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them speaking in our own tongues | 15 words ; for these men are not

the wonderful works of God ! drunk, as you suppose, since it is 12 And they were all in amazement but the third hour of the day : but

and perplexity, and said one to | 16 this is that which was spoken by

another, What can this mean ? the prophet Joel, “ And it shall 13 But others, mocking, said, Surely come to pass in the last days, says

these men are filled with sweet 17 God, I will pour out a portion of wine.

my Spirit upon all flesh ; and your 14 But Peter, standing up with the sons and your daughters shall pro

eleven, raised his voice, and said phecy ; and your young men shall to them--Jews, and all you that see visions, and your old men shall sojourn in Jerusalem, let this be 18 dream dreams. Yes, in those days known to you, and attend to my I will pour out of my Spirit upon

my servants, and upon my handthen sojourning in Jerusalem, were said, with

maids ; and they shall prophecy : much rhetorical propriety, to be “assembled

| 19 and I will give prodigies in heaven from every nation under heaven.” They were, however, all Jews. Not one Pagan partook of above, and signs in the earth bethe honors or blessings of that day.

neath ; blood, and fire, and a 13. - Full of sweet wine"--It should be 20 cloud of smoke : the sun shall be sweet and not new wine. It was more turned into darkness, and the inebriating, and therefore indicative of a love

moon into blood, before that great of wine, to drink it. It was too early in the

and illustrious day of the Lord season to have new wine. 14. Here commences Peter's celebrated dis

standing by him, as living witnesses of its course, and continues to the 36th verse. He

certainty. He next declares his ascension to repels the foul calumny that elicited his address

heaven, his honorable reception there, and his to the public, and gives, as a reason, the hour

having the promised gift of the dispensation of of the day--9 o'clock in the morning; for

the Holy Spirit, of which the present scenes with this hour, with us, agrees the third hour of the day in Jewish style. They compute

and miracles were undeniable proof. He

farther quotes David, in the 110th Psalm, as from sunrise to sunset, twelve hours—from 6

intimating the coronation and consecration of to 7 being the first, and from 11 to 12 the

his Son as the Supreme Head and High Priest twelfth hour of the day. On religious solemni

of the Universe. From such premises he inties pious Jews neither eat nor drank till after

forms his audience and assures them of the morning service, and generally, on solemn feasts not till afternoon.

fact, that God had made that same Jesus

whom they crucified both Lord and Christ. Of this discourse we have a very brief

Such are the outlines of this celebrated dissynopsis. He arises to explain the miracle

course, ending with the 36th verse. before them, and to correctavery unwarrantable

17. “ In the last days.—These were the explanation of the scene. He affirms that

times of the Messiah according to the Jewish what they now saw was the accomplishment

expectation. “ The last time," by the consent of an ancient prophecy, which he quotes from of all the Jewish doctors, are the days of the memory, not exactly in the words of either | Messiah. Still the end of the Jewish state is the Hebrew or the Greek text, but substantially

ext, but substantially specifically the subject here-is the topic in the the same. Probably the variations are intended | eve of the Prophet: aud the events here con. to be explanatory of the priginal. He takes nected with it justify their application of it. occasion from it to introduce Jesus, sustained 17. “ Your sons and your daughters as he was by “miracles, and wonders, and

shall prophecy''-i. e. speak by divine inspi. signs”---appeals to their knowledge of the facts

ration. So Schleusner, Koppe, and others --shows why God had permitted him to fall

make apparent. To prophecy sometimes into the hands of his enemies, and that it was

| means to predict future events--sometimes to a matter previously declared by the Prophets

celebrate the praise of God--and frequently to that his enemies should kill him, and that speak by divine inspiration. So Paul generally God should raise him from the dead.

uses it in his letters. He emphasises on his resurrection, and 19, 20 “ I will show wonders.&c.--In cites King David as intimating the certainty the last days of Jerusalem and of the Jewish of it. After quoting and commenting on a state, these predictions were fully accomplished. passage from the 16th Psalm to that effect, he The following synopsis from Doddridge fully very strongly affirms it on his own knowledge, justifies this prediction : and offers himself and the eleven Apostles' Prodigies in heaven above, and signs

He tolres

21 come. And it shall come to pass, i 24 and slain : whom God has raised

that whosoever shall invoke the up, having loosed the pains of death, 22 name of the Lord, shall be saved." | as it was impossible that he should

Israelites, hear these words : 25 be held under it. For David says, Jesus, the Nazarene, a man re-l concerning him, “ I have regarded commended to you by God, by the Lord as always before me ; powerful operations, and wonders, because he is at my right hand, and signs, which God wrought by 26 that I might not be moved : for him in the midst of you, (as you this reason my heart is glad, and

yourselves also know,) him you 27 my tongue exults ; moreover, too, 23 have apprehended, being given up! my flesh shall rest 11

my flesh shall rest in hope that by the declared counsel and fore- ' 'thou wilt not leave my soul in the knowledge of God, and by the unseen world, neither wilt thou

hands of sinners have crucified permit thy Holy One to see corupon the earth beneath.- This doubtless

28 ruption. Thou hast made me to refers to the prodigies and signs which preceded

know the ways of life ; thou wilt the destruction of Jerusalem; (such as, the make me full of joy with thy flaming sword hanging over the city, and the 29 countenance." Brethren, permit fiery comet pointing down upon it for a year :

me to speak freely to you concernthe light that shone upon the temple and the altar, as if it had been noon-day; the opening

ing the patriarch David ; that he of the great and heavy gate of the temple

is both dead and buried, and his without hands; the voice heard from the most 30 sepulchre is among us to this day : holy place, Let us depart from hence: the

therefore, being a prophet, and admonition of Jesus, the son of Ananias, cry.

knowing that God had sworn to ing for seven years together, Woe, woe, woe! || the vision of contending armies in the air, and

him an oath, that of the fruit of of entrenchments thrown up against & city his loins he would raise up the there represented; the terrible thunderings 31 Messiah, to sit on his throne ; he, and lightnings, and the dreadful earthquakes,

foreseeing this, spoke of the resurwhich every one considered as portending some approaching evil.) All which, by the singular

rection of the Messiah, that his providence of God, are recorded by Josephus, soul should not be left in the un(Bell. Jud. lib. vi. cap. 5. al. vii. 12. sec. 3, et seen world, nor his flesh see corliq. iv. cap. 4, al. 7. sec. 5,) in that history of | 32 ruption. This Jesus, God has his, the truth of which the Emperor Titus at-|| tested under his own hand. (See Joseph. Tit.

I raised up, of which all we are sec. 65, p. 33. Havar.) · And accordingly the

33 witnesses : being exalted, theregreatest part of these circumstances are inserted fore, to the right hand of God, in Tacitus, (Hist. lib. 5, cap, 13,) and happily and having received the promise preserved, though most of his account of the

of the Holy Spirit from the Fasiege and destruction of Jerusalem be lost. 23. “ Determinate counsel and foreknow

ther, he has shed forth this, which eldge"-common version. “Declared counsel and foreknowledge.” The latter is certainly

bands” (for the wicked hand refers to the Geninore intelligible and accurate than the former.

tiles) perpetrated this unparalleled crime. These The apostle adverts to the ancient predictions

determinations of God interfere in no wise with concerning Messiah's sufferings, such as those

the perfect freedom of human action. Those found in Psalm xxii. Isa. liii. But that all

who accomplish, and those who subunit to these those sufferings were predetermined, is most

decisions, act as though there were no such certain : for nothing can be more evident than

determination. that Jesus was the Lamb slain in type from the 27. In hades, in the unseen world. His foundation of the world. Eternal life was pro-body saw no corruption in the grave: his spirit mised before the world began; and, in the | was no long separated from it. Jewish religion, on the basis of the sacrifices of 33. He hath shed forth this which you Jesus Christ. Still these decrees or predeter- | now see and hear.”—Jesus has now received minations of God did not in the least affect the the dispensation of the Holy Spirit. On earth moral character of the agents in this affair. it was given to him personally, without meaThey acted as much from themselves as though sure, to be used during his ministry as he need it had all been a contingency. Hence the Jews ed; but now it is given to him officially as its condemned, and the Gentiles with “ wicked I dispensation to the church. So that God, our


34 which you now see and hear. For and a royal ancestry-brought up by

David is not ascended into heaven, Joseph, a carpenter, in the town of

but he says, “i The Lord said to my Nazareth-after a life of perfect 35 Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, purity, holy, harmless, and undefiled

till I make thy foes thy footstool.” -distinguished by the noblest deeds 36 Let, therefore, all the house of of piety and humanity, as numerous • Israel assuredly know, that God and as various as the days of his life;

has made this Jesus, whom you after being opposed, insulted, reprohave crucified, Lord and Messiah. bated, times and ways without num

| ber, is finally condemned and cruciFather, has not only subjected all things to him, I fied : but after an ignoininious death but made him the depositary and fountain of

and an humble sepulture, suddenly all spiritual influence. Out of his fulness we now all receive " grace on account of grace." rises from the grave identifies him

36. “Made him Lord and Messiah.-- self to his few true and faithful, These are sublime indications. Jesus, the though disconsolate friends ; and after crucified on earth, the disallowed and repudi

numerous interviews for instruction ated of man, is constituted by God in heaven the supreme head of all authority and power

and consolation, bids them an affecmade King of eternity and Ruler over angels tionate adieu-ascends to the heavens and men. He is the anointed or christed High - is carried through the portals of Priest of the celestial sanctuary after the order the skies amidst the greetings and of Melchisedeck, wearing the crown and the

acclamations of adoring saints and mitre. This is a strange and new revolution in the universe. “A Son of Man"__" the Son wondering angels, and ushered into of God”-rises to the supreme authority of the the presence of the King eternal, imheavens and the earth-"angels, authorities, mortal, and invisible. No sooner principalities, and powers, being subjected to does he appear before the awfully him." On earth accused of blasphemy, "because being a man he made himself "God :" sublime and glorious throne of the accused, too, of treason against Cæsar, because i universe, than the everlasting God he said that he was a King! God justifies him and his Father arises from his throne, from these imputations, and recognizes him as and saluting him in the words reinfinitely worthy of all that he assumed. He is, indeed, superhuman and divine-the King

ported by the sweet Psalmist of Israel not only of the Gentiles, but the King of the

in his divine lyrics, says, “ Sit thou Universe.

at my right hand until I make thy

I foes thy foolslool-"I have sworn PRACTICAL THOUGHTS AND by myself, and will not repent, THOU REFLECTIONS.



being made Lord and Christ, he reWe have now heard that Peter, to ceives the rod of universal empire, whom the Lord in person gave the is crowned “LORD OF ALL," and the keys of the kingdom of heaven, pre- angels of God are commanded to pared to open it to the Jews. This worship him. is the opening speech of the reign of A new King now presides over the grace. It announces the most tran- | universe - a new Lawgiver and scendent facts ever announced on Judge, all in the person of him who earth. It reveals the mysteries of was reprobated by the Jews and Messial's life, death, burial, and re-crucified by the Romans. He has surrection. It discloses secrets hid the entire dispensation of the Holy from ages and generations. The Spirit, for he has received that prouniverse is now made to stand in a mised honor froin his Father and his new attitude before us.

| God. How truly and circumstanA child born of an humble virgin, tially did Isaiah speak of him — in Bethlehem of Judea-a person of “ Unto us a child is born—a son is great obscurity, though of a noble given and his name shall be called

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Wonderful, Counsellor, the Mighly -no effort to soften the heart by God, the Founder of an everlasting melting tones, gentle cadences, or an age, the Prince of Peuce. Of the impassioned mannerism. There was increase of his government and peace sincerity, and there was gravity. A there shall be no end, upon the throne conciseness, benevolence, and solemof David and upon his kingdom to nity, worthy of the occasion and the order it and to establish it with judg- themes discussed, characterized every ment and justice from henceforth, word and action. Such, at least, are even for ever.”

the indications to my mind from all Nothing could have been more suit- that is written, and from the question able to the occasion than the point to propounded to the apostles by the which the Apostle brought the sub- audience. The question propounded ject. He desired to prove, in the by the auditors, the answer to it, and most convincing manner, that God the results, are next to be considered. had constituted that same Jesus,

A. C. whom they, as a nation, hai most wickedly condemned and crucified, both Lord and Christ. This he did CONSOLATION UNDER | by a proper selection and application

BEREAVEMENT. of the testimony of the national pro-! « In the word of God there is a balm for phets, whose authority with his every wound.” audience was paramount and supreme ; also, by reasoning in a very


proaching you in this way as a comforter, I clear, concise, and pointed manner on I would plead as my apology, in the first place, the testimonials adduced ; and then the deep and abiding sympathy that I feel in by a solemn declaration of his own your affliction, and also the plain commandpersonal knowledge and that of the ment which our Heavenly Father has given to eleven witnesses standing beside him,

This children, that they should comfort one ano.

th, ther. He has laid this duty upon us, and he of the indubitable certainty of his re: has given us the means of accomplishing it. surrection from the dead and ascen- “Comfort one another,” he says, “ with these sion to heaven. In all this he was words.” Blessed be the Lord, for the holy sustained not only by the assent of word of his truth and grace! It is, indeed,

the word of salvation to the lost, and of cousohis fellow-apostles, but by the glow-li

is renow-aposties, but by me glow | lation to the afflicted. Yes, my dear friends, ing tongues of fire radiating from in the word of God there is a balm for every their persons, while their hallowed wound inflicted in his providence, and I believe lips, touched with a live coal from that there you have already found, and will God's own altar, in dialects not their

continue to find, peace and comfort under your

present painful bereavement. | own, but specially vouchsafed for the

We are not forbidden to sorrow. Jesus wept occasion, confirined the message which at the grave of his departed friend, and groanhe delivered. Never did words falled in spirit over the desolations of death at the with more irresistible weight on hu- recollection of his piety and worth. The tender man ears than did these " Let all

i sympathy that Jesus manifested with his disci

ples and friends at Bethany, places his character the house of Israel know assuredly l before us in a most interesting and consoling that God has made that same Jesus, point of view. In reading the 11th chapter of whom you crucified, both Lord and John, we are forcibly reminded of certain pasChrist.” This information pierced

sages in the Epistle to the Hebrews—the latter

being illustrated by the former. “For in that them to the heart. It was accom- he himself hath suffered being tried, he is able panied with the demonstration of the to succour them that are tried.” And again, Holy Spirit and with power displayed “ Seeing, then, that we have a great High before their eyes.

Priest that is passed into the heavens, Jesus, This is a model-sermon. It was

the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession;

for we have not a high priest who cannot be scripture, argument, and proof. Notonched with the feeling of our infirmities, but idle declamation—no pomp of speech I was in all points tried like as we are, yet with

out sin. Let us, therefore, come boldly to the replies, “ But faith without works is dead throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, being alone.” What a comfort that we can and find grace to help in time of reed.” We follow out this debate between hope and truth, are not, then, forbidden to sorrow, but we are and then arrive at the happy conclusion, that exhorted to " sorrow not even as the others our departed sister is safe-safe for ever! who have no hope.” “ The wicked is driven “ Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from away in his wickedness, but the righteous has henceforth; yea, saith the Spirit, for they rest hope in his death.”

from their labors, and their works do follow Jesus “has indeed vanquished death, and them.” brought life and incorruptibility to light (out of The grave may be compared to a Bank, those dark and mysterious promises and say. | wherein we lay these precious jewels our friends, ings of holy men of old, contained in the Old | that we may receive them again with interest. Testament Scriptures) by the gospel”- by the For, as one star differeth from another star in truths which he has revealed as our Prophet – glory, so is it with the resurrection of the dead. by the work he has accomplished as our Priest What an amazing difference between the pre---and by the power with which he is invested sent and the resurrection body! How far will as our King. So that “ If we believe that Je the latter exceed the former in glory, strength, sus died and rose again," we must believe also and honor! Who, then, would not cheerfully “that those who sleep in Jesus will God bring part with their sick and distressed friendswith him.” Let us again look to Bethany for deliver them up, as it were, for awhile, to the the manner in which he who spake as never care and keeping of a faithful Creator, to be man spake, applied this subject for the comfort received back again for ever, with mortality put of the afflicted. Martha said unto Jesus, "Lord, off, and immortality put on? For “ It is sown if thou hadst been here, my brother had not in corruption, it is raised in incorruption; it is died.” Jesus saith unto her, “ Thy brother sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory; it is shall rise again.” Martha saith unto him, “I sown in weakness, it is raised in power; it is know that he shall rise again in the resurrec- sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual tion at the last day.” Jesus saith unto her, body.” Surely when this is done, the saying that I am the resurrection and the life : he that is written shall be brought to pass, “ DEATH believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall | iS SWALLOWED UP IN VICTORY! O death, he live; and whosoever liveth and believeth on where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy me shall never die. Believest thou this ?” | victory? The sting of death is sin, and the How searching the question, and how noble strength of sin is the law; but thanks be to and proper the answer! And oh, may the God God, who giveth us the victory through our of all grace and consolation enable the present Lord Jesus Christ !" mourners in another Bethany--enable us all to

Your's affectionately, say, “ Yes, Lord, I believe that thou art the

D. L. Messiah, the Son of God, which should come into the world.” I am well aware that not. withstanding these great and precious truths and promises, that nature will oftentimes be

CORRESPONDENCE. ready to sink. The stroke which has fallen upon you, is in many respects a heavy one. If

BAPTISM A PERSONAL OBLIGATION. we feel it so much who have been acquainted with the excellences of our departed sister for BELOVED BROTHER,- In your note on baponly a few years, how much more you to whom tism in the October number, page 477, you say she was so nearly related by the flesh and in -“ Baptism we understand to be a personal the Lord, and have loved her from infancy. matter; therefore it must be left for every one But these excellences - her amiability, liveli. to decide for himself how he stands before ness, knowledge, faith, love, and piety–which, God.” Now if this is acted upon, if I am not when contemplated in one point of view, seem mistaken, it will destroy all the efforts of this to add bitterness to the cup of affliction : so, Reformation; for, is it not the embodiment of also, when viewed in another light, greatly the open communion principle? If a man resweeten it; for there are few who have left gard himself as baptized, the congregation is to this world of wbom it could be so confidently receive him, no matter what saith the Scripture affirmed, “ they sleep in Jesus.” Does hopesay on the subject. For baptism, being a personal “We believe our friends are safe, for God is in- | duty, the congregation have nothing to do with finitely merciful ?” Truth replies, “ Yes, but it, “ every one deciding for himself how he he is infinitely holy.” Does hope answer, stands before God.” “ Jesus has shed his blood to make an atone | Now if all God's positive commands are perment for sin, that God's holiness might remain sonal, why did Samuel, the prophet, reprove inviolate while he justifies theungodly?: Truth Saul (1 Saml. xv. 10-35)? Had he not authoagain replies, “ Yes, but he justifies them only rity from God to do so ? Certainly. And so who believe in Jesus.” Does hope continue, had the congregation of Israel authority to see “ But our friends believed in Jesus ?" Truth that the commands and institutions of Moses

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