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Answer'd the bard, of milder mood:
“Fair is the sight,—and yet 'twere good,

That kings would think withal, When peace and wealth their land has blessid, 'Tis better to sit still at rest,

Than rise, perchance, to fall."

And from the southern Redswire edge
To farthest Rosse's rocky ledge;
From west to east, from south to north,
Scotland sent all her warriors forth.
Marmion might hear the mingled hum
Of myriads up the mountain come;
The horses' tramp, and tingling clank
Where chiess review'd their vassal rank,

And charger's shrilling neigh ;
And see the shifting lines advance,
While frequent fash’d, from shield and lance,
The sun's reflected ray.

XXVII.
Thin curling in the morning air,
The wreaths of falling smoke declare
To embers now the brand decay'd,
Where the night-watch their fires had made.
They saw, slow rolling on the plain,
Full many a baggage-cart and wain,
And dire artillery's clumsy car,
By sluggish oxen tugg’d to war;
And there were Bothwick's sisters seven, *
And culverins which France had given.
Ill-omen'd gift! the guns remain
The conqueror's spoil on Flodden plain.

XXVIII.
Nor mark'd they less, where in the air
A thousand streamers flaunted fair;

Various in shape, device, and hue,

Green, sanguine, purple, red, and blue,
Broad, narrow, swallow-tail'd, and square,
Scroll, pennon, pensil, bandrol,t there

O'er the pavilions flew.
Highest and midmost, was descried
The royal banner floating wide:
The staff a pine tree strong and straight,

Pitch'd deeply in a massive stone,

Which still in memory is shown, Yet bent beneath the standard's weight, Whene'er the western wind unroll’d, With toil, the huge and cumbrous fold,

And gave to view the dazzling field,

Where, in proud Scotland's royal shield, The ruddy lion ramp'd in gold.

XXIX.
Lord Marmion view'd the landscape bright,
He view'd it with a chief's delight,-

Until within him burn'd his heart,
And lightning from his eye did part,

As on the battle-day;
Such glance did falcon never dart,

When stooping on his prey.
“0! well, lord-lion, hast thou said,
Thy king from warfare to dissuade

Were but a vain essay ;
For, by St. George, were that host mine,
Not power infernal, nor divine,
Should once to peace my soul incline,
Till I had dimm'd their armour's shine

In glorious battle-fray!"

XXX.
Still on the spot Lord Marmion stay'd,
For fairer scene he ne'er survey'd.

When sated with the martial show
That peopled all the plain below,
The wandering eye could o'er it go,
And mark the distant city glow

With gloomy splendour red;
For on the smoke-wreaths, huge and slow
That round her sable turret's flow,

The morning beams were shed,
And tinged them with a lustre proud,
Like that which streaks a thunder-cloud.
Such dusky grandeur clothed the height,
Where the hugecastle holds its state,

And all the steep slope down,
Whose ridgy back heaves to the sky,
Piled deep and massy, close and high,

Mine own romantic town!
But northward far, with purer blaze,
On Ochil mountains fell the rays,
And, as each heathy top they kiss'd,
It gleam'd a purple amethyst.

Yonder the shores of Fife you saw;
Here Preston-bay, and Berwick-law;

And, broad between them rollid,
The gallant Frith the eye might note,
Whose islands on its bosom float

Like emeralds chased in gold.
Fitz-Eustace' heart felt closely pent;

As if to give his rapture vent,
The spur he to his charger lent,

And raised his bridal hand,
And, making demi-vault in air,
Cried, “ Where's the coward that would not dare

To fight for such a land!”
The lion smiled his joy to sée ;
Nor Marmion's frown repress'd his glee.

XXXI.
Thus while they look'd a flourish proud,
Where mingled trump and clarion loud,

And tife, and kettle-drum,
And sackbut deep, and psaltery,
And warpipe with discordant cry,
And cymbal clattering to the sky,
Making wild music bold and high,

Did up the mountain come:
The whilst the bells, with distant chime,
Merrily toll’d the hour of prime,

And thus the lion spoke:-
“ Thus clamour'd still the war-notes, when
The king to mass his way has ta'en,
Or to St. Catherine's of Sienne,

Or chapel of St. Rocque.
To you they speak of martial fame;
But me remind of peaceful game,

When blither was their cheer,

* Seven culvering, so called, cast by one Borthwick.

† Each of these feudal ensigns intimated the different rank of those entitled to display them.

[graphic]

Thrilling in Falkland woods the air,

When wrinkled news-page, thrice-conn'd o’er, In signal none his steed should spare,

Beguiles the dreary hour no more, But strive which foremost might repair

And darkling politician, crossd, To the downfall of the deer.

Inveighs against the lingering post,

And answering housewife sore complains
XXXII.

Of carrier's snow-impeded wains:
« Nor less,” he said, —« when looking forth, When sach the country cheer, I come,
I view yon empress of the north

Well pleased, to seek our city home; Sit on her hilly throne;

For converse, and for books to change Her palace's imperial bowers,

The forest's melancholy range, Her castle, proof to hostile powers,

And welcome, with renew'd delight, Her stately halls and holy towers

The busy day and social night.
Nor less,” he said, “ I moan

Not here need my desponding rhyme
To think what wo mischance may bring, Lament the ravages of time,
And how these merry bells may ring

As erst by Newark's riven towers,
The death dirge of our gallant king;

And Ettrick stripp'd of forest bowers.* Or, with their larum, call

True,–Caledonia's queen is changed, The burghers forth to watch and ward,

Since, on her dusky summit ranged, 'Gainst southern sack and fires to guard

Within its steepy limits pent, Dun-Edin's leaguer'd wall.

By bulwark, line, and battlement, But not for my presaging thought,

And flanking towers, and laky flood, Dream conquest sure, or cheaply bought! Guarded and garrison'd she stood, Lord Marmion, I say nay :

Denying entrance or resort,
God is the guider of the field,

Save at each tall embattled port;
He breaks the champion's spear and shield, Above whose arch, suspended, hung
But thou thyself shalt say,

Portcullis spiked with iron prong.
When joins yon host in deadly stowre,

That long is gone,—but not so long, That England's dames must weep in bower, Since, early closed, and opening late, Her monks the death-mass sing;

Jealous revolved the studded gate, For never saw'st thou such a power

Whose task, from eve to morning tide, Led on by such a king.”

A wicket churlishly supplied. And now, down winding to the plain,

Stern then, and steel-girt was thy brow, The barriers of the camp they gain,

Dun-Edin! 0, how alter'd now, And there they make a stay.

When safe amid thy mountain court There stays the minstrel, till he fling

Thou sit'st, like empress at her sport, His hand o’er every border string,

And, liberal, unconfined, and free, And fit his harp the pomp to sing

Flinging thy white arms to the sea, Of Scotland's ancient court and king,

For thy dark cloud with umber'd lower,
In the succeeding lay.

That hung o'er cliff, and lake, and tower,
Thou gleam'st against the western ray

Ten thousand lines of brighter day.
INTRODUCTION TO CANTO V.

Not she, the championess of old,

In Spenser's magic tale enroll'd, -
TO GEORGE ELLIS, ESQ.

She for the charmed spear renown'd,

Which forced each knight to kiss the ground, Edinburgh.

Not she more changed, when placed at rest, WHEN dark December glooms the day,

What time she was Malbecco's guest,t And takes our autumn joys away;

She gave to flow her maiden vest; When short and scant the sunbeam throws,

When from the corslet's grasp relieved, Upon the weary waste of snows,

Free to the sight her bosom heaved; A cold and profitless regard,

Sweet was her blue eye's modest smile, Like patron on a needy bard;

Erst hidden by the aventayle ; When sylvan occupation's done,

And down her shoulders graceful rolla And o'er the chimney rests the gun,

Her locks profuse, of paly gold. And hang, in idle trophy, near,

They who whilome, in midnight fight, The game pouch, fishing-rod, and spear ;

Had marvell’d at her matchless might, When wiry terrier, rough and grim,

No less her maiden charms approved, And greyhound, with his length of limb,

But looking liked, and liking loved. And pointer, now employ'd no more,

The sight could jealous pangs beguile,
Cumber our parlour's narrow floor;

And charm Malbecco's charms awhile;
When in his stall the impatient steed
Is long condemn'd to rest and feed;
When from our snow-encircled home,

* See Introduction to Canto II Scarce cares the hardiest step to roam,

+ See “The Fairy Queen,” Book III., Canto LX. Since path is none, save that to bring

# "For every one her liked, and every one her loved." The needful water fom the spring;

Spenser, as abode.

And he, the wandering squire of dames,
Forgot his Columbella's claims,
And passion, erst unknown, could gain
The breast of blunt Sir Satyrane;
Nor durst light Paridel advance,
Bold as he was, a looser glance.-
She charm’d, at once, and tamed the heart,
Incomparable Britomarte!

So thou, fair city! disarray'd
Of battled wall, and rampart's aid,
As stately seem'st, but lovelier far
Than in that panoply of war.
Nor deem that from thy fenceless throne
Strength and security are nown ;
Still, as of yore, the queen of the north!
Still canst thou send thy children forth.
Ne'er readier at alarm-bell's call
Thy burghers rose to man thy wall,
Than now, in danger, shall be thine,
Thy dauntless voluntary line;
For fosse and turret proud to stand,
Their breasts the bulwarks of the land.
Thy thousands, train'd to martial toil,
Full red would stain their native soil,
Ere from thy mural crown there fell
The slightest knosp, or pinnacle.
And if it come,-as come it may,
Dun-Edin! that eventful day,
Renown'd for hospitable deed,
That virtue much with heaven may plead,
In patriarchal times whose care
Descending angels deign'd to share :
That claim may wrestle blessings down
On those who fight for the good town,
Destined in every age to be
Refuge of injured royalty;
Since first, when conquering York arose,
To Henry meek she gave repose,
Till late, with wonder, grief, and awe,
Great Bourbon's relics, sad she saw.

Truce to these thoughts !-for, as they rise,
How gladly I avert mine eyes,
Bodings, or true or false, to change,
For fiction's fair romantic range,
Or for tradition's dubious light,
That hovers 'twixt the day and night:
Dazzling alternately and dim,
Her wavering lamp I'd rather trim,
Knights, squires, and lovely dames to see,
Creation of my fantasy,
Then gaze abroad on reeky fen,
And make of mists invading men.-
Who loves not more the night of June
Than dull December's gloomy noon?
The moonlight than the fog of frost ?
And can we say, which cheats the most?

But who shall teach my harp to gain
A sound of the romantic strain,
Whose Anglo-Norman tones whilere
Could win the royal Henry's ear,
Famed Beauclerc call'd, for that he loved
The minstrel, and his lay approved ?
Who shall these lingering notes redeem,
Decaying on oblivion's stream;
Such notes as from the Breton tongue
Marie translated, Blondal

sung

0! born, time's ravage to repair,
And make the dying muse thy care ;
Who, when his scythe her hoary foe
Was poising for the final blow,
The weapon from his hand could wring
And break his glass, and shear his wing,
And bid, seviving in his strain,
The gentle poet live again;
Thou, who canst give to lightest lay
An unpedantic moral gay,
Nor less the dullest theme bid fit
On wings of unexpected wit;
In letters, as in life, approved,
Example honour'd, and beloved,
Dear Ellis! to the bard impart
A lesson of thy magic art,
To win at once the head and heart,
At once to charm, instruct, and mend,
My guide, my pattern, and my friend!
Such minstrel lesson to bestow
Be long thy pleasing task,-but, 0!
No more by thy example teach
What few can practise, all can preach,
With even patience to endure
Lingering disease, and painful cure,
And boast atžliction's pangs subdued
By mild and manly fortitude.
Enough the lesson has been given;
Forbid the repitition, Heaven!

Come listen, then! for thou hast known,
And loved the minstrel’s varying tone,
Who, like his border sires of old,
Waked a wild measure, rude and bold,
Till Windsor's oaks, and Ascot plain,
With wonder heard the northern strain.
Come, listen !-bold in thy applause,
The bard shall scorn pedantic laws,
And as the ancient art could stain
Achievements on the storied pane,
Irregularly traced and planna,
But yet so glowing and so grand,
So shall he strive, in changeful hue,
Field, feast, and combat, to renew,
And loves, and arm, and harpers' glee,
And all the pomp of chivalry.

CANTO V.

THE COURT.

I.
The train has left the hills of Braid;
The barrier guard have open made
(So Lindesay bade) the palisade,

That closed the tented ground,
Their men the warders backward drew,
And carried pikes as they rode through,

Into its ample bound. Fast ran the Scottish warriors there, Upon the southern band to stare; And envy with their wonder rose, To see such well-appointed fues; Such length of shafts, such mighty bows, So huge, that many simply thought, But for a vaunt such weapons wrought;

Let vassals follow where they lead,
Burghers, to guard their townships, bleed,

But war's the borderers' game.
Their gain, their glory, their delight,
To sleep the day, maraud the night,

O’er mountain, moss, and moor;
Joyful to fight they took their way,
Scarce caring who might win the day,

Their booty was secure.
These, as Lord Marmion's train pass'd by,
Look'd on, at first, with careless eye,
Nor marvellid aught, well taught to know
The form and force of English bow.

But when they saw the lord array'd
In splendid arms, and rich brocade,
Each borderer to his kinsman said,

“ Hist, Ringan! seest thou there! Canst guess which road they'll homeward ride. 0! could we but, on border side, By Eusdale glen, or Liddell's tide,

Beset a prize so fair!
That fangless lion, too, their guide,
Might chance to lose his glistering hide ;
Brown Maudlin, of that doublet pied,

Could make a kirtle rare."

And little deem'd their force to feel
Through links of mail, and platcs of steel,
When, rattling upon Flodden vale,
The cloth-yard arrows flew like hail.

II.
Nor less did Marmion's skilful view
Glance every line and squadron through ;
And much he marvellid one small land
Could marshal forth such various band :

For men-at-arms were here, Heavily sheathed in mail and plate, Like iron towers for strength and weight, On Flemish steeds of bone and height,

With battle-axe and spear.
Young knights and squires, a lighter train,
Practised their chargers on the plain,
By aid of leg, of hand, and rein,

Each warlike feat to show;
To pass, to wheel, the croup to gain,
And high curvett, that none in vain
The sword-sway might descend amain

On foeman's casque below.
He saw the hardy burghers there
March arm’d, on foot, with faces bare,

For visor they wore none,
Nor waving plume, nor crest of knight;
But burnish'd were their corslets bright,
Their brigantines, and gorgets light,

Like very silver shone.
Long pikes they had for standing fight,

Two-handed swords they wore,
And many wielded mace of weight,
And bucklers bright they bore.

III.
On foot the yeomen, too, but dressid
In bis steel jack, a swarthy vest,

With iron quilted well;
Each at his back, (a slender store,)
His forty days' provision bore,

As feudal statutes tell.
His arms were halbert, axe, or spear,
A cross-bow there, a hagbut here,.

A dagger-knife, and brand-
Sober he seem'd, and sad of cheer,
As loth to leave his cottage dear,

And march to foreign strand;
Or musing, who would guide his steer,

To till the fallow land.
Yet deem not in his thoughtful eye
Did aught of dastard terror lie ;-

More dreadful far his ire
Than theirs, who, scorning danger's name,
In eager mood to battle came,
Their valour like light straw on flame,
A fierce but fading fire.

IV.
Not so the borderer:-bred to war,
He knew the battle's din afar,

And joy'd to hear it swell.
His peaceful day was slothful ease;
Not harp, nor pipe, his ear could please,

Like the loud slogan yell.
On active steed, with lance and blade,
The light arm'd pricker plied his trade,
Let nobles fight for fame :

V.
Next, Marmion mark'd the Celtic race
Of different language, form, and face,

A various race of man;
Just then the chiefs their tribes array'd,
And wild and garish semblance made,
The checker'd trews, and belted plaid;
And varying notes the war-pipes bray'd,

To every varying clan;
Wild through their red or sable hair
Look'd out their eyes, with savage stare,

On Marmion as he past;
Their legs above the knee was bare ;
Their frame was sinewy, short, and spare,

And harden'd to the blast;
Of taller race, the chiefs they own
Were by the eagle's plumage known.
The hunted red deer's undress'd hide
Their hairy buskins well supplied ;
The graceful bonnet deck'd their head;
Back from their shoulders hung the plaid ;

A broadsword of unwieldly length,
A dagger proved for edge and strength,

A studded targe they wore,
And quivers, bows, and shafts,—but, O!
Short was the shaft, and weak the bow,

To that which England bore.
The Isles-men carried at their backs
The ancient Danish battle-axe,
They raised a wild and wondering cry,
As with his guide rode Marmion by.
Loud were their clamouring tongues, as when
The clanging sea-fowl leave the fen,
And, with their cries discordant mix'd,
Grumbled and yell’d the pipes betwixt.

VI. Thus through the Scottish camp they pass'd, And reach'd the city gate at last,

Where all around, a wakeful guard,

And Ainty is her heart, can view Arm'd burghers kept their watch and ward.

To battle march a lover true, Well had they cause of jealous fear,

Can hear, perchance, his last adieu,
When lay encamp'd, in field so near,

Nor own her share of pain.
The borderer and the mountaineer.
As through the bustling streets they go,

VIII.
All was alive with martial show;

Through this mix'd crowd of glee and game, At every turn, with dinning clang, The armourer's anvil clash'd and rang,

The king to greet Lord Marmion came,

While, reverend, all made room.
Or toil'd the swarthy smith, to wheel

An easy task it was, I trow,
The bar that arms the charger's heel ;
Or axe, or falchion to the side

King James's manly form to know,
Of jarring grindstone was applied.

Although, his courtesy to show,

He doffd, to Marmion bending low,
Page, groom, and squires, with hurrying pace,
Through street, and lane, and market-place,

His broider'd cap and plume.
Bore lance, or casque, or sword;

For royal were his garb and mien, While burghers, with important face,

His cloak, of crimson velvet piled, Described each new-come lord,

Trimm'd with the fur of martin wild; Discuss'd his lineage, told his name,

His vest of changeful satin sheen, His following,* and his warlike fame.-

The dazzled eye beguiled ; The lion led to lodging meet,

His gorgeous collar hung adown, Which high o'erlook'd the crowded street;

Wrought with the badge of Scotland's crown, There must the baron rest,

The thistle brave, of old renown: Till past the hour of vesper tide,

His trusty blade, Toledo right, And then to Holy-Rood must ride,

Descended from a baldric bright; Such was the king's behest.

White were his buskins, on the heel Meanwhile the lion's care assigns

His spurs inlaid of gold and steel; A banquet rich, and costly wines,

His bopnet, all of crimson fair, To Marmion and his train;

Was button'd with a ruby rare: And when the appointed hour succeeds,

And Marmion deem'd he ne'er had seen The baron dons his peaceful weeds,

A prince of such a noble mien.
And following Lindesay as he leads,
The palace halls they gain.

IX.

The monarch's form was middle size;
VII.

For feat of strength, or exercise,
Old Holy-Rood rung merrily,

Shaped in proportion fair ; That night, with wassel, mirth and glee:

And hazel was his eagle eye, King James within her princely bower

And auburn of the deepest dye Feasted the chiefs of Scotland's power,

His short curld beard and hair. Summond to spend the parting hour ;

Light was his footstep in the dance, For be had charged, that his array

And firm his stirrup in the lists;
Should Southward march by break of day.

And, o! he had that merry glance
Well loved that splendid monarch aye
The banquet and the song,

That seldom lady's heart resists.

Lightly from fair to fair he flew, By day the tourney, and by night

And loved to plead, lament, and sue ;The merry dance, traced fast and light,

Suit lightly won, and short-lived pain,
The masquers quaint, the pageant bright,

For monarchs seldom sigh in vain.
The revel loud and long.
This feast outshone his banquets past;

I said he joy'd in banquet-bower;

But, mid his mirth, 'twas often strange, It was his blithest-and his last. The dazzling lamps from gallery gay,

How suddenly his cheer would change,

His look o'ercast and lower,
Cast on the court a dancing ray ;

If, in a sudden turn, he felt
Here to the harp did minstrels sing;
There ladies touch'd a softer string;

The pressure of his iron belt,

That bound his breast in penance pain, With long-ear'd cap, and motely vest, The licensed fool retail'd his jest;

In memory of his father slain.

Even so 'twas strange how evermore,
His magic tricks the juggler plied ;
At dice and draughts the gallants vied ;

Soon as the passing pang was o'er,
While some, in close recess apart,

Forward he rush'd, with double glee, Courted the ladies of their heart,

Into the stream of revelry: Nor courted them in vain ;

Thus, dim-seen object of affright For often, in the parting hour,

Startles the courser in his fight, Victorious love asserts his power

And half he halts, half springs aside ; O'er coldness and disdain ;

But feels the quickening spur applied,

And, straining on the tighten'd rein, * Following-Feudal retainers.

Scours doubly swift o'er hill and plain.

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