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either party knew to appreciate at was called the body by a figure. its just value. He visited Ulm Having dedicated his work to the likewise with Blaurer and Bucer, Suabian divines, fourteen of them and uņited his counsel with theirs met at Hall, and joined in a reply. in settling the doctrine and disci- One named Brentius had the chief pline of the church in that city. hand in the composition. They
When the Landgrave of Hesse, said, that as the declaration of in consequence of the sacramenta- God, “ Every one that is bitten, rian disputes among the Reformers, when he looketh upon it, shall invited Zuinglius and Luther to an live," conveyed healing efficacy to amicable conference on the subject the brazen serpent; so the words of at Marpurg, in October 1529, the consecration caused the body of two principals were assisted by Christ to be united to the bread. their friends on either side. But Ecolampadius rejoined by showing we are principally concerned to no- that such illustrations would never tice the conversation which occur- confute his position; for that the red between the great Saxon Re- serpent was only a type of the Saformer and the enlightened pastor viour, and a mean of healing speof Basle, respecting the corporeal cially provided of God, but having presence. The latter maintained no efficacy in itself. He had had that “ the flesh profiteth nothing;” occasion to defend his sentiments that “ the true body was only in also at Baden in 1527, and at heaven, and could not be in two Berne in 1528. In one of his epiplaces at once;” and that “ the stles he drew up his confession on best fathers had understood the this subject. “ I have no hesitawords of Christ as relating to spiri- tion to own that the body of Christ tual participation.” To the first is present with the bread, in the observation Luther replied, that same manner in which it is present “ Christ, in saying, “the flesh pro- with the word itself, by which the fiteth nothing, did not allude to bread becomes a sacrament, and the sacrament;" to the second, that the word becomes visible. Those “ the Lord might so dispose of his speak correctly and piously, who body, that locality might not be declare that they come to the Lord's affirmed of it;” and to the third, supper, even to eat the body of that “ he would only reply that our Christ. Those speak unadvisedly Lord's words were, · This is my and slightingly, who say that they body,' which he would inscribe on obtain nothing there except bread
the table, and by these abide.” The and a sign of their Christianity : · Basilian on this memorable occa- for such persons do hereby demon
sion repeated the arguments which strate their want of faith. A behe had used in 1525. At that pe- liever considers himself as treated riod he published a work on the like a traitor, if he is represented true meaning of our Lord's words, as having eaten the sacrament “ This is my body," in which he alone, and not the thing itself which discussed the theological difficul- the sacrament implies; although ties in a manner more conciliating it be true that he receives the forto the Lutherans than either Carlo- mer with the mouth, and the latter stadt or Zuinglius. He was deci- with the mind by faith.” This pasdedly of opinion, however, that sage shows some confusion of consubstantiation was an error; and ideas; but it shows at the same that the great aim of a communi- time that he could speak on the cant should be to receive the ele- subject in a manner different from ments with repentance and faith, in Zuinglius, with whom he agreed in remembrance of the death of the main. It is surprising, howe Christ. He asserted that the bread ever, that he should have been so
much attached to the maxim, “ the I request you to bear witness that flesh profiteth nothing," which in such is my dying declaration!” reality has nothing to do with the The ministers, standing round his argument. He exposed himself to bed, gave each other the right the ridicule of Luther_by calling it hand, and engaged to take care of “ his iron wall.”-“I should ra- the church. ther call it,” said the Saxon, “a On the fifteenth day of his illness wall of mere paper, though perhaps he called for his young children, of the paper is a little tinged with an whom the eldest was but three iron colour. Christ did not say, years of age. He took each by my flesh profiteth nothing, but, the the right hand with great affection, flesh. So our friend's iron wall and then gently stroking their heads falls to the ground!”
said, “ My little dears! you, EuseIn 1530, he was waited on by bius-and you, Irene-and you, two ministers from the Waldenses Alethea_see that you love God, of Provence, who gave him an in- and he will be your father!” His teresting account of their faith and weeping wife bowed obedience for discipline. They told him they the children, when, turning to her, believed the sacraments to be vi- his father-in-law, and some other sible signs of an invisible grace. relations, he charged them, “ All The year following the senate de- you who have heard my desire, I sired his judgment on the produc- consider bound by this promise to tion of Servetus concerning Trini- see my children brought up to be tarian error, on which he condemn- pious, peaceful, and true! As ed it in a public oration, and wrote this concise charge was a seasonto the author in confutation of his able allusion to their respective tenets, beseeching him to renounce names, it was likely to be rememthem.
bered by the guardians. The death of his friend Zuin- Some ministers continued with glius affected him very sensibly, him that night, to whom he spoke for his infirm state of body could ill briefly. But an intimate friend support the melancholy news of the coming in, he asked, " What fall of one to whom he had been so news?” -“ None.”—“ But I,” tenderly attached. He struggled said he, "have news for you! In hard against the shock, till it pleas- a short time I shall be with Christ ed God, that a painful ulcer break- my Lord!” A little after some ing out on the os sacrum confined one inquired of him, “ Whether he him to his bed, and soon proved could bear a light to be brought to mortal. Great anxiety prevailed him?” to which he replied, laying among his friends ; but he was his hand on his breast, “ Here is himself in a peaceful and happy abundance of light!” The mornframe. Sending for his brother ing now began to dawn, when he ministers, he exhorted them to be grew worse, but with gasping faithful followers of Christ, to be breath repeated the 51st Psalm. pure in doctrine, and to be holy in He then paused a little, and after life. « My brethren, the Lord is recovering himself, added, “ Save come; he calls me away: but for me, O Christ Jesus!” These were you, a storm may threaten; be not his last words. The ministers knelt however discouraged; the Lord down round the bed, and lifting up will protect his church! I have their hands, commended his soul had many aspersions cast upon me; to God. In this act of piety they but I shall stand clear before the had been engaged but a few mijudgment-seat of Christ, of the nutes, when the sun rose full on the eharge of seducing his church; and interesting group, and the object of
their solicitude, with a gentle sigh, to marry in 1528 the pious widow resigned his spirit into the hands of of his friend Cellarius. She had his Redeemer.
no fortune, but was of good deSuch was the edifying departure scent. After his decease she of this amiable saint, on the 1st of united herself to Capito, and surDecember 1531, in the fifty-first viving him, took for her fourth husyear of his age: a man of piety, band Martin Bucer. integrity, and self-denial; of meek The citizens honoured his mebehaviour, mild in disputation, and mory with a public funeral: and polished in manner; of great gra- while the patriotic feelings of their vity and circumspection; delibe- descendants were cherished by rate in business; and much attach- viewing the statue in their towned to study. His writings were hall of Manutius Plancus, the numerous, and are divided into ex- founder of their ancient state, and egetical, hortatory, and apologe- a Roman general; their bosoms tical. As his parents, somewhat might glow with fresh piety, as they hastily, parted with all their sub- contemplated in their cathedral the stance, in contemplation of his tomb that covered the remains of taking orders, and leading a single (Ecolampadius, the "reformer of life, he had nothing to leave his their faith, and defender of their wife and family. As a reformed infant Protestantism. divine, however, he thought proper
THE SECOND ADVENT.
A lovelier vale extends ;
The morning star ascends.
And haild the blest abode :
The city of his God.
Th' immortal day shall dawn;
Proclaim th' approaching morn.
Thy chosen seed redeem;
And bid thy banner stream. I .
Our doubtful path below ;
Our grateful bosoms glow.
THE VILLAGE PASTOR, No. VI. The difficulties that a few years though for the present the bread ago presented themselves in im- thrown on the waters seem carried parting instruction to our poor down the stream, and lost for ever. children, and the fears and preju- The few anecdotes which I purpose dices that prevailed in many minds to give in illustration of these reas to the duty and expediency marks, are what passed under my of educating the lower orders of own eyes in my former parish, or the community, threw such im- are now passing before me in my pediments in the way of most of present. our village pastors, as greatly Little Sarah was not more checked and vastly confined their than eight years of age when I usefulness. These difficulties, and quitted the village in which she had fears, and prejudices, have now, in attended our Sunday school. Her a great measure, vanished, because mother was brought to feel herself they have been lived down; and a sinner, and to desire that salvafacts and experience have proved tion which is made known in the to the candid part of mankind, that Gospel; but she could not read, the cultivation of the poor villager's and her numerous family of young mind in moral, religious, and useful children confined her much to her subjects, is at once to rescue a cottage. This was a source of no being from a sort of half-savage small sorrow of heart: get these nature, and to transform it into a sorrows were often mitigated by social and conscientious character, little Sarah's coming home in the to make it a useful member of so- evening, and relating much of what ciety in this world, and to fit it for had been said to her at the school, the company of saints and angels and often, to use the mother's own in the next. Well do we know, words, “ telling her the meaning that in many instances the labour of passages of Scripture, which seems to be bestowed in vain. she did not understand before thus Sometimes our anxiety and admo- explained by her child.” At a nitions receive little else than in- time when the typhus fever laid gratitude and rebellion in return. several of my people in their graves, Yet, if we go to the Scriptures for and many more on beds of sicka rule of duty, our path is plain, ness, little Sarah took this comand our duty is no matter of vain plaint, and for many days her life speculation, or of wavering choice. was despaired of. For a while In the morning we are commanded deafness and delirium prevented to sow the seed, and in the evening my conversing with her; but when we are forbidden to withhold our intervals of recollection occurred, hand. We are to do unto others I was often cheered by her simple, as we would have others do unto pious conversation. Shortly after us. The poor we have always the symptomatic deafness left her, with us; and when we will we may and she became capable of hearing do them good. In our labours to what I said. I one day found her benefit the poor children of our quite free of delirium, with her villages, we should never forget little school-books lying on the pilthat much good may arise to others, low. For some time after I enterand especially to their parents, ed the cottage, I was quite alone through this channel ; and that with the child: the mother being much of an encouraging nature out at work, and the old grandmomay appear at a future day, al- ther gone for water-to a well in the
neighbourhood. Approaching the talk so pretty to us, that it is very bedside, I inquired of the child moving. I hope she'll get well how she felt herself.
" A little better, but very badly « That," I replied, “ we must yet, Sir.”
leave with Him in whose hands are “ Sarah, you know how this our lives, and all that is connected fever has carried off several people; with our term of days. Let us some of them seemed to be getting endeavour to be found in Christ, better; and then, all at once, they and then, living or dying, all will got worse and worse again, and be well.” soon died. Now I hope you try A few days after, I had an opto think about your soul, because portunity of chatting with the mowe don't know but you may yet ther, and learning from her that die. Do you think about these the child frequently talked to her things?”
and to her father on the subjects of " Yes, Sir; but I can't think death and another world in such a much, my head is so bad; I can manner as astonished and affected only read a little, and then it makes them, so as to throw them both my eyes pain me, and then I'm into a flood of tears. obliged to put down the book “O Sir," said the mother, “I
hope the Lord will enable me to • Do you think about Jesus pray, ' Thy will be done;' but how Christ, and how he died for poor shall I be able to bear up, if my sinners, and loves to see little dear girl is taken away? O how girls coming to him? Do you many times has she come home pray to him, Sarah, to pardon from your room, Sir, and told me your sins, and make you fit for so much about what was explained heaven?”
to the girls, that it seemed to make “ Yes, Sir, I do; but then I up for my not being able to get out get it out of my head again, and to church in the afternoon! If she don't know what I say."
dies, I shall then have no one to "Well, my dear, when you come tell me about these things.” to yourself again, you must then In short, this child was in no small try to think about your blessed Sa- degree the instructor and comforter viour, and pray to him as before. of the mother; and these instrucHe will not be angry with you for tions and comforts which the parent being out of your head, or for what derived from her child would, huyou then say. But, Sarah, do manly speaking, never have been you ever talk to your mother and communicated, had not the child grandmother, and the rest of the been in the way of hearing from family, about these things ?” time to time little explanations of
“ Yes, Sir; but they cry so." Scripture, and short familiar ad
“What makes them cry, my dresses on the various subjects of dear?”
man's fall and misery through sin, “ I don't know, Sir, but my and his rise and happy prospects mother says she can't bear it.” through our Lord Jesus Christ.
“ Surely, Sarah, your mother is Sarah recovered from the typhus not angry with you, is she?” fever, and is now living out at
“ O no, Sir, she is not angry, service. May the Lord continue to but she does cry so, and says she impress her mind, and influence all can't bear it."
her conduct, by that which she proThe grandmother now came in, fitably learnt out of his holy word, and somewhat interrupted us that so she may fulfil the same to
“ Bless her little heart,” ex- his honour and glory! claimed the old woman, “she does The next instance I at this mo