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know, any other command, not sup-called obedience, itself shows that he posing any sin in the person to whom had no sin of his own to suffer for, it is given, might have been given to for there is no obedience in one sufferAdam as a simple test of obedience, ing the punishment which is due to and all the consequences of his trans- him for his sins. The idea is absurd gressing it, had he done so, would and destitute of meaning, that one on have been the same. But no other whom the law inflicts its sentence is command could be given to the Son obeying a command to suffer ; or that of God to fulfil than that which was there is any righteousness, or any given himn ; for no obedience of any thing acceptable to God in such sufferother kind than that which is em- ings. But the righteousness or obephatically called his “ obedience” dience of Christ consisted in his taand his “ righteousness” in this con- | king that suffering upon him which nection, Rom. v. namely, his bearing was not due to him on his own acthe penalty of sin, could have produced count ; and therefore we understand the same consequences ? and there- by his righleousness, his sacrifice, his fore it would not have answered the blood, or his death, all these expressend God had in view. If sin had ions being synonymous. never entered into the world, we may 4th. As God threatened a punishsuppose that the Son of God might ment to Adam in case of his disobeby obedience to any command of the dience, so he promised a reward to Father, have obtained a reward for Christ for his obedience. The himself, and even glory for others be- penalty incurred by Adam was death sides himself, if it pleased God it —the reward set before Christ was should be so ; but more than this had dominion over death, and glory at to be accomplished. Man must be God's right hand : and this he has saved out of the condition into which obtained, and is now in possession of. he is come, as subject to death by the 5th. As we have seen that the contransgression of Adam, and then sequences of Adam's transgression, under the wrath of God as a trans- or the judgment which came upon gressor of the law : and the Scrip-him, came also upon all who stand in tures teach us, that salvation both a natural relation to him—that is, from death and from the curse of the upon the whole human race : so the law, could be brought to pass only consequence of Christ's sufferings is by the sufferings of the Son of God, not only the obtaining a reward for (leb, ü. 10.) It was to this end himself, but for all who are his. Upon that he took part of flesh and blood, this particular we shall enter in our or was made a little lower than the next paper.
A. B. angels, that through death he might destroy hiin who had the power of death : as it is through his resurrec | INQUIRIES OF A WESLEYAN. tion that we shall be delivered from
(Continued from page 422.) the grave, and he has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made
AN APOLOGY FOR CHARITY. a curse for us. No other command, I | Is it necessary in this great day of then, could have been laid upon Christian profession, that the sweetest Christ, which would have availed to angel of the light should be defended take away sin ; and therefore it is from suspicion, vindicated from cathat his obedience means especially lumny, and so recommended that her his bearing sin, or the punishment of entrance may not be unexpected and sin. That he should be commanded undesired ? Is it by intellectual perto suffer the penalty of sin, and thus spicacity, or by stupid, senseless, inthat his sufferings for sins should be veterate malignity, that the human
mind has discovered evil to be the tion of the superiority of the Scripture
And, indeed, this distinction is one of
most despised of his disciples, as if But this subject has had the mis- they were done unto himself. fortune to be almost continually mis- 5. That God loves mercy rather stated. The question is—will the uni- than sacrifice-works, deeds, and acversal diffusion of the principle of kind- tions of kindness and love - more ness and benevolence, the universal than any religious forms, ordinances, belief of the Scripture statement, that or observances whatever. it is better to GIVE than to receive, 6. That God takes no delight in have the tendency to create a need- ordinances and observances, when unless dependency upon others, or have connected with the practice of kindany necessarily evil tendency what- ness and benevolence to men. ever ? And the answer which every 7. Where these ordinances are unright-minded man will give to this connected with the holy practices requestion, will be a triumphant asser- / ferred to, God views them not only
without approbation, but with posi
PRELIMINARY tive and intense displeasure.*
DISSERTATIONS ON THE ACTS 8. That the work of mercy and love ought to be recognized in Chris
OF THE APOSTES. tian exertions and in Christian insti
I. THE AUTHOR OF THIS BOOK. tutions, in proportion to the important position it sustains in the divine
All antiquity assigns to Luke, the law, and in the New Testament
companion and fellow-labourer of scheme of Christianity.
Paul, the authorship of this invaluaThese propositions will, I believe, ble and admirable narrative. Whether recommend themselves to every man's
this Luke was one of the seventy disconscience in the sight of God, and
ciples, commissioned by the Lord in can scarcely be thought capable of
person, to announce his approaching successful opposition.
reign ; whether he was the companion Now if we examine the position
of Cleopas, to whom the Lord apand exertions of the leading churches
peared on the way to Emmaus, on of Protestantism, we shall find that
the day of his resurrection ; whether religious ordinances, observances, the
he was a Jew or a Gentile by birth ; preaching and established routine of
whether he was the same with Lucius worship, are almost the only things
of Cyrene, a prophet of the church of contemplated and provided for by
| Antioch ; whether he was the “bethese exertions. Need we a stronger 1 proof that the churches of this day his letter to the Colossians ; or that
ronger loved physician” saluted by Paul in are very imperfect and inadequate
Lucius, the kinsman of Paul, at exponents of the religion of Christ ;
4: Rome, named in the conclusion of and it is certain that their proceed
Paul's letter to the Roman saints, I ings in this most important respect
shall not now take time to debate.* are diametrically opposed to the prac
The learned Lardner, Michælis, tice of the original apostolic churches.
Horne, and other critics and antiReligion is not unfrequently ex
" quarians familiar to many of us, differ hibited in these days, as having a
on some of these points, and have work to do with the ignorance, the
collated ancient traditions, opinions, superstition, idolatry, profaneness, and
and inferences concerning them. wickedness of the world. But there
Such disquisitions are foreign to our is another aspect it bears in the word
al purpose. It is enough for us that of God, which relates to the misery
while some learned men differon and suffering the world contains.
· these matters, they all agree that the God designed the Christian church
author of this book was that Luke, to be the representative of the divine
who, for several years, was travelling character upon the earth-the image
companion of Paul, and whom Paul of the divine mercy, love, compassion,
" commends to Philemon as one of his benignity. And this aspect of Chris
“ fellow-labourers” in the work of the tianity is the more important, inas
Lord. Still more satisfactory the fact, much as it contains the secret of its
that this “Book of the Acts has been moral power, and the means of its uni
uniformly and universally received versal prevalence on the earth.
by the whole Christian church in all (To be continued.)
places and in all ages. It is men* God takes no delight in acts of kindness tioned and quoted by almost every
Is tioned and quoted by almost every and benevolence to men, unconnected with obedience to all the ordinances of his instituted Christian writer, and its authenticity worship. To be acceptable to Him, theory and and authority universally admitted.” practice must be united. Then are you my friends, when you do whatsoever I command | * Col, iv. 14; Rom. xvi. 21; Acts xiii. 1; you, 1 Cor. xiii. 1-3. ED.
2 Tim. iv. 11; Philemon 24.
II. ITS TITLE.
treatise as declared in the beautiful, Like most of the books of the Bible,
clear, and concise preface to his methis treatise has no divinely inspired
moirs of the author and founder of the title. It has, therefore, been some
Christian system. But if the drift times called “THE GOSPEL OF THE
The and details of a volume can demonHOLY SPIRIT ;” because it reveals strate the object of its author, then the descent of that divine guest of may we infer that the mission of the the church, monitor of the saints, and Holy Spirit and the calling of all advocate of the Chrisitan cause. | nation into one new association under Chrysostom called it “THE Book, the government.
the government of the Apostles, THE DEMONSTRATION OF THE RE: divinely commissioned for that purSURRECTION," because it infallibly pose, constitute the peculiar design proves the resurrection of the Lord and effort of the author of this most Jesus Christ from the dead. It is authentic history of the prominent usually called “THE ACTS OF THE | proceedings of the two great Apostles APOSTLES ;” but this though a popu
Peter and Paul. lar, is not a correct title. It is not! It is, indeed, a continuation of the strictly true. It is not THE ACTS OF
scheme formed by its author, and exTHE APOSTLES ; for only two of the press
pressed to the honorable and excellent Apostles occupy the particular atten- | Theophilus in the introduction to his tion of its author : nor is it The Acts | first book, in the following words :of even two of them. It might with “It seemed good to me also, having more propriety have been designated / had a perfect understanding of all ACTS OF APOSTLES. This, indeed. | things from the very first, to write to though correct, is but a meagre title. I you, in order, most excellent TheoWith more easy intelligence, and with philus, that you might know the ceras much authority, it might have been | tainty of those things in which you called THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE
have been instructed.” Now as his CHRISTIAN CHURCH. Still, when a
memoirs of the Messiah consisted of name has been consecrated for ages,
those things which Jesus “ began both however inapposite or improper, it
to do and to teach ;" so his history of will reign for a long time despite of the incipiency of
the incipiency of the Christian church every remonstrance. We must then consists of the things which the Aposspeak of it, allude to it, and quote tles " began to do and teach" under from it under the appellation of Acts the plenary ins!
the plenary inspiration and direction OF APOSTLES. But in strict propriety
of the Holy Spirit. no one can justly call it The Acts of
This book of apostolic acts and the Apostles.
proceedings is therefore second in im
portance only to the book of the sayIII. ITS OBJECT.
ings and doings of the Lord himself. That Luke intended in this book to | It is the only infallible document on set forth in order a narrative of all earth explanatory of the meaning the prominent facts and events con- , and importance of the commission nected with the commencement and given to the Apostles with reference progress of the Christian Institution to the erection of a new association under the immediate iufluence of the composed of persons of all nations, Holy Spirit, and administration of kindreds, tongues, and people. It is those special Apostles to whom the the record of the ministration of the Lord exclusively committed the be- Spirit from Mount Zion in Jerusalem, ginning of things, is unquestionably as is the Exodus of Moses a record evident; not merely from an inspec- l of the ministration of the Letter from tion and analysis of the book itself, | Mount Sinai in Arabia. It is the but also from his manner in his first only authentic, infallible, ecclesiastic
history of the commencement of the the first Pentecost, and details the Christian church, and a perfect de descent of the Holy Spirit. The relopment and demonstration of what achievements of that day and the the gospel is, as ministered by the commencement of the new adminisHoly Spirit sent down from heaven. tration, with the transactions of the In this point of view its importance Apostles in Jerusalem, down to the cannot be easily exaggerated. martyrdom of Stephen, prepare the IV. ITS DATE AND PLACE OF
way for a general diffusion of the PUBLICATION.
gospel throughout Judea and Samaria. This volume, containing the history
After noting these, his plan is to give of only thirty years of the church, or of
special conspicuity to all persons and
events connected with the extension the labors of the two most prominent Apostles, must have been written in
of Christianity beyond the narrow
compass of the Jewish nation and peothe year 63 or 64 of the Christian |
I ple. The conversion of the Ethiopian era. It could not have been written before Paul was a prisoner in Rome,
officer, and of Saul of Tarsus, and the for that event is a portion of the his
mission of Peter to Cesarea, are
specially noted because of the opening tory; and it could not have been
of the Christian kingdom to all nations written after the two years spent in Rome, for then Paul's bistory would
on the same continent. After the have been continued to a later period,
martyrdom of James, the son of
Zebedee and brother of John, by and the event of his imprisonment would have been stated, as Luke was
Herod Agrippa, he prepares to give his companion during these two years.
the travels and labors of Paul as the This history of the commencement of
Apostle to the Gentiles, and makes the Christian church commences with
his travels and labors in Asia and the twenty-ninth year of the Christian
Europe the main burthen of his narera,* and ends most probably with
rative. In the whole book of the
a the sixty-third or fourth. As Luke
Acts the descent of the Holy Spirit, seems to hare continued with Paul in
the erection of the mother church in Rome during his imprisonment,
Jerusalem, and after this the labors Rome most probably was the place in
| of Peter and Paul, with special rewhich his narrative was written.
ference to organizing the church and
putting things in order, and in exV. ITS PLAN.
tending the gospel throughout all The development of the mission of nations, seem so fully to have occupied the Holy Spirit in the erection and or- the mind of Luke as to have dictated ganization of a Christian community, not only the plan of the narrative, but in pursuance of the promises of the to have confined his attention to the Messiah, engrossed in the commission chief of the Apostles to an almost given to the Apostles, and the order entire exclusion of all other persons in which that commission was to be or events not connected with these executed, being the chief designs of developments. But of these matters this narrative, must have suggested to we shall have occasion to speak more its author a plan of operation in all in detail as we proceed in our notes the details of his volume. That plan on this book. Meanwhile we can is both natural and perspicuous. After only commend the importance of the a very natural exordium and retro- study of this book to all who desire a spect of the interval between the perfect understanding of the origin resurrection and ascension of the and character of the Christian InstiMessiah, he introduces the scenes of tution.
* The 29th year of the Christian era is the Of the New Testament historians 34th of the life of Jesus Christ.
| Luke is the most eminent. He gives