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Now, THEREFORE, BE IT KNOWN, that I, JAMES K. POLK President of the United States of America, have caused the said Treaty to be made public, to the end that ihe same and every clause and article thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand, and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, this twenty-fourth day of

July, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight [SEAL.] hundred and forty-six; and of the Independence of the United States, the seventy-first.

JAMES K. POLK. By the President:

JAMES BUCHANAN, Secretary of State.

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TREATY WITH GREAT BRITAIN OF LIMITS WESTWARD OF

THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS.

1846.

CONCLUDED JUNE 15th, 1846.

By the President of the United States of America.

A PROCLAMATION.

Whereas, a Treaty between the United States of America and Treaty with G.

Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, concluBritain and Ireland was concluded and signed by their plen- 1846.

hair ndon ded 15 June, ipotentiaries at Washington on the fifteenth day of June last, which treaty is, word for word, as follows:

The United States of America and her Majesty the Queen Preamble. of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, deeming it to be desirable for lhe future welfare of both countries that the state of doubt and uncertainty which has hitherto prevailed respecting the sovereignty and government of the territory on the northwest coast of America, lying westward of the Rocky or Stony mountains, should be finally terminated by an amicable compromise of the rights mulually asserted by the two parties over the said territory, have respectively named plenipotentiaries to treat and agree concerning the terms of such settlement-that is to say: the President of the United States of Negotiators. America has, on his part, furnished with full powers James Buchanan, Secretary of State of the United States, and her Majesty, the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, has, on her part, appointed the Right Honorable . Richard Pakenham, a member of her Majesty's most honorable privy council, and her Majesty's envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to the United States; who, aster having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles :

ARTICLE I.

tains.

From the point on the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, Boundary line where the boundary laid down in existing treaties and conven. between U. S.

* and British pos. tions between the United States and Great Britain terminates, sessions west of the line of boundary between the territories of the United States Rocky Mounand those of her Britannic Majesty shall be continued westward along the said forty-ninth parallel of norih latitude to the middle of the channel which separates the continent from Vancouver's Island, and thence southerly through the middle of the said channel, and of Fuca's straits to the Pacific Ocean ; Pro.

Navigation of vided, however, That the navigation of the whole of the said the channel be. tween Vancou.channel and straits south of the forty-ninth parallel of north ver’s Island and latitude remain free and open to both parties. the continent, and of Fuca straits,to be free

ARTICLE II. and open to both parties. Navigation of From the point at which the forty-ninth parallel of north

to be latitude shall be found to intersect the great northern branch of free and open to the Columbia river, ihe navigation of the said branch shall be Hudson Bay and non the H Co. and Britisk free and open to the Hudson's Bay Company, and to all British subjects trading subjects trading with the same, to the point where the said with them, &c. hronach

&c. branch meets the main stream of the Columbia, and thence

down the said main stream to the ocean, with free access into and through the said river or rivers, it being understood that all the usual portages along the line thus described shall in like manner be free and open. In navigating the said river or riv.

ers, British subjects, with their goods and produce, shall be Not to be con-treated on the same footing as citizens of the United States; it strued to pre. vent the v. s. being, however, always understood that nothing in this article from making re-shall be construed as preventing, or intended to prevent, the gulations for na vigation of said Government of the United States from making any regulations

respecting the navigation of the said river or rivers not incon. sistent with the present treaty.

river.

ARTICLE III.

rights of

he H

Possessory In the future appropriation of the territory south of the for

Hity-ninth parallel of north latitude, as provided in the first artiB.company and all British sub-cle of this treaty, the possessory rights of the Hudson's Bay

res- Company, and of all British subjects who may be already in pected.

the occupation of land or other property lawfully acquired within the said territory, shall be respected.

jects to be res.

ging 10 P

Article IV. Farms, &c. be. The farms, lands, and other property of every description get's Sound Ag.

ndo: belonging to the Puget's Sound Agriculiural Company on the ricultural Co. north side of the Columbia river, shall be confirmed to the said to be confirmed

irmhed company. In case, however, the situation of those farms and under certain lands should be considered by the United States to be of pub

stances_lic and political importance, and the United States Government ferred to the U. should signify a desire to obtain possession of the whole, or of

per any part thereof, the property so required shall be transferred

to the said Government, at a proper valuation, to be agreed up. on between the parties.

may be trans

S. at a prop valuation.

ARTICLE V.

Treaty to be The present treaty shall be ratified by the President of the ratified and ra- United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Sea. tifications ex changed six ate thereof, and by her Britannic Majesty; and the ratifications from

shall be exchanged at London, at the expiration of six months months from the date hereof, or sooner, if possible.

date,

In witness whereof, the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have affixed thereto the seals of their arms.

Done.at Washington the fifteenth day of June, in the year Signed 15 June, of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-six.

1846.

JAMES BUCHANAN, [L. S.]
RICHARD PAKENHAM, [L. s.]

And whereas the said treaty has been duly ratified on both Ratifications parts, and the respective ratifications of the same were exchang- July 1846.

no exchanged 17th ed at London, on the seventeenth ultimo, by Louis McLane, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of the United States, and Viscount Palmerston, her Britannic Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, on the part of their respective Governments.

Now, THEREFORE, BE IT KNOWN that I, JAMES K. POLK, Treaty proPresident of the United States of America, have caused the claimed by the said treaty to be made public, to the end that the same, and Aug. 5, 1846.

President U.S. every clause and article thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this fifth day of August,

in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred [SEAL.] and forty six, and of the Independence of the United States, the seventy-first.

JAMES K. POLK. By the President :

JAMES BUCHANAN, Secretary of State.

1846.

CONVENTION WITH BAVARIA, FOR THE ABOLITION OF THE

DROIT D'AUBAINE AND TAXES ON EMIGRATION.

CONCLUDED JANUARY 21, 1845.

By the President of the United States of America.

A PROCLAMATION. Convention

Whereas a convention between the United States of Amerwith Bavaria, ica and his Majesty the King of Bavaria was concluded and 1845. 'signed at Berlin by their respective plenipotentiaries, on the

twenty-first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and
forty.five; which convention, being in the English and Ger-
man languages, is, word for word, as follows:
Convention for the mutual ab. Vertrag über die gegenseilige

olition of the droit d'au Aufhebung von Heimfalls.
baine and taxes on emigra (Fremdlings ) - Recht und
tion between the United Auswanderungs - Steuern
States of America and his zwischen den Vereinigten
Majesty the King of Ba Staaten von Nord-Amerika
varia.

und Seiner Majestät der

König von Bayern. Preamble.

The United States of Amer Nachdem die Vereinigten ica and his Majesty the King Staaten von Nord-Amerika of Bavaria, having agreed, for und Seiner Majestät der König the advantage of their respec von Bayern übereingekonimen tive citizens and subjects, to sind, zum Besten der beiderconclude a convention for the seitigen Staats Angehörigen eimutual abolition of the droit nen Vertrag über gegenseitige d'aubaine and taxes on emi- Aufhebung von Heunfallsgration, have named, for this (Fremdlings). Recht und Auspurpose, their respective plen. wanderungs-Steuern abzuschipotentiaries, namely: the Presliessen, so sind bierzi von bei

ident of the United States of den Seiten Bovollmächtigte Kegotiatore.

America has conferred full ernannt worden, als nämlich, powers on Henry Wheaton, von Seiten des Präsidenten der their Envoy Extraordinary Vereinigten Staaten von Nordand Minister Plenipotentiary Amerika, Herr Heinrich Wheaat the Royal Court of Prussia; ton, nordamerikanischer aus. and his Majesty the King of serordentlicher Gesandter und Bavaria, upon Count Maxi- bevollmächtigter Minister am milian von Lerchenfeld-Kæf- königlich preussisschen Hofe

, ering, his Chamberlain, En. und von Seiner Majestät des voy Extraordinary and Minis- König's von Bayern, allerter Plenipotentiary at the Royal höchst dessen Gesandten und

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