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From Brasos Santiago, via Point Isabel, to Fort Broyn.
From San Antonio to Castroville. Certain routes Sec. 2. Whereas the following routes have been put in legalized.
operation by the agent, under a misconstruction of the law, viz: from Crockett to Fort Houston ; from Columbia, via Hinds, Liverpool, and Parker's Point, to Galveston; from Port La Bacca, via Victoria and Cuero, to Gonzales; from Matagorda to Port Caballo; from Port Caballo, to Port La Bacca, Be it further enacted, That they are hereby legalized by this act up to the time the new routes established by this act go into operation, when they shall cease.
Approved, February 2, 1847.
CHAP. 7.-AN ACT to provide for the payment of any interest falling
due on the public debt.
[SEC. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress as
sembled, That the Secretary of the Treasury be, and he is Payment pro- hereby, authorized and directed to cause to be paid, out of interest falling any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, any due on the pub interest falling due or aceruing on, any portion of the public
debt authorized by law.
Approved, February 9, 1847.
CHAP. 8.-AN ACT to raise, for a limited time, an additional military
force, and for other purposes. [Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Rep.
resentatives of the United States of America in Congress asOne regiment sembled, That in addition to the present military establishof dragoons and ment of the United States, there shall be raised and organof infantry to be ized, under the direction of the President, for and during raised. the war with Mexico, one regiment of dragoons and nine
regiments of infantry, each to be composed of the same number and rank of commissioned and non-commissioned officers, buglers, musicians and privates, &c., as are provided for a regiment of dragoons and infantry respectively, under existing laws, and who shall receive the same pay, rations, and allowances, according to their respective grades,
and be subject to the same regulations, and to the rules and Proviso. articles of war: Provided, That it shall be lawful for the
President of the United States alone to appoint such of the
commissioned ofñcers authorized by this act below the grade of field officers, as may not be appointed during the present session : Provided, That one or more of the regiments of infantry authorized to be raised by this section may, at the discretion of the President, be organized and equipped as voltigeurs, and as foot riflemen, and be provided with a rocket and mountain howitzer battery.
Sec. 2. And be further enacted, That, during the con Term of en. tinuance of the war with Mexico, the term of enlistment listment. of the men to be recruited for the regiments authorized by this act, shall be during the war, unless sooner discharged.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President of One addittonal the United States be, and he is hereby authorized, by and major to each with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint one
rized, additional major to each of the regiments of dragoons, artillery, infantry, and riflemen, in the army of the United States, who shall be taken from the captains of the army.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That to each of the A regimental regiments of dragoons, artillery, infantry, and riflemen, there quarterinaster
allowed to each shall be allowed a regimental quartermaster, to be taken from
regiinent. the subalterns of the line, who shall be allowed ten dollars additional pay per month, and forage for two horses.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the said officers, The officers & musicians, and privates, authorized by this act, shall imme-privates anthro: diately be discharged from the service of the United States to be discharged at the close of the war with Mexico.
at the close of Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That it shall and may One surgeon & be lawful for the President of the United States, by and with two assist't surthe advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint one surgeon
each regiment. and two assistant surgeons to each regiment raised under this act.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That during the war Chaplains, how with Mexico it shall be lawful for the officers composing the to be appointed. councils of administration of the several regiments constituting a brigade, either regular or volunteer, in the service of the United States, to employ some proper person to officiate as chaplain to such brigade, and the person so employed shall upon the certificate of the commander of the brigade, receive for his services seven hundred and fifty dollars, one Their pay and ration, and forage for one horse, per annum, provided that allowancés. the chaplains now attached to the regular army, and station- Chaplains at the ed at different military posts may, at the discretion of the different posts Secretary of War, be required to repair to the army in may be requir’d Mexico, whenever a majority of the men at the posts where to repair to the
army in Mexi. they are respectively stationed shall have left them for service in the field; and should any of said chaplains refuse or decline to do this, when ordered so to do by the adjutant general, the office of such chaplain shall be deemed vacant, and the pay and emoluments thereof be stopped.
Two additional SEC. 8. And be it further enacted, That the President be, surgeons and and he is hereby authorized, by and with the advice and twelve assistant surgeons to be consent of the Senate, to appoint two additional surgeons appointed in the and twelve additional assistant surgeors in the regular regular arny. army of the United States, subject to the provisions of
an act entitled “An act to increase and regulate the pay of the surgeons and assistant surgeons of the army," approved June 30, 1834; and that the officers whose appointment is authorized by this section, shall receive the pay and allowances of officers of the same grades respectively; and that the rank of the officers of the medical department of the army shall be arranged upon the same basis which at present determines the amount of their
and emoluments: Provided, That the medical officers shall not in virtue of such rank be entitled to command in the line or other staff
departments of the army. Non-coinmis. Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That each non-comsioned officers, missioned officer, musician, or private enlisted or to be enmusicians, and listed in the regular army, or regularly mustered in any rolcertain circum- unteer company, for a period of not less than twelve months, stances, to ie- who has served or may serve during the present war with ceive a wariant Mexico, and who shall receive an honorable discharge, or
who shall have been killed or died of wounds received or sickness incurred in the course of such service, or who shall have been discharged before the expiration of his term of service in consequence of wounds received cr sickness incurred in the course of such service, shall be entitled to receive a certificate or warrant from the War Department for the quantity of one hundred and sixty acres, and which may be located by the warrantee, or his heirs at law, at any land office of the United States, in one body, and in conformity to the legal subdivisions of the public lands, upon any
of the public lands in such district then subject to private entry; and upon the return of such certificate or warrant, with eridence of the location thereof having been legally made, to the General Land Office, a patent shall be issued therefor. That in the event of the death of any such non-commissioned officer, musician, or private during service, or after his discharge, and before the issuing of a certificate or warrant as aforesaid, the said certificate or warrant shall be issued in favor, and enure to the benefit, of his family or relatives, according to the following rules: first, to the widow and to his children; second, his father; third, his mother. And in the event of his children being minors, then the legally constituted guardian of such minor children shall, in conjunction with such of the children, if any, as may be of full age, upon being duly authorized by the orphans' or other court having probate jurisdiction, have power to sell, and dispose of such certificate or warrant for the benefit of those interested. And
all sales, mortgages, powers, or other instruments of writing, * going to affect the title or claim to any such bounty right,
made or executed prior to the issue of such warrant or certificate, shall be null and void to all intents and purposes whatsoever, nor shall such claim to bounty right be in anyvise affected by, or charged with, or subject to, the payment of any debt or claim incurred by the soldier prior to the issuing of such certificate or warrant: Provided, That no Proviso. land warrant issued under the provisions of this act shall be laid upon any lands of the United States to which there shall be a pre-emption right, or upon which there shall be an actual settlement and cultivation: Provided further, That every Provigo, that such non-commissioned officer, musician, and private who every person may be entitled, under the provisions of this act, to receive entitled to,
ceive a land a certificate or warrant for one hundred and sixty acres of warrant may re. land, shall be allowed the option to receive such certificate ceire scrip for ar warrant, or a treasury scrip for one hundred dollars. and $100, bearingo
y scrip for one hundred dollars, and perci. interest. such scrip, whenever it is preferred, shall be issued by the Secretary of the Treasury to such person or persons as would be authorized to receive such certificates or warrants for lands; said scrip to bear an interest of six per cent. per annum, payable semi-annually, redeemable at the pleasure of the government. And that each private, non-commissioned Non-commis'il officer, and musician, who shall have been received into the officers, &c. unservice of the United States, since the commencement of cu
der certain cis. the war with Mexico, for less than twelve months, and shall receive a war. have served for such term or until honorably discharged, rint
of land. shall be entitled to receive a warrant for forty acres of land, which may be subject to private entry, or twenty-five dollars in scrip if preferred; and in the event of the death of such volunteer during his term of service, or after an honorable - discharge, but before the passage of this act, then the warrant for such land, or scrip, shall issue to the wife, child, or children, if there be any, and if none, then to the father, and if there be no father, then to the mother of such deceased volunteer: Provided, That nothing contained in this section shall be construed to give bounty land to such volunteers as were accepted into service, and discharged without being marched to the seat of war.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That it shall, and may President mo an. be lawful for the President, by and with the advice and con- point four quarsent of the Senate, to appoint from the officers of the army terinasle four quartermasters of the rank of major, and ten assistant quartermasters with the rank of captain.
Approved, February 11, 1847.
CHAP. 9.-AN ACT to change the time of holding one of the terms of the
circuit court of the United States for the district of North Carolina.
[Sec. 1.] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United States of America in Congress 19Term of the sembled, That the term of the circuit court of the United Circuit Court States for the district of North Carolina, now by law ap. for the District of N. Carolina pointed to be held on the first Monday of December, shall altered. hereafter be held on the last Monday of November (instead
of the first Monday of December) in each and every year, and all actions, suits, appeals, recognisances, writs, processes, and other proceedings whatever pending in said court, or returnable thereto, shall have day, and be heard, tried, proceeded with, and decided accordingly.
Approved, February 15, 1847.
CHAP. 10.-AN ACT for the relief of Thomas Blanchard.
[SEC. 1.) Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre
sentatives of the United States of America in Congress asHis patent for sembled, That the Commissioner of Patents be, and he is cutting irregu; hereby, required to extend to 'Thomas Blanchard, a citizen wood, brass, or
of the United States, his executors and administrators, his iron, &c. exten- patent for a machine for turning or cutting irregular forms ded for 14 years out of wood, iron, brass, or other materials or substance which
can be cut by ordinary tools, for and during the term of fourteen years from the twentieth day of January, anno Domini eighteen hundred and forty-eight, the day on which said patent will expire, in which extension the Commissioner may include any improvements in said machine made by the said Thomas Blanchard prior to the date of such extension, on his paying into' the treasury, to the account of the patent fund, the duty required by the eighteenth section of the act of Congress entitled “An act to promote the progress of the useful arts, and to repeal all acts and parts of acts heretofore made for that purpose," approved July the fourth, anno
Domini eighteen hundred and thirty-six, on applications for Proviso. the extension of patents: Provided, That such extension
shall inure to the use and benefit of the said Thomas Blanchard, his executors and administrators, and to no other persons whomsoever, except that a bona fide assignee of the invention, by virtue of an assignment from the patentee here tofore made, shall have the benefit of this act upon just, reasonable, and equitable terms, according to his interest therein. And if the said Thomas Blanchard, his executors or administrators, cannot agree with such assignee, the terms shall be ascertained and determined by the circuit court of the United States for the district in which such assignee re