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Olympas. Who were present at this dedi | informs us, is a round lake on Lebanon, called cation, Éliza ?
Phiale, which is always full, never increasing Eliza. Both the parents of the child, and nor diminishing. From thence it runs under the good old Simeon, to whom it had been re ground about fifteen miles, and comes out in a vealed by the Holy Spirit that he should see deep stream from a cave at a place formerly the Messiah before he died. He came in at called Panium, afterwards Cesarea ; and passing the dedication of the infant Jesus; and, taking about fifteen miles through marshes and a dirty the babe up into his arms, he blessed God, and lake called Semechonites, it falls into the lake said, “Now, Lord, thou dost dismiss thy ser of Genezaret, a little below the city Julias. vant in peace; for mine eyes have seen the The lake Genezaret is about fifteen miles long, Saviour whom thou hast provided in the sight and five or six miles broad. It has several of all the world—a LUMINARY to enlighten the names, being sometimes called Genezaret, nations, and to be the glory of thy people sometimes the Sea of Galilee, sometimes the Israel.” And looking into the face of his Lake or Sea of Tiberias, from the city of mother Mary, he said, “This child is set for Tiberias, the capital of Galilee, which is situate the fall and the rise of many in Israel, and to on the western border of the lake. In like serve as a mark of contradiction, that the manner it gets a name from other cities, and thoughts of many hearts may be revealed.” from the countries or regions around it. It Anna the prophetess at this moment came into lies in a direction nearly north and south. the temple, a pious widow, of 84 years old, From the south end of it the Jordan rushes who served God in fasting and prayer night out, and, entering what is called The Great and day. She also glorified God, and spake of Plain, it runs from north to south, in a channel the child Jesus to all in Jerusalem who ex- about thirty yards or ninety feet wide, at a pected redemption,
rate of about two miles in an hour, till it Olympas. What next do we learn, William, meets and loses itself in the lake Asphaltites; concerning the child Jesus ?
alias, the Dead Sea, or Sea of Sodom. William. Nothing more till he was about “The great plain between the two lakes is twelve years old, when, having delayed in Jeru- about thirty miles in length, and about fifteen salem after the return of his parents from the miles wide. Formerly the Jordan overflowed observance of the feast of the Passover, he was its banks annually, near forty perches on each found by them sitting among the Doctors, side. This was overgrown with bushes, and listening to them, and asking them questions. was a harbour for lions and wild beasts, which His parents sought him for three days, during were forced out when the river rose. which time he had been thus engaged; and "! Modern travellers inform us that the case when asked by them why he had left them, he is now different : by the rapidity of the curasked the mysterious question, “Did you not rent the channel is now deepened to at least know,” said he,“ that I should be at my Fa nine feet; so that it contains all the water at ther's house?”
the swelling, without overflowing the banks as Olympas. Father's business, is it not, it formerly did. William ?
“ The great plain is bounded by huge barren William. In the common Testament it is mountains, both on the east and west side. business, but it is marked as supplement; and Those on the east begin at the city of Julias, as the question was about place, and not busi- where the Jordan enters the lake Genezeret, ness, I heard you say that the supplement and stretch southward to the lake Asphaltites. ought to be house, for that was implied in the Those on the west side form a continued ridge form of the sentence. His parents, however, from Bethsau, or Scythopolis, to the south end not being able to comprehend his answer, we of the lake Asphaltites, which is about seventy may be allowed to hesitate about its meaning. two miles long, and about twenty miles wide.
Olympas. That does not follow. The style This ridge on the west side of the great plain is plain enough. He certainly spoke of the and the Asphaltite lake, is what is called the temple as his Father's house. This was what Wilderness; by which term they did not mean they did not comprehend. Tell us, Susan, a tract absolutely uninhabited and desert, but what is the next event or incident recorded of in general uncultivated and thinly peopled, such Jesus ?
as pasture grounds generally are. The southern Susan. We next read of his baptism. part of this ridge is what Matthew calls the Olympas. Where, James, did this happen? hill country of Judea. James. At the Jordan.
“Bethabara, or House of Passage, was near Olympas. Can you tell us the position and that part of the Jordan where the Israelites, character of this river, Susan ?
under Joshua, miraculously crossed it into the Susan. In my sacred geography I read a land of Canaan. good deal about it, but I cannot relate it all. | Olympas. Who baptized Jesus in the
Olympas. I see your geography is at hand : | Jordan, Susan? read the description of it that we all may hear it. Susan. John the Baptist.
Susan. “The river Jordan is a stream about Olympas. How many rites were performed 90 feet broad. The head of it, as Josephnson Jesus, William ?
William. Three-circumcision, dedication, of love and obedience to God. The and baptism. But our school-master tells idea of substitution is at the bottom some of our class that baptism now stands in
of the entire sacrificial system : that room of them all—that in baptism we are circumcised and dedicated both. I cannot com- is, there is a transfer made of the prehend how baptism can be three times as guilt or punishment of the offender, much to us as it was to Jesus. Had he so to the victim slain and offered as a understood it, I think he would not have de- l sacrifice
sacrifice. Atonement always supposes
Atonement alw ceived the people by keeping up three ordi
variance and opposition, and the of nances as though really different, while in truth they are all one and same.
fender aims to appease, by his offerOlympas. Circumcision, dedication, and ing, as Jacob did when he sent the baptism, are three distinct ordinances. They presents before him to his brother indicate and signify very different ideas; and Foon.
Esau : “For he said I will appease
Toni no sacred writer has ever regarded them as occupying the same ground or filling the same
or filling the same him by the present that goeth before place in any institution. But you have in the me, and afterward I will see his face, fact of the circumcision, dedication, and bap- peradventure he will accept of me" tism of Jesus, an insurmountable argument (Gen. xxxii. 20.) The Lord said to against those who teach that the last is a
Israel by Ezekiel, “I will establish substitute for the first two. Circumcision was a patriarchal institution ; dedication, a my covenant with thee; and thou Jewish, and baptism is a Christian institution. shalt know that I am the Lord. That Things that are as distinct as three dispensa- thou mayst remember, and be contions should never be confounded, nor identified
founded, and never open thy mouth
foun with one another. Our Lord honored every divine institution in existence at his time, and
any more, because of thy shame, when these three were all in being then, and of divine I am pacified toward thee for all that authority. Let us learn to imitate him in his thou hast done, saith the Lord” (Ezedevotion to the honor of our Father and our kiel xvi. 13.) The Septuagint reads God.
the latter expression thus, “ Because of thy confusion when I make a com
plete atonement for thee, according to THE ATONEMENT.
all that thou hast done” (Thompson.) HEBREWS IX.
Atonement must not be confounded No impression is so wide-spread as with its effects, as is often done. Rethat of making atonement by sacrifice. demption, reconciliation, pardon, jusThe most rude and the most polished tification, &c. are effects flowing from nations have had their altars, their the atonement : they are not causes. victims, and their priests. It is the “ We have redemption through his stamp of Omnipotence upon the hearts blood, the remission of sins.” “Being of sinners, showing man's alienation reconciled to God through the death from his God-proclaiming that God of his Son.” “Being justified freely is offended, and needs to be appeased. by his grace, through the redemption This deep impression-this conviction that is in Christ Jesus.” “How much of sin, has prompted man to offer sa- more shall the blood of Christ, who crifices, and set him to work by every through the eternal Spirit offered himart and device to placate the Deity. self without spot to God, purge your This fact all history attests.
conscience from dead works to serve Two systems of atonement have the living God.” “ And not only so, existed from the beginning : of one, but we joy in God through our Lord God is the author of the other, man Jesus Christ, by whom we have now the offender is the inventor. Sin is received the atonement.” Here the a departure from the will of God. word is katallagen, pot katmos, and Sacrifice is intended to hide sinto should have been rendered reconcilicover it, and to mark the change of ation, as it is in the margin. Strictly the sinner's heart. In sacrifice there speaking, we cannot receive the is first an expiation of sin, and a test . atonement — we can receive its benefits, pardon and reconciliation. God | death? Of him it is said, “ Who only receives the atonement; and being in the form of God, thought it hence it is said of Christ, that “ He pot robbery to be equal with God; offered himself without spot to God.” | but made himself of no reputation, The death of Christ was necessary as and took upon him the form of a sera sacrifice to God, in order that God vant, and was made in the likeness of might be just while he justified him men ; and being found in fashion as that believeth, and cometh to God a man he humbled himself, and bethrough him.
came obedient unto death, even the We may now inquire, why is the death of the cross.” “Sacrifices and sacrifice of Christ efficacious ? An offerings thou wouldst not, but a body answer will be found in the character hast thou prepared me.” “ He that of the types under the law, and in hath seen me hath seen the Father ; the character of the antetype. Under the Father that dwelleth in me, be the law everything offered in sacrifice doeth the works." was to be free from blemish. And God never appoints superfluous of Christ, as the Lamb of God to means to bring about his ends. take away the sin of the world, the “ Therefore does my Father love me. following remarks are made :-“ For because I lay down my life, that I he hath made him to be sin (a sin might take it again. No man taketh offering) for us, who knew no sin, that it from me, but I lay it down of mywe might be made the righteousness self. I have power to lay it down, of God in him.” “For Christ also and I have power to take it again. hath once suffered for sin, the just for This commandment have I received the unjust, that he might bring us to of my Father.” There is virtue in God.” “ Christ also suffered for us, his atonement : not merely because leaving us an example that ye should it was of God's appointment, for the follow his steps ; who did no sin, sacrifices under the law had this, as neither was guile found in his mouth.” well as the sacrifice of Christ. “God “For such a high priest became us, laid on him the iniquity of us all.” who is holy, harmless, and separate “ Who his own self bare our sins in from sinners.” Sin comes from Adam his own body on the tree, that we
- justification from Christ. Now being dead to sins should live unto proud philosophy inquires, how can righteousness : by whose stripes we we receive sin from one, and pardon were healed.” 6 Yet it pleased the from another ? I answer, that such Lord to bruise him ; he hath put him is the scripture statement, and those to grief : when thou shalt make his who do not believe it can reject it. soul an offering fov sin, he shall see What if we cannot explain it, there his seed, he shall prolong his days, are many things true that we shall and the pleasure of the Lord shall never be able fully to understand. prosper in his hands.” Infidelity only ought to 'stumble at a | The death of Christ is the proscripture statement ; but unfortunate- | curing cause of our salvation. The ly some men explain away, or reject | gospel publishes the fact to the world. plain declarations of scripture that Faith brought in contact with the will not yield to their boasted reason. heart of a sinner, destroys the love · Jesus Christ was not only free from of sin, and quickens the love of God, sin as a man, but he was also pos- and leads man to obey him, as King, sessed of a divine nature. What he through whom he has pardon, and the does, therefore, may well be effica- promise of eternal life. No subcious! We are poor judges of human stitute can be had for the atonementmerit : how much less competent are none for our faith in Christ : nor will we to judge of the merits of Christ's | tears, prayers, or strong cries to God, answer in lieu of an humble obedience an Advocate to plead for, defend, and to Christ. For the next we shall justify; a Counsellor to impart wisshow how the atonement is connected dom, remind, advise, and guide ; a with the conditions of salvation. Monitor to convince, instruct, admo
J. H. nish, and warn ; and a Comforter to
support, confirm, console, and deWe feel obliged to our Brother for the pre
light. In this great office, He, as the ceding pithy article on the atonement of Christ -a subject of such important and absorbing
Spirit of truth, had to display and interest. Every individual undervaluing or
| attest the truth, wisdom, and will of disregarding the one offering of Christ, as an the Father and the Son to mankind ; atoning sacrifice for sin, would act wisely in re- and, as the Holy Ghost, had to abide considering it in all its bearings between him
| with, and dwell in, the children of self and his Maker. It is the foundation of human hope, every way worthy of Jehovah to
God. provide, and of fallen man to embrace. Nor is
| The Son who " came from the Fathere any other name under heaven, given ther” had been all this to his disciples among men whereby we can be saved: but while with them; and in announcing here, in the gospel, we have a name, a charac-his do
| his departure, promised “ another” ter, and an offering, in the person of Christ, inexpressibly precious to the intelligent believer,
Parakletos, who also ci proceedeth and at all times available for the great purpose from i
from the Father," and who should, contemplated. We shall insert, with much at His entreaty, be sent by the Fapleasure, the promised article of J. H. elucida-ther in His name. This, however, tory of the connection of the atonement with
could not be done until He was glorithe condition of salvation. J. W.]
fied. "If I depart,” Jesus said, “I
will send him.” SCRIPTURE DIFFICULTIES. The work of the Holy Spirit is set
forth in, and limited by, the promises NO. XXII.
of our Lord to his apostles, contained The Conforter, the Spirit of Truth, the Holy in these 14th, 15th, and 16th chapGhost (John xiv. 16, 17, 26 : xv. 26; xvi. 7, | ters of John's gospel : and we " err 13.)
and do not the truth” if, in our teachIn no case is “reverence and godly | ing, or prayers, or practice, we add fear” more necessary, than when a to, or take from, His promised and weak and erring mortal endeavours to appointed work. ascertain the office and work of the What the Holy Spirit was not to Holy Spirit of God on this earth. do, is thus stated : - 1st, “ He shall
It would be endless to notice the not speak of himself.” Accordingly numerous and many-shaded theories, we do not find in the divine writings speculations, and exiravagances writ- either example or precept for preachten and spoken respecting the Holy ing of, or praying to, the Holy Spirit. Ghost: consisting, as they do, for the 2nd, He was not to be given to the most part, of inferences from detached unconverted, for the Lord positively words, and of misapplications — all says, “ the world cannot receive” showing the difficulties met with in Him : nor can an instance be found this great subject. I only attempt a of His having (in answer to any prayer) solution, by a concise exhibition of been poured out upon, or given to, a the truth, in the obvious and natural single unbelieving “ Jew, Turk, Paway of a comparison of our Lord's gan, or Heretic.” promises, with the apostolic account What He was to do is very disof fulfilment.
tinctly stated. He was to do certain The office of the Holy Spirit is in- things for Christ —certain things for timated" by the name Parakletos, the apostles - certain things for the which may be rendered Advocate, world—and certain things for disciCounsellor, Monitor, or Comforter :- 'ples of Jesus.
Do we ask, what was the Spirit of then was seated supreme upon his truth to do for Christ? The answer holy hill of Zion, adored by all in is furnished by himself: “He shall | heaven, invested with universal auglorify me”-“He shall testify con- thority, and made Lord and Messiah, cerning me." The Divine Spirit was to give pardon, and salvation, and indeed an Advocate for Jesus ! His eternal life to men. Thus entirely claims to be the promised “ Christ, and successfully was Jesus “ justified the Son of the living God,” “the by the Spirit.” King of Israel," although proclaimed Do we also ask, “ What the Holy by John, affirmed from heaven by the Spirit was to do for the apostles ?” Father, and attested by mighty mira- Ist, He was to bring all the words of cles, were disallowed, scorned, and Jesus to their remembrance. How even accounted blasphemy by his many words of grace and wisdomown people ; and for maintaining how much advice, instruction, and these claims, he was persecuted and consolation-how many thousands of mocked, and finally executed as a commands and ten thousands of prehateful impostor. But He assigned cious promises, uttered by lips that to the Parakletos the all-important spake as never man spake—had they work of sustaining and establishing heard, and quite forgotten ! Yet all his high claims before heaven and were to be restored by the promised earth. Having arisen from the grave, | Parakletos ; and, as in a moment, on and having conversed forty days with Pentecost, the tablets of their memohis disciples, he ascended to his na- ries were perfectly re-imprinted with tive heaven, and, welcomed by the every truth, doctrine, command, and Father, took his rightful seat as King, promise of their departed Lord, fresh Messiah, and Saviour, at the right and thrilling as when spoken. 2nd, hand of God, amid the loud acclaim He was to guide them into all truthand lowly adoration of the angels of to show them the things of Christ, the presence, to reign till all enemies and to teach them all things. A few should be subdued or destroyed. But short days before, we hear these aposhow should all this which passed in tles ignorantly asking, “ Wilt thou at heaven be positively known upon this time restore again the kingdom earth ? Amidst heaven's unspeak- to Israel ?” But on Pentecost all able glories, the exalted King forgot such dark-mindedness was instantly not his poor and feeble few upon dispelled by the light of the knowearth ; but, having from the Father ledge of the glory of God in the face received the promised Spirit, sent of Jesus Christ, shining fully into him, or shed him forth upon them in their hearts. Then the whole of the such ample measure, that, although truths concerning his birth, life, sufilliterate fishermen, they were in an | ferings, death, atonement, resurrecinstant perfect masters of all lan- tion, commission, exaltation, and coguages ; and although ignorant and ronation -the nature of his kingfearful in themselves, they were at dom, his doctrines, his laws, his once filled with the wisdom of God, subjects, his mediatorial reign, and the mind of Christ, and the holy the ultimate judgment, with its boldness of ambassadors from the eternal rewards and punishmentscourt of heaven : and the Divine were all known and understood : and Spirit in and by them testified and thus fully qualified, they entered upon demonstrated by miracles, to the con- their soul-ennobling duty of turning viction of thousands there and mil- sinners from Satan to God, with all lions thence, that the very same Jesus the energy and joy which can arise of Nazareth who had been rejected from the certainty of truth, the love and cruelly crucified as a " deceiver," ' of Jesus, and the deep sympathy of