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LOTTERIES.-DUELS. A VERY general idea prevails on joice, that the power of granting this side the Atlantic, that gam- lotteries is by the late amended bling, duelling, and some other dis- constitution, taken from the legisgraceful and barbarous practices, lature. are more prevalent in the United Gentlemen, when we seriously States than among ourselves. The reflect on the declaration made by following extracts, however, from the Almighty, at that awful moment a Charge lately delivered to the when the retiring waters of the deGrand Jury of West-Chester, by luge proclaimed him an holy and the Hon. William Jay, first Judge avenging God, At the hand of of that County, clearly evince that every man's brother will I require these crying evils are more cor- the life of man ;' and when we call rectly appreciated by the American to mind the assurance of the Gospel, legislature than our own. We re- that the murderer shall not inherit joice, indeed, to hear that public eternal life, we cannot but shudder lotteries are shortly to cease; and at the temerity of the duellist, and hope that ere long, instead of young at the fate which awaits him. I will men being urged on to that compo- not now comment on the absurdity sition of cowardice, foolhardiness, of seeking reparation for trifling and infidelity, miscalled an affair or imaginary evils, at the hazard of honour, they will be restrained of even life itself. The folly of the from it, if not by the fear of God, duellist is lost in the contemplation yet by its being enacted among of his enormous guilt. But suffer ourselves, that every man, in any me to remark, that to denominate way accessary to a duel, is thereby an act honourable, which originates excluded from all offices of honour, in the most malignant passions; trust, and profit.

which equally outrages the precepts “ It is made my duty by statute, of our religion and the laws of our to call your attention particularly country, and which is generally to offences against the act prohi- perpetrated by men of dissolute biting private lotteries, and the act character; is an abuse of language for the suppression of duelling. that can be tolerated only by those Gambling of every kind has an un- whose moral sense is as depraved favourable influence on the moral as that of the duellist himself. The character. It excites a spirit of more we reflect on the nature and avarice too eager to be satisfied tendency of this crime, and on the with the slow avails of patient in- necessary and indeed avowed disdustry; and offers temptations to regard of moral obligation on the fraud, too numerous and too power- part of those by whom it is comful to be often successfully resisted. mitted, the more persuaded shall Lotteries are a species of gambling we be of the prudence of the law the more dangerous from the facili- in excluding from all offices of ties they afford to almost every in- honour, trust, or profit, and from dividual in the community, of ha- all participation in the election of zarding small sums in the expecta- public officers, every man who, by tion of receiving enormous returns. being in any way accessary to a The evils resulting from private duel, eyinces a want of that moral lotteries are, undoubtedly, to be principle without which he cannot apprehended in nearly an equal safely be intrusted with the rights degree, from those established by of citizenship.” law; and we have reason to re

REVIEW OF BOOKS. The Family Commentary, or a short forded an opportunity to judge of and easy Exposition of the New the commentary on St. Matthew, Testament. 4 Vols. 12mo. and we shall therefore call our

readers' attention, exclusively, to WE have, on a former occasion, the subsequent parts of the work. expressed our decided opinion in Mark, i. 3. This prediction will be found favour of the first part of this work, in the 50th chapter of Isaiah, 3rd verse. which then appeared under the “ The voice of one crying," denotes earname of the Family Expositor *, and

nestness, fervency, and zeal in his ministry. we are happy now to announce the

It is further said, “ Prepare ye the way of

the Lord.” Man's heart, by nature, is very publication of the succeeding parts. unprepared and disinclined to embrace the We have often regretted, that no doctrines of Christ : yet nevertheless we short, cheap, and portable com are called upon to prepare and receive him; mentary has yet appeared, for the

for although the preparation of the heart use of those who have neither time to

be from the Lord, yet he requires the exer,

cise of our faculties, and the use of our enread, nor money to purchase, large deavours; and it is the duty of erery and expensive publications. Fa faithful minister thus to awaken the attenmily Bibles are, indeed, continually tion of his hearers, to show them the evil advertized in the form of sixpenny

of sin, and their misery without Christ,

John Baptist began his ministry in the less and shilling numbers; and such is

populous parts of Judea, in the fifteenth the general anxiety to acquire year of Tiberius Cæsar. works of this nature, that some Ver. 6. John lived and behaved himself hundreds of persons subsist by tra- suitably to the doctrine he preached. He velling round the country at stated wore a coarse garment made of camel's

hair, and his common diet was of the meanperiods, and supplying our towns

est sort, locusts and wild honey, which were and villages with them. It is plentiful in the wilderness. often a work of years before the : Ver. 7. The great thing John aimed at desired commentary is obtained, in his preaching, was to point out the proand when obtained, it is almost in

mised Messiah, and to show the people that

there was one of far superior authority, variably, we might indeed add ne

power, and dignity, who would shortly apcessarily, a most expensive book,

pear, of whom he was only the forerunner, and not unfrequently calculated to and for whom he was utterly unworthy to mislead, rather than direct the sin perform the meanest offices, even to the uncere inquirer. We are, therefore. tying of his shocs.

Ver. 8. I, says the Baptist, am come to happy that the pious author hash

baptize you with water, as an outward sign thus far, completed her undertak- of inward purity; but He alone, whom I ing, and we trust the public encou- preach, can baptize with the efficacious inragement will be such, as to allow fluences of the Holy Spirit, to confirm his its appearing in a subsequent edi- doctrine, and to cleanse you from your inition at a lower price.

quities. Ministers can only wash with the

It might, in water, but Christ cleanses the soul by the some cases, be a very material ac operation of his sanctifying grace. commodation, if the volumes were Ver. 35. Private prayer is commended to sold separately, or even divided us by the precept of Christ, see Matt. 6th into still smaller parts. Inconve

chap. and 6th verse ; and by his frequent

example he teaches us, that our duty is not niences, indeed, arise from the

discharged without it. And let us observe, selling of works in separate vo- that Christ particularly chooses the opporlumes, but the increased demand tunity of morning ; be even arose a great would, we apprehend, in the pre- while before daylight, to set about this sent instance, far more than coun

work, showing us that the morning is pe

culiarly suited as the fittest and best season terbalance the sacrifice. Our ex

for private duties ; for then our spirits and tracts on the former occasion, af- our minds are freshest and freest, before the

distraction of the day break in upon us. . * See Select Review, p. 121.

Mark, iii. 31-33. The mother of Christ, SEPT. 1823.


although a blessed and holy woman, yet to ourselves, and attend to our Lord's inwas not free from failings and infirmities. junction; to watch and pray lest we enter It was a fault in her to interrupt our Lord into temptation.” Jesus had not retired to so unseasonably, when he was preaching to this garden to hide himself, or to shan bis the people. Accordingly, when one told approaching sufferings, but to prepare himhim that his mother and his brethren called, self by prayer to meet his enemies and his he replied, “Who is my mother and my painful death. brethren ?" Christ did not mean to neglect : Ver. 43–50. The hour of sorrow which his mother or disregard his kindred, but Jesus had often mentioned was almost come. only showed that he preferred his heavenly A great multitude with swords and staves Father's business, and therefore could not arrive, and the treacherous Judas, as their attend to them at that time. Here we learn leader, gives the signal as agreed upon, wbere our first duty lies.

bidding them take care he did not slip Ver, 34. Our Lord, looking at and point ont of their hands. Wretched Judas ! bis ing to his disciples, said, Behold these are sin was attended with horrible aggravation. they whom I have taken into the nearest He had been a witness to the miracles relation to myself; whose eternal welfare which Christ wrought by his divine power, lies so near my heart, that no consideration therefore did not sin through ignorance. of earthly kindred can make me desist from We see in this awful example, the danger doing what is necessary to promote it., of allowing any one secret or open sin:

Ver. 35. Here let us observe how ex- none can say how far it may lead him. ceedingly dear obedient Christians are to the Had Judas been told that his love of money Lord Jesus Christ. He prefers his spiritual would have induced him to sell his Saviour, kindred before his patural, Alliance by he would probably have said with Hazael, faith is more valued by our Saviour, than . Is thy servant a dog, that he should do alliance by blood.

this thing?" On the seizure of our Lord, Mark, xiv. 32-42. Being arrived at Peter, remembering his promise to venture Gethsemane, which lay at the foot of the his life for his Master, rashly struck the Mount of Olives, our Master retired for high priest's servant on the head; but prayer to an adjoining garden.' It is re- Christ, who accepted the affection, reprored markable, that in a garden our first scene the action; for, to resist a lawful magistrate, of human misery began; and Christ now even in an unlawful act, is discountenanced chose a garden as the fittest place in which by the Gospel. On our Lord's quietly reto commence his expiatory pains and agony. signing himself into the hands of bis eneHe was made sin for us, therefore was thus mies, all the disciples, who just before bad sorrowful ; well knowing the weight and protested they would sooner die than forsake malignity of the sin for which he was to him, yet now, when put to the trial, all desuffer; the bitterness of that cup, the very serted him and fled away. So little do the dregs of which he was to drink for our best and holiest men know their own sakes. Peter, James, and John, had been hearts, until great trials and temptations cye-witnesses of his glorious transfiguration, assail them. and were now to behold his terrible agonies. Ver. 66–72. All the evangelists gire an Although the whole of that melancholy his account of Peter's denial of his Master; and tory is fully related by St. Matthew, yet we if we compare them diligently together, we must not here pass over so interesting an shall find he was known of many, through event in total silence, being a subject on the report of the maid. Here let us observe wbich we cannot too often meditate.

what contemptible means God often useth Let us take a view of the Son of God in to take down our pride and self-confidence. his state of humiliation for us miserable Peter, a great Apostle, is here humbled by sinners. See him prostrate on the ground, means of two maid-servants. We may also breathing out his soul in most vehement, further observe upon this sad story, how importunate prayer. Such is the fervour one siu draws on another. Peter first told of his spirit, that he prays himself into an a lie, and then, to support bis denial, be beagony. Does it not make us blush to think gan to curse and swear: 'Hence let us learn how unlike we are to Christ in our prayers ? and endeavour'to resist the first beginnings What dreadful drowsiness, dulness, and of sin, for then bave we most power; sin formality! How often do our lips move, is as it were in the bud: but if we yield whilst our hearts are colder than ice! The to Satan in the first temptation, he will sleeping disciples, too, present us with a certainly assault us with more and stronger sad instance of the frailty of human nature; ones. Moreover, if we would avoid being but how gentle the rebuke of the gracious led into temptation, let us carefully refrain Saviour, and how wise and faithful his from bad company. The high priest's firewords of advice! We may possibly be in side was no proper place for Peter; there clined to wonder how the disciples could was his entrance into temptation. Let us sleep at such a time; but without casting next remark the difference between the any reproaches on them, let us take heed transgressions of the wicked and the righteous, as to the effects and consequences of to others, yet because he lives as if he bethem. Judas sins, repents, and hangs him- lieved it not, will be punished at the coming self. Peter repents, goeth out, and weepeth of Christ to judgment. He may not dare bitterly. Judas repented unto deatb; Peter indeed to commit violence with his hand, repented unto life. Christ looked on Judas in our land of liberty and protection : but after his treason, and reproved him too; yet he may, with the virulence of his tongue, neither that look nor reproof softened bis vilify and scandalize bis more faithful breheart. Peter, after he had wept bitterly, thren, Such men are apt to associate with never more returned to the commission of the worldly and the sensual, whose hands that sin, but afterwards confessed Christ they strengthen by their own bad example. openly, and sealed that confession with his - The 46th verse declares, that Christ will blood. May Peter's sad fall be a warning surprise such unfaithful servants in their against presumptuous confidence, and his sins, by coming at an hour they look not for restoration an encouragement to all back- him, and will punish them with everlasting sliders to look unto Jesus for restoration to destruction, from the presence of the Lord, the favour of God, peace of conscience, and and from the glory of his power. Under power to stand in the evil day.

the law, a distinction was made between Luke, xii. 16-21. The design of our sins of ignorance, and presumptuous sins; Saviour in this parable, is to show the folly and criminals were to be beaten more or . and vanity of an insatiable desire after the less, according to the degrees of their faults. things of this world. Our Lord here meant So he who has a clear knowledge of his not only to give a check to the man who duty, and of what his Lord requires, and came about his estate, while he was in no yet sins against light and the convictions of care about his spiritual concerns and the his own conscience, will proportionably be things of another world; but also to enforce punished with the heaviest strokes of divine a necessary caution on us all, to beware of vengeance. covetousness. The parable does not inti- John, v. 4. This water had not always mate any unjust ways used by this man to this healing virtue in it, only at certain increase his estate ; but Christ condemns times when it was troubled or put in motion. his over-anxious desire after money, and the How often this was the case, the Scripture sensual purposes to which he meant to bath not told us. The water did not cure apply it. We learn hence, that it is an in- more than one at a time, that is, only the stance of the greatest folly imaginable, to one person who first got in after the stirring spend our time in laying up treasures upon up of the water; but that person was inearth, and in the mean while to neglect to stantly cured, whatever was the distcmper. be rich towards God in faith and good The angel stirred the water, but left the works; regardless about a share in those diseased persons to put themselves in. In treasures that are incorruptible, undefiled, like manner, God has put virtue into the and fade not away. Through many years, Scriptures and ordinances of religion, for this poor deluded man promised himself the he would have us healed in the use of these; satisfaction of enjoying his riches, in the but if we do not make a due improvement midst of pleasures ; but God said, “ This of them, it is our own fault. Ministers night shall thy soul be taken away from must stir up the gift that is in them; but thee.” Thus Belshazzar was struck with when they are cold and dull in their ministerror, by the hand-writing on the wall, in trations, the waters settle, and are not apt the midst of his jollity. Our Lord makes to heal. an awful application of this parable to his Ver. 7. The lame man takes occasion to disciples, saying, “ So is every one that set forth the misery of his case : « Sir," layeth up treasure for himself, and is not saith he, “ I earnestly desire to get into this rich towards God.” It is the unspeakable pool, but am now ready to despair of being folly of most men, to mind and pursue the so happy; for I am poor as well as lame, wealth of this world, more than the salva- and have no one to wait on me, or put me tion of the soul, and the glories of eternity. in. I am so slow in my motions, that, while

I am coming towards the pool, another deIn the following note the author scends before me.” How mildly this man seems to consider the passage as speaks of those about him, without throwreferring principally, if not exclu- ing out any peevish reflections ! Observe

further to his praise, that though he had sively, to ministers; we apprehend

waited so long in vain, yet still he continued it applies to all professing Chris- Tying by the pool side, hoping that some tians.

time or other help would come. In like Luke, xii. 45–48. Christ here declares, manner it is our duty to wait on God, and that a dreadful sentence of wrath hangs attend him in all his ordinances, with an over the negligent, unfaithful stewards of humble hope and teachable temper, pray. his household. A careless, insincere minis- ing to be washed from the guilt of our sins ter of the Gospel, although he preaches it in the blood of the cross, and to be renewed

in heart and mind by the Holy Spirit ; that here spoken of, were the spirits of good men the ordinances, thus made effectual from departed out of this world, and now with above, may be as the pool of Bethesda to God in glory; especially those who had us, who are all by nature spiritually impou gone through great difficulties and persecutent, lame, blind, and diseased.

tions for Christ's sake, and had been faithJohn, xiii. 10. Our Lord here further ful unto death. Though slain in this gloexplains himself, and corrects Peter's mis- rious cause, they were no losers; for they take, who ran from one extreme to another. were now clothed in white robes, wbich The Jews washed their feet on coming in signified their being perfectly justified, sancto dinner, and sometimes bathed, and then tified, and made happy in heaven: they bad came into the dining-room with or without been engaged in war, and, as conquerors, sandals. In the latter case, their feet might they now carried palm-branches in their be soiled with the shortest walk, and the hands, the well-known emblem of victory. soles of their feet would need washing again. Ver. 17. They were under the care and The spiritual meaning of which is, that conduct of Christ, the Lamb of God, who, souls which are washed in the blood of as their shepherd, fed them, and led them Christ, “justified and sanctified in the name to fountains of living water, that is, put of Jesus, and by the Spirit of God,” need them in possession of every thing that was not to be justified a second time from sins pleasant and refresbing to their souls; repented of and forgiven ; but as the feet whilst that God whom they had faithfully of those walking but a few steps after wash- served, acted, as it were, the part of an iling may be dirty again, so in our daily wall dulgent Father, and wiped away every tear we contract fresh defilement, and have from their eyes, comforting them with every therefore need of a daily washing by repent- reviving consolation. ance, and of fresh applications to the blood of Jesus, by repeated exercises of faith. A Letter on the Means and ImChrist adds, “ You, my Apostles, are now

portance of converting the Slaves clean ; you are justified, (that is, I have

in the West Indies, to Chrisforgiven your sins, and accepted your persons;) but this remark does not extend to

tianity. By the Right Hon. Sir you all.'

G. H. Rose, M. P. Pp. 87. We have taken these passages London. Murray. 1823. from the Gospels very much as WE have long been in the habit they occurred, without any pre- of regarding our West India colovious examination, and we should nies as placed in a most critical be happy to furnish our readers situation; and the determined perwith an equal specimen from the severance of other nations, espetwo remaining volumes; the fol- cially the French and Portuguese, lowing are, however, all that we in the Slave Trade, some distresscan at present find room for : ing instances of which will be found

Rom. ix. 22–24. If God, who has an in our present month's Intelligence, absolute right and power over all bis crea- is continually accumulating comtures, by taking a severe method with some, makes known his displeasure against sin,

y bustibles for a most awful and treand his power to take vengeance of sinners,

inendous conflagration, which the what objection can there be against his most trifling circumstance may ere justice in this ? Moreover, he generally long enkindle, and the limits of exercises great patience towards them, in which no one can foresee. the midst of their provocations, giving them With such feelings, we cannot all necessary time for repentance: but by hardening themselves in sin, they grow ripe

be indifferent to any propositions for ruin, and are thus, by their own act, which may lead either to avert or fitted for destruction. On the other hand, diminish the impending danger, and can God be taxed with unrighteousness, be- we have, therefore, read with great cause he deals more mercifully with others,

satisfaction the pamphlet of Sir who through his grace hare submitted to the terms upon which he hath promised

G. H. Rose. Its object is to favour and acceptance, and to own them as demonstrate the importance of his peculiar people, though they be not the religious instruction being given natural seed of Abraham ? The rejection to the slaves, and the practicaof the unbelieving Jews, and the admission hility

bility of communicating that inof the Gentiles into the church, seem particularly alluded to in these verses.

struction, either by missionaries, Rev. vii. 9. The innumerable multitude specially devoted to that service,

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