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mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two Rome. shall be one flesh.
32 This is a great mystery " but I speak concerning Christ and the church.
33 Nevertheless, let every one of you in particular so love his wife even as himself; and the wife see that she reverence her husband.
§ 14. EPH. vi. 1-9.
Children are commanded to obey their Parents, who have a
14 Adam is expressly called in Scripture the figure of him that was to come; and the circumstances which attended the formation of Eve, were equally a figure of the creation of the Church, of whom Eve was the common mother. As God took from Adam while insensible in a deep sleep, part of himself for the formation of Eve, that she might receive a spiritual life; so did God revivify the human body of our Saviour from the deep sleep of death, for the purpose of conferring spiritual life on mankind. And as Adam gave his flesh for the woman, so did Christ his flesh for the Church. And as the wife is made one flesh with the husband, so must the Church be spiritually united to Christ, and be made one with Him through the Spirit, for which purpose he has incorporated the human with the divine nature, that both may be united by the same holy Spirit. Woman was created and brought to life from the side of Adam, and the Church was created or regenerated by the piercing of the body of Christ.
Julian Period, 4774. Vulgar Æra, 61.
DUTIES OF CHILDREN, MASTERS, AND SERVANTS.
respect of Persons, whatever difference exists between Rome. them here.
1 Children, obey your parents in the Lord for this is right.
2 Honour thy father and mother, (which is the first commandment with promise,)
3 That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
4 And ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath : but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.
5 Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;
6 Not with eye-service, as men-pleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart : 7 With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not
8 Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of the Lord, whether he be bond or free.
9 And, ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there respect of persons with him.
$ 15. EPH. vi. 10-20.
The Apostle having instructed the Ephesians in their Du-
of Truth, which will enable them to discover their spiri- Rome.
10 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in
11 Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
12 For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
13 Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God,
14 Stand therefore, having your loins girt about with
16 Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye
18 Praying always with all prayer and supplication in
19 And for me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel.
20 For which I am an ambassador in bonds; that therein I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.
That the Ephesians may be acquainted with his Situation
Julian Period, 4774. Vulgar Era,
TYCHICUS IS SENT WITH THE EPISTLE-CHAP. XIV.
and that he might comfort their Hearts by the Account Rome.
21 But that ye also may know my affairs, and how I
22 Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose, that ye might know our affairs, and that he might comfort your hearts.
23 Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.
riod, 4775. Vulgar Æra, 62.
St. Paul writes his Epistle to the Philippians, to comfort
15 St. Paul planted a church at Philippi, A. D. 50, the particulars of which are related in Acts xvi. 9-40. chap. xii. sect. viii. of this Arrangement; and it appears from Acts xx. 6. chap. xiii. sect. xii. that he visited them again A. D. 57, though no particulars are recorded concerning that visit. Of all the churches planted by St. Paul, that at Philippi seems to have cherished the most tender concern for him: and though it appears to have been but a small community, yet its members were peculiarly generous towards him. For when Christianity was first planted in Macedonia, no other church contributed any thing to his support, except the Philippians; who, while he was preaching at Thessalonica, the metropolis of that country, sent him money twice, that the success of the Gospel might not be hindered by its preachers becoming burthensome to the Thessalonians (Phil. iv. 15, 16). The same attention they showed to the apostle, and for the same reason, while he preached the Gospel at Corinth (2 Cor. xi. 9). And when they heard that St. Paul was under confinement at Rome, they manifested a similar affectionate concern for him; and sent Epaphroditus to him with a present, lest he should want necessaries during his imprisonment (ii. 25. iv. 10. 14-18).
The more immediate occasion of the Epistle to the Philippians was the return of Epaphroditus, one of their pastors, by whom St. Paul sent it, as a grateful acknowledgment of their kindness in sending him supplies of money. From the manner in which St. Paul expressed himself on this occasion, it appears
Julian Period, 4775. Vulgar Æra, 62.
§ 1. PHIL. i. 1-11.
St. Paul, in conjunction with Timothy, addresses himself to
There is not much controversy concerning the date of this
The passing and re-passing of these advices must necessarily have occupied a large portion of time, and must have all taken place during St. Paul's residence at Rome. Thirdly, after a residence at Rome, thus proved to have been of considerable duration, he now regards the decision of his fate as nigh at hand: he contemplates either alternative, that of his deliverance chap. ii. 23;-" Him therefore (Timothy), I hope to send presently, so soon as I shall see how it will go with me; but I trust in the Lord that I also myself shall come shortly;" that of his condemnation, ver. 17-" Yea, and if I be offered upon the sacrifice and service of your faith, I joy and rejoice with you all." This consistency is natural, if the consideration of it be confined to the Epistle. It is farther material, as it agrees with respect to the duration of St. Paul's first imprisonment at Rome, with the account delivered in the Acts, which having brought the apostle to Rome, closes the history, by telling us that he dwelt there two whole years, in his own hired house.-Hor. Paul, p. 242. It is remarkable that this is the only Epistle that is free from the reprehensions and censures of the apostle. The Philippians throughout are commended for the excellence of their conduct, with the exception of the caution, or perhaps slight reproof given, (chap. ii. 3, 4) on the subject of vain glory and strife, on the exercise of their spiritual gifts, which, as St. Chrysostom observes," is a strong proof of the virtue of the Philippians, who gave their teacher no subject of complaint whatever."