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heard the gospel in the year 1839, when he ex- / breath of life not only to the lungs of man, amined its divine claims, believed its declara- beast and bird, but to those of the host of the tions, obeyed its commands, and rested im- | vegetable world. These are parts of its ways, but plicitly upon its promises. From that period how little a portion of it, as of the Creator, is he entertained full confidence in the Saviour understood! It is always giving. It gives us lived in the enjoyment of a sense of forgiveness the Spring with its tender beauty, the Summer of past sins, by faith in his blood -- and exem in all its pride and gaiety, the Autumn with all plified the character of a cheerful, devoted, and its munificence, the Winter with all its solemn useful member of the church. He has left a grandeur, and its “ like wool.” The ocean, large family consisting of three sons and five too, is not alone sublime in action — beautiful daughters, three of whom, with their bereaved in repose. It is not alone “ the image of the mother, are disciples of Christ, and members invisible," as it creates elevated thoughts and of his body the church. The industry and emotions in a contemplative soul. It is vast fidelity of our deceased brother in his worldly in its beneficence. It gives in charge to the occupation -- his Christian meekness, courage, atmosphere those treasures which are not hoardand steadfastness—his contentment under pri- ed, but speedily prepared to enrich the earth. vation and suffering—will be long remembered It is not barrier between nations, but the bearer as the embodiment of a bright example in the of their bountiful exchanges. From its capafamily, the church, and the world. As he lived, cious repositories it furnishes without stint the so he died, serenely happy. Truly blessed are living millions that supply the wants of man, the dead who die in the Lord.

drawing them to its banks, or sending them at certain periodical seasons up the numerous

rivers, to meet the demands of the lord of creFAMILY CIRCLE. ation. The earth, too, is giving, always giving, SPECIMENS OF Giving.—There is in the

a thousand fold for all it receives. Its teeming

bosom is at this moment preparing those imEnglish language a certain word of unwelcome

mense supplies, which are to gladden the hearts sound, and unpleasant association. It is the

of dependent, ungrateful man. In a thousand word STINGY, and is of so odious a savour, that

ways does it give. Let but the hand of indusno man is willing to have it applied to himself,

try touch it, and quickly as by enchantment, it however much truth there may be in its applica

yields the abundance which, like all the works tisn. The more the truth, the deeper the

of God, testifies to his boundless beneficence. aversion. Liberality is, on the contrary, in

To crown all, God gave that gift of gifts, His high esteem everywhere. No man objects to

OWN Son, to live, to labour, and to die for man. being thought liberal, whether he is so or not.

Shall man then be ungrateful ? Shall he alone And of those who fancy themselves so, the

be niggardly? Oh, covetous man! All that number is much greater than those who really

you see and hear reproves you. are so. Stinginess is not only condeinned by

There are inall intelligent minds, but it lies under the mute

numerable silent monitors that reprove your

selfishness, and command you to be generous. reprobation of nature itself. Nature has been

God himself teaches you by his own example, called economical, but she is not stingy; she is

to be benevolent and bountiful ; yes, to make liberal, often profusely so. Behold the sun

some great sacrifice. What, then, wilt thou do amid his morning glories, his meridian splendours, orhis evening magnificence. What a beau

this year for the welfare of thy fellow-men, and his glory?

D. tiful benefactor to millions of glad recipients ! Gaze on the starry firmament amid the “ador- THE INFIDEL, THE CHRISTIAN AND THE ing silence of the night.” What a profusion of BIBLE.-A Christian gentleman had occasion softened beauty is poured on the enchanted to travel through a new and thinly settled part vision of him who has a heart to commune with of the western country of North America. His the “poetry of heaven.” Think of the atmos- travelling companion was a gentleman of intelphere that surrounds us. How it delights to ligence, but of infiidel principles, who was fond distribute the rich sun light it receives, to of discussion, and tried to beguile the way by diversify beauty to the eye in all the splendid urging arguments against the truth of the variety of colors, to assist the voice of man or Christian religion. The thinly peopled section instrument, in conveying melody to the ear; of country through which they were passing to help the little flowers—themselves so prodi- was inhabited by people of indifferent characgal of beauty and sweetness—to impart fra- ter, and it had been rumored that travellers had grance to the senses; and finally to sustain suffered fatal violence from them when thrown millions of denizens of the air on their elastic within their power. As regular inns were unwings, while they revel in mirth and music. | known our travellers were compelled to trust How it upholds the mighty masses of clouds, to the hospitality of those of whom they could while they drop their fatness upon the needy not but entertain a secret fear. On one occaearth, and teach to man a lesson of unbounded sion, as the evening closed in, they sought a generosity. How softly does it deposit the lodging place in a log-cabin, far remote from rich dew on flower and field, while it gives the other habitations. They anticipated but little comfort; and were induced to believe, that it has brought one man from the bottom of the would be a measure of safety to watch alter. sea, and carried another in a chariot of fire nately through the night. As they were about what has not prayer done? to retire to their rude bed, their host, whose exterior had excited their distrust, proceeding

Domestic PIETY.—Parents, if your children to a shelf, took down an old and much worn

do not meet with a spirit of piety in your houses

-if, on the contrary, your pride consists in bible, and informing his visitors that it was his custom to worship God in his family, he read

surrounding them with external gifts, introduand prayed in so simple a manner as to secure

cing them into worldly society, indulging all the esteem of the travellers. They retired to

their whims, letting them follow their courserest, slept soundly, and thought no more of al- |

you will see them grow vain, proud, idle, disternate watching. In the morning the Chris- |

| obedient, and extravagant. They will treat you tian requested his infidel companion to say

| with contempt, and the more your hearts are whether the religious exercises of the precede

wrapt up in them, the less they will think of ing evening had not dispelled every particle of

you. This is often seen to be the case—but who distrust of their host's character, and had not |

het is responsible? The PARENTS. May yon learn enabled him to close his eyes in the most con

thereby how great is your sin against God, in fident security. He was evidently embarrassed

med neglecting the means for influencing their hearts, by the question ; but at length candidly ac

and bringing them up in the Lord. Nothing

is more effectual in doing this, than an example knowledged, that the sight of the bible had secured him a sound night's rest. Here was a tes

of domestic piety. timony extorted to the influence of the religion which he sceptically assailed. He could not har

THE BEREAVEMENT. bor a fear of violence from one who was in the habit of daily bending his knee before God.

[The following lines were written on the death The very erection of the family altar rendered

of the author's wife, in March last, leaving the house a secure asylum.

eight children under fourteen years of age,

to mourn their irreparable loss.] THE WONDERS OF PRAYER.--Abraham's servant prays--Rebekah appears. Jacob wres

My motherless children ! I look on you now tles and prays--the angel is conquered, and

| With the tearin my eye, and the cloud on my brow. Esau's mind is wonderfully turned from

rom the | How unconscious you seem, as around me you

the revengeful purpose he had harbored for twenty

twine, years. Moses prays-Amalek is discomfited.

Of the loss that is yours, and the grief that is Joshua prays-Achan is discovered. Hannah

mine! prays --Samuel is born. David prays-- Play on, little children, like lambs on the lea, Ahitophel hangs himself. Asa prays--a victory | And cease not your frolic to sorrow with me : is gained. Jehoshaphat prays--God turns In the lapse of the future, too well you may learn, away his foes. Isaiah and Hezckiah pray- The troubles that press on the ‘mitherless bairn.' one hundred and eighty-five thousand Assyrians

Your innocent prattle awakes in my soul are dead in twelve hours. Daniel prays—the

The deep gush of feeling I cannot control, lions are muzzled. Mordecai and Esther fast

| And the scenes of the past, like the waves of the Haman is hanged on his own gallows in three

deep, days. Ezra prays at Ahava—God answers.

| Come rolling before me, awake and asleep. Nehemiah darts a prayer---the king's heart is softened in a minute. Elijah prays a drought

My God! give the rest thou alone canst bestow: of three vears succeeds. Elijah prays again- | A solace to bosoms thus burden’d with woerain descends apace. Elisha prays-Jordan In this faith-trying hour be my refuge and stay, is divided. Elisha prays--a child's soul comes Till the light of thy Word chase the darkness back. The church prays, and Peter is delivered by an angel. Paul and Silas prayed and sang And, chasten’dand wash'd in the blood of thy Son, praises to God the doors and gates of the My soul shall approve what thy wisdom has done. prison were opened and every man's bands These motherless children, I give them to thee: were loosed. Prayer has divided seas, rolled up Be more e'n to them than a mother could be. flowing rivers, made flinty rocks gush into fountains, quenched flames of fire, muzzled lions,

I ask not the coveted treasures of earth, disarmed vipers and poisons, marshalled the

But bless them each one with the spiritual birth, stars against the wicked, stopped the course of

| And feed them with knowledge, pour light from the moon, arrested the rapid sun in his great

on high, race, burst open iron gates, recalled souls from

Which shall teach them to live, and prepare eternity, conquered the strongest devils, com

them to die : manded legions of angels to come down from

And oh, may the tie which on earth thou hast heaven. Prayer has bridled and chained the

riven, raging passions of men, and rooted and destroyed

Bind children and parent more closely to heav'n. vast armies of proud, daring atheists. Prayer Boyne, Banff.

W. WALKER.

PAYMENT OF PASTORS.

would teach likewise, when there was

need.” Very good! Then the comThe Apostle Paul, in his letter to mand provides both for pastors and the Romans, exhorts them concerning evangelists. This principle, then, is the duty of distributing (koinonountes) | enunciated by the Holy Spirit-payto the necessities of the saints ; and ment of pastors. Now since the aposagain, in the letter to the Hebrews, tle has enunciated this law, he, being ** But to do good, and communicate, infallible, because inspired by God, (koinonias) forget not.” Again, in could not contradict himself. In God's his epistle to Timothy, he says, book there is no such thing as a con“ Charge them that are rich in this tradictory passage. The Apostle Paul, world, ihat they do good, be rich in in his epistle to Timothy, says, “ LET good works, willing to communicate” the elders that rule well be counted (koinonikous.) Again, in his letter worthy of double honour, especially to the Philippians, he says, “I know they who labour in word and in dochow to be abased, and I know how to trine" (i. e. as evangelists as well as abound, and how to suffer need; I pastors.) Now the word used here to can do all things through Christ which signify “honor” is timee, which some strengthened me: notwithstanding ye persons may say, means in this pashave well done that ye did communi- sage, “honour" in its popular meancate (sun-koinonesantes) with my af- ing of “respect,” or “esteem ;" but to fliction. Now ye Philippians, know this interpretation there is one insualso that in the beginning of the gos- perable objection : ifit mean “honour” pel, when I departed from Macedonia, it makes void the law already enacted, no church (ekoinonesen) communi- namely, that pastors are to share in cated with me, as concerning giving the substance of the disciples ; and as and receiving, but ye only.” Now Paul, being infallible, could not confrom these passages we have furnish- tradict himself, it is evident that ed the evidence, that the word “honour” is not the meaning—it must koinoneo, in both its simple and com- mean something else. The word pound forms, is here used by the Holy timee, besides its meaning of honour, Spirit, speaking through a human has another meaning-price or remuvoice, in the signification of “giving neration, pecuniary recompense. We money,” or “ giving a portion of one's shall furnish proof in the words of the substance.” And the same Holy Holy Spirit :-" Then was fulfilled Spirit, speaking through the mouth of that which was spoken by Jeremy the Paul, says, in the letter to the Gala- prophet, saying, and they took the tians, “Let him that is taught in the thirty pieces of silver, the (timen) price word, communicate (koinoneto) unto of him that was valued, whom they of him that teacheth in all things.” Now the children of Israel did (timesanto) since the Holy Spirit, speaking value.” This passage, in A. Campthrough Paul, here makes use of this bell's new version, reads thus :-“The expression koinoneo, and as the Holy thirty shekels, the (timen) price at Spirit never contradicts itself, no man which he was valued, I took as the can say that the Holy Spirit did not Lord appointed me, from the sons of comprehend the meaning of the word Israel, who gave them for the potter's it used. Here, then, is a positive field.” In the 6th verse of the same command, “ Let him communicate ;" chapter, the word time is also used in and by divine law it is established the sense of price or recompense :-that he who is taught is to impart a “ And the chief priests took the silver portion of his substance to his teacher. pieces, and said, it is not lawful to put Evangelists preached, pastors taught. them into the treasury, because it is But some one may say, " Evangelists' the (time) price of blood.” Again, in

the Acts, it is used to signify price, or manded that these elders were to have pecuniary recompense -- “ Neither the double of it. And Paul demonwas there any among them that lack- strated their right to support from the ed, for as many as were possessors of very same passage which he quotes as lands or houses, sold them, and brought an authority for his own support : the timas of the things that were sold,” | “ for,” says Paul, “The Scripture &c. Again, in the 5th chapter—“But saith, thou shalt not muzzle the ox a certain man named Ananias, with that treadeth out the corn,” and “the Sapphira his wife, sold a possession, labourer is worthy of his reward.” and kept back part of the times) So, then, Paul proves that pastors, as price. But Peter said, Ananias, why well as apostles and evangelists, were hath Satan filled thine heart, to lie to typified by the ox treading out the the Holy Spirit, and to keep back part corn ; and as Paul has already proved of the times of the land,” &c. Again, from this very passage, that apostles in Acts vii. 16, “ The sepulchre that and evangelists are entitled to support, Abraham bought for a sum (times) of he now proves that elders likewise are money.” Again, in Acts xix. 19 entitled to support. “ And they counted the price (timas) | But if a pastor possess the means of them, and found it fifty thousand of maintenance, ought he to receive pieces of silver.” Again, in 1 Cor. support from the congregation ? No! vi. 20, “ For ye are bought with a because, as a good steward of God, he (times) price, therefore glorify God,” | must consider himself paid by that &c. Again, in 1 Cor. vii. 23, “For which God has committed to his care. ye are bought with a (times) price ; But some one may ask, why was the be ye not the servants of men.” We word translated honour ? We answer have now produced eight passages in that in the time of King James the which the word time signifies remune- First, the word “honour” was used ration or recompense : six of them in a different signification to its comsignify a literal pecuniary remunera- mon one. A single example of this tion-two of them signify price, used is sufficient. “ Honour widows that as a metaphor. Now, bearing in mind are widows indeed.” This is the pasthat the Holy Spirit, speaking through sage in which Paul orders that widows Paul, has enunciated a law, that pas- be relieved and assisted : if these tors are to share in the substance of widows had nephews or children they their congregations—that the Spirit, were to be maintained by them, if moreover, cannot contradict itself- capable, and not by the church. But that the word time is used in a literal some one may ask—why did Paul say pecuniary sense six times, and in a that the Thessalonians were to esteem metaphorical sense of price in two their pastors“ very highly in love, other passages—itis manifest by every for their work's sake ?” Why, berational principle of interpretation, cause they ought to do so : the mere that the passage must read as follows: fact of their enabling the pastor or -“Let the elders that rule well be pastors to give all their time to the counted worthy of double recompence, instruction of the church, was not a especially they who labour in word sufficient recompense : the duties of and in doctrine.” Now, as the elders the office were so arduous, that they that rule well, especially they who were to esteem them“ very highly in labour in word and in doctrine, are to love" likewise, in order to cheer them be counted worthy of double pecuniary in their stern combat with sin, false recompense, it is evident to every ra- brethren, and an unbelieving world. tioual mind, that the elders must have | The relation between pastor and had some pecuniary recompense, or church was something infinitely beelse the apostle would not have com- 'yond amere trade transaction. Again, some one will say, why did the apos- / fied and important office itself. God tles maintain themselves when they never issues a prohibition against a first preached the gospel ? — did they thing not in existence. When he said require leisure to study before they “ Thou shalt not kill,” the crime had could preach ? No, they did not been committed. Paul evidently gave and why? because there was a divine this law as inspired by the Spirit, in command that they were not to study order that when the members of the

—they were to take no thought what churches no longer taught or exhortthey should say, for the Holy Spirited by miraculous power, there might would speak through them. If evan- be the means of providing a series of gelists and pastors in the present day pure and intellectual men, who should, preached, taught, and exhorted under through all ages, govern the church, the miraculous influence of the Holy and proselyte the world. Again, Spirit, they would need no time for some one may say, shall we then have study, nor any mental cultivation at men who are to give us three sermons all. Moreover when churches were on the Sunday, and do nothing all the established, Paul commended some rest of the week ? No, no one profor enabling him to give the whole of poses it : the pastors and evangelists his time to the work, and imputed of the early churches made the inblame to parties for the contrary. struction of the church, and the conAgain, some one may ask, why did version of the world, a DAILY occupaPaul address the elders of the church tion. The Sunday system of preachat Ephesus in these words, “I have ing is the precious result of a State coveted no man's silver, or gold, or Church. All honour is due to the apparel ; yea, ye yourselves know noble-hearted men who labourin secuthat these hands have ministered to lar employment during six days of the my necessities, and to them that were week, and then teach and preach on with me. I have showed you, how the Lord's day ; but there is not one that so laboring ye ought to support of those men who does not know that the weak, and to remember the words he could be infinitely more useful, if of the Lord Jesus, “it is more blessed he could devote the whole of his time to give than to receive ?!” We answer, to teaching and proclamation. Again, that Paul had, nearly four years pre- some one may say-But if the church viously, imparted the Holy Spirit to is very poor, and quite unable to supthe whole church at Ephesus : conse- port a pastor, what then ? Why the quently, those who had received it, law propounded does not fall on them; like the apostle, had no occasion for God judges man by the responsibility study or leisure-the Spirit spoke mi | he has, not by that which he HAS NOT. raculously to the church through Again, some one may say, why should them; they, therefore, could pursue an elder who fills an evangelist's their accustomed trades, &c. But office, likewise have double remunesome one may observe, did not Paul ration ? Because an evangelist's exsay that the pastors were not to take penses are added to those he already office for filthy lucre's sake, but of a incurs : how can he travel to other ready mind ? Yes, he did ; and the places to found fresh churches, if he very exhortation shows that the pas- has not the necessary means ? This tors were lawfully supported by the is why he is to have double support. early churches, because if the pay- | Again, someone may ask-why should ment of pastors had not been in ex- an elder that rules well have double istence, there would never have been remuneration ? Because, since he is an exhortation not to have sought the to be hospitable and benevolent, to office for the sake of the support, but such a man there is no greater pleafrom an earnest desire for the digni- sure than ministering to the necessi

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