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him. He behaved so well that they made an effort, and succeeded in sending him out as an emigrant. The results are very gratifying, as the perusal of his letter will show:



January 5th, 1851.

Joseph Brady-James Waywhe are dear Sirs yours truley, kind Gentlemen all kind gentlemen Joseph Brady is very sorry that he as not rote before dear gentlemen I hope you are not angery with me I would have rote before to you only I have ad a law suit against the man that I first work for and when it come to trial I beat him and he ad to pay me for the six months work and I ad only ad work 3 months then I hired out again for 3 months at nine dollers per month and every thing found me, gentlemen all, I have got 30 dollers on interest for twelve months and I laid out 25 dollers for cloths now I can dress like a gentlemen I never was so happy in my life as I ham now, there is no want for food or money and there is plenty of work if any one will do it I can keep two pair of boots to my feet and six shirt to my back I would give hutchingson a shirt to is back boots to is feet if he was here, it is only foollish lushy falt, for when he came over he did not intend to work but he intended to steal for he wanted me and James come back as soon as we landed but i did not forget what mister rooke and Mr. Ansell and Mr. Cobden told me before we went if one wanted to do rong that the others was to leave im and so it was with me I left him and he turned to come back he went on a bout two miles and then ran after us again when I got work he did not want me to take the place he went on with James two miles further and James let him have two doller in money and he left im and came to me and told me he ad no money and I let him have fifty pence and then my master got im some work but he would not do it he left when he ad bin there about 2 weeks and we ant seen im since nor do we want to see him any mor for we are coforted and he is tormented James Way send is kind love to you gentlemen all Gentlemen we would like to know how william spexer the dancing doll and the ragged school imposter is we send our kind love to fred field and we hope he will have the chance to come out and do as well as we are doing Gentlemen we are now comforted if we ad ben in ingland we would have bin transported for we wer five weks in Gail and one week out of gail we send our kind love to marble smuggler an singsan and flash harrey that they will not have the job of sending us to Magakany more for swil there is no wateing round the bakers for bread or lomps of sorney or half of hams or the live stock Gentlemen I have not for got when I came to Mr. Cobdens house with a message from Mr. ansell and then Mr. Cobden said Bray I want you and then to my joy he brought me a bone and said here a bone for you brady, and when I got old of it I had a nough to last me a week God bless the gentleman that give me the bone I have got the hankerchief that you gave me when I had got non, but I will preserve it as long as I live and Mr. ansells coat Mr. Woldridge I have taken my pen in hand to write these few lines to you, hopeing that you are in good as it leaves us two at preasent Sir we hope that you have got plenty of work to do as ve have J B do not for git the time when toas and bed ve have stated further on the commencement.


My D Comrades we rite these few lines to you hopeing you are all in good health as we are at preasant O Boys what Gloreyous it is to be out her plenty of food and plenty of money.

Joseph Brady-James Way.

Lord ashley and Lady Charlotte Stuart

We remain yours truley

January 15th, 1851.

we rite these few lines to you hopeing that you are in good health as we ar at preasant we rite to you to let you that the monney and intrest you have taken in us to is the means of makeing us bright men, but before we was a pess to scity and more so to Newgate the house of Correction, for J B ad bin in gale over seven times on summery conviction and thre times for or trial every one looked on us thieves and roges but in this contry respected as gentlemen when we think of the harships that when threw her it makes us cry kind friends do send Fred field and let im come to us I ham shore that he will do well but he never will in england, for his character

is to fur gone do Lady and Gentleman try to send him to us, and if he we will pay ten dolers each fore him to come to us so has he can recover his character as we are done

No more at preasant from your thankful and obedient friend January 15th 1851 Joseph Brady and James Way please to shew it to our friends and ask Joseph Bradys father to rite to him and give him the directions where to rite as I have rote to him twice and ad no answer Mr. Cobden and Mr. ansel you must rite for both of us and direct the lettor to Joseph Brady state of new York

County of Schenectady,

quaker st post office.




To be taken on New Year's Day, 1852.


DWELLER in this favour'd clime,
Take the telescope of Time;
Look, with fix'd and anxious eye,
On the scenes that round thee lie.
See the swarms of ragged youth
Never taught the words of truth;
Pallid cheeks and matted hair,
Show the lack of food and care:
Shivering limbs, and shoeless feet
Pattering o'er the stony street ;-
Timid forms, in arches damp;
Shrinking from the dreaded lamp
Of policeman passing on;
Trembling till his tread is gone :—
None regarded, none relieved,

None to school or home receiv'd!—

Cease thy gaze; for numbers vast
'Tis a picture of THE PAST !


Look again!-What seest thou now?
Many a smooth and cheerful brow ;
Many a form no longer weak;

Many a bright and blooming cheek.-
Some are, with a heart sincere,
Filling useful stations here;
Some are sailing o'er the wave,
With a spirit bold and brave:
Some are singing joyful strains,
Tending sheep on sunny plains ;
Feeling neither cold nor care,
Breathing pure and fresh'ning air:
Hark! they bless, from day to day,
Christian people far away;

Who the Ragged Union plann'd,
In their own, their native land;

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IN Great Britain and Ireland, the following sums were expended in the year 1845.


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The total cost of prisons in Middlesex alone was, in 1845, £112,630. 2s. 03d. In Lancashire, £35,172. 9s. 10d.; and in Surrey, £17,982. 1s. 4d.; whilst in 1846, the maintenance of the Metropolitan police cost £326,925. 13s. 5d.

This almost incredible sum of seventy-three millions, four hundred and sixtyeight thousand eight hundred and sixteen pounds seventeen shillings and sixpence three farthings may without exaggeration be raised to eighty millions, if we only add the cost of fever as the result of sanitary neglect on the part of the Government and local authorities, and of intemperance in the individual, and the loss of time consequent on intoxication. We have thus, at the lowest estimate, eighty millions spent annually in the production of crime, disease, death, and national and individual ruin. These are solemn facts, not gathered. from the testimony of parties who might have special motive in placing the highest figures against the crime, disease, and intemperance of their districts, but from the undoubted authority of Parliamentary papers.-Silverpen.

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Plans and Progress.


THE Commencement of a new year appears to be a very suitable occasion on which to review the state and operations of the Industrial Classes in our schools, and on the opposite page will be found a condensed summary of their condition, which I have compiled carefully (and it is hoped correctly) from returns kindly obtained for me by the Secretary of the Union. In these tables, T stands for "Tailoring," and S for "Shoemaking." The occupation of the girls' classes is in all cases needlework, with the addition of washing at the Girls' Refuge and the Gray's Yard School.

In every instance, without exception, the Committees express great satisfaction with the general result of the classes, and the benefits derived by the children thus employed amply repay the time, trouble, and money, laid out upon them.

This is the muster-roll of an army! An army of peace, order, happiness, and industry; and if in one view we could observe these fifteen hundred children at their work, what a wonderful scene of bustling activity would be presented! Jackets and trousers, cut, sewn, and fitted; frocks and pinafores finished by hundreds; cross-legged little tailors patching away with vigour; tidy little milliners, waging war with rags; a thousand sharp needles briskly plied; washing tubs foaming with soap; leather growing into boots and shoes, or pocket-books and picture frames; bristles neatly sorted, balls of worsted changed into stockings, and blocks of wood into faggots; babies squalling for food, washed clean and fed, nursed and set to rights.* Nets made for our fishermen, mats for our shoes, pavements "broomed," and boots polishedbut none so bright as the sparkling eyes of the little workers, busy as bees and merry as larks. The happiness of this lively scene extends far beyond the circle of the children employed; their parents are benefited, their homes improved, their lanes and alleys are leavened with industry-London itself rejoices in the blessing.

Scholars are thus made fellow-workers with their teachers in reclaiming the outcast idler, and encouraging the industrious destitute. Parents must profit by the examples constantly exhibited before them. Useful trades are learned-order, cleanliness, decency inculcated-the characters of the children are developed, and the hearts of voluntary teachers strongly interested in their welfare. Habits of industry—yes, these are the most permanent effects are formed and promoted in the children, and the work done by their hands is far less valuable than the work carried on in their minds. The study of Latin, Greek, and mathematics, is not meant solely to teach long words, hard sentences, or difficult problems, but to accustom the intellect to labour and reasoning, and to sharpen the wits for more practical use; and so also the daily exercise of the thimble, the hatchet, and the blacking-brush, prepares the fingers of children to be devoted to constant industry, and disciplines their minds for regular employment.

It will be observed, that in the opposite table, classes Nos. 4, 9, and 30, are marked as self-supporting, and 19, 20, 31, as nearly repaying the outlay. Gratuitous instruction given by ladies reduces the expenses in other cases, and in nearly all the products of the classes are given as rewards, or sold at reduced prices.

* The ladies who read this Magazine will, I am sure, learn with great satisfaction that a public nursery is to be opened immediately in connection with the Huntsworth Mews School, in which the girls of the school will be employed in taking care of infants, and feeding them, for the payment of 3d. a day for each child.

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