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&c. many natural connections, like propagated in Fife, despite of their the Bereans, are more noble—that is, opposition. The meeting-house of more candid, conscientious, and in our brethren, though comparatively quisitive than others ; and, therefore, small, is very comfortable. The yield with more readiness and pleasure evening was favorable. We filled to the force of truth. And not only every inch of the house ; then opened this, but they are more influential and the windows and doors ; so that many useful in the world. From some con- from without, as well as those within, nections and from some congregations heard an analysis of the apostolic the gospel sounds abroad, has free method of preaching the gospel. course, runs, and is glorified in saving Good taste, good sense, and piety, many. This is also true of this con- can make a cottage much more acnection. I do not think that there is ceptable to either a Christian or a any connection in Scotland that exerts philosopher than the most gorgeous a more effectual influence in the palace with all its surrounding magchurches than the family of the Drons. nificence. I felt more real enjoyment I think our brethren in Fifeshire are at Bethany Cottage, and its exquisitely more numerous than in any shire in beautiful garden, than at Windsor or Scotland—at least as far as I learned Hampton Court Palace. The samples from various sources, the greatest of refined taste were, indeed, in its cluster of churches are around the hedges and grottoes, the shrubbery village of Auchtermuchty, in a circuit and flower beds, its alcoves and reof some fifteen or twenty miles. The cesses, just as beautiful a miniature, as fine hills, or rather mountains, bold the others were a splendid developand majestic, that siretch along eastment of all that gives pleasure and of this rich and beautiful valley, in delight to a richly cultivated mind in the centre of which Bethany Cottage the most felicitous combinations of and Auchtermuchty stand, add some- Nature and Art. But that which thing more than beauty-I might say | graces all, is a refined sentimentalism grandeur, to the landscape. The high -an elevated and exalted piety. cultivation of much of this county, and But I must leave these enchanted the very rich and golden wheat harvest spots where Christianity blooms and which I saw in progress there about fructifies in all the grace of intellectual, the end of August, give a very high moral, and spiritual excellence, and character both to the agricultural hie away to Dunfermline in company science and art of husbandry in North with brother White, who is just waitBritain. I think that this very large ing with his horse and gig to convey county must have much improved me to the city of Ralph Erskine and since the days of King James, one of the church cemetry of Robert, alias whose palaces stood there, the ruins of King Bruce. We took the parting which I glanced at while passing ; if | hand ; and, commending each other there be any truth in the rhetorical | to him that “ keeps Israel, who slumcomparison which the king instituted bers not, nor sleeps,” without “castbetween Fifeshire and his royal coat. ing one longing, ling’ring look behind," “ Like my old coat," said the monarch, we went on our way anticipating that " all the riches and grandeur of my blissful era when from the East and kingdom of Fife is on the sleeves and from the West, from the North and skirts-the centre is bare enough.” from the South, they will come and

I was refused all the sectarian sit down with Abraham, Isaac, and meeting-houses in Auchtermuchty, a Jacob, in the Paradise of God. May very good proof of the fears of the you and I be so inexpressiby happy sects of exposure and also of the as to obtain admission there! Your power of the truths which had been | Father,


LETTERS ON ROMANISM. | into the hands of every inquiring

Roman Catholic a complete manual NO. I.

of my objections to your church, canThe following letter, addressed to Bishop

didly and kindly considered. These, Hughes, Roman Catholic Bishop of New York, reverend sir, are the reasons and mois the first of a second series, written by one tives, and not a love for controversy who had formerly been a Bishop in the same

for its own sake, which induces me community. The writer, for reasons given in

again to address you. this letter, assumes the signature of KIRWAN, though his real name is well known, and pro

While yielding to these reasons and bably may be inserted before the conclusion of | motives, I yet confess to you that I the series. These letters have been sent to us deem the present series of letters, by Brother Walter Scott, and we hope to insert

which will be brief, a work of suthem entire in the current volume of the HarBINGER. They are not only well written, but pererogation. If you have never they embody important reasons for leaving the | performed such a work, you know Roman Catholic communion, and not return- what it means. My conviction is, ing to that presumptuous and deluding system

that the reasons given in my former of religious worship and priestly dominationof which reasons our readers will be able to

letters for not returning to your church judge for themselves. Ed.]

are sufficient to induce any sane

mind to withhold its faith from WAREN I closed the letters I had your teachings, and every sane man the honor of addressing to you during to abandon your church. This, you the last spring, I fondly hoped that will say, is a partial decision ; it may my part in the thickening controversy be so. But as the tree may be held in on Romanism in our country, had its place by a few weak roots after the closed also. As those letters formed main ligaments that bound it to the my first, I also designed that they earth are cut, and when the weakest should form my last appearance be- wind that blows may cause it to totter : fore the public on that topic. So I so a mind, when the power of an anexpressed myself to you in my closing cient superstition over it is broken, letter. But the unexpected “ripple” may yet retain a connection with it, has been "excited on the current of influenced by reasons which seem unmy feelings," and whether wise or worthy of consideration, I know this otherwise I have concluded again to to be the case. The belief in “witches address you.

and warls” was early in pressed on the My reasons for so doing, and thus mind of Hume ; and it is said of him, departing from my original resolution, that, after he reasoned matter and are briefly these : The public who mind out of existence, he could not have so kindly received, and so widely hear the rustling of a leaf, after dark, circulated my “letters," have called without starting as if a witch were for another series, embracing the rea- upon him. The taste and smell of sons which I have omitted to state ; sourliquid remains long in the emptied and which, together with those stated, cask. And if any mind, rejecting the forbid my return to your church. At great outlines of your system, is yet least one of these papers, devoted to held to it by some reasons which I the interests of Popery in this country, have not considered, and whose abcalls upon me, in a semi-serious man- surdity I may be able to expose, I feel ner, to give my views on certain points anxious to relieve it. I must not which it raises ; individuals of your withhold from you my deep conviction communion, who have given my letters that Popery is an evil tree ; that its a candid perusal, have asked what fruits are only evil. I believe it to Kirwan had to say upon this and that be a falling tree. Its branches are point not considered by me ; and last, withering in the air, and the axe, though not least, is a desire to put | wielded by an Almighty hind, is cut

ting its roots. And if I can assist in sir, that I had no expectation in writcutting a few more of its roots, and ing them, that you would answer them, thus hastening its fall, I feel that I and for these reasons : First, because would be conferring a benefit upon they are anonymous. And as I like our race, and contributing to the not myself to contend with a masked emancipation of millions of men from a opponent, so I judged of you. The slavery, in comparison with which that text is capable of wide application, of Pharaoh's was freedom. Hence, these “ as face answereth to face in water, additional letters. And all I intend so the heart of man to man.” I prefer, doing is to state to you some farther for the present, to stand behind the reasons which forbid my return to curtain, and for this among other reayour church.

sons, that you and all men may decide Before entering upon a statement of upon what I say simply upon the these reasons, permit me to say a few statements and arguments; and for things which I can better say in this the additional reason, to prevent a preliminary letter than anywhere else. personal controversy. It is an old

The question has doubtless sug- trick of your church to leave the argugested itself to your mind, and to the ment for the man. And secondly, minds of others, why do I address because of their matter. I speak to these letters to you? Some of my you of what my eyes have seen-of reasons I have already given you. I what my ears have heard, of what my believe you to be a man of sense, of heart has felt. Facts are stubborn learning, and of fair character, which things. How can you make a man cannot be said of all Papal priests. I believe that to be sweet, which from You are put forth, now that Bishop actual taste, he knows to be sour ? England, also one of our countrymen, It is hard to reason against a man's is no more, as the Achilles of your experience. On these grounds I exparty in these United States. If any pected from you no reply. And alman in the country can refute my though, unless I mistake you, not one reasoning, and obviate my objections, of the little men who seek to put the you can do it. And as my sole ob- more abundant honor on the part ject and aim is the truth, I have se- that lacketh by a mock dignity, by an lected the man, in my opinion, best assumed superiority, yet you know fitted to correct me when in error ; when to be wisely silent. If, sir, when false, to show me the fallacy of without compromising your crosiermy reasoning; and if he should reply, | if, during some hours of leisure from who would reply as a scholar and a your varied and manifold duties, you gentleman. If you cannot confute would consent to answer some of the me, no man of your church in these reasons and considerations which I United States can. Nor will I con- have stated, and will state in the folsent to notice what may be said in the lowing letters, which forbid my return way of reply to, or abuse of these to your church, there is one at least letters by any man, save yourself. I that will read your reply with great have, as they say, a drawing toward pleasure. I am not, sir, among those you as an Irishman-I respect your who impute your silence to your inopen and manly bearing, and sadly, ability to reply to my statements, but as in my opinion you prostitute your if I can only gain access to the publicear, talents, I have a high respect for if I can only obtain from candid Roman them. Hence, I pass through the Catholics a careful consideration of ranks of soldiers, and by inferior of what I say, your silence will give but ficers, and go up to Achilles himself. little trouble. My object is attained.

But you have not answered my Permit me to make one other reformer letters ? I confess to you, mark before closing this letter. Evil

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days have come upon the system of reasonable, and I will cheerfully give which you are so able an advocate. it to the hottest furnace you can heat Once you could silence inquiry by to consume it. Let the truth of God church authority ; but, in this country triumph, whatever human systems especially, that day has passed away. perish. Will you join me in this It is passing away even under the aspiration ? shadow of the dome of St. Peter's. ' In my next, I shall proceed with There are those, yet, in this country my statement of some of the additional and in the old countries in Europe, reasons which prevent me from rewho, like that useless bird of sable turning to your church. wing called the Jackdaw, which you With great respect, yours, and I have seen in our youth, love

KIRWAN. the narrow window, and the toppling tower, and the mantling ivy, who

THE DOOM OF BABYLON. hover around whatever is ancient, BABYLON, thou hast fallen, thou city of the Past, however worthless or ruthless ; but There are no yawning ruins—we only know their number is small, and is daily

thou WAST: diminishing. The great inquiry now

The solemn sounding waters flow gently o’er

each dome, is after the true, the Scriptural, the Gaunt trees have risen o'er thy sunken slabs of reasonable. The day for the trial of stone. all things has come. Mere authority Upon that rising hill, a stately temple stoodin philosophy, in morals, in religion, Within an awe-struck people, and a gush of is valueless. When man appeals blood : from the church to the Scriptures, it

No more shall rise the victim's muffled cry~ is of no avail to say to him, “ believe

The priest, the victim, in their ashes lie. the church.” No appeal is admitted

No more thy gardens fling their incense on the from the Scriptures to the Fathers, Gone is

| Gone is the magic face of beauty that would from the teachings of Paul to the de linger there : cisions of councils. Old things, if Gone is the warrior, with his haughty head; absurd, are passing away ; and their | And none may thee awake, thou City of the wrinkles only hasten their burial.

Dead. Nor is there in the physical or moral

And if we ask what hand hath wrought thy

doom? sciences, nor in the theory of religion, Why hath Time dragged thee to this gaping a single principle that is not tried and tomb ? sifted as if never tried before. At this The Prophet's bell-like voice tolled forth thy treatment, holy error may lift up its funeral knell — bands in holy horror, and fall back

Thy valour, wisdom, beauty—for THY TEMPLES

fell. aghast as did Saul before the ghost of Samuel ; but it cannot be helped.

Lift high my standard 'gainst her, saith the

Lord, There may be, and doubtless is a reck

She mocks my being, and knows not my law; less speculation, a profane tampering The Mede, my ruthless servant, bares his sword : with sacred things; but nothing will His swift-winged chariot brings him from afar. eventually suffer but the truthless. My thunder-cloud of wrath hangs o'er thy lofty What will become of Popery, when

domes, proof and Scripture supplant authority :

Swiftly shall its dread lightning blast thy might,

y | Thy streets be strewn with ghastly human and credulity ?

bones, It becomes you, then, sir, to buckle | And o'er thy glory rest a never ending Night. on the harness. The battle has but | All lofty names are fated thus to fall begun between truth and error. In The sword of war-oppression's iron armyour soul and in mine there should | The crown of Pride, and Mammon's grasping not be a desire but for the triumph of

All these shall fall, and I will rule from land the truth. Let any opinion that I

to land. hold be proved unscriptural and un- !



KNOWLEDGE IS POWER. which darkened the truth. We have

demonstrable evidence that know“KNOWLEDGE is power,” exclaims ledge is power, when we contemplate the gifted Lord Bacon. Centuries the exalted condition of the arts and before his time, a noted one testified sciences — the steam engine, and its after the same manner. King Solo- application by land and water. The mon declares that by knowledge the press has become man's prime minisLord hath wrought wonderfully. “Byter in the dissemination of knowledge. his knowledge the depths are broken The politician acknowledges its power. up, and the clouds drop down dew," It advocates the cause of him who (Prov. iii. 20.)

abstains from inebriating drinks. In The Prophet Daniel adverts to a short, where is the subject agitated, period when that power would in- | the agitation of which is not more or crease (Dan. xii. 4.) The time al- less kept up by the press ? luded to has undoubtedly arrived. Its potency is acknowledged by the We may date that period from the religious world. It advocates various time the printing press was brought creeds and commandments of men. into operation. Surely we cannot be Hence we find various religious perimistaken if we consider that before odicals advocating the peculiar tenets this period knowledge was of neces- of a party. There is much value in sity confined in very narrow limits, religious periodicals. They constitute the process of communicating it being seasons of refreshment to their readers. at once tedious and expensive : too | The subjects treated of may be likenexpensive for the generality of man- ed to so many dew drops, which are kind. In one word, the barriers calculated to refresh the soul. He against its increase were powerful. who is in love with his party, looks But when man brought to perfection forward to the period of publication an engine with which he could pro- with ineffable delight, as a season duce copies of his literary productions when he is to enjoy a feast of fat with rapidity, then the flood-gates of things, TO HIM well refined. If this knowledge were broken up—the win- be the case with the adherents to a dows of the intellectual heavens were party, ought it not to be so with him opened, and torrents of knowledge who disclaims religious partyismhave continued from that period to who stands and declares in the face of pour upon the world, and have done the world, that he is a reformer. The much towards deluging the mental press must be the prime minister to darkness which prevailed. It has the reformers of Great Britain and not yet covered the tops of the moun- | Ireland. The periodical and the tract tains—there is much darkness yet to can find hearers where the voice can. be dispelled. Many gloomy hills of not be heard. They constitute a still darkness, standing out of the waters small voice, and, like the planetary of knowledge-many dark places of system, their work can be silently the earth still which are full of the performed. But apart from the aid habitations of horrid cruelty.

that a religious periodical furnishes Unlike the deluge of waters, know- in the conversion of sinners, it does ledge has a saving power while it much to keep up the interest of the destroys. It is itself destruction and converted—to keep the soldier of the salvation. It constitutes the deluge cross from fainting, from becoming and the ark. It dispels man's men- hopeless, and the more especially him tal darkness. It proves advantageous who has espoused a cause which is to him, politically, morally, physi- unpopular and in its infancy. cally, and above all, it illuminates It may be that some laborious dishim religiously. It dispels the mists ciple, some incessant labourer, may

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