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Julian Period, 4778, or 4779.
Vulgar Æra, 65 or 66.
ON THE TYPICAL SALVATION OF NOAH-CHAP. XV.
which were now shut up or reserved, as it were, in Prison Rome.
18 For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just
19 By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;
20 Which sometime were disobedient, when once the long-suffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing, wherein few, that is, eight souls, were saved by water.
21 The like figure whereunto, even baptism, doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the
25 Macknight considers the salvation of Noah in the ark typical of baptism, in the three following particulars:-" 1st. By building the ark, and by entering into it, Noah shewed a strong faith in the promise of God concerning his preservation by the very water which was to destroy the antediluvians; so, by giving ourselves to be buried, in the water of baptism, we shew a like faith in God's promise, that though we die and are buried, he will save us from death-the punishment of sin-by raising us from the dead the last day. 2d. As the preserving of Noah alive, during the nine months he was in the flood, is an emblem of the preservation of the souls of believers while in the state of the dead; so the preserving believers alive while buried in the waters of baptism, is a prefiguration of the same event. 3d. As the waters of the deluge destroyed the wicked antediluvians, but preserved Noah, by bearing up the ark in which he was shut up till the waters were assuaged, and he went out of it, to live again on the earth; so baptism may be said to destroy the wicked, and to save the righteous, as it prefigures both these events: the death of the sinner it prefigures by the burying of the baptized persons in the water; and the salvation of the righteous, by raising the baptized person out of the water to lead a new life."
Macknight further observes, "that Noah gave the answer of a good conscience towards God, (which was the baptism signified by the deluge) by entering into the ark, in the firm belief that God, according to his promise, would preserve him
Julian Period, 4778,
or 4779. Vulgar Æra, 65 or 66.
flesh, but the answer of a good conscience towards God,) Rome, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ:
22 Who is gone into heaven, and is on the right hand of God; angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto him.
§ 11. 1 PET. iv. 1-6.
Christ having suffered a painful Death in the Flesh for
1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the
2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God.
3 For the time past of our life may suffice us to have wrought the will of the Gentiles, when we walked in lasciviousness, lusts, excess of wine, revellings, banquetings, and abominable idolatries:
4 Wherein they think it strange that ye run not with them to the same excess of riot, speaking evil of you;
5 Who shall give account to him that is ready to judge the quick and the dead.
and his family-Baptism, understanding thereby the answer of
AFFLICTION ESSENTIAL TO CHRISTIAN PERFECTION.
Julian Pe- 6 For, for this cause was the gospel preached also to Rome. riod, 4778, them that are dead, that they might be judged according Vulgar Era, to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.
65 or 66.
The Apostle comforts them with the Assurance that the
7 But the end of all things is at hand: be ye there-
8 And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves for charity shall cover the multitude of sins. 9 Use hospitality one to another, without grudging.
10 As every man hath received the gift, even so minister the same one to another, as good stewards of the manifold grace of God.
11 If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ; to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
13. 1 PET. iv. 12, to the end.
The Apostle cautions the Christians not to be surprized at
Julian Period, 4778, or 4779.
65 or 66.
any suffer for being a Christian, let him not be ashamed, Rome. however ignominious the Punishment, but let him rather Vulgar Era, glorify God, who suffered also for being Holy-The Time is now come for the Punishment of the Jews as a Nation, which is to begin at the House of God (John xvi. 2. Matt. xxiii. 35. Ezek. ix. 6.); and if it begin first with the believing Jews, what fearful Destruction will come upon those who obey not the Gospel-And if Christians shall, with extreme difficulty, escape from the Judgment of God on Jerusalem, how shall the Ungodly and Sinners hope for Deliverance-The Apostle enjoins Gentiles as well as Jews, who suffer for Righteousness sake, to commit their Lives to God as to a faithful Creator, who will regard them as his Creatures and Children, giving them eternal Life, if they continue in well-doing.
12 Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you:
13 But rejoice, inasmuch as ye are partakers of Christ's sufferings; that, when his glory shall be revealed, ye may be glad also with exceeding joy.
14 If ye be reproached for the name of Christ, happy are ye for the Spirit of glory and of God resteth upon you on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified.
15 But let none of you suffer as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evil-doer, or as a busy-body in other men's
16 Yet if any man suffer as a Christian, let him not be ashamed; but let him glorify God on this behalf.
17 For the time is come that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if it first begin at us, what shall the end be of them that obey not the gospel of God?
18 And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
19 Wherefore, let them that suffer according to the will of God, commit the keeping of their souls to him in well doing, as unto a faithful Creator.
$ 14. 1 PET. v. 1-4.
The Apostle exhorts the Elders as one who was an Eye-
Julian Period, 4778, or 4779. Vulgar Æra, 65 or 66.
PRIESTS AND DEACONS TO SUBMIT TO THEIR BISHOPS.
lingly; not for the sake of a Maintenance, but with an Rome.
1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am
2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind;
3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock.
4 And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
14. 1 PET. v. 5—11.
The Apostle commands those who hold inferior Offices in
5 Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the
6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand
7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for
8 Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the