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dians, within the States and Territories of the United States, and especially to the country now occupied, inhabited, or in any way used by them, called the “ Neutral Ground,” which tract of country was assigned to said Indians by the 2d article of the treaty of Fort Armstrong, concluded on the 15th day of September, 1832, and ratified on the 13th day of February following:
In consideration of the foregoing purchase from, or cession In consideration
of the above cesby the said Indians, the United States hereby agree to pur-sion the United chase and give to the said Indians, as their home, to be held States agree to as all Indians' lands are held, a tract of country north of St. Purchase give Peters and west of the Mississippi rivers, of not less than their home, a eight hundred thousand acres, which shall be suitable to their tract of country habits, wants, and wishes: Provided, Such land can be ob- north of the st.
& tained on just and reasonable terms.
of the Missis.
sippi rivers. ARTICLE 4.
release of hunt.
The United States agree to pay to said tribe of Indians The U. S. agree the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars for the Indians $ 150,land, and the sum of forty thousand dollars for release of oso for the land hunting privileges, on the lands adjacent to their present and
and $10,000 for home, inaking the sum of one hundred and ninety thousand ing privileges dollars, being in further consideration of the cession or sale on the lands admade to the United States by the 2d article of this treaty; present home. to be paid as follows: Forty thousand dollars to enable them How to be apto comply with their present just engagements, and to cover plied. the expenses of exploring and selecting (by their own people, or by an agent of their own appointment) their new home; twenty thousand dollars in consideration of their removing themselves, and twenty thousand dollars in consideration of their subsisting themselves the first year after their removal; ten thousand dollars to be expended for breaking up and fencing lands, under the direction of the President of the United States, at their new home; ten thousand dollars to be set apart and applied under the direction of the President to the creation and carrying on of one or more manual labor schools for the benefit of said tribe of Indians; and five thousand dollars for building a saw and grist mill. The balance Balance of 95,of said sum of one hundred and ninety thousand dollars, riz: 000 to remain in eighty-five thousand dollars, to remain in trust with the United States, United States, and five per cent. interest thereon to be paid at five per cent. annually to said tribe, or applied for their benefit, as the interest. President of the United States may, from time to time, direct, for the period of thirty years, which shall be in full payment of the said balance: Provided, That no part of the said con- Proviso.
sideration moneys shall be paid until after the arrival of said tribe of Indians at their new home, and appropriations shall have been made by Congress; and that the sums for meeting their present engagements, for removal and subsistence, and for exploring their new home, shall be paid to the chiefs in open council, in such manner as they in said council shal! request.
Sail Indians to It is further agreed by the parties to this treaty that the remove to their said tribe of Indians shall remove to their new home within new home in one year froin one year after the ratification of this treaty, and their new ratification of home shall have been procured for them, and they duly notithis treaty. fed of the same.
It is further agreed by the parties to this treaty, that the at his descretion President may, at his discretion, (should he at any time be of the money of opinion that the interest of the Indians would be thereby goods to be aj promoted,) direct that any portion of the 'inoney, not exceedplied to the pur. ing ten thousand dollars per annum, now paid in goods, as chase of provi- provided for by the last clause of the 4th article of the treaty sions.
of the 1st of November, 1837, be applied to the purchase of
additional provisions, or to other purposes. Signed Oct. 13, In testimony whereof, the commissioners, Albion K. Par
ris, John J. Abert, and T. P. Andrews, and the undersigned chiefs, head men, and delegates of the Winnebago tribe of Indians, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, at the City of Washington, this thirteenth day of October, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six.
Albion K. Parris, seal.] Commissioners. John J. Abert, (seal.]
T. P. Andrews, (seal.] r Hoong-bo-no-kaw,
his x mark,
his x mark, Co-no-ha-ta-kaw,
his x mark,
his x mark,
his x mark,
his x mark, seal.) Waw-ma-noo-ka-kaw,
his x mark, seal.] Ha-naw--hoong-per-kaw,
his x mark,
his x mark, seal.] Waw-kon-chaw-she-shick-kaw, his x mark,
his x mark, seal.] Naw-hey-kee-kaw,
his x mark, Ah-hoo-zheb-kaw,
his x mark, seal.] Waw-roo-jaw-hee-kaw,
his x mark, Baptist-Lasalica,
his x mark,
his x mark, Kaw-how-ah-kaw,
his x mark, Hakh-ee-nee-kaw,
his x mark, Waw-kon-chaw-ho-no-kaw, his x mark, Maw-hee-ko-shay-naw-zhee-kaw, his x mark, Maw-nee-ho-no-nic,
his x mark, Maw-ho-kee-wee-kaw,
his xmark, Sho-go-nee-kaw, .
his x mark, Watch-ha-ta-kaw, · By Ilenry M. Rice, his delegate, S.
(seal.] [seal. seal.]
John C. Mullay, Secretary to Board of Commissioners.
· Now, THEREFORE, BE IT KNOWN that I, JAMES K. Ratified FebruPOLK, President of the United States of America, having ary 4, 1817. seen and considered said treaty, do, in pursuance of the advice and consent of the Senate, as expressed in their resolution of the first day of February, eighteen hundred and fortyseven, accept, ratify, and confirm the same, and every article and clause thereof.
IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have caused the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed, having signed the same with my hand.
Done at the City of Washington, the fourth day of Febru
ary, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight [SEAL.] hundred and forty-seven, and of the Independence of the United States the seventy-first.
JAMES K. POLK. By the President :
JAMES BUCHANAN, Secretary of State.
COMANCHES AND OTHER TRIBES.
JAMES K. POLK,
TO ALL AND SINGULAR TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL
COME, GREETING :
Whereas a treaty was made and concluded at Council Springs, in the county of Robinson, Texas, near the Brazos river, on the fifteenth day of May, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, between P. M. Butler and M. G. Lewis, commissioners on the part of the United States of America, of the one part, and the chiefs, counsellors, and warriors of the Comanche, l-on-i, Ana-da-ca, Cadoe, Lepan, Long-wha, Keechy, Tah-wah-carro, Wichita, and Wacoe tribes of Indians, and their associate bands, in behalf of their said tribes, of the other part ; which treaty is, word for
word, as follows, viz : Treaty with the Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Council Springs, other tribes
es and in the county of Robinson, Texas, near the Brazos river, this concluded May 15th day of May, A. D. 1846, between P. M. Butler and 15th, 1846. M. G. Lewis, commissioners on the part of the United States
of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs, counsellors, and warriors of the Comanche, l-on-i, Ana-da-ca, Cadoe, Lepan, Long-wha, Keechy, Tah-wa-carro, Wichita, and Wacoe tribes of Indians and their associate bands, in behalf of their said tribes, on the other part.
ARTICLE I. . Said tribes or The undersigned, chiefs, warriors, and counsellors, for nations to be themselves and their said tribes or nations, do hereby acunder the sole protection of the knowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States. United States, and of no other power, State, or sovereignty whatever.
ARTICLE II. The U. S. to It is stipulated and agreed by the said tribes or nations, have the sole & and their associate bands, that the United States shall have to regulate trade the sole and exclusive right of regulating trade and interand intercourse course with them, and they do hereby respectively engage to with said tribes.
"afford protection to such persons, with their property, as shall be duly licensed to reside among them for the purpose of
trade and intercourse, and to their agents and servants; but No person to no person shall be permitted to reside among them as a reside among 1
s a trader trader, who is not furnished with a license for that purpose, who is not fur- under the hand and seal of the superintendent to be appointlicense for that cu
thha ed by the President of the United States, or such other perpurpose. son as the President shall authorize to grant such licenses,
nished - with
to the end that said Indians may not be imposed on in their trade; and if any licensed trader shall abuse his privilege by unfair dealing, upon complaint by the chiefs to their agents, Unfair dealingand proof thereof, his license shall be taken from him, and how punished. he shall be further punished according to the laws of the United States; and if any person shall intrude himself as a trader without such license, upon complaint he shall be dealt with according to law.
ARTICLE III. The United States reserves to itself the right of working This article such mines as may be found within the Indian territory, and struck out by
the Senate. the said tribes pledge themselves to protect such persons as the President of the United States may send for that purpose. In order to guard against the perpetration of frauds upon the Indians, under pretext of hunting and working mines, no person shall be permitted to go among them for that purpose, except by express license from the President of the United States.
ARTICLE IV. The said tribes and their associate bands agree to deliver All white per. by the first day of November next, to the superintendent of sons and ne. Indian affairs to be appointed by the President, at such place soners with said as he may direct, due notice of which shall be given to the Indians to be said tribes, all white persons, and negroes, who are now delivered up. prisoners among any of the said tribes or nations, for which the United States agree to make to them a fair compensation; and the United States furtlier agree to make all the prisoners taken from said tribes by Texas or the United Persons taken
from said tribes States, shall be delivered up to the said tribes, at the same
by Texas to be tine and place, without charge. And when any member of delivered up. any of said tribes or nations, and their associate bands, having in his possession an American prisoner or prisoners, white or black, shall refuse to give them up, the President of the United States shall have the privilege of sending among said tribes or nations such force as he may think
necessary to take them; and the chiefs of the nations or tribes, parties to this treaty, pledge themselves to give protection and assistance to such persons as may be sent among them for this purpose.
ARTICLE V. The said tribes or nations shall have the right of sending This article delegates to the city of Washington whenever they may the Senate.
struck out by think their interest requires it.
ARTICLE VI. The said tribes and their associate bands pledge them- The said tribes selves to give notice to the agent of the United States, re- to give notice