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SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGATION OF THE GOSPEL. This valuable Society, originally incor- tality of this solitary individual, raise up porated by Royal Charter in 1701, and children to himself in the wilderness." principally confined to our North American A letter from the Rev. Principal Mill, colonies, has recently been enabled to ex- announcing his arrival at Calcutta, contend the sphere of its usefulness to the Cape tains the following information: of Good Hope and the East Indies. The “ The impulse given to the public mind Report lately published states, that here, with respect to the obligation of imeighty-six missionaries are now actually en- proring the state of the natire population, gaged in the service of the Society, and is indeed remarkable ; and the conviction that a very large body of schoolmasters are among the more reflecting and religious part partially supported from its funds. The of the European society, seems to be gaining following extract may communicate some ground, that this improvement must involve idea of the almost total want of religious in it the introduction of Christianity, and instruction under which many of our fel- should be conducted according to the sober low-subjects labour.
principles, the apostolical doctrine, and “ Ou reaching the river De Verd, about discipline of our church. The great diffinine miles from the St. Lawrence, he (the culty with which we have to contend, is Rev. G. Wiggins) found a small settlement the prejudice which associates erery endcaof eight or nine families, consisting of dis- vour of this nature, with hostility to the banded soldiers, who had received from the Establishment; a prejudice, which though provisional government grants of the lands contradicted by innumerable testimonies, they occupied, and had been encouraged to both in former times and the present, exists cultivate them by an allowance of provi- in the minds of many very different classes sions to assist them at the commencement of persons, and is confirmed in them by of their labours.. Upon inquiry, he found, much that they see and bear around them. with much concern, that there was only one The good which the missionaries of the person among them who could read; this dissenting communions, the Baptists espewas a female. He immediately went to cialty, are actually effecting among the see her, and was highly pleased to discover heathens, is strongly counterbalanced by in her not only a sound understanding, but the evil of this false opinion, which many apparently a mind piously disposed. She of them arowedly, and all indirectly, are informed him, that she took as much pains the means of propagating with it. Exas the little time she could afford would al- cepting this obstacle, arising naturally out low (for they were extremely poor, and she of the original evil of their separation, was obliged to work very hard with her which threatens more at future times than husband on the farm), in educating her at the present, the planting of the Church children, and instilling into their minds in India, there seems no reason for disprinciples of religion. She professed a couragement. Apprehensions of danger firm attachment to the Church of England. from the native prejudices, are, in the Her library consistedof a Bible and Prayer- judgment of almost erery observer here, book. As he could not but deplore the witbout foundation. The experience of wretched state of those families ignorant of the diocesan schools, and others where the religion, and with nothing to distinguish children of Pagans are instructed, proves the holy sabbath of the Lord from any that they will admit any thing, provided other day, he requested this poor woman their errors be not the direct objects of atto assemble as many of her neighbours as tack; and that while the indolence and would attend at her tent on Sundays, to sensuality of their native habits bind them read to them the Holy Scriptures, and to most to their superstitions, the hopes of offer up some of the prayers in the Liturgy. their children's advancement are sufficient He also gave her a volume of Sermons, to make them consent to the method, which and asked her to read one of them at the more effectually than any other, tends to same time. She seemed much pleased undermine the same superstitions in them. with the proposal, which was most accept- From the very limited experience I have able to many others in the settlement. He myself acquired in this country, I can conceives that this simple mode of instruc- speak with confidence to the fact, that the tion, where no other way could be provided Scriptures, and other Christian books, eren for their spiritual improvement, migbt, in places the most contradictory to the
the blessing of God, be productive whole system of idolatry, may be read in of good effect, and the means of leading Heathen schools, where Bralimin pundits some of those ignorant beings to the know- are the hearers and teachers, without exJedge of divine truth, and that the Father efting any alarm or offence whatsoever.” of mercies might, even by the instrumen
CHURCH OF ENGLAND TRACT SOCIETY.
We hare been favoured, by the kindness and extent of infuence, without conviction of a friend, with a copy of the yet unpub- that all had been produced by the influJished Eleventh Annual Report of this va- ence, and under the superintendence of luable institution, delivered at their Anni- prescient and beneficent agents ? versary Meeting, in Bristol, Jan. 9, 1823, The Committee then state, that in adto a very large and respectable assembly; dition to the support they had previously the Right Worshipful James George, Esq. been honoured with from His Grace the Mayor, in the chair.
Archbishop of Tuam, the Right Rev. the The Committee thankfully observe, that Lord Bishop of the diocese, and the Very this Institution is rising in the scale of Rev. the Dean of Bristol, they have now usefulness, meets with increased support the pleasure of announcing the accession of as its importance becomes more generally two other dignitaries of the church-the felt and acknowledged throughout the Archdeacon of Cleveland and the Archkingdom, and is attended with very bene- deacon of Ely: — they feel peculiar pleaficial results and very encouraging pro- sure in stating, that the resources of the spects. They particularly rejoice at the Society have been considerably augmented; elevated station which it now occupies, but at the same time the demands which under the patronage of some who are hare been made upon them, the loss susamong the brigbtest ornaments of the tained on the sale of tracts at the reduced episcopal bench of the United Church of prices, and the necessity of keeping up an England and Ireland ; and more than all, undiminished stock at the Depository, have in the smiles of Heaven, which, they trust, nearly consumed the whole of the year's they may humbly infer from the concurient income. During the past year, two Branch testimony of facts that have occurred in Associations, the one at Wolverhampton, the last and in former years.
and the other at Derby, have been formed In presenting to their constituents the exactly upon the model of the Rules Eleventh Report, they recall to mind the prescribed by the Society, identifying wonderful events which have occurred in themselves in one common cause, and the course of Divine Providence, during throwing the balance of their funds into somewhat more than half a century past, its treasury. Nor have the beneficial effects and which have conduced to the results of the Society been confined to our own wbich it is their privilege this day to re
shores. Its silent messengers of peace cord. The events to which they allude have been borne across the Atlantic; they are connected witb the subject of general have made their way (either by grant or education. Within our memory, the fa- purchase) to Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, culty of reading was confined to a compa- and Canada, in British America; and even ratively small proportion of the population to the United States, where they are enof the country, and the great majority of ployed in recommending the doctrine and our countrymen, not to say our fellow- discipline of our church to our Transatlantic creatures, throughout the world, were fellow Christians, who use our own lantherefore excluded from reading the Holy guage. In addition to the Religious Tract Scriptures themselves, or such subordinate Societies at Baltimore and at Boston, which vehicles of instruction as it is our object were noticed in former Reports as baring to furnish. But by the exertion and ex- reprinted some of the Society's tracts, the ample of Mr. Raikes, Sunday schools were Committee have announced the recent instituted; and at length the new plan of formation of another Episcopalian Amerieducation, now so successfully and gene- can institution, which seems
to regard rally adopted, was discovered and applied, the Society as a model for its own imitaby wbich thousands and tens of thousands tion, and to identify itself with it in the are daily instructed in the art of reading promotion of the same good and great The plan is widely spreading its influence, cause, The designation of the Institution and affords a prospect of becoming a bless- to which the Society alludes, is, “ the ing to every nation under beaven.
Homily Society of St. Paul's Church, in How partial, how diminutive, must Philadelphia ;" to wbich the Committee have been the benefit arising from the dis- have forwarded three complete sets of the tribution of the Scriptures, of the Com- Society's tracts, with the Reports of its ten mon Prayer Book, and of religious tracts, years' labours, and have pledged themby the several Societies formed for the pur- selves cordially to co-operate with their pose of making that distribution, bad not Transatlantic frieuds, by an interchange Divine Providence prepared the way for of publications, and by endeavouring to their exertions, by the provision previously promote “ the unity of the spirit in the made for the education of the poor?
bond of peace,” in the fullest sense of the any one contemplate these institutions in words. their order of existence, their magnitude,
The total number of tracts published
during the year amounts to ONE HUNDRED One of the Secretaries of the Gloucester AND FORTY-SIX THOUSAND; and the total Society states “as a plain matter of fact, issue of tracts in the year has amounted to that a poor woman, whom neither he nor HUNDRED AND THREE THOUSAND any of his religious friends could ever pre
FORTY : the nett vail upon to clean herself on the Sunday, proceeds of which have been 3601. 185. 10d. and attend church, has ever since she first
The following extract of a letter from received the tract* (about six months or the Secretary of the Cork Religious Tract upwards) regularly and constantly attended Society, dated April 1822, points out the the house of God; and that a striking importance of circulating the Society's change for the better has been produced in tracts in Roman Catholic neighbourhoods. her general habits.”
“ I rejoice to be able to bear testimony The review of this Society's transactions to the utility of the publications of the for the year 1822, will doubtless afford saChurch of England Tract Society. They tisfaction and excite gratitude in the bosoms are peculiarly calculated for this country, of every true patriot-of every sound that is, for circulation amongst the poorer churchman -of every sincere Christian. members of the Established Church. The For it will be seen that the humble efforts arguments which they furnish in support of of this Society are employed for the purpose our excellent establishment, enable the of enlarging the triumphs of divine truth, poor man to resist successfully the subtle that Christian zeal is opening additional attempts which are continually made by his and more extensive channels for exertion Popish neighbours to undermine his attach- in different directions; and that the streams ment to the church. They are particularly wbich are communicated througb those adapted for circulation in schools. The channels are deepening and widening as lives of the martyrs and some of your other they flow, fertilizing the land, and making tracts, are given as rewards in the school it to abound with those “ fruits of rightewhich I myself more immediately superin- ousness, which are by Jesus Christ, unto tend; and the children are so anxious to the praise and glory of God. This HATH procure them, that every penny which they GOD WROUGHT!” “ NUT UNTO US, O can obtain is laid out in the purchase LORD, NOT UNTO US, of them. They are encouraged to this NAME GIVE GLORY, FOR THY MERCY AND by the practice which we adopt of hav- FOR THY TRUTH'S SAKE. ing their tracts bound, when they shall be The Committee then advert to the loss enabled to procure a sufficient number to sustained by the death of the late Rev. form a volume."
James Olive, who had taken an honourable The Rev. J.T. Twining, Garrison Chap- part in the Society's labours, and close their lain at Halifax, Nova Scotia, writes thus: Report by remarking: “ Within the last
“ My last letter will bave informed you seven years your Committee has been beof the safe arrival of the large parcel of reared of five other valued and efficient tracts so generously placed at ny disposal clerical members. And now a voice from by your Society, and also of the grateful the lately enclosed tomb of a sixth speaks manner in which they have been received to them. * Time is short-improve the hy the soldiers, and also the people in ge- present moment-work while it is day, for neral. And, blessed be God, there are se- the night cometh when no man can work.' veral instances in which they have been in- Let us then attend to this solemn call. Let strumental in leading sinners to the saving us, wherever our influence extends, be knowledge of Him, whom to know is life
zealously affected in this good cause. Let eternal.
us warmly advocate this Institution, not “ In particular, more than one poor fel- only because its efforts are calculated to low's pillow has been soothed by them in reflect hozour upon that' church in whose the hospital under my care; many also, I name they are made, and to unfold and trust, who bad before rested in the external
commend the dignified purity of her forms forms of religion, have been, by their and discipline; but also and chiefly because means, directed to the Spirit, which it takes a higher and nobler aim-even the breathes through our inimitable Liturgy, deliverance of tbe immortal soul of man and have been made wise unto salvation from death and misery, and its elevation to through faith which is in Christ Jesus.
a crown of endless life and glory;-of that “ With earnest prayers that the Giver of soul, to redeem which the heaven of heaerery good and perfect gift will shed down
vens was bowed, and God himself came the blessed influences of his Holy Spirit to down to dwell in dust.'” guide your exertions in his cause, and sanctify them to his glory,
* No. 2. A Clergyman's Address to his “ Believe me, Rev. and dear Sir, Parishioners on Public Worship.
“Yours faithfully, &c."
HOME. His Majesty has been lately attacked with gout in the knee, and although recovering, it is not expected that he will be able to open the Session of Parliament in person.'The Houses meet on Tuesday next.
The Right Hon. Nicholas Vansıttart retires from the Exchequer, and is to be made Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, with a Peerage. He is succeedled by the Right Hon. Frederick Robinson, late President of the Board of Trade, to which office Mr. Huskisson is appointed. Some changes in the minor departments have necessarily followed, It is also reported that Lord Colchester will take Lord Bathurst's post, as Secretary of State for the Colonies.
The quarterly account of the Revenue, made up to the 5th of January, is most encouraging. It appears, that after the remission of between four and five millions of taxes, the total amount collected is scarcely diminished. We trust, and expect, that this proof of the increase of consumption caused by the reduction of imposts, will induce the Administration to proceed further in lightening the public burdens.
We are happy to believe, that it is now tolerably certain, that the Rev. R. Heber accepts the Bisliopric of Calcutta. We confidently trust, that this appointment will go far to repair the loss which had been sustained by the cause of Christianity in India, by the removal of the late Bishop.
FOREIGN. It appeared, at the commencement of the last month, that the Royalists in France were divided into two parties, those anxious for, and those opposed to, a war with the Revolutionists of Spain---And it was announced, that the contest between the principal supporters of these different views had been decided by the King of France, in Council, and that the advocates of peace had prevailed. And as a proof of this, it was seen that M. Montmorency, the Minister who had at Verona acceded to the wishes of the three Sovereigns for immediate war, was compelled to resign.
The hopes, however, which were thus raised, have latterly disappeared, warlike preparations of a decided character have lately become notorious; and the general expectation now is, that hostilities will shortly commence.
The Ambassadors of Russia, Prussia, and Austria have demanded passports to leave Spain, and have received them, accompanied with very haughty rejoinders. Spain certainly does not shrink from the contest, however unprepared she may be to meet it.
A decision of some kind may be now immediately expected ; and we apprehend, that it will greatly depend upon the declaration of the French Chambers, which met on the 28th of January, but whose feeling cannot be known until some days after.
The Triumph of Truth, or Facts displaying the Value and Power of the Word of God. By the Author of " A Word for the Heathen.” 18mo.
Brief Memoir of remarkable Children. By a Clergynian of the Church of England. 18mo.
A Mother's Portrait, sketched soon after Death for the Study of her Children, by their surviving Prent. i Vol. 12mo. With an elegant Plate.
The Habitations of Cruelty, or a Picture of Heathenism. By the Author of “ An Hour in Newgate,”. &c. &c. 8vo. With a Cut.
In the Press. The Vanity of Youth; à Sermon, preached in 1818, by the late Rev. Thomas Scott, and taken in Short Hand.
A Catalogue of the Ethiopic Biblical MSS. in the Royal Library of Paris, and in some other Collections, with Remarks and Extracts. To which are added, Specimens of the modern Dialects of Abyssinia. By Thomas Pell Platt, B. A. Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge.
Universal Stenography, or a practical System of Short Hand, upon the general Principles of the late ingenious Mr. Samuel Taylor, with various Improvements from the best modern Writers on tbis useful Science. By W. Harding.
Bible History, including the March of Israel from Egypt to the Borders of the promised Land. Revised and enlarged by Mrs. Sherwood.
Sincerity, a Tale. By the Author of “ Rachael, a Tale," &c. 1 Vol. 12mo. With an elegant Engraving.
Sacred Fugitives, in Prose and Verse. By E. Dermer. 1 Vol. 18mo.
We shall be happy to hear farther from Investigator.
Received and under consideration, J. B. C.-J. P. L.-M. X.-Rusticus-EleanorΠροπέτεια-J. W. M.. -C. D. and Rev. Peter Roe, will be inserted.'
The Second Part of the Memoir of Luther has just come to hand.
We were required, last month, to disavow, on the part of a respectable dissenting minister, any connexion with the publication calling itself the Congregational Magazine. And now we observe, in a long and dismal article in the last number of that work, that it is most anxious to disavow, on its part, all participation in the politics of Mr. Hall. While, to complete the climax, Mr. Hall bimself disavows all participation of feeling with his admirer, the Black Dwarf. Thus “ in the lowest deep a lower deep, still threatens to devour us.”
We are much obliged to a Constant Reader for the information he has forwarded concerning the projector, manager, &c. of the Porteusian Bible Society: at the same time it is not our intention to resume the subject.
We return most cordial acknowledgments to a Member of the Society of Friends for his kind communications, We had marked an extract from the last Yearly Epistle, and another from the Address on the Slave Trade, for insertion; but have been compelled to postpone them through a press of matter. We are well aware that the highly respectable Society of Friends must dissent from us on the subject of war. We fully, however, agree with them, that war is a tremendous evil; that it is accompanied with horrors and miseries which no tongue can describe, and that the Christian must do every thing in his power to avert it. But we do not think that a Christian governor would be justified in seeing his subjects plundered, ravished, sold for slaves, or assassinated, without drawing a sword in their defence; such defence, it is obvious, may terminate in war; and, therefore, we cappot concede that all war is unlawful: - yet we frankly acknowledge, that very few wars either in ancient or modern times, and very few indeed of those in which this country has been engaged, have been either just or necessary. We bave seen and read most of the publications of the Peace Society. We are also acquainted with the views of the Friends on missionary subjects; with the inquiries of Mr. Singleton, the exertions of Mrs. Kilham, and the zealous and distinguished services of the Friends in general in the cause of the Bible, the abolition of the slave-trade, the melioration of prisons, &c.; and their zeal has provoked very many. Nor had we lost sight of any of these valuable services when we said, that' so long as the Society of Friends neglect to form missionary institutions, they are not doing all in their power to terminate those evils against which they so decidedly protest'—they cannot certainly join other denominations in paying salaries to missionaries; and if the term missionaries were restricted to ministers, they could not perhaps employ any; but they clearly can form establishments for the instruction and the civilization of Indians or Africans, or other heathen; and we rejoice to see that they are at length about to make the attempt, and niost earnestly pray that Almighty God may pour out his Holy Spirit upon them, and abundantly own and bless their work of faith and labour of love.
Philomeles, after noticing the bindrance to a minister's usefulness from the anxiety which must often arise in his mind when contemplating a numerous family wbolly unprovided for, suggests, that a clergyman's fund should be formed by curates, or the incumbents of small livings, subscribing 51. per annum during their lives; and upon the Jeath of each subscriber, his widow to be entitled to 80l. per annum for life, or so long as she continues a widow; each child under twelve years, 201. per annum; and above that age, 251. per annum. When the child is seventeen the annuity to cease.
-We cannot but deeply regret the very parrow and distressed circumstances of many valuable and useful ministers, but we entertain strong doubts whether the plan here suggested will materially contribute to their relief. The great difficulty of the poorer clergy is to obtain present support: they are usually compelled to leave the provision for their families in His hands who feedeth the young ravens that call upon him. We conceive also that the premium of 5l. per annum would be found very inadequate to supply an annuity of 801. to the widow, and 201. or 25l. to each of the surviving children. This, however, is a mere matter of calculation, which may soon be determined by any person conversant with the principles of life insurance; but whatever plans may be adopted, so long as professing Christians are content to enjoy the labours of a faithful minister, without ever considering how he is supported, or making any efforts for his relief, --cases of the most distressing nature will arise; and the charge of improvidence so often made against de, parted niinisters, is a cruel mockery when advanced against those whose utmost exertions bave been scarcely adequate to a bare and scanty subsistence. Such has been, such is the case, with respect to many most valuable men. No persons have stronger claims to compassion and relief—and those claims are so much the stronger in proportion to the patient submission with which they endure their great and many privations.