The Politics of Memory: Transitional Justice in Democratizing Societies

Framsida
Alexandra Barahona De Brito, Carmen Gonzalez Enriquez, Paloma Aguilar
OUP Oxford, 5 apr. 2001 - 440 sidor
One of the most important political and ethical questions faced during a political transition from authoritarian or totalitarian to democratic rule is how to deal with legacies of repression. Indeed, some of the most fundamental questions regarding law, morality and politics are raised at such times, as societies look back to understand how they lost their moral and political compass, failing to contain violence and promote the values of tolerance and peace. The Politics of Memory sheds light on this important aspect of transitional politics, assessing how Portugal, Spain, the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and Germany after reunification, Russia, the Southern Cone of Latin America and Central America, as well as South Africa, have confronted legacies of repression. The book examines the presence - or absence - of three types of official efforts to come to terms with the past: truth commissions, trials and amnesties, and purges. In addition, it looks at unofficial initiatives emerging from within society, usually involving human rights organisations (HROs), churches or political parties. Where relevant, it also examines the 'politics of memory,' whereby societies re-work the past in an effort to come to terms with it, both during the transitions and long after official transitional policies have been implemented or forgotten. The book also assesses the significance of forms of reckoning with the past for a process of democratization or democratic deepening. It also focuses on the role of international actors in such processes, as external players are becoming increasingly influential in shaping national policy where human rights are concerned.
 

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Innehåll

Introduction
1
1 The Role of International Actors in National Accountability Processes
40
The Portuguese Case
65
3 Justice Politics and Memory in the Spanish Transition
92
4 Truth Justice Memory and Democratization in the Southern Cone
119
5 War Peace and Memory Politics in Central America
161
6 Justice and Legitimacy in the South African Transition
190
7 Decommunization and Political Justice in Central and Eastern Europe
218
Incorporation Tainted Truth and the Double Division
248
The Collapse of the Soviet Union and the Recreation of Russia
275
10 Conclusions Carmen GonzálezEnríquez Paloma Aguilar Alexandra Barahona de Brito
303
Bibliographical Survey
315
References
352
Index
407
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Sida 397 - Officials, the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power...
Sida xvi - ICC International Criminal Court ICCPR International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights ICESCR International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights...
Sida 392 - Neil J. Kritz (ed.), Transitional Justice: How Emerging Democracies Reckon with Former Regimes, Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1995; A.

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