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alized under the administration of his ling-block.” “There is no respect Son and Lord (Psalm lxxii. 1), of persons with God.” The blessings “ Give the king thy judgments, o of the gospel, with all the privileges God, and thy righteousness to the and immunities of the reign of heaking's son. He shall judge thy peo- ven, are as free and acceptable to the ple with righteousness, and thy poor poor as the rich, for these are all enwith judgment. The mountains shall joyed “ without money, and without bring peace to the people, and the price ;” yea, indeed, the poor have little hills by righteousness. He shall greater facilities for entering the kingjudge the poor of the people, he shall dom of heaven than the rich ! Jesus save the children of the needy, and says, “ How hardly shall they that shall break in pieces the oppressor. I have riches enter into the kingdom of He shall deliver the needy when he God.” No difficulties of the kind crieth : the poor also, and him that encompass the path of the poor ; and hath no helper. He shall spare the when we consider what these blesspoor and needy, and shall save the ings and privileges are, we may well souls of the needy. He shall redeem conclude that their possessors are their soul from deceit and violence, truly rich, and those who want them and precious shall their blood be in poor indeed. To enjoy the remission his sight.” What God bath thus of sins, peace with God, adoption into spoken with his mouth, he hath ful- his family, the Holy Spirit of promise filled with his hand, as, at this day, and of adoption, with the hope of the Messiah, David's son according to glory, honour, and immortality, is inthe flesh, has come, and constituted finitely more than eartbly riches can the Son of God with power as to his purchase, and entirely out of the power spiritual nature, after his resurrection of the most powerful to take away. from the dead — has sat down at the 2nd. But even in a worldly respect, right hand of the Majesty on high, under the Messiah's reign, the poor set up his kingdom, and sways the are blest : for, to supply their wants, sceptre of universal empire over the a special provision is made by divine world. And how does the event appointment. The fellowship, or confulfil the prediction ?

tribution, forming the Lord's treasury, 1st. Messiah proclaimed the gospel is one of the stated ordinances of the to the poor : for this cause he was house of God, as regularly and freanointed of God with the Spirit above quently to be attended to as the measure, as it is written, “ The Spirit “ breaking of the loaf,” even every of the Lord is upon me, because he first day of the week, as did the dishas anointed me to publish glad ti-l ciples at the beginning. And in order dings to the poor, to announce liberty that the distribution may be accordto the captives, and recovery of sighting as every one has need, special to the blind--to release the oppressed officers are appointed (the deaconate) -to proclaim the year of acceptance to take charge of this business. And with the Lord ;” and by the messen- more than mere enactments of law gers of John he returned this answer ever can supply, the Author of the to the inquiry, “ Art thou he that institution writes his law on the heart should come, or look we for ano- by the riches of his own liberality ther ?” -“ Go, relate to John what and unparalleled example. “For you have heard and seen : the blind you know," says the apostle, “the are made to see, the lame to walk, | charity of our Lord Jesus Christ, lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the that though he was rich, yet for your dead are raised, and good news is sake he became poor, that you through brought to the poor : and happy is he his poverty might be rich.” In this to whom I shall not prove a stumb-'way he implants in all his faithful

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subjects the same disposition and feel- presence of God, and of the Lord ing of benevolence which leads every Jesus Christ, and of the elect angels, one, according to his ability, to give that you observe these things without cheerfully of what he has for the relief prejudice, doing nothing by partiality of his poor brother. This, then, is (1 Tim. v. 21.) the provision which the Lord makes 4th. But how does Messiah break in his kingdom for the benefit of the in pieces the rod of the oppressor ? poor. Its fountain head is the mu- Of course those only who enjoy the nificence and benevolence of God privileges of citizenship experience himself, from whence it flows through the blessedness of his reign in a direct Jesus Christ to the filling of the heart and special manner. Those, then, of his subjects with a kindred benevo- whom the gospel subdues, and brings lence, and from the many hearts thus into willing subjection to him, to filled it flows into the sacred treasury, whatever class they formerly belongand from thence it flows out again to ed, are made anew and animated by irrigate and refresh the heritage of the same spirit : so, learning of him, God. And what human scheme of the lion puts on the nature of the “ Benefit Society" can, for simplicity, lamb - "the rich man glories not in efficiency, and fulness, bear compari- his riches, nor the mighty man in his son with this ?-all of which may be might; but glories in this, that he unpronounced " broken cisterns that derstands and knows the Lord”-and can hold no water.” And if all this that now his energies must be put be not realized under Messiah’s be- forth in new modes of manifestation, nignant constitution, it can only be “ by breaking off his sins by rightsaid of such a community, that it is eousness, and his iniquities by shownot true to the charter--that it is not ing mercy to the poor.” And thus His!

| the Messiah, through his own volun3rd. The poor are blest in the tary will, breaks the rod of the opkingdom of Messiah with equal laws. pressor by the same hands that wieldThere is no class legislation here. ed it. Again, to those who may be The laws, statutes, and ordinances, called while in a state of physical are all appointed by the King him- degradation, slaves to unconverted self, who looks to the true interests of masters, the rod is as good as broken, all his subjects—whose leading law is inasmuch as the blessings, privileges, the law of love and liberty,“ holy, and hopes to which he has been injust, and good." No money qualifi- troduced, renders him superior to his cation for membership or office here, outward condition, and enables him the poor being as eligible for either as to concur with the heaven-taught the rich ; and, as exemplified in the philosophy of the Apostle, and say, king himself, who for us " became 56 If I can justly and honorably obtain poor,” and “ took upon him the form my freedom from my bondmaster, I of a servant,” and “had not where to shall embrace it; but if not, I care lay his head” — as also in his chief not for it time is short - I am the officers of state - to fill the apostolic Lord's freeman, and an heir of glory, office, men were taken of low degree, honor, and immortality.” And again, mechanics, fishermen, &c. and among the rod of the oppressor is as good as all the qualifications enumerated for broken, because, by the “ favor of filling the permanent offices of bishops God, which brings salvation,” he is and deacons in his congregation, pro- taught to be obedient and faithful in perty forms not an item : while, to all things, not only to the good and regulate all officers in the executive, gentle master, but also to the froward, this solemn charge is given as in the not answering again, but showing all sight of God—“I charge you, in the good fidelity. And the very fact of bis fidelity, gentleness, meekness, and so happiness with poverty submissiveness, disarms the tyrant

In harmony may dwell. neutralizes the severity of the rod ; Because he opens to the view for against such behaviour, and such

A scene of endless rest,

And gives the poor a title good, amicable dispositions, “ there is no

Who have his name confessed. law,” and no rod will be lifted up.

Because he reigns to give a new Thus, while the kingdom and coming

And better era—birth: of the “ Just One” is calculated to To bless the poor, and blast the proud bless the whole human family falling Who now destroy the earth. under its influence, and ameliorate And therefore should the poor rejoice the asperities of this sinful and imper In Israel's Holy Onefect state to all classes, it is calcu

The heirs of scorn, and want, and toil,

In Mary's lowly Son. lated to do so that of the poor; and

D. L. were the glorious gospel generally received among the nations of the tation in verse with pleasure, because the truth

[We insert Brother D. L's monthly exhorearth, and the exalted privileges and is not only expressed, but a practical design and immunities of the reign of hea- pourtrayed. Whether or not it be considered ven appreciated and realized as they poetry is for the reader to judge.] ought, it would, in the very nature of things, completely change the face of CONVERTING INFLUENCE. society : poverty and wretchedness

NO. 11.* would disappear from the abodes of, and turn the barren wilderness

to L. — into a fruitful field. “ The glory of

Vera Cruz, November 18. Lebanon would be given unto it, the

I have just arrived in this place in excellency of Carmel and Sharon :" | anxious expectation of receiving leto and all the children of want, being

ters from the United States. In this, blest, would be able to render a reason

alas! I am disappointed. * * * * * in intelligent and grateful praise.

This is a beautiful town, and the J. D. centre of a wealthy trade; but it owes

nothing to the kindness of nature. HYMNS AND SPIRITUAL SONGS.

The rocks of Madrepore, of which it

is built, have been taken up from the BY A DISCIPLE.

bottom of the sea. The only water No. V.-JOY TO THE POOR.

fit for drinking is collected in cisterns. “ The poor among men shall rejoice in the Theclimate is very hot and unhealthy; Holy One of Israel P”- ISAIAH.

arid sands surround the northern AND wherefore should the poor rejoice

portion of the town, while to the south In Israel's Holy One ?

nothing is to be seen but ill-drained The heirs of want, and scorn, and toil, marshes. Upon a rocky islet, proIn Mary's lowly son ?

tecting the harbour, stands the fort of Because in their own ranks, a man St. Juan de Ulua, still in a dilapidated

Of grief and care, he stood, And for the poorest of the poor,

condition since the bombardment of Poured forth his richest blood.

the French. Because, like them, he laboured sore

By a vessel about to sail for New Like them despised the while-

York I send you in the accompanying His hands with labour hard---his brow packet, a correspondence which I As damp as theirs with toil.

have lately held with a young and Because he proves that real worth

valued acquaintance. It is chiefly Is not to rank confined

upon converting power, and I wish, That he who poorest is in gold,

my dear L. to have your judgment of May richest be in mind.

the manner in which I have treated That, as the sweetest kernel oft Lies in the roughest shell,

* A continuation of Mexico and her Population. this subject, which you know has been which I now invite your attention. so much controverted. It was during Favor and peace be with you! E. my stay in the city of Mexico, that I was introduced to my young friend

R.- to E.R- , who is but a few years from

Mexico, September 4. the United States, having been during Dear Sir-As I have no idea of althis time in a mercantile house in lowing myself to be forgotten by one Mexico. He was delighted to con- whom I myself am unable to forget, verse with me of our native land, nor I take, as you perceive, an early was I less pleased to learn from him opportunity to avail myself of the the customs and character of the Mexi- privilege you gave me of correspondcans. Having been piously brought ing with you. And, indeed, it is to up in a Presbyterian family, he has a me a most agreeable employment, for great reverence for the Divine cha- it reminds me of the pleasant interracter and the holy scriptures ; and is, I course which I have had with you I believe, truly solicitous to know the of the halcyon days (alas, how few !) truth, though I found him, as I thought, during which I was permitted to asa little prejudiced against our reli- cend with you those volcanic peaks gious sentiments by the misrepresenta- where we saw the terrible majesty of tions he heard before he left home. God's power, and to traverse the I did not, therefore, urge them upon vallies filled with delicious fruits, the his attention, but directed the conver-tokens of his goodness; when we held sation to those points of piety and sweet converse together of Him who morality in which all agree.

is fairer than the lily which dipped its It was upon an excursion we took chalice in the stream of Hermosa, or to visit some natural curiosities about the thornless rose which we found 100 miles south-east of Mexico, that blooming upon the plain of Chiapa. I formed a particular intimacy with How happy would I be if the rehim. I found him an enthusiastic trospect of my past life were in every admirer of nature, and deeply im- respect equally pleasing as the remempressed with a sense of the Divine | brance of the few days I had the majesty and power. Passing over a happiness to spend in your society ! very mountainous country, amidst the It was then that a pure and holy most sublime scenery, where one is influence seemed to triumph in my obliged to cross foaming rivers upon heart, and to diffuse a serenity and bridges formed of the fruit of the joy to which I have been unhappily Crescenta pinnata, tied together with too often a stranger. To endeavor to ropes of the ngave, or Mexican grape- renew, at least in some degree, this vine, we saw upon our tour, the happiness, and to solicit information

Ponte Dios, or the Bridge of God-a upon the most important of all matters, rock, under which the deep river Aque- the salvation of the soul, I would now toyachas hollowed itself a passage, and address to you these lines, which can along which the traveller may continue but very imperfectly express the feelhis journey as if he were upon a high ings by which they are dictated. road. We visited also the immense Knowing, however, how deeply versed cavern of Dante, which is traversed and interested you are in the subject by a river ; the porphyritic organ- of religion, I may speak without repipes of Actopan, and many other straint, assured that you will gladly singular objects, of which I shall have do any thing to assist the progress of much to tell you when we meet again. one who wishes to travel “the safe Meanwhile, be so good as to let me but narrow way.” have your views upon the subject “At thirty man suspects himself a embraced in the enclosed letters, to fool,” says the poet. For my part, I

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must confess that I had such a suspi- which I do not at present fully comcion of myself before I was twenty. prehend, (perhaps you can explain it Upon endeavoring to penetrate into to me,) stupidity would assume her the recesses of my own heart, what leaden sceptre, and reign over my darkness, what depravity I discovered! | soul with unbounded sway: my feelUpon testing by analysis the spring ings would grow obtuse; my heart of my thoughts and actions, what would become hardened ; in religious, unlooked-for feculence and impurity I and even in other matters, I would be detected ! And yet after all the unable to think or feel. Things, the careful and protracted scrutiny of recollection of which would before years, how little do I know of myself ! have excited the most lively sensations, how many secret sources of wicked- would then be to me insipid and unness remain undisclosed ! Believing interesting. In short, evil dispositions in the holy scriptures, and wish- would seem to have gained the entire ing to obey their precepts, how un- ascendance; while improper thoughts, worthy have I felt myself of the name evil suggestions, cruel suspicions and of Christian ! how far do I fall short doubts would arise, and create a state of doing what they enjoin upon me! of confusion and a degree of mental Often, alas ! am I ready to say with suffering, of which those only can conthe Prophet, “The whole head is sick, ceive by whom it has been experienced. and the whole heart faint.”

I could not, indeed, at this time fail I am, however, unable fully to to perceive wherein I had erred, and describe my situation. There is an that I was no longer the same person unaccountable ebb and flow in my who a short time previously was religious feelings which often render comparatively happy; who, indeed, me unhappy. At some seasons, in a mourned for transgression, but was great degree sensible of my imperfec- not as those that “sorrow without tions, and of my need of a Saviour, in hope ;" but an irresistible impulse humility and contrition, I had earnest- seemed to hurry me forward, until at ly sought, from the throne of grace, some unexpected moment my proper that forgiveness which I so much feelings would be at once restored, an need, and that strength to persevere humble and contrite spirit would be in well doing, so necessary to im- renewed within me, and the same provement and continuance in holi- | peace and serenity of mind enjoyed ness. After such exercises, how de- a morning of joy, soon to be again lightful have been my sensations ! | clouded by the shades of night. These, Trusting entirely to Him that is then, have been my wanderings—the "mighty to save,” and believing that bewildering paths in which I have for me he had not died in vain, a strayed, instead of running with calmness and peace inexpressible patience and alacrity that glorious have reigned in my soul ; a swelling “race,” whose goal is heaven. emotion of love and gratitude has | And now, my dear friend, can you overpowered my heart: I have felt explain these things to me? Can you that I could do any thing-suffer any analyze my conduct-can you give thing for the sake of our compassionate me a clue that may extricate me from Redeemer. I have then used various the labyrinth of error, and keep me means to assist my progress, such as in “the way wherein I should go ?” daily compiling a secret history of my If you can do so—if you can “ teach heart and conduct in order to see and my best will rectitude, and fix my correct deficiencies of character, while firm resolve"—then will you, indeed, prayer was diligently attended to, and do me a favor to be remembered religious conversation sought.

when “time shall be no more." I But suddenly, from some cause have often endeavored to discover the

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