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miraculous powers to his Apostles.” As early as the time of Eusebius this writer was so little known, that men were even ignorant of what place he was Bishop'. : And scholars of the present day, after having examined all the documents of antiquity, remain still. uncertain ' whether we poffels any writings which can be safely attributed to him? We do not even know whether he lived in Italy or in Arabia; whether he was a divine or a ftatef. man

.: 8. Ammonius. . ' Ammonius (whom Eufebius and Jerom suppose 'to have been the cele

'- I 'ITTOAUTOS, štipaesung potsw sxxanovas. Hift.

Eccl. Lib. VI. cap. xx. p. 284.
..z See Mill's Prolegomena in N. T. Num. 655. et
Fabricius Præfat. in Hippol.

4. Some believe that he was Bishop of Porto, in Italy; others, of Portus Romanus, in Arabia Felix. See Fabricius l. cit.-Heumann asserts, that he was not a spiritual, but a temporal 75\CXOROGO


brated Alexandrian philofopher Ama monius Saccas), composed a Harmony of the Four Gospels, in which he had used the Gospel of St. Matthew as a foundation That which wę pofsefs at present under his name is, if not entirely forged, at leaft very much mutilated. I therefore reckon this work among the loft writings of antiquity; and would proceed directly to the catalogues of Origen, but have yet to remark that


4. Julius Africanus, WHO flourished in the beginning of this century, has afforded an evidence for the authenticity of the Gospels of St. Matthew and St. Luke, in the epistle to Aristides, in which he endea

Eusebius Hift. Eccl. Lib. VI. c. 19. p. 282. Ejusd. epiftola ad Carpianum, which is prefixed to his Harmony. Hieronymus, De Vir. Illuftr. cap. lv. . • See Wetstein Prolegom. ad N. T. Tom. I. p. 68. fequ. Comp. Lardner's Credibility, Vol. II. p. 413, and the following pages.. .


Set i Hieronymus, om, which is prefix

vours to remove the apparent contradiction in the genealogy of Christ as delivered by these Evangelists “.


5. Origen. ORIGEN, the most learned and laborious of all the fathers, who was in such high estimation even among the heathen philosophers, that they dedicated their writings to him, and transinitted them to him for his revifal, has particularly distinguished himfelf by his labours on the biblical writings. He not only composed a celebrated critical work on the Old Testament, but wrote also a threefold exposition of the books of the whole Bible; Scholia, or fhort notes ;Tomes, or extensive commentaries, in which he employed all his learning, critical, sacred, and prophane ;-and

d See the extract from the above mentioned epiftle in Eusebius Hift. Eccl. Lib. I. cap. vii. p. 21-25. • Eusebius Hift. Eccl. Lib. VI. cap. xix. p. 279.


Tracts, or homilies to the people'. Of these only a small portion is come down to us, and that for the most part in Latin translations made by Jerom or Rufinus; the rest have been destroyed by the ravages of time.

He is the first who has given us a perfect catalogue of those books, which Christians unanimously, or at least the major part of them have considered as genuine writings of the Apostles, and as works of divine inspiration.-In his thirteenth Homily, upon Genefiss, he discovers in the servants of Isaac, who dug cisterns, a type of the scriptural writers. “His servants,” fays he, “are Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John: His servants also are Peter, James, Jude, and the Apostle Paul: who all

f Hieronymus, Prolegom. in Ezechiel.--He superintended also a very accurate edition of the whole New Testament, Hieronymus in Matth. xxiv. 36. Origenes in Joan. s. Comp. Ernesti' De Origene interpr. gr. auct. in the Opusc. Theol. p. 306, seq. ' ☆ Operum-Tom. II. p. 95. edit. De la Rue.


dig the wells of the New Testament.”

- In the same manner he allegorises the history of Joshua, in his seventh Homily on this book'. “When our Lord Jesus Christ came, of whom that son of Nave was a type, he sent forth the priests, his Apoftles, with trumpets, from which they founded the heavenly doctrine. Matthew sounds first with his priestly trumpet in his Gospel. Mark also, and Luke and John founded each his own trumpet. In like manner Peter founds aloud with the two trumpets of his Epistles; as does James also and Jude.. John sounds again with his trumpet, in his Epiftles and in the Revelation; and Luke in his Acts of the Apostles. Last of all appeared he who said of himself, and last of all God appointed me an Apoftle,' and thundered with the trumpets

h Concerning this pernicious and absurd mode of interpretation, see above, p. 97.

i Oper. Tom. II. p. 412.

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