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TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Letter of Transmittal..
Table of Contents
Shipping these Oommodities......
Statistical Tables of Wages...
Recapitulation of all Missouri Manufactures....
Summary of Missouri Trades and Labor Organizations...
LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL.
State of Missouri, Bureau of Labor Statistics and Inspection,
Jefferson City, November 5, 1905. Hon. Jos. W. Folk, Governor of Missouri:
Sir—I have the honor to submit herewith for your consideration the Twenty-seventh Annual Report of this Bureau. The report covers the following investigations: Surplus Products by Counties, Government Lands of Missouri, Manufactures and Wages, Public Utilities, Trades and Labor Organizations and Operations of Free Employment Departments.
In the completion of this work invaluable assistance was rendered by my corps of assistants, consisting of J. H. Nolen, chief clerk; A. T. Edmonston, statistician; John S. White, K. F. Schweizer and C. 0. Cornelius, superintendents of Free Employment Departments, and Ella Shipp, Josie Buser and Meda Mitchell, clerks. I cannot speak too highly of their efficient and painstaking work, and it is a pleasure to make acknowledgment of my appreciation of their services.
The present volume, the Twenty-seventh Annual Report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics and Inspection, presents the results of four separate and distinct lines of investigation. The first in numerical order is Surplus Shipments by Counties. This information is gathered almost wholly through the management of the various lines of railway traversing the State and from express companies, on the blank forms furnished by the Bureau and transmitted by them to their agents in all parts of the State. This was supplemented by data collected from the records of the steamboat companies and by personal investigation by employes of the Bureau in the no railroad counties of the State. In addition to this, it was found necessary in order to perfect what was deemed defective schedules to mail hundreds of special letters, each applicable to a particular case. The original reports from railway and express companies, supplemented by the personal work of representatives of the department with the information obtained through correspondence, supplies data of a high degree of accuracy, and the tables prepared therefrom a most complete and trustworthy statistical exhibit of the surplus products of the State for the year 1904.
The statistics of Manufactures, which follow surplus shipments by counties, were procured largely through correspondence on a general schedule, which was so framed as to be adapted to factories of all classes. The collection of manufacturing statistics through correspondence is attended with many and peculiar difficulties. Thousands of these schedules must be returned for correction and innumerable letters of explanation must be written, supplemented by personal visits by employes of the department.
Prior to the commencement of this year's work in collecting data of manufactures much time and study was devoted to plans for rendering that work thorough and complete in every locality. With this end in view, a catalogue was prepared of all establishments of productive industry in the State, of which a record could be found, and a special letter was also mailed to the mayors of the smaller towns of the State requesting a list of manufacturers from their particular localities, which added many hundreds of names to the list in possession of the Bureau.
The statistics on Public Utilities and Trades and Labor Organizations were gathered in much the same manner as for manufacturers.
The data on public utilities is not, however, by any manner of means complete. Wherever municipal ownership prevailed the data could be secured with little difficulty, but where operated by private individuals or corporations, much difficulty was experienced in securing the desired information, and in many instances the department met with point blank refusals. As there is no specific law requiring this information from corporations and others engaged in this class of business, any further effort on the part of the department was useless.
Complete returns were received from the trades and labor organizations of the State, and the tables exhibited in the chapter devoted to the labor organizations contain a clear and accurate exposition of organized labor conditions in this State.
The Commissioner had planned an extension of the investigation for this year to cover the subjects of transportation, the building industry and cost of living, but found that, owing to the limited appropriation and the small force available, the work could not be carried through successfully. This is very much to be regretted, as these investigations, in conjunction with regular and permanent annual investigations of the Bureau, would have practically covered the principal distinctive occupations of the industries of the State, and would have been the basis for a regular annual collection of this data.
It is to be hoped that the State Legislature at its next session will grant a sufficiently increased appropriation to permit these new lines of investigation to be included in the Bureau's annual work hereafter.
SURPLUS PRODUCTS SHIPPED FROM COUNTIES, 1904.
The following tables of surplus products shipped from the various Missouri counties during the year 1904 show material progress in the agricultural, mining, stock raising and poultry idustries of the State. With most every county the total value of all commodities exported during the year 1904 shows an increase over the value of the commodities shipped during the previous year.
The year 1904 was the banner year in almost all lines of production in this State, and in many counties the increases were so great as to almost challenge belief.
These tables are full of interesting statistics, which will prove surprising to every one who will take the time to study them carefully. This part of the report is especially valuable as an advertising medium for the whole State, as it gives the citizens of other states some insight into the resourcefulness of Missouri.
Missouri produces most every article necessary to mankind, and in many important items she leads all other states.
The United States census of 1900 showed Missouri to have been third in the value of poultry product, and judging from the great increase made since then in that industry, the State now doubtless ranks first.
The increase in the value of live stock shipped from all the counties was very great, as were the shipments of mineral ores, flour, cotton and dairy products.
The productiveness of Missouri's soil and mines is constantly attracting investors from other states. Up to very recently the tide of immigration has been directed almost exclusively towards the lands away from the mountainous sections of the State, for no reason other than lack of information of the natural advantages and opportunities that this section has to offer. It is safe to say that nowhere in this country are cheaper lands to be found than in the Ozark region. Few districts can offer the same inducements to the man with small means. The region is unsurpassed for horticultural products. Mineral croppings are found in nearly every county. The country is well watered and interspersed