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be held most sacred. The mind is mind, how awfully painful must given up to pleasure. Music, the result be to those who are the dancing, and every possible means, deluded victims of sin themselves. are resorted to here, to unfit the To all such persons who are likely spectators for useful life. Young hereby to endanger the loss of their people are completely driven off all precious and immortal souls, I guard; and the female who suf- would say of this, and every other fers herself to spend the evening scene of guilty pleasure, avoid in this enchanted place, cannot it, pass not by it, turn from it, and say to what excesses she may pass away."

How did Solomon be led. No doubt, were many warn and reiterate his warning to warned, before they placed them- the young and the inconsiderate! selves in this way of temptation, And, I am sure, no language can of the consequences, and the mi- be too strong, no warning too urserable course of life to which it gent, to keep the yet uncontamiwould be the introduction, they nated from these whirlpools of dewould very gravely assure their solation and destruction. Those well-meaning advisers that they who are inclined to plead that they were completely mistaken. Youth, only intend going for once, would say they, is the time for enjoy- do well to reflect, that they are ment; we only go to pass a little venturing upon forbidden ground, time pleasantly away, and only and that perhaps to their utter ruin: act like other young people. We and those who permit their children fear no harm. But these compli- or servants to waste their time or ances with sinful diversions inay spend their money at such places not only ruin the character, destroy are highly criminal. We ought the virtue, and render the future never to go any where, or do any life miserable, but may end in the thing, where we cannot reasonloss of the soul.

ably expect the divine blessing to Before heads of families ever attend us: that cannot, in the suffer their children and servants to most distant manner, be expected frequent these scenes, so complete- when we visit such places as this: ly destructive to good order and and when a young female once morals in their own circle, they commits herself to the insults of ought to recollect the remote and the depraved crowd, who assemble very possible consequences, which together in order to gratify every may be inconceivably more afflic- corrupt desire, what may she not tive and dreadful. The other evils expect! The opportunity of formthat have been adverted to are pain- ing an intimacy with the young, and ful to every tender and reflecting hitherto modest, is offered; and mind. Every one who is truly a well had not such an opportunity ocwisher to his country and kind, and curred, even the depraved and disreally a patriot and philanthropist, sipated might have satisfied themmust deeply lament, that such selves with a less degree of guilt destructive and polluting entertain- than the corruption of virgin innoments should be encouraged in the cence. Concerning all such revels, most opulent and enlightened city and those that frequent them, we in the world. But when he carries may well say to the young and inhis views forward to consequences experienced, “ Come out from of an eternal nature, which may be among them, and be ye separate, connected with such sinful and and touch not the unclean thing." profane pleasures, he will be shock- What has been advanced yet, ed indeed. If the apprehension of chiefly has been in reference to such consequences be thus painful young females. But is this the to every considerate and reflecting only class who suffer by plunging into temptation? It would be well it injurious in the most serious manif it were so; for then the evils ner to those connected with them. might be considerably restrained; Again, those who conduct the but the evils produced by such fairs shows, up-and-downs, whirligigs, as this, are, alas! more diffusive. &c. &c. are also injured, as well Young men are liable to all the as the frequenters themselves. evils which have been enumerated, Were there no one to pay and enas well as females; and they, espe- courage them in their foolish busicially servants, minors, and ap- nesses, of course they would soon prentices, are still more exposed. decline them, and betake themThese will be likely, when multi- selves to a more lawful employ. tudes, opportunity, example, and So that those who visit these fairs the covert of night all concur, to not only do harm to themselves and indulge without restraint in all the families, but by paying others to corrupt propensities of human na- play the fool for them, indirectly ture. And, perhaps, such scenes encourage them in sin, and help as these may induce them to break to ruin their souls. It fully beoff all restraint yet laid upon them. hoves all heads of families in LonFrom indulging here their sinful don, at this season, to keep a appetites, they may proceed to watchful eye upon their children, farther enormities. First, robbing servants, and apprentices, and by their parents or employers; then the most rigid severity to prevent joining characters like themselves; any over whom God has given authey proceed in the career of dis- thority to go into this way of wicsipation and wickedness, till they kedness; even children ought not end their days transported to a fo- so much as to go within the purreign clime, or else upon the gallieus of it, nor be allowed a penny lows, or die by their own hands. to lay out in the purchase of toys The last was the fate of a young or any thing whatsoever there sold. man, the son of an innkeeper in And if it is binding upon parents Smithfield, not long ago; ruined, thus to keep their families from this it was said, by giving way to ex- ensnaring evil, it is most imperacessive drinking at the fair. , tive on themselves, by all means,

And again, this fatal vortex to keep from this spot also. Even draws in, by its fascinating influ- should business call near, it would ence, even those who are more ad- be better to make any circuit-rather vanced in life. Men who have fami- than to be seen in such a place. I lies that depend entirely upon their remember, many years ago, hearmanual labour for their very exist ing a person say, that passing ence; even these seem to consider through Bartholomew fair, he saw it a kind of lawful and necessary a gentleman, a minister of reputed relaxation, to waste the time and piety, gazing at the shows; and he spend the money (wanted to pur- thought if he did so, sure there chase necessaries for their wives could be no harm for him to do and children) in drinking, smoking, likewise. It is well known how &c. at this dissipated fair. Let any much more potent example is than person who doubts this merely precept; therefore, set the example walk into any of the public houses, hereby of a holy superiority over and observe the company who fill all such trifling, and, in fact, conthem. To these it is a double loss. temptible amusements. All the time wasted from actual

I am, dear Sir, work cuts off those supplies their Your obedient Servant and families need ; and the money ac occasional Correspondent, tually spent in dissipation renders

JAMES T. OCT. 1823.


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and Henry and Scott are their poCommentators.--P. 107. WOW, while this statement is in me respects true, it is in others y incorrect. The majority of lern Calvinists do not maintain

sentiments contained in the first melisecond propositions, which we sve marked in Italics. Not only wany Sublapsarians have asserted,

opposition to the second propoWion, the doctrine of general reHemption, but it is expressly mainained by the Synod of Dort; * by nimost all those ministers of the Church of England who are called Calvinists in the present day, and was strenuously inculcated by both those eminent commentators, Henry

and Scott, and especially by the latter; and even Calvin himself says, Redemption is sufficient for ali:

We deem it a duty owing to the author, and our readers in general, of

thus to advert to some of the defects

still existing in this laborious comsrom pilation; and we notice these deion; fects in the first instance, that we rect to may be able the more decidedly to iritual,

express our approbation of the re


REVIEW OF BOOKS. The Religious World Displayed; of view, and to avail himself of

or, a View of the Four grand Sys- the author's liberal indulgence, to tems of Religion ; namely, Chris- introduce a species of special tianity, Judaism, Paganism, and pleading on behalf of his own deMohammedism, &c. By the Rev. nomination : and, however Mr. Robert Adam, M.A. Two Vols. Adam might endeavour to correct Pp. xxviii, 470. and viii, 508. such obliquities, by the insertion of Second Edition. Seeleys. Notes, &c., a considerable portion

The numerous sects and deno- of misrepresentation, on various minations of a religious nature al- points, would still necessarily pre

vail. ready in existence, render works of this kind highly desirable; since,

In the present edition, however, without such publications, consider the author has deviated consiable difficulty

must frequently be ex- derably from his former plan. perienced in obtaining requisite in

Departing from the principle of Fleury,

that“every one ought to be believed concernformation. Desirable, however, as

ing his own doctrine, and the history of his such works are, it must be obvious, own sect," I have paid less deference than on the slightest consideration, that formerly to their own statements respecting their composition is exceedingly themselves ; and have been repeatedly predifficult. The intercourse of any semblies, to witness their forms of worship

sent, in most cases, in their religious asindividual with the sects and par- and hear the doctrines they taught. At ties prevalent in his own neigh- the same time, I have noi only had rebourhood, is, generally speaking, course to various works wherein the prinvery limited; so that the informa- ciples and practices of the sereral denomition, which the most industrious can

pations, sects, and parties, are detailed by

themselves and others, and have carefully obtain concerning all religious de

culled from them whatever seemed applinominations, must necessarily be cable to my purpose; but I have also inimperfect. The inquirer must con- vited to my assistance living authors, or tinually be dependant on the opi- other learned and distinguished characters of

most denominations. And, I am happy to nions and representations of others,

say, that there are few instances in whicb, and can seldom so state the senti

on my stating the object and plan of the ments of those who differ from him work, the invitation has not been very on important topics, as not to excite readily and cheerfully accepted.-P. xi. their complaints. To obviate these Mr. A.'s display is, therefore, difficulties, Mr.Adam, in the former far less objectionable on this edition of his work, requested the ground now, than formerly; yet, leading persons of various deno- there is still too much deference minations to draw up accounts of paid to the old principle; and, in their own sentiments; and, where very many cases, the reader must this was not complied with, he en- consider the account of a particular deavoured to prevail with such per- sect, as presenting a flattering por

to correct the statements traiture, which should be contemwhich he had compiled from other plated with considerable caution. sources of information. This was The account of several foreign indeed, on his part, an impartial churches, and of some dissenters way of proceeding; and yet, it na- in our own country, is thus, we turally tended to produce a very fear, more favourable than their partial representation of the senti- actual state will justify. ments of religious parties. The Were the bias, indeed, always writer of every article was strongly on

side, it might, , disposed to place his own senti- upon the whole, be more easily ments in the most favourable point corrected. This, however, is not

the same


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