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from their place of residence in Germany or Austria to the port of embarkation and from the port of embarkation to the port of entry in the United States. Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation is authorized and directed, until such time as an appropriation is made for the purpose of this section, to make advances not to exceed in the aggregate $2,500,000 to the Commission which shall be employed by the Commission to finance the transportation and necessary incidents thereto of persons who are eligible for emigration to the United States under this section from their place of residence in Germany or Austria to the port of entry in the United States. No interest shall be charged on advances made by the Treasury to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation for this purpose, and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation shall be repaid without interest for advances made by it hereunder from funds made available for the purposes of this section. Sec. il. Section 13 of the Displaced Persons Act of 1948 is amended to read:

“Sec. 13. No visas shall be issued under the provisions of this Act, as amended, to any person who is or has been a member of the Communist Party, or to any person who adheres to, advocates, or follows, or who has adhered to, advocated, or followed, the principles of any political or economic system or philosophy directed toward the destruction of free competitive enterprise and the revolutionary overthrow of representative governments, or to any person who is or has been a member of any organization which has been designated by the Attorney General of the United States as a Communist organization, or to any person who is or has been a member of or participated in any movement which is or has been hostile to the United States or the form of government of the United States, or to any person who advocated or assisted in the persecution of any person because of race, religion, or national origin, or to any person who has voluntarily borne arms against the United States during World War II. Upon arrival at the port of entry in the United States, every person eighteen years of age or older authorized to be admitted under this Act, shall take and subscribe an oath or affirmation that he is not and has never been a member of any organization or movement named in this section, and shall be liable to prosecution for perjury if such oath or affirmation is willfully false. If any person not entitled to a visa under this section shall nevertheless gain admission to this country, in addition to the penalty above-mentioned, such person shall irrespective of the date of his entry, be deported in the manner provided by sections 19 and 20 of the Immigration Act of February 5, 1917, as amended.

Sec. 12. Section 14 of the Displaced Persons Act of 1948 is renumbered as section 15 and a new section is added to the Displaced Persons Act of 1948 to be known as section 14 and to read: "Sec. 14. Notwithstanding the provisions of any other law, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation is authorized and direction, until such time as an appropriation is made for the purposes of this section to make advances not to exceed in the aggregate $5,000,000, to the Commission which shall be employed by the Commission for loans through public or private agencies to persons who provide assurances, or to public or private agencies to finance the reception and transportation of eligible displaced persons and eligible displaced orphans and persons authorized to be admitted under section 12 of this Act, as amended, from ports of entry within the United States or its Territories or possessions. Such loans, which shall mature not later than June 30, 1953, shall be made under rules and regulations approved by the President. No interest shall be charged on advances made by the Treasury Department to the Reconstruction Finance Corporation for the purposes of this section, and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation shall be repaid without interest for advances made by it hereunder from funds made available for the purposes of this section.

Sec. 13. The Displaced Persons Act of 1948 is amended by adding a new section to read as follows:

"Sec. 16. Representatives of the Government of the United tes are authorized to participate in a conference between affected nations for the purpose of studying and making recommendations providing for a satisfactory solution of the problems of persons of German ethnic origin who were expelled from the countries of their residence into Germany and Austria and are presently residing in those countries. The appropriation of such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section is hereby authorized.”

Sec. 14. The Displaced Persons Act of 1948 is amended by adding at the end thereof a new section to read as follows:

"Sec. 17. All transportation by ships or planes of aliens under this Act, to the United States, the cost of which is defrayed in whole or in part by the Government

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of the United States, shall be by ships or planes registered under the United States flag, or by ships owned by the United States."

Approved June 16, 1950, 12:42 p.m., E.D.T.

EXECUTIVE ORDER No. 10003

13 F.R. 5819

PROVIDING FOR THE INVESTIGATION OF AND REPORT ON DISPLACED PERSONS SEEKING

ADMISSION INTO THE UNITED STATES By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 10 of the Displaced Persons Act of 1948, approved June 25, 1948,91 and as President of the United States, it is ordered as follows:

1. The Displaced Persons Commission is hereby designated as the agency which shall, subject to the provisions of pargraph 2 hereof, make or prepare the investigations and written reports required by section 10 of the Displaced Persons Act of 1948 regarding the character, history, and eligibility under the said Act of displaced persons seeking admission into the United States.

2. The Department of State, the Department of the Army, and such other agencies of the Government as the Displaced Persons Commission may request, shall, in accordance with arrangements agreed upon between the Commission and any such department or agency, furnish the Commission such assistance as it may need in carrying out its responsibilities under paragraph 1 of this order.

HARRY S. TRUMAN. THE WHITE HOUSE,

October 4, 1948.

REFUGEE RELIEF ACT OF 1953
See Legislative History, p. 2103

CHAPTER 336-PUBLIC LAW 203

(H.R. 6481)

AN ACT For the relief of certain refugees, and orphans, and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of

America in Congress assembled, That:
This Act may be cited as the “Refugee Relief Act of 1953”.

DEFINITIONS

Sec. 2. (a) “Refugee” means any person in a country or area which is neither Communist nor Communist-dominated, who because of persecution, fear of persecution, natural calamity or military operations is out of his usual place of abode and unable to return thereto, who has not been firmly resettled, and who is in urgent need of assistance for the essentials of life or for transportation.

(b) “Escapee” means any refugee who, because of persecution or fear of persecution on account of race, religion, or political opinion, fled from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or other Communist, Communist-dominated or Communist-occupied area of Europe including those parts of Germany under military occupation by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and who cannot return thereto because of fear of persecution on account of race, religion or political opinion.

(c) “German expellee" means any refugee of German ethnic origin residing in the area of the German Federal Republic, western sector of Berlin, or in Austria who was born in and was forcibly removed from or forced to flee from Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Rumania, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Yugoslavia, or areas provisionally under the administration or control or domination of any such countries, except the Soviet zone of military occupation of Germany.

(d) “Administrator” means the administrator of the Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs established in the Department of State pursuant to subsection (b) of section 104 of the Immigration and Nationality Act.

9150 U.S.C.A. Appendix, § 1959. 18 U.S.C.A. $ 1104.

SPECIAL NONQUOTA VISAS; NUMBERS Sec. 3. There are hereby authorized to be issued two hundred five thousand special nonquota immigrant visas to aliens, specified in section 4 of this Act, seeking to enter the United States as immigrants and to their spouses and their unmarried sons or daughters under twenty-one years of age, including stepsons or stepdaughters and sons or daughters adopted prior to July 1, 1953, if accompanying them.

ALLOCATION OF SPECIAL NONQUOTA VISAS Sec. 4. (a) Special nonquota immigrant visas authorized to be issued under section 3 of this Act shall be allotted as follows:

(1) Not to exceed fifty-five thousand visas to German expellees residing in the area of the German Federal Republic or in the western sectors of Berlin or in Austria: Provided, That the visas issued under this paragraph shall be issued only in the German Federal Republic or in the western sector of Berlin or in Austria.

(2) Not to exceed thirty-five thousand visas to escapees residing in the area of the German Federal Republic or the western sectors of Berlin or in Austria: Provided, That the visas issued under this paragraph shall be issued only in the German Federal Republic or in the western sector of Berlin or in Austria.

(3) Not to exceed ten thousand visas to escapees residing within the European continental limits of the member nations of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization or in Turkey, Sweden, Iran or in the Free Territory of Trieste and who are not nationals of the area in which they reside: Provided, That such visas shall be issued only in the area or areas mentioned in this paragraph.

(4) Not to exceed two thousand visas to refugees who (a) during World War II were members of the armed forces of the Republic of Poland, (b) were honorably discharged from such forces, (c) reside on the date of the enactment of this Act in the British Isles, and (d) have not acquired British citizenship.

(5) Not to exceed forty-five thousand visas to refugees of Italian ethnic origin, residing on the date of the enactment of this Act in Italy or in the Free Territory of Trieste: Provided, That such visas shall be issued only in the area or areas mentioned in this paragraph.

(6) Not to exceed fifteen thousand visas to persons of Italian ethnic origin, residing on the date of the enactment of this Act in Italy or in the Free Territory of Trieste, who qualify under any of the preferences specified in paragraph (2), (3) or (4) of section 203(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act: 2 Provided, That such visas shall be issued only in Italy or in the Free Territory of Trieste.

(7) Not to exceed fifteen thousand visas to refugees of Greek ethnic origin residing on the date of the enactment of this Act in Greece: Provided, That such visas shall be issued only in Greece.

(8) Not to exceed two thousand visas to persons of Greek ethnic origin, residing on the date of the enactment of this Act in Greece, who qualify under any of the preferences specified in paragraph (2), (3) or (4) of section 203(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act: Provided," That such visas shall be issued only in Greece.

(9) Not to exceed fifteen thousand visas to refugees of Dutch ethnic origin residing on the date of the enactment of this Act in continental Netherlands: Provided, That such visas shall be issued only in continental Netherlands.

(10) Not to exceed two thousand visas to persons of Dutch ethnic origin, residing on the date of the enactment of this Act is continental Netherlands, who qualify under any of the preferences specified in paragraph (2), (3) or (4) of section 203(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act: Provided, That such visas shall be issued only in continental Netherlands.

(11) Not to exceed two thousand visas to refugees, residing within the district of an American consular office in the Far East: Provided, That such visas shall be issued only in said consular office district and only to refugees who are not indigenous to the area described in this paragraph.

(12) Not to exceed three thousand visas to refugees, residing within the district of an American consular office in the Far East: Provided, That such visas shall be issued only in said consular office district and only to refugees who are indigenous to the area described in this paragraph.

(13) Not to exceed two thousand visas to refugees of Chinese ethnic origin whose passports for travel to the United States are endorsed by the Chinese National Government or its authorized representatives.

(14) Not to exceed two thousand visas to refugees who on the date of the enactment of this Act are eligible to receive assistance from the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East: Provided, That such visas shall be issed only in the area described in this paragraph.

28 U.S.C.A. 1153.

airplanes of aliens under this Act to the United States, the cost of which is defrayed in whole or in part by the Government of the United States, shall be by ships or airplanes registered under the United States flag, if available.

Sec. 9. Within the categories established in section 4 of this Act the determination of the eligibility of persons to receive visas and of the admissibility of such persons into the United States under this Act shall be made without discrimination in favor of or against a race, religion, or the national origin of such persons.

EXEMPTIONS FROM VISA FEES Sec. 10. Persons receiving visas under this Act shall be exempt from paying the fees prescribed in paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 281 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 230-231).?

SECURITY AND OTHER INVESTIGATION; EFFECT OF MISREPRESENTATION Sec. 11. (a) No alien shall be issued a visa under this Act or be admitted into the United States unless there shall have first been a thorough investigation and written report made and prepared by such investigative agency or agencies of the Government of the United States as the President shall designate, regarding such person's character, reputation, mental and physical health, history and eligibility under this Act, and such investigations in each case shall be conducted in a manner and in such time as the investigative agency or agencies shall determined to be necessary.

(b) No person shall be issued a visa or be admitted into the United States under this Act if the consular officer or the immigration officer knows or has reason to believe that such person is ineligible for a visa or is subject to exclusion from the United States under any provision of the immigration laws or is not eligible under the terms of this Act.

(c) No person shall be issued a visa or be admitted into the United States under this Act unless the consular officer and the immigration officer, after an inspection and examination of such person abroad, are entirely satisfied upon the basis of affirmative evidence adduced by the applicant that the applicant has established his eligibility for a visa and his admissibility into the United States under this Act and under the immigration laws and regulations: Provided, That no person to whom a visa shall be issued shall be exempt from inspection and examination at a port of entry

(d) No person shall be issued a visa under this Act or be admitted into the United States unless complete information shall be available regarding the history of such person covering a period of at least two years immediately preceding his application for a visa: Provided, That this provision may be waived on the recommendation of the Secretaries of State and Defense when determined by them to be in the national interest

(e) Any person who shall make a material misrepresentation to any agency of the Government entrusted directly or indirectly with the administration, investigation, enforcement, or any other function relating to the implementation of this Act, for the purpose of gaining admission into the United States as an alien eligible hereunder shall be excluded from admission into the United States under section 212(a) (19) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 183).

PRIORITIES Soc. 12. Priorities in the consideration of visa applications under this Act, except in the case of applications filed under paragraph (6), (8) or (10) of section 4(a), without priority in time of issuance of visas as between such priorities or as between priority and non-priority cases under this Act shall be given to

(1) Persons whose services or skills are needed in the United States, if such need has been certified to the Administrator, at his request, by the United States Employment Service and who are to be employed in a capacity calling for such services or such skills and

() Persons who are (A) the parents of citizens of the United States, such citizens dong at least twenty one years of age or (B) spouses or unmarried sons or daughfers under twenty one years of age, including stepsons or stepdaughters and sons or daughters dopred prior to July 1, 1953, of aliens lawfully admitted for permanent president or brothers, sisters sans or daughters of citizens of the United States.

18. No priority in the consideration of visa applications under this Act shall de gwen a persons who were determined to be eligible or preliminarily eligible

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Stat. 6) * Provided further, That the number of aliens who shall be granted the status of aliens lawfully admitted for permanent residence pursuant to this section shall not exceed five thousand.

ASSURANCES

Sec. 7. (a) Except as otherwise herein provided, no visa shall be issued to any alien under this Act unless an assurance, in accordance with regulations promulgated pursuant to this Act, shall first have been given by a citizen or citizens of the United States, will be suitably employed without displacing some other person from employment and that such alien and the members of such alien's family who shall accompany such alien and who propose to live with such alien will not become public charges and will have housing without displacing some other person from such housing. The spouse and unmarried dependent sons and daughters under twenty-one years of age, including stepsons and stepdaughters and sons or daughters adopted prior to July 1, 1953, of such alien, shall not be required to have such assurances made in their behalf. The assurances shall be submitted to the Administrator and it shall be the duty of the Administrator to verify the authenticity and bona fides of such assurances and such assurances shall be subject to final acceptance and approvel by consular and immigration officers. Blanket assurances, or assurances not submitted by a responsible individual citizen or citizens, shall not be considered as satisfying the requirements of this section. The assurances for employment and housing shall be indexed and filed in such manner so as to show the specific address or addresses in the United States in which both the employment and housing are available, the type of employment and housing which are available, and the conditions and terms of the employment. Each assurance shall be a personal obligation of the individual citizen or citizens giving or submitting to the alien eligible under paragraph (6), (8) or (10) of section 4(a) of this Act, if such alien provides satisfactory evidence that he will not become a public charge.

(b) Any alien admitted under this Act and subsequently determined to have been inadmissible under the provisions of this Act at the time of entry shall, irrespective of the date of his entry, be taken into custody and deported in the manner provided by sections 242 and 243 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 208–214).5

(c) Assistance rendered an alien in connection with his transportation to and resettlement in the United States shall not be regarded as a cause for excludability as an alien likely to become a public charge. No alien with respect to whom assurances have been furnished as provided in this section shall be deemed to be a pauper under paragraph (8) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (66 Stat. 182).6

(d) No alien shall be issued a visa under this Act or be admitted into the United States unless he shall present to the consular officer at the time of making application for a visa or to the immigration officer at the time of application for admission (1) a valid unexpired passport or other suitable travel document, or document of identity or nationality, or other documentary evidence that he will be assured of readmission to the country of his nationality, foreign residence or in which he obtains a visa under this Act and (2) a certificate of readmission guaranteeing his readmission to the country in which he obtains a visa under this Act if it is subsequently found that he obtained a visa under this Act by fraud or by misrepresenting a material fact.

INTERGOVERNMENTAL ARRANGEMENTS Sec. 8. The Secretary of State may, for the purposes of this Act, make such arrangements with foreign governments and with the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration as are necessary and appropriate for the purpose of financing the overseas transportation of persons who may be issued visas under this Act, such arrangements to be mutually beneficial to the economies of the United States and the countries concerned, as well as to such persons. Such arrangements, where appropriate, may seek to enable immigrants under this Act to transfer into dollar currency personal assets necessary for defraying the cost of transportation and for use in the United States. Arrangements between the United States and the other governments concerned and the Intergovernmental Committee for European Migration should also provide for such cooperation and assistance as may be required in the administration of the program authorized under this Act in the territory of the intending immigrant's residence. All transportation by ships or

58 U.S.C.A. $$ 1252, 1253. 68 U.S.C.A. § 1182.

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