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person for the situation, I peremptorily refused to confirm the appointment. This produced much clamour, violence and obloquy from him and his friends; and amongst other things I was threatened with a Mandamus from the Court of King's Bench. But I stood my ground, and carried my point. I was also strongly urged and called upon to assign my reasons for the opposition I had made to him; but I refused to give any, except that I thought him an unfit person for the place; conceiving the power given me by the charter to be perfectly discretional. By this resistance, and the final, though reluctant, acquiescence of the East-India Company, the right of the Archbishop of Canterbury and Bishop of London to refuse their assent,. without assigning a reason, is fully established; and it is on this account that I leave the transaction
on on record, for the information of my successors in the See of London ; it being a matter of the utmost importance to the interests of religion in our EastIndia settlements.” To this I am enabled to add, that since this opposition, which marks in a strong point of view the Bishop's firmness of mind, in a matter which nothing but spirit and energy could have accomplished, the Company have been much more careful in recommending clergymen of approved principles and morals, than they had formerly been. Some of the Directors in particular have paid, much to their honour, peculiar attention to this subject; and there can indeed be no question, that it is of the utmost moment, in a country like India, where there is no general ecclesiastical establishment, that the services of the Church should at least be performed by men deeply impressed with the dignity of their sacred function, and able and zealous in the discharge of its duties.
In April 1800, Lord Auckland presented a Bill to the House of Lords, the object of which was to render it unlawful for persons divorced for adultery to intermarry with each other. This unhappily failed; and it was matter of very sincere regret to the Bishop, that a measure, as he conceived, imperiously called for by the increasing profligacy of the times, recommended by every motive of expediency, and sanctioned by the most express declarations of Scripture, should not have been permitted to pass into a law*. During its
* The absolute necessity of some legislative measure to check the progress of adulterous intercourse,
progress in the Upper House, he spoke strongly in its favour; and he took occasion to express the same sentiments, when an unsuccessful attempt was afterwards made by the present Marquis of Buckingham, to introduce a clause into a private Divorce Bill, with a view of prohibiting the intermarriage of the
guilty guilty parlies. His speech, on this last occasion, was as follows:
cannot be more strikingly exemplified than by a declaration made by Lord Auckland, that from the Reformation to the beginning of the present century, he could only find four instances of parliamentary divorces : but that in the present reign they had then increased to the enormous number of 198. If, however, any further proof were wanting, it would be the still more alarming growth of adultery within the last few years, and above all, the cool, deliberate, unblushing indifference with which it is committed. In a recent instance, more particularly, it seems to have been reduced into a system, and to have set at open defiance all decency and all law. Surely those, in whose hands the government of this country is placed, are bound, as they value the Divine blessing, to provide without delay some effectual barrier against the further spread of so much shameless iniquity.
"After the very able manner in which the clause proposed has been now supported, I certainly do not mean to take up much of your Lordships time, in prolonging the discussion of it. But, on a question of such importance, in which the interests of morality and religion are so essentially concerned, it is impossible for me, in the situation which I have the honour to hold in the church, to give a silent vote. I therefore rise merely for the purpose of declaring publicly my entire concurrence in the clause proposed by the noble Marquis. I have on former occasions fully explained my sentiments on this subject, and every thing I have heard in the course of this day's debate confirms me in those sentiments. The clause, though it will