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helmet: Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands : and many people with thee. Be thou prepared and prepare for thyself, thou and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them. After many days thou shalt be visited : IN THE LATTER YEARS THOU SHALT COME INTO THE LAND THAT IS BROUGHT BACK from the sword, and is gathered out of my people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste; but, it is brought forth out of the nations, and they sball dwell safely all of them. Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee. Thus saith the Lord God; it shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought: And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwel. ling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates, To take a spoil, and to take a prey ; to turn thine hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land. Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshisb, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto thee, art thou come to take a spoil ? hast thou gathered thy company to take a prey ? to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil ? Tberefore, Son of man, prophesy and say unto Gog, Thus saith the Lord God; In that day when my people of Israel dwelleth safely, shalt thou not know it? And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army: And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land: it shall be in the latter days, and I will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes. Thus saith tbe Lord God: Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring thee against them ? And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith the Lord God, that my fury shall come up in my face. For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel; So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beast of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, aud the mountains shall be thrown down and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground. And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord God: every man's sword shall be against his brother. And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon bim, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone. Thus will I magnify myself, and sanctify myself; and I will be known in the

eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I am the Lord.

Ezekiel xxxviii. Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone and an horrible tempest: this shall be the portion of their cup.

Psalm xi. 6. see also Psalm xviji. 7-15. Therefore thou son of man, prophesy against Gog, and say, Thus saith the Lord God; Behold I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal. * And I will

* The chief prince of Meshech and Tubal; these words as found both here and in chapter xxxviii, verse 2, are in the original Hebrew, Ros, Mosc rc TOBL. Ros is the most ancient form under which history makes mention of Russia, and therefore Ros, Mosc re. Toll, ought to be translated Russia, Muscovy and Tobolsk. Ros, when not a proper name in Hebrew means prince; but there is equal authority for rendering Ros, Russia ; as there is for translating Mosc ve Tool, MESHech and TURAL, i. e. Moscovy and TOBOLSK (or Siberia, of which Tobolsk, so called from the river 'Tobol, is the principal seat.) The Septuagint have rendered it Russia. The learned Bochart has trans. lated it Russia, so also has Houbigant, and likewise Archbishop Newcome, &c. &c.

turn thee back, and leave but the sixth part of thee, and will cause thee to come up from the north parts and will bring thee upon the mountains of Israel: And I will smite thy bow out of thy left band, and will cause thine arrows to fall out of thy right hand. Thou shalt fall upon

the mountains of Israel, tbou and all thy bands and the people that are with thee ; I will give thee unto the ravenous birds of every sort, and to the beasts of the field to be devoured. Thou shalt fall upon the open field : for I have spoken it, saith the Lord God. And I will send a fire on Magog, and among them that dwell carelessly in the isles: and they shall know that I am the Lord. So will I make my holy name known in the midst of my people Israel; and I will not let them pollute my holy name any more: and the heathen shall know that I am the Lord, the Holy One of Israel. Behold it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord God; this is the day whereof I have spoken. And they that dwell in the cities of Israel shall

go forth, and shall set on fire and burn the weapons, both the shields and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the handstaves, and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire seven years: So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down any out of the forests ; for they shall burn the weapons with fire; and they shall spoil those that spoiled them and rob ihose that robbed them, saith the Lord God. And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog a place there of graves in Israel, the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea : and it shall stop the noses of the passengers: and there shall they

bury Gog and all his multitude : and they shall call it The valley of Haman-Gog. And seren months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land. Yea, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith the Lord God. And they shall sever out men of continual employment, passing through the land, to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the face of the earth, to cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search, And the passengers that pass through the land, when any seeth a man's bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it

That Ezekiel's description of Gog and Magog (chapters xxxviii. and xxx x.) cannot be the same with that mentioned in Revelations xx. 8, is evident from the following considerations, 1st. The Gog of which Ezekiel makes mention, precedes the reign of Christ and of bis saints on earth ; 2ndly, this also precedes the resurrection ; for it is said that, All the people of the land shall bury them; Ezek. xxxix. 13, and 3rdly, this will be found co-temporary with the Beast and false Prophet; see Rev. xix. 19. Whereas the Gog of Revelation is described as at least one thousand years (if not 365 thousand years) after the establishment of Christ's king. dom on earth; (see Rev. xx. 7.) and secondly, after the final resurrection; (see Rev.xx. 5.) and thirdly, equally as long after the punishment of the Beast and of The false prophet See Rev. xix. 20. and compare it with Rev, xx. 10.

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