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have collected in his intercourse with many considerable teachers of Chriftianity. However, we discover from the fragments, that he was very well acquainted with the Scriptures of the New Testament. For he quotes them often, although not by name; and his manner of writing is invariably in that peculiarity of style belonging to these books d.

4. Melito, Bishop of Sardis, has rendered himself remarkable in ecclefiastical history, particularly by his examination of the Sacred Books of the Old Testamento. He composed various writings, of which we scarcely know more than the titles, as they are given to us in Eusebius'. His books,

See Lardner's Credibility. • He travelled into Palestine, on purpose to obtain information on the true Canon of the Old Testament. Eusebius has preserved his catalogue, H. E. Lib. IV. cap. xxvi. p. 190, 191.

f Hift. Ecclef. Lib. IV. cap. xxvi. p. 188, 189.

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On the Conduct of Christians; Of the Prophets; Of the Church; On the Lord's Day; Of Obedience to the Gofpel (Trego Út axons WISEWS); On the Conception and Birth of Chrift (σερι κλισεως XOLD GEVEGEWS Xpisou); On the Revelation of St. John; and On the Incarnation of God (wepo tvowpe&tou tov); contained probably more particular information concerning the apostolical writings.-From the few fragments of his works we can produce him only as an evidence for the high antiquity of the Revelation of St. John; yet even this is of dubious import, as we have no information concerning the contents of his treatise on this subject 8.

5. Of

8 The epistle of Melito to a person of the name of Onesimus, who was the cause of his journey into Pa. lestine, begins thus, (Eusebius 1. cit. p. 191). As you have often, from your love towards the divine doctrine, required of me that I should collect from the Law and the Prophets those passages which concern the Redeemer and our common faith; and as you were

desirous

5. Of the terrible persecutions which the Christians in Gaul suffered in the time of the Emperour Marcus Antoninus, we find a very affecting relation in the epistle which the communities at Vienne and Lyons, in France, fent on this account to the Christians in Afia. Eusebius has preserved a great part of it in his Ecclefiaftical History”. The sufferings of the Chriftians, the patience, cheerfulness, and steadfast behaviour of the martyrs, are described by sentiments and expressions which are taken from the Scriptures of the New Testament.-" Then was the saying of the Lord fulfilled, The time will come when who foever killeth you

desirous of knowing accurately the old scriptures, their number, and the order in which they were composed, --I have therefore inquired after the books of the Old Testament,' &c.--This passage appears to prove, that at that time existed also a second colle&tion of sacred books, under the name of the New Testament. See Lardner, l. cit. p. 148. b Lib. V. cap. imiv. p. 198. fq.

will

will think that he doth God service.John xvi. 2.-" They (viz. the martyrs) prayed for their executioners, as did the holy Stephen, Lord, lay not this fin to their charge.” Acts vii. 50.

“They endeavoured to follow the example of Christ, Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal to God.Phil. ii. 6.--"He (a martyr of the name of Vettius Epagathus) was a true disciple of Christ, following the Lamb whither foever it goes." Rev. xiv. 4.-When we reflect that this epistle was written by a community in which Irenæus (who has deposed such ample evidence for the Scriptures of the New Testament, p. 109.) was at that time a Presbyter, we may without hesitation use these paffages as proofs of the antiquity of the Gospel of St. John, of the Acts of the Apostles by St. Luke, of the Epiftles to the Romans and Philippians, and of the Revelation of St. John; 6

although

although these books are not quoted by name.

6. Miltiades, one of the Apologists for Christianity, was, according to the information of Eusebius', well skilled in the Divine Scriptures and Christian theology. He had given convincing proofs of his erudition in a book which he wrote against the Montanists with this title, wipe TOU Men deur spoontnu eV EXSATH Radev, “That it does not become prophets to speak in ecstacy;' and in his works against the Jews and Gentiles *: _“ He has also left us," says Eusebius, “ as well in his writings against the Gentiles, as in those against the Jews, monuments of his zeal for the divine books.” — Without doubt, therefore, he had copiously used the

i Hist. Ecclef. Lib. V. cap. xvii. p. 232, 233.

k See Eusebius, l. cit. - In the first work he had undoubtedly made mention of the first Epiftle to the Corinthians. Compare the remark of Valesius in loc. cit.

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