation for sin, through faith in be unto us both a sacrifice for sin, his blood," and without faith in him and also an ensample of godly life; for the pardon of our offences, we give us grace, that we may always cannot acceptably imitate him in most thankfully receive that his any one particular; because, as inestimable benefit, and also daily the twelfth Article of the Church endeavour ourselves to follow the of England scripturally states, blessed steps of his most holy life,
Good works are the fruits of through the same Jesus Christ our faith, and do spring out necessarily Lord. Amen.” of a true and lively faith.”
IMITATION OF POPE'S ODE ON SOLITUDE.
HAPPY the man whose wish and care,
Not sordid wealth, or acres bound;
Of Zion's ground:
Supplies the naked with attire ;
In winter, fire:
On dark’ned and benighted minds;
Whom Satan binds:
Together mixt_sweet recreation;
The wreath that never shall decay;
Hope's cheering ray!
Nor unlamented would I die;
Tell where I lie !