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constituting a large portion of the tribe, have refused to make their homes in any part thereof, assigning as a reason that they are unwilling to submit to Creek laws and government, and that they are apprehensive of being deprived by the Creek authorities of their property; and whereas repeated complaints have been made to the United States Government, that those of the Seminoles who refuse to go into the Creek country, have, without authority or right, settled upon lands se cured to other tribes, and that they have committed numer. ous and extensive depredations upon the property of those upon whose lands they have intruded:

Now, therefore, in order 10 reconcile all difficulties respecting location and jurisdiction, to settle all disputed questions which have arisen, or may hereafter arise, in regard to rights of property, and especially to preserve the perice of the frontier, seriously endangered by the restless and warlike spirit of the intruding Seminoles, the parties to this treaty have agreed to the following stipulations :






control of the

The Seminoles The Creeks agree that the Seminoles shall be entitled to setto settle in a tle in a body or separately, as they please, in any part of the body or separ. ately, in any Creek country; that they shall make their own town regulaCreek country,

the lions, subject, however, to the general conirol of the Creek subject to the council, in which they shall be represented ; and, in short, that

the no distinction shall be made between the two vibes in any resCreek council."

No distinction pect, except in the management of their pecuniary affairs, in to be made be. which neither shall interfere with the other. tween the two tribes, except in pecuniary af.

ARTICLE II. fairs. Seminoles who The Seminoles agree that those of their tribe who have not have not remov. done so before the ratification of this treaty, shall, immediately ed to Creek country to do thereafter, remove to and permanently setile in the Creek so immediately. country.




All contested It is mutually agreed by the Creeks and Seminoles that all

concern:coniesied cases between the two tribes, concerning the right of ing the right of property io be property, growing out of sales or transactions that may have decision of the

e occurred previous to the ratification of this treaty, shall be sub

President of the ject to the decision of the President of the United States.
United States.


Additional an- The Creeks being greaily dissatisfied with the manner in nuity of $3,000 allowed the which their boundaries were adjusieil hy the treaty of 1833, Creeks for 20 which they say they did not widerstand until after its execution years, and the annuity of $3,- and it appearing that in said treaty no addition was made to

their country for the use of the Seminoles, but that, on the con-000 provided by

the treaty of tary, they were deprived, without adequate compensation, of a 1832 continued. considerable extent of valuable territory: And, moreover, the Seminoles, since the Creeks first agreed to receive them, haying been engaged in a protracted and bloody contest, which has naturally engendered feelings and habiis calculated to make them troublesome neighbors: The United States, in consideration of these circumstances, agree that an additional annuity of three thousand dollars for purposes of education shall be allow. ed for the term of twenty years ; that the annuity of three thousand dollars provided in the treaty of 1832 for like purposes shall be continued until the deterinination of the additional annuity above mentioned. It is further agreed that all the edu. cation funds of the Crecks, including the annuities above nam-annuity, &c. of ed, the annual alloivance of one thousand dollars, provided in the Cieeks to

“be expended in the treaty of 1833, and also all balances of appropriation for their own couneducation annuities, that may be due from the United States, try in support of

certain schools. shall be expended in their own country for the support of a manual labor schoul in the Canadian District, and of another in the Arkansas District ; provided ihai the President does not Proviso. object to such application of the annuitics above named, granted in the treaties of 1832 and 1833. And it is also agreed that, in the management of such schools, the wishes of the Creek council shall be consulted.

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The Seminoles having expressed a desire to settle in a body Rations to be is. on Little River, some distance westward of the present resi- sued to such Sedence of the greater portion of them, it is agreed that rations in

it is rood'thot rolian, minoles us may

a shall be issued to such as may remove while on their way to on the way to

their new their new homes; and that, after their emigration is completed, the whole tribe shall be subsisted for six months, due notice to whole tribe to

be subsisted for be given that those who do not come into the Creek country be

Y 6 months after before the issiles commence shall be excluded. And it is dis- emigration." tinctly understood that all those Seminoles, except those now Th

noles evrent whose now Those refusing

to remove in 6 in Florida, who refuse to remove to and settle in the Creek months after country within six months after this treaty is ratified, shall not

ratification of

to participate in any of the benefits it provides.

to participate in

its benefits. ARTICLE VI.

The sum of fifteen thousand four hundred dollars, provided the sum of $15. in the second article of the treaty of Payne's Landing, shall 400 provided for

"in the treaty of be paid in the manner therein pointed out, immediately after Payne's Landthe emigration of those Seminoles who may reinove to the ing, and the $3,;

000 provided Creek country is completed. Alsoyas soon afier such emigra- for in said trea. " llon as practicable, the annuity of three thousand dollars forty--when to be ufteen years provided in the fourth article of said treaty, and," In addition thereto, for the same period, two thousand dollars per annum in goods suited to their wants, to be equally divided among all the members of the tribe.



$1,000 per an. In full satisfaction and discharge of all claims for property num for 5 years, to be furnished left or abandoned in Florida at the request of the officers of the in agricultural United States, under promise of remuneration, one thousand implements.

dollars per annum, in agricultural implements, shall be furnished the Seminoles for five years.


The northern To avoid all danger of encroachments on the part of either and western

Stine Creeks or Seminoles upon the territory of other nations, the boundary line of the Creeks to northern and western boundary lines of the Creek country shall be marked.

ted. be plainly and distinctly marked.

Signed 4th Jan: In wiiness whereof, the said Commissioners and the under1845.

signed Chiefs and Head Men of the Creek and Seminole tribes,
have hereunto set their hands, at the Creek Agency, this fourth
day of January, 1845.

Act'g Superintendent Western Territory.

P. M. BUTLER, Cher. Agent.
JAMES LOGAN, Creek Agent.

Seminole Sub-Agent.


Roly McIntosh,

his x mark. To-marih-le Micco; his x mark. Eufaula Harjo,

his x mark. 0-poeth-le Yoholo, his x mark. Yargee,

his x mark. Samuel Miller,

his x mark.
Cot-char Tustunnuggee, his x mark.
K. Lewis,
Tuskunar Harjo,

his x mark. Tinthlanis Harjo,

his x mark. To-cose Fixico,

his x mark. Samuel C. B:own, Ho-lul-gar Harjo,

his x mark. Oak-chun Harjo,

his x mark. Art-iis Fisico,

his x mark. Joseph Carr,

his x mark. Ar-ar-te Harjo,

his x mark. Sam'l Perryman,

his x mark. (-switchee Einarthlar, bis x mark. Talloaf Harjo,

his x mark. David Barnett,

his x mark. Jim Boy,

his x mark. B. Marshall.

Tinthlanis Harjo, his x mark.
Co-ab-coo-che Emarthlar, bis x mark.
Thlathlo Harjo,

his x mark. E cho Harjo,

his x mark. Co-ah-thlocco,

his x mark. Ke-sar-che Harjo,

his x mark. No cose Harjo,

his x mark. Yar-dick-ah Harjo,

his x mark. Yo-ho-lo Chop-ko,

his x mark. Phil Grayson,

his x mark. Chu-ille,

his x mark. E-cho Emartbla,

his x mark. ke,

his x mark. Kot.che Harjo,

his x mark. To cose Micco,

his x mark. Henry Marshall,

his x mark. Matthew Marshall, his x mark. Che was tiah Fixico, his x mark. Tom Carr,

his x inark.



bis x mark. Coah-coo-che, or Wild Cat, his x mark. Alligator,

his x mark. Nocose Yoholo,

his x mark. Halleck T'ustunnuggee, his x mark. Emah-uhloo.chee,

his x mark. Ocii-ar-chee,

his x mark. Tus se-kiah,

his x mark. Pos cof-far,

his x mark. E-con-chat-le-micco, his x mark. Black Dirt,

bis x mark. Itch Yo-ho-lo, his x mark. Kap-pe-chum.c.coo-che, his x mark. 0-tul-ga Harjo,

his x mark. Yo-lo-lo Harjo,

his x mark. O-switchee Emarthla, his x maik. Kub-bit-che,

his x mark. An-lo-ne,

his x mark. Yah-hah Fixico,

his x nark. Fus hat-chce Micco, his x mark.

O-chee-see Micco, his x mark. -, bis x mark.

In the presence of

J. B. Luce, Secretary to Commissioners.
Samuel C. Brown, U. S. Interpreter.
B. Marshall, Creek Nation Interpreter.
Abraham, U. S. Intcrpreter
for Seminoles,

his x mark.

J. P. Davis, Capt. U. S. A.
A. Cady, Captain 6th Infantry.
J. B. S. Todd, Captain 61h Infantry.
George W. Clarke.
Jno. Dillard.
James L. Alexander.
J. H. Heard.


March 6, 1845,

Resolution of Resolved, (two thirds of the Scnators present concurring,) the Senate ad. That the Senate advise and consent to ihe ratification of the senting to the articles of a treaty made by William Armstrong, P. M. Butler, ratification of James Logan, and Thomas L. Judge, Commissioners in be. certain amend half of the United States, of the Cirst part, the Creek tribe of

Indians of the second, and the Seminole tribe of Indians, of the third part, concluded at the Creek Agency, on the 4th day of January, eighteen hundred and forty-five, with the following



Strike out from the fourth article the following words: “in their own country, for the support of a manual labor school in the Canadian district, and of another in the Arkansas district ; provided that the President does not object to such application of the annuities above-named, granted in the treaties of 1832 and 1833. And it is also agreed, that, in the management of such schools, the wishes of the Creek council shall be consulted" —

And insert, in lieu thereof, the following words: “under the direction of the President of the United States for the pur.' poses of education aforesaid."

Strike out from the fifth article the following words: “ex.', cept those now in Florida,” and add, at the end of this article, the following: “except those now in Florida, who shall be allowed twclre months from the date of the ratification of this treaty for their removal.” Attest:


minoles to the

the Senate,

Assent of the Whereas a treaty was made and concluded on the fourth day Creeks and Se- of January, 1845, between the United States, by William amendments of Armstrong, Acting Superintendent Western Territory, Pearce

M. Butler, Cherokee Agent, James Logan, Creek Agent, and
Thomas L. Judge, Sub-Agent for the Seminoles, and the
Chiefs and Head Men of the Creek and Seminole tribes of
Indians assembled in council; and whereas the Senate did,

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